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Opportunities and Limits of CO2 Recycling in a Circular Carbon Economy: Techno-economics, Critical Infrastructure Needs, and Policy Priorities (Report Attached)
Columbia Universitys Center on Global Policy
Date: 2021-05-07
The attached report, part of the Carbon Management Research Initiative at Columbia University's Center on Global Policy, examines 19 CO2 recycling pathways to understand the opportunities, technical and economic limits of CO2 recycling products gaining market entry and reaching global scale.

The pathways studied consume renewable (low-carbon) electricity and use chemical feedstocks derived from electrochemical pathways powered by renewable energy. Across these CO2 recycling pathways, the authors evaluated current globally representative production costs, sensitivities to cost drivers, carbon abatement potential, critical infrastructure and feedstock needs, and the effect of subsidies. Based on this analysis, the paper concludes with targeted policy recommendations to support CO2 recycling innovation and deployment. Key findings of the analysis include :

  • CO2 recycling pathways could deliver deep emissions reductions. -- When supplied by low-carbon electricity and chemical feedstocks, CO2 recycling pathways have the combined potential to abate 6.8 gigatonnes of CO2 per year (GtCO2/yr) when displacing conventional production methods.

  • Some CO2 recycling pathways have reached market parity today, while the costs of remaining pathways are high. -- Electrochemical carbon monoxide (CO) production, ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass, concrete carbonation curing, and the CarbonCure concrete process all have an estimated cost of production (ECOP) lower than the product selling price. These pathways have a combined carbon abatement potential of 1.6 GtCO2/yr. Most remaining pathways have an ECOP of 2.5 to 7.5 times greater than the product selling price. In particular locations and contexts, ECOP may be substantially lower, but these costs are representative of CO2 recycling at global scale.

  • Catalyst performance and input prices are the main cost drivers. -- The largest component of ECOP is electricity and chemical feedstock costs, and the main cost drivers are those who influence these two cost components. For electrochemical pathways, ECOP is most sensitive to catalyst product selectivity (the ability of the catalyst to avoid unwanted side reactions), catalyst energy efficiency, and electricity price. For thermochemical pathways, the largest cost drivers are product selectivity, chemical feedstock price, and the price of the electricity used to make the feedstocks.

  • CO2 recycling at the scale of current global markets would require enormous new capacity of critical infrastructure. -- Each pathway at global scale would consume thousands of tWh of electricity, 30--100 million metric tpy of hydrogen, and up to 2,000 Mt of CO2 annually. This would require trillions of dollars of infrastructure per pathway to generate and deliver these inputs, including a combined 8,400 gigawatts (GW) of renewable energy capacity and 8,000 GW of electrolyzer capacity across all pathways.

    Based on these findings, the authors recommend the following policy actions:

  • Ensure CO2 recycling pathways are fed by low-carbon inputs. -- Without low-carbon electricity and feedstocks, CO2 recycling could potentially be more carbon-intensive than conventional production.

  • Prioritize certain pathways strategically. -- CO2 recycling methane and ethane production are extremely uneconomic and should be deprioritized. All other pathways are more economically promising and could be the focus of a targeted innovation agenda to reduce costs. In addition, the following pathways that have an ECOP less than 5 times the selling price could be prioritized for early market growth: electrochemical CO production, green hydrogen, ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass, concrete carbonation curing pathways, CO2 recycling urea production, and CO2 hydrogenation to light olefins, methanol, or jet fuel.

  • Target research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) to catalyst innovation to bring down ECOP and reduce input demand. -- Policy makers can promote RD&D to improve the selectivity and energy efficiency of CO2 recycling catalysts. By decreasing a pathway's consumption of electricity and feedstocks, these innovations would both decrease ECOP and alleviate the sizable critical infrastructure needs.

  • Create demand pull for early market CO2 recycling products. -- Governments can use demand pull policies such as public procurement standards to bolster early markets for the most mature CO2 recycling pathways.

  • Promote build-out of critical infrastructure. -- To provide for the substantial infrastructure needs of CO2 recycling, policy makers can seek to remove barriers to and catalyze investment in building renewables installations, transmission lines, electrolyzers, and CO2 transport pipelines.

    Download the report HERE. (Source: Columbia University/ SIPA, Center for Global Energy Policy, 4 May., 2021) Contact: Columbia University, www.energypolicy.columbia.edu

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions,  


  • Gevo's Northwest Iowa RNG Project Underway (Ind. Report)
    GEVO
    Date: 2021-05-03
    Following up on our April 19 coverage, Englewood, Colorado-based Gevo, Inc. reports it has broken ground on its Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) from dairy cow manure project in Northwest Iowa. Upon completion and commissioning early in 2022, the facility is expected to generate roughly 355,000 MMBtu of RNG per year and significantly reduce methane from being released into the atmosphere.

    According to the release, Gevo's mission is to transform renewable energy and carbon into energy-dense liquid hydrocarbons that can be used for drop-in transportation fuels such as gasoline, jet fuel and diesel fuel, that when burned have the potential to yield net-zero greenhouse gas emissions when measured across the full life cycle of the products.

    Gevo uses low-carbon renewable resource-based carbohydrates as raw materials and is in an advanced state of developing renewable electricity and renewable natural gas for use in production processes, according to the release. (Source: GEVO, Website PR, 30 Apr., 2021) Contact: GEVO Inc., Patrick Gruber, CEO, 303-858-8358, pgruber@gevo.com, www.gevo.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News GEVO,  RNG,  


    Enbridge, Walker Ind., Comcor Partner on RNG Projects (Ind. Report)
    Enbridge Inc
    Date: 2021-05-03
    Calgary-based Enbridge Inc., environmental waste management specialist Walker Industries and Cambridge, Ontario-based Comcor Environmental, are reporting a partnership to jointly develop renewable natural gas (RNG) projects . The partnership aims to transform landfill waste into carbon-neutral energy, which will be injected into local natural gas distribution networks across Canada, reducing the overall carbon emission of the gas supply used to heat homes, power businesses and fuel vehicle fleets.

    The industry estimates over 33 Petajoules (PJ) of landfill derived RNG can be generated in Canada, potentially supplying energy to approximately 400,000 homes for a year. Canada has over 10,000 landfill sites, generating approximately 30 Megatonnes (Mt) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) annually, accounting for 20 percent of national methane emissions, according to the release. (Source: Enbridge Inc., Website, PR, Greenlane, 28 Apr., 2021) Contact: Enbridge, Leanne McNaughton, Communications, 519-619-0370 leanne.mcnaughton@enbridge.com, www.enbridge.com; Comcor Environmental Limited, www.comor.com; Walker Industries, www.walkerind.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News RNG,  Enbridge,  


    Qube's Methane Monitoring Alberta Regulator Approval (Ind. Report)
    Qube Technologies, Enhance Energy
    Date: 2021-05-03
    On the Canadian prairies, Calgary-based Qube Technologies Inc. reports the Alberta Energy Regulator has approved Qube's alternative leak detection and repair pilot program to detect and repair climate-warming methane leaks from the Oil and Gas industry.

    Qube uses low-cost, high-sensitivity sensors to continuously and autonomously measure a host of gases in real-time to detect emissions faster than traditional industry approaches. Qube analyzes field data with the help of artificial intelligence and, by combining gas measurements, atmospheric data, and other operational inputs, can locate and quantify different leaks by emission source and severity, according to the release.

    In collaboration with Enhance Energy and Highwood Emissions Management, Qube has become the first continuous monitoring technology to successfully demonstrate emission reductions effectiveness in the eyes of a regulator. Enhance is an Alberta-based energy company that specializes in using carbon sequestration to improve the recovery of energy resources in a sustainable fashion. To date, Enhance has sequestered over 1 million tonnes of CO2. (Source: Qube Technologies Inc., Website, PR, 3 May, 2021) Contact: Qube Technologies, Alex MacGregor, CEO, Alex.MacGregor@qubeiot.com, www.qubeiot.com; Highwood Emissions Management, Thomas Fox, Pres., Thomas@highwoodemissions.com, www.highwoodemissions.com; Enhance Energy, www.enhancenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane news,  Methane Emissions news,  Methane Leak news,  


    Obama's Methane Emissions Regulations Reinstated (Reg. & Leg.)
    Obama Methane
    Date: 2021-04-30
    On Wed., the US Senate voted 52-42 to reinstate the Obama administration's 2019 federal limits on methane emission leaks from new and modified wells in 2016. Since 2016, Colorado and California have enacted more stringent methane emissions regulations.

    The Clean Air Task Force, the Environmental Defense Fund and other environmental organizations have called on the Biden administration to pledge a 40 pct or more reduction in U.S. methane emissions by the end of the decade as part of its recommitment to the Paris Climate agreement.

    On Oct. 1, 2019 we reported: The U.S. Department of the Interior (DoI) has announced its decision to ease Obama-era , 2016, regulations on methane leaks which the Trump administration describes as "burdensome on the private sector" restrictions on oil and gas industry."

    Under the Waste Prevention Rule, oil and gas producing companies were required to inspect their wells twice yearly and repair reported leaks within 30 days. The rollback of the regulation means companies are no longer obliged to check their wells and equipment more often than annually and have 60 days instead of 30 to complete repairs.

    Though not as long-lived as CO2, methane prevents as much as 80 pct more heat from escaping in the first 20 years of its release. Methane leaks are the largest drawback of the otherwise environmentally friendly switch from coal to natural gas as a source of energy. Natural gas releases half as much carbon dioxide when burnt.

    The rationale behind Trump's rollback on methane leaks restrictions was largely economic. It is estimated that drillers would save $734 million to $1 billion over the next 10 years. (Source: Various Media, ICN, 29 Apr., 2021)

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Obama ,  Methane Emissions,  


    Carbon Terminology Refresher (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
    Carbon Emissions
    Date: 2021-04-30
    For greater clarity, the Fifth Estate has offered the following brief clarifications of the plethora of commonly used carbon emissions related terms:

  • Net Zero Energy -- There's two ways of looking at this. The first is based on simple math, and means a building, precinct, process or region generates as much energy within its own boundaries or site as it pulls in from elsewhere over a specific period -- most often a year. The other definition is a building or precinct or region that generates 100 pct of its own energy needs on site or within its boundaries.

  • Net Positive Energy -- When a building or precinct generates more energy than it uses and shares that energy through either a local microgrid or by sending it into the main grid, it becomes energy positive.

  • Carbon Negative -- Carbon negative is used for larger scales than individual buildings, such as precincts, regions, businesses or even entire nations. It means absorbing more carbon than all combined carbon emissions within the specific area or operation.

  • Carbon Neutral -- Carbon neutral is basically a balancing act where a building, business or region sequesters or offsets as much carbon as it emits.

  • Carbon Offsets -- All offsets are not created equal -- there are dirt-cheap offsets sloshing around the global carbon market from questionable projects in far-flung places. But not only are they scientifically and ethically questionable, they also will not meet the standards required for formal third-party carbon neutral certification. The best offsets deliver co-benefits beyond just sequestering carbon, such as improving biodiversity, increasing water quality or catchment protection, generating social benefits, local economic benefits or supporting Indigenous cultural practices and knowledge.

  • Operational Emissions -- Most carbon accounting undertaken for the purposes of carbon neutral certification focus on carbon emissions generated by the operation of a building, business or region. It's not just emissions from energy or fuel use though. The Greenhouse Gas Protocol defines three "scopes" or categories of carbon emissions as follows -- Scope 1 emissions are direct emissions from "owned or controlled sources" such as a fleet of vehicles, a power plant or a manufacturing plant. Scope 2 emissions are indirect emissions from the generation of energy used within a building, plant or region. Scope 3 emissions are all the indirect emissions in a business, process or region's value chain both upstream and downstream. This would include something like methane emissions from waste sent to landfill, or the emissions from energy used to make the widgets that a business procures then retails.

  • Embodied Carbon -- Basically, almost everything we use from a smartphone to a building, has embodied carbon. Embodied or upfront carbon refers to the emissions released during the manufacture and transport of building materials, and the construction as well the end-of-life-phases of built assets. (Source: Fifth Estate Australia)

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  


  • Greenlane Proceeds with Calif. Dairy RNG Project (Ind. Report)
    Greenlane Renewables
    Date: 2021-04-26
    British Columbia-based Greenlane Renewables Inc. reports its wholly-owned subsidiary, Greenlane Biogas North America Ltd. will begin immediate order fulfillment against the US$2.6 million ($3.3 million Cdn) previously announced contract as part of the $21 million in contract wins for a dairy farm cluster in California on June 29, 2020. The name of the supermajor involved in this project is not disclosed at this time.

    The project will use Greenlane's Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA') biogas upgrading systems to create clean renewable natural gas (RNG) at a multi-location California dairy farm cluster through anaerobic digestion of the farm waste stream. The RNG will be supplied as fuel for the U.S. transportation sector.

    According to the release, "Greenlane is the only biogas upgrading company offering the three main technologies: water wash, pressure swing adsorption, and membrane separation to remove trace impurities from the biogas stream and separate carbon dioxide from biomethane to create a clean, high-purity low-carbon fuel: RNG, no matter the size, feedstock or application. The company has 30 years industry experience, patented proprietary technology, and over 110 biogas upgrading systems supplied into 18 countries, including the world's largest biogas upgrading facility." (Source: Greenlane Renewables, PR, 19 Apr., 2021) Contact: Greenlane Biogas, Brad Douville, Pres., CEO, (604) 259-0343, brad.dauville@greenlanerenewables.com, www.greenlanebiogas.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Greenlane Renewables,  Biogas,  Biomethane,  RNG,  


    German Bioethanol Production on the Rise (Int'l. Report)
    German Bioethanol Industry Association'
    Date: 2021-04-23
    In Berlin, the German Bioethanol Industry Association's (BDBe) recently published 2020 market data on certified sustainable bioethanol reported the overall fuel market and petro and bioethanol sales declined by almost 10 pct from 18.0 million tonnes to roughly 16.2 million tonnes due to the pandemic.

    The amount of ethanol and ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE) used as an admixture in Super E10, Super Plus and Super E5 petrol fell by 4 pct to just under 1.10 million tonnes from 1.14 million tonnes the previous year. More than 125,000 tonnes of bioethanol were used for ETBE production -- equivalent to 42.8 pct more than the 88,000 tonnes used in 2019. By contrast, bioethanol as an admixture in petrol fell to 971,000 tonnes from 1.1 million tonnes in 2019.

    According to the release, in 2020 the use of bioethanol saved about 3 million tonnes of CO2 in transport

    The German Bioethanol Industry Association (BDBe) represents the interests of its member companies and associations, spanning agricultural production of raw materials to industrial production and processing of bioethanol and its co-products (DDGS, CDS, biogenic carbon dioxide, gluten, yeast, biomethane, organic fertiliser). Different types of bioethanol are produced for use as transport fuels or for the beverage and industrial markets from agricultural feedstock, such as grains and sugar beet. Petrol at German filling stations contains between 5 pct and 10 pct certified sustainable bioethanol, the report notes. (Source: German Bioethanol Industry Association, Website, PR, Apr., 2021) Contact: German Bioethanol Industry Association, Stefan Walter, MD, Carola Wunderlich, 49 (0)30 301 29 53 13, presse@bdbe.de, www.bdbe.de

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Ethanol,  Bioethanol,  


    Environmental Defense Fund Lauds Biden's 50-52 pct GHG Reduction by 2030 Target (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
    EDF
    Date: 2021-04-23
    Today, the Biden administration announced an ambitious and credible emissions target under the Paris Agreement to cut U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by 50-52 pct below 2005 levels by 2030.

    "By announcing a bold target of cutting emissions 50-52 pct below 2005 levels by the end of the decade, President Biden has met the moment and the urgency that the climate crisis demands. The message from the White House is clear: The U.S. is ready to go all-in to beat the climate crisis. This target aligns with what the science says is necessary to put the world on the path to a safer climate, and vaults the U.S. into the top tier of world leaders on climate ambition. And it's backed up by numerous analyses demonstrating that it can be met through multiple pathways using existing technologies.

    "For four years, the world wondered what's going on with the U.S. Now they're going to have to race to keep up. With this ambitious and credible target, the U.S. has joined the EU and UK at the top of the global league table, recaptured a leadership role on climate -- and positioned itself to push for greater global ambition in the lead up to COP26 in Glasgow. Now it's time for other major emitters to follow suit and commit to deeper reductions in their own emissions over this next decisive decade.

    "Going bold on climate will help America create the jobs of the future. By taking swift action to invest in clean industries and technologies, the United States can supercharge its competitiveness in the global clean energy economy. Leading businesses and investors already know this: That's why over 400 of them called on the administration to cut emissions at least 50 pct by 2030.

    "With this target in place, there's not a moment to lose to start achieving it with a whole-of-government approach that leverages action from the White House and Congress. The Biden administration can jump-start progress by putting in place critical clean air and climate protections under existing law and by working with Congress to enact transformative investments in the American Jobs Plan. These measures can support millions of good-paying union jobs and improve air quality for low-income communities and communities of color that have borne and continue to bear a disproportionate share of harmful pollution.

    "Critical near-term actions are available in three sectors: power, transportation, and methane from oil and gas. A key step toward meeting the 2030 target is an enforceable Clean Electricity Standard for the power sector that ensures reductions of 80 pct below 2005 by the end of the decade. With transportation as the largest source of climate pollution in the U.S. as well as a significant source of air pollution, electrifying cars, trucks and buses will be essential. And as the administration takes aggressive action to cut carbon emissions, it must also double down on actions to reduce methane -- the most immediate opportunity the world has to reduce warming now. As the world's largest oil and gas producer, the U.S. has both an opportunity and responsibility to take swift action to reduce oil and gas methane pollution here at home and be a leader in catalyzing international action on this global problem.

    "As the administration implements a whole-of-government approach to meet this target, it should ensure that policies expand access to economic opportunity, reduce exposure to harmful air pollution and empower American workers in every community.

    "We look forward to working with the administration, Congress, state and local leaders, businesses and advocates to help turn this bold commitment into strong policy action that delivers." (Source: Environmental Defense Fund, PR, 22 Apr., 2021) Contact: EDF Nathaniel Keohane, Senior VP for Climate, www.edf.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement,  GHG,  Greenhouse Gas,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  


    Fortistar Merger Launches Opal Fuels LLC (M&A, Ind. Report)
    Fortistar, TruStar Energy
    Date: 2021-04-23
    White Plains, N.Y.-based privately owned investment firm Fortistar LLC reports its renewable natural gas (RNG) portfolio company Fortistar Methane Group (FMG) and RNG fuel supply specialist TruStar Energy are merging under Opal Fuels LLC -- a fully-integrated renewable fuels supply company for North America.

    Founded in 1993, Fortistar provides capital to build, grow and manage companies that address complex sustainability challenges. The company utilizes its capital, flexibility and operating expertise to grow high-performing companies, first in power generation and now in mobility, carbon capture, the circular economy and other solutions that drive our transition to a zero-carbon future. As a team, Fortistar has financed over $3.5 billion in capital for companies and projects in the energy, transportation and industrial sectors, according to the company website. (Source: Fortistar, PR, 22 Apr., 2021) Contact: TruStar Energy, Scott Edelbach, COO, www.trustarenergy.com; Fortistar, Mark Comora, CEO, (914) 421-4937, MComora@fortistar.com, www.fortistar.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Fortistar,  TruStar Energy,  RNG,  


    Greenlane Renewables Claims $6Mn in New Contracts (Ind. Report)
    Greenlane Renewables
    Date: 2021-04-23
    Vancouver, British Columbia- based Greenlane Renewables Inc. is reporting the signing of approximately $6.2 million in new biogas upgrading system supply contracts.

    The first contract is for the supply of its pressure swing adsorption biogas upgrading system to a municipality in Colombia. Engineering work will commence immediately with a notice to proceed on equipment fabrication expected later this year. This project will be the first commercial-scale biogas upgrading system deployed in Colombia, producing clean, low-carbon renewable natural gas (RNG) for direct injection into the local natural gas grid.

    The second contract is for the supply of Greenlane's water wash biogas upgrading system in Spain. Order fulfillment of this contract will commence immediately, however, and for further transparency, the customer has a two-week period in which it may exercise an option to halt further activity with no penalty. For competitive reasons, individual contract amounts have not been disclosed at this time.

    "Greenlane continues to expand its pioneering global reach with a new system contract win in Colombia, which marks Greenlane's 19th country for technology deployment and 12th country to be the first to supply biogas upgrading equipment. Supplying biogas upgrading equipment for the first time into Columbia is further evidence that RNG continues to be globally recognized as a key component of the overall decarbonization solution. We see a significant opportunity in South America and continue to be seen as a market leader with multiple technologies, allowing us to be competitive on a global scale," according to Greenlane CEO Brad Douville. (Source: Greenlane Renewables, PR, 22 Apr., 2021)Contact: Greenlane Biogas, Brad Douville, Pres., CEO, (604) 259-0343, brad.dauville@greenlanerenewables.com, www.greenlanebiogas.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Greenlane Renewables,  Biogas,  Biomethane,  RNG,  


    Coal-Fired Power Plant May Be Converted to Hydrogen (Ind. Report)
    Newpoint Gas
    Date: 2021-04-21
    Oklahoma City-headquartered Newpoint Gas LLC reports it has partnered with Plymouth, Conn.-based Brooks Energy Company to form Escalante H2 Power. The partners also announced a letter of intent to purchase Westminster, Colorado-headquartered wholesale power provider TriState Generation's shuttered 40-year old coal-fired Escalante Power Plant in New Mexico and convert it into a hydrogen facility at an expected cost of roughly $250 million.

    This project comes after Newpoint's 2019 announcement it was working to develop a technology that would separate hydrogen, water and carbon from natural gas. If successful, the project will be the first of its kind and pave the way for future hydrogen infrastructure, according to Newpoint. The project will also have carbon capture and storage (CCS) capability.

    According to the company website, "Newpoint has taken unprecedented action to develop and integrate processes to produce clean water, electricity and a hydrogen energy source from zero-emissions natural gas technologies. Newpoint's process converts methane and other gaseous hydrocarbons into blue hydrogen. The carbon dioxide produced in the process is sequestered and/or used in manufacturing." (Source: Newpoint Companies, PR, Apr., 2021) Contact: Newpoint Companies, Wiley Rhodes, CEO , info@newpoint.us.com, www.newpointgas.com; Brooks Energy Company, Robert Price, CEO, 860-585-1515, www.brooksenergycompany.com; Escalante H2 Power, www.linkedin.com/pulse/escalante-h2-power-mark-schott; TriState Generation, Duane Highley, CEO, 303-452-6111, www.tristategt.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Newpoint Gas,  Hydrogen,  Escalante ,  TriState,  


    China-US Statement Addresses Climate Crisis (Editorials & Asides)
    China, Climate Change
    Date: 2021-04-19
    China and the United States have issued a joint statement addressing the climate crisis after talks between China Special Envoy for Climate Change Xie Zhenhua and U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry from Thursday to Friday in Shanghai. The following is the full text of the statement:

  • China and the United States are committed to cooperating with each other and with other countries to tackle the climate crisis, which must be addressed with the seriousness and urgency that it demands. This includes both enhancing their respective actions and cooperating in multilateral processes, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement. Both countries recall their historic contribution to the development, adoption, signature, and entry into force of the Paris Agreement through their leadership and collaboration.

  • Moving forward, China and the United States are firmly committed to working together and with other Parties to strengthen implementation of the Paris Agreement. The two sides recall the Agreement's aim in accordance with Article 2 to hold the global average temperature increase to well below 2 degrees C and to pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees C. In that regard, they are committed to pursuing such efforts, including by taking enhanced climate actions that raise ambition in the 2020s in the context of the Paris Agreement with the aim of keeping the above temperature limit within reach and cooperating to identify and address related challenges and opportunities.

  • Both countries look forward to the US-hosted Leaders Summit on Climate on April 22/23. They share the Summit's goal of raising global climate ambition on mitigation, adaptation, and support on the road to COP 26 in Glasgow.

  • China and the United States will take other actions in the short term to further contribute to addressing the climate crisis: both countries intend to develop by COP 26 in Glasgow their respective long-term strategies aimed at carbon neutrality/net zero GHG emissions; both countries intend to take appropriate actions to maximize international investment and finance in support of the transition from carbon-intensive fossil fuel based energy to green, low-carbon and renewable energy in developing countries; each county will implement the phase-down of hydrofluorocarbon production and consumption reflected in the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.

  • China and the United States will continue to discuss, both on the road to COP 26 and beyond, concrete actions in the 2020s to reduce emissions aimed at keeping the Paris Agreement-aligned temperature limit within reach, including: policies, measures, and technologies to decarbonize industry and power, including through circular economy, energy storage and grid reliability, CCUS, and green hydrogen; increased deployment of renewable energy; green and climate resilient agriculture; energy efficient buildings; green, low-carbon transportation; cooperation on addressing emissions of methane and other non-CO2 greenhouse gases; cooperation on addressing emissions from international civil aviation and maritime activities; and; other near-term policies and measures, including with respect to reducing emissions from coal, oil, and gas.

  • The two sides will cooperate to promote a successful COP 26 in Glasgow, aiming to complete the implementation arrangements for the Paris Agreement (e.g., under Article 6 and Article 13) and to significantly advance global climate ambition on mitigation, adaptation, and support. They will further cooperate to promote a successful COP 15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Kunming, noting the importance of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, including its relevance to climate mitigation and adaptation. (Source: China.org Xinhua, 17 Apr., 2021)

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change,  Carbon Emissions,  China Climate Change,  


  • Fortistar Planning Minn. Landfill RNG Plant (Ind. Report)
    Fortistar
    Date: 2021-04-14
    In the Empire State, White Plains--based Fortistar is reporting plans to construct and operate a new roughly $40 million renewable natural gas (RNG) plant at the Pine Bend Sanitary Landfill, in Inver Grove Heights, Minnesota.

    Landfill owner Republic Services will lease Fortistar the land for the 12,000 square-foot facility which is expected to be operational by March 2022. (Source: Fortistar,PR, Star Tribune, 13 Apr., 2021) Contact: Forttistar, Mark Comora, CEO, (914) 421-4937, MComora@fortistar.com, www.fortistar.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News RNG,  Fortistar,  Renewable Natural Gas,  Landfill Methane,  Biogas,  


    CMA CGM Investing in Low-Carbon Biomethane Fuel (Int'l. Report)
    CMA CGM
    Date: 2021-04-12
    In France, Marseille-based global ocean carrier CMA CGM Group reports it intends to invest in biomethane production facilities and is studying the viability of the liquefaction process and its potential as maritime shipping fuel. As a fuel for vessels, 12,000 tonnes of biomethane would provide the equivalent to a year's supply of fuel consumption for two 1,400-TEU ships operating on CMA CGM's European Balt3 line between St. Petersburg and Rotterdam, according to the release.

    The initiative is in line with the company' s objective to become carbon-neutral by 2050. CMA CGM Group notes it cut its overall CO2 emissions by 4 pct in 2020 following a 6 pct reduction in 2019, and has also lowered its CO2 emissions per container-kilometer by 49 pct since 2008. With CMA CGM's dual-fuel gas-power technology, it can reduce entire value chain greenhouse gas emissions, including CO2, by at least 67 pct, according to the company release. (Source: CMA CGM Group, PR, BreakBulk, 10 Apr., 2021) Group Contact: CMA CGM Group Rodolphe Saade, Chairman and CEO, +33 (0)4 88 91 90 00, www.cma-cgm.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Biomethane,  Biogas,  


    WELTECH BIOPOWER Delivers Two Biogas Plants in Japan (Int'l.)
    WELTECH BIOPOWER
    Date: 2021-04-12
    Vechta, Germany-based WELTEC BIOPOWER reports it is setting up two agricultural 250-kW biogas plants for one of Japan's major milk producers. Both plants, one in Urahoro the other in Sakata, Yamagot prefecture, are on Japan's largest island, Honshu. The generated power and heat will be used directly on site. Commissoning is slated for summer 2021 in Urahoro and in autumn 2021 in Sakata.

    The two biogas project dairy farms yield approximately 30,000 tpy of liquid cattle manure, which will be used for the energy production in the anaerobic digestion plants. Apart from the two projects' digesters, upstream and digestate storage tanks, separation and pump technology, WELTEC BIOPOWER is also setting up a 250-kW CHP unit at each location.

    The biomass potential in Japan amounts to approximately 284.4 million tpy, enough to produce about 13 billion kWh of electricity and continually supply 2.8 million households, according to the WELTECH release. (Source: WELTECH BIOPOWER, PR, 9 April, 2021) Contact: WELTEC BIOPOWER GmbH, +49 4441/99978-220, presse@weltec-biopower.de, www.weltec-biopower.de

    More Low-Carbon Energy News WELTECH BIOPOWER,  Biogas,  Biomethane,  anaerobic digestion ,  


    CO2, Methane Emissions Surged in 2020 (NOAA Ind. Report)
    NOAA
    Date: 2021-04-09
    In Washington, just released research from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has found carbon dioxide and methane -- which is nearly 30 times more potent at trapping heat within the atmosphere than CO2 -- emissions surged in 2020.

    Research data collected at remote NOAA sampling locations indicated the global surface average for CO2 was 412.5 parts per million last year -- a 2.6 ppm increase. The global increase rate constituted the fifth-highest on record for a single year, after 1987, 1998, 2015 and 2016, according to NOAA. Atmospheric methane's annual increase for 2020 was 14.7 parts per billion, the largest in the 37 years NOAA has measured it. (Source: NOAA Research News, Website PR, 7 Apr., 2021) Contact: NOAA, oar.communications@noaa.gov, www. research.noaa.gov

    More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2,  Mathane,  NOAA,  


    LCRI Cutting Rural Oregonians' Energy Costs (Ind. Report)
    Lake County Resources Initiative
    Date: 2021-04-07
    In Oregon, the Lake County Resources Initiative (LCRE) is reporting a two-year partnership with not-for-profit Spark Northwest to provide energy efficiency and renewable energy development assistance (REDA) program support to rural Oregonians.

    REDA is a service process that increases rural energy productivity and independence. It can help small businesses and farming operations implement solar photovoltaics, solar heating, energy efficiency, micro hydro, wind energy and methane digesters and other energy efficiency systems and initiatives to lower energy expenses.

    LCRI connects producers and small business owners to funding opportunities and project assistance for energy saving projects. LCRI can also provide technical guidance and grant assistance as well as direct people toward Energy Trust trade ally energy saving project contractors statewide. (Source: LCRI, Contact: LCRI, Nick Johnson, Dir., 541-947-5461, www.lcri.org; Oregon Renewable Energy Development Assistance, www.oregon.gov/energy/Incentives/Pages/Renewable-Energy-Grants.aspx; Spark Northwest, 206.267.2212, www.sparknorthwest.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  


    Aemetis Advanced Fuels Keyes Plant CARB Certified (Ind. Report)
    Aemetis,California Air Resources Board
    Date: 2021-04-02
    Cupertino, California-based Aemetis Inc., a renewable natural gas (RNG) and renewable fuels company, has received certification from the California Air Resources Board (CARB) -- effective as of Oct. 1, 2020 -- for a new LCFS Tier 2 fuel pathway for the Aemetis Advanced Fuels Keyes ethanol production plant utilizing renewable dairy biogas as a process energy input.

    The Aemetis Central Dairy Digester Project is a collection of dairy lagoon anaerobic digesters that are built, owned and operated by Aemetis Biogas LLC utilizing waste animal manure to generate renewable methane gas to produce negative CI RNG for transportation use to displace diesel fuel. The completed Aemetis Central Dairy Digester Project is expected to include over 30 dairy digesters in the current phase (with plans to expand to more than 52 dairies), and utilize 36 miles of private pipeline owned by Aemetis, a centralized gas clean up unit located at the Aemetis Keyes ethanol biorefinery, an RNG onsite fueling station and an interconnection to PG&E's natural gas pipeline.

    The company plans to begin construction of the next five dairy digesters and the additional 32 miles of biogas pipeline in the second quarter, with five more dairy digesters set to begin construction in the third quarter and five digesters beginning in the first quarter of 2022 for a planned total of 17 dairy digesters and a 35-mile biogas pipeline. (Source: Aemetis, PR, Mar., 2021) Contact: CARB, Richard Perry, CEO, Melanie Turner, Information Officer, (916) 322-2990, melanie.turner@arb.ca.gov, www.arb.ca.gov; Aemetis, Eric McAfee, CEO , Todd Waltz, (408) 213-0940, emcafee@aemetis.com, www.aemetis.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News RNG,  Biogas,  Anaerobic Digestion,  Aemetis,  Ethanol,  California Air Resources Board ,  


    SWEN Capital Partners, SFP Group acquire Dutch biomethane plant

    Date: 2021-03-29
    SFP Group and SWEN Capital Partners, through its renewable gas impact fund, have jointly acquired a biomethane plant in the Netherlands. The two companies have established a long-term partnership to pursue investments in large-scale biomethane projects across the Netherlands, starting with the 2,200 normal cubic metres per hour (nm3/h) facility in Westdorpe, owned by Aben Green Energy. The two-year old plant produces 2,200 nm3/h of biogas and recycles more than 150,000 tpy of waste. (Source: Bionergy Insight, 29 Mar., 2021) Olivier Aubert, SWEN’s fund manager Erik Brouwer, managing director of SFP Group


    Scottish Biomethane Fueling Station Construction Underway (Int'l.)
    CNG Fuels
    Date: 2021-03-26
    Following up on our Nov. 11, 2019 coverage, in Scotland, CNG Fuels reports construction is underway on the country's first public access biomethane heavy goods vehicle (HGV) refueling station at the Eurocentral industrial estate near Bellshill. The facility will have the capacity to fuel as many as 450 heavy transport trucks per day when it opens in November.

    Renewable biomethane from livestock manure is 35-40 pct cheaper than diesel and cuts vehicle greenhouse gas emissions by up to 85 pct, according to the CNG Fuels release. (Source: CNG Fuels, PR, insider.co.uk 25 Mar., 2021) Contact: CNG Fuels, Philip Fjeld, CEO, +44 0 7971 541 000,info@cngfuels.com, www.cngfuels.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News CNG Fuels,  Biomethane ,  


    Aemetis Biogas Pipeline Extension Gets the Nod (Ind. Report)
    Aemetis
    Date: 2021-03-26
    Cupertino, California-headquartered advanced renewable fuel and biochemicals producer Aemetis Inc. reports the Stanislaus County California Board of Supervisors has accepted and approved the Aemetis Biogas Initial Study/Mitigated Negative Declaration for construction of a 32-mile extension to the existing Aemetis Biogas 4-mile private pipeline that was completed in 2020.

    The pipeline is designed to carry biogas from dairies as part of the Aemetis Central Dairy Digester Project, which is planned to span across the Stanislaus and Merced counties in Central California. The approval is necessary to meet the permitting requirements of the California Environmental Quality Act prior to pipeline construction and confirms that mitigation measures in the proposed project will avoid or mitigate any negative impacts on the environment.

    The Aemetis Biogas Central Dairy Digester Project is a collection of dairy lagoon anerobic digesters being built, owned, and operated by Aemetis Biogas LLC, utilizing waste animal manure to generate renewable methane gas to produce RNG. (Source: Aemetis Inc., PR, 24 Mar., 2021) Contact: Aemetis, Eric McAfee, CEO , Todd Waltz, (408) 213-0940, emcafee@aemetis.com, www.aemetis.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Aemetis ,  Ethanol,  RNG,  Biogas,  Anaerobic Digestion,  


    BP Announces California "RNG Moovers" Project (Ind. Report)
    BP, Aria Energy
    Date: 2021-03-24
    Oil giant BP and Novi, Michigan-based Aria Energy are touting their "RNG Moovers" anaerobic digestion project to capture methane from farm waste at three Central Valley California dairy farms and process it into renewable natural gas (RNG), which will then be supplied as fuel for the U.S. transportation sector.

    For the "RNG Moovers" project, Aria Energy will provide expertise in capturing and refining the biogas to remove contaminants and increase its heat content, resulting in RNG. The anaerobic digesters will be supplied by Aligned Digesters and BP will transport the RNG through a 20-year offtake agreement executed by its low carbon trading business. (Source: BP, PR, 22 Mar., 2021) Contact: BP PLC, Sean Reavis, Senior VP, Low Carbon and Trading, www.bp.com; Aria Energy, Richard DiGia, Pres., CEO, (248) 380-3920, www.ariaenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News BP,  Aria Energy,  RNG,  Anaerobic Digester,  Biogas,  Methane,  


    Minnesota Future Fuels Coalition Announcement (Ind. Report)
    Minnesota Future Fuels Coalition
    Date: 2021-03-22
    "The Minnesota Future Fuels Coalition member organizations commend state agency and stakeholder efforts in recommending a clean fuels policy in Minnesota. We thank Governor Walz for establishing the Governor's Council on Biofuels and strongly support the Council's recommendation -- finding number 10, recommendation number 4 -- to move forward with a clean fuels policy in Minnesota. We also applaud the Minnesota Department of Transportation for establishing the Sustainable Transportation Advisory Council, which also included a clean fuels policy and implementation guidelines in its set of approved recommendations to the Department. A clean fuels policy will help assure that Minnesota remains in a leadership position with respect to clean fuels innovation, building on past successes.

    "Minnesota is behind schedule in achieving the transportation greenhouse gas reduction and clean fuel adoption goals established through the bipartisan Next Generation Energy Act of 2007. We believe that a clean fuels policy, such as the proposed Future Fuels Act, can help get Minnesota back on track.

    "We believe that the Future Fuels Act, designed based on recommendations in the Mid-continent Clean Fuels Policy Initiative's white paper A Clean Fuels Policy for the Midwest, can have many benefits for Minnesota, including:

  • Benefits for consumers through market access for clean fuels that are often lower cost or a better value than conventional fuels but currently face barriers to entry in the marketplace.

  • Large net-positive and equitable economic impacts for the state through increased investment in a broad portfolio of cleaner fuels, including ethanol, biomethane, biodiesel, other biofuels, electricity,and charging infrastructure.

  • Equitable access to clean transportation for all Minnesota communities.

  • Increased investment in cleaner fuels for all types of vehicles and a more innovative and prosperous clean fuels sector spurring consumer demand for cleaner products,

  • A technology- and fuel-neutral, performance-based approach that rewards the cleanest fuels without having government pick winners and losers and expands the fuels market.

  • Reductions in air pollution and increased health benefits, particularly in areas that have been disproportionately impacted by transportation pollution.

  • Economic incentives and market demand to maximize the resource value of organic waste (including manure, biosolids, and food waste), reducing the climate impacts of organic waste, and supporting counties' efforts to achieve state-mandated recycling goals.

  • Increased energy independence by relying less on imported resources and more on state resources.

  • Reduced greenhouse gas emissions in the two largest emitting sectors of transportation and electricity as well as in the agricultural sector.

  • A potential to support voluntary farmer-led efforts to invest in and adopt agricultural conservation practices that benefit soil health and water quality and reduce farm-level greenhouse gas emissions." (Source: Minnesota Future Fuels Coalition, PR, Mar., 2021) Contact: Minnesota Future Fuels Coalition, www.BetterEnergy.org , Twitter: @GreatPlainsInst; Facebook: Great Plains Institute

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Minnesota Future Fuels Coalition,  Clean Fuel,  Biofuel,  


  • Amazon Likely Emitting More GHGs Than It Absorbs (Study Attached)
    Frontiers in Forests and Global Change
    Date: 2021-03-19
    Scientists have predicted for years that at some point the Amazon rainforest, known as "the lungs of the planet," would be overcome in its ability to scrub carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and could even emit more greenhouse gases than it absorbs -- a scenario the journal Frontiers in Forests and Global Change says has "probably already happened."

    The study looked at factors at play in the Amazon -- fires, deforestation, weather and the expansion of ranching -- and concluded that greenhouse gases including methane and nitrous oxide being emitted in the Amazon basin offset and most likely exceed the region's ability to soak up carbon dioxide.

    Access the full report HERE. (Source: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 11 Mar., 2021) Contact: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, +41(0)21 510 17 40, Fax +41 (0)21 510 17 01, www.frontiersin.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Amazon Rainforest,  GHGs,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  


    Praj Claims HPCL Compressed Biogas Plant Order (Int'l. Report)
    Praj Industries
    Date: 2021-03-19
    Pune, India-based ethanol producer, bio-based technologies and engineering specialist Praj Industries is reporting receipt of an order from Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (HPCL) for a 5,250 M tpy compressed biogas (CBG) project at Badaun in Uttar Pradesh. The project, which will process 35,000 MT of regionally sourced rice straw as feedstock, could also save up to 15,000 M tpy of CO2 emissions when commissioned with the next 12 completed and commissioned within 12 months.

    The project will incorporate Praj's RenGas technology which was developed at Praj-Matrix, Department of Scientific and Industrial research (DSIR) certified the R&D centre. (Source: Praj Industries, PR, 11 Mar., 2021) Contact: Praj Industries Ltd., Dr. Ravindra Utgikar , Bus. Dev., info@praj.net, www.praj.net

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Praj Industries,  Biogas,  Methane Compressed Biogas,  


    Lincoln Wastewater Biogas RNG Project Completed (Ind. Report)
    RNG
    Date: 2021-03-17
    In the Cornhusker State, the city of Lincoln Transportation and Utilities Department (LTU) is reporting completion of the Theresa Street Water Resource Recovery Facility project to transform methane biogas into RNG fuel.

    The completed project is expected to produce 100 billion BTUs of RNG per year -- equivalent to roughly 875,000 gallons of gasoline -- and generate $2.6 million per year in revenue for a 3.3-year ROI.

    HDR Engineering, Building Crafts, and Black Hills Energy, which built the infrastructure to connect the RNG to the national natural gas pipeline system, and Bluesource, a national energy management company, worked on the project. (Source: City of Lincoln, Lincoln Transportation and Utilities Department, PR, Mar., 2021) Contact: Lincoln Transportation and Utilities Department, 402-441-7548, ltu@lincoln.ne.gov, www.lincoln.ne.gov/City/Departments/LTU

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Biogas,  Metane,  RNG,  


    Gas Goes Green Pathway to Net Zero (ENA Report Attached)
    Energy Networks Association
    Date: 2021-03-17
    In the UK, the Energy Networks Association (ENA) has released its Gas Goes Green Pathway to Net Zero report in response to the need to replace the natural gas that 85 pct of Britain's homes use for heating, hot water and cooking with greener alternatives such as hydrogen and biomethane.

    Download the ENA Gas Goes Green Pathway to Net Zero report HERE. (Source: Energy Networks Assoc., PR, 12 Mar., 2021) Contact: Energy Networks Association, +44 (0) 20 7706 5100, www.energynetworks.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Net Zero Emissions,  


    Frontline BioEnergy Touts Calif. Ag-Waste Biofuel Project (Ind. Report)
    Frontline BioEnergy
    Date: 2021-03-12
    Nevada, Iowa-headquartered Frontline BioEnergy is touting its proposed San Joaquin Renewables (SJR) bioenergy project in MacFarland, California. The project would "gasify" about 300,000 tpy of nut shells and other local ag waste and process it into natural gas equivalent to 21 million gpy of gasoline. It would also generate an estimated 125 tpd of biochar and cut air pollution.

    SJR proposes to gasify the biomass using a highly efficient but expensive process that super-heats the waste but doesn't combust it and therefore is considered a much cleaner alternative. What comes out of the process is methane which the company hopes to inject into a local natural gas pipeline, plus carbon dioxide that would be stored deep underground .

    The project is awaiting full environmental review and clarity from the state on the future of California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard, which basically forces oil companies to contribute financially or operationally to the fight against climate change. The project would take about two years to build once all approvals are given. (Source: Frontline BioEnergy, San Joaquin Renewables LLC, Bakersfield.com, 11 Mar., 2021) Contact: Frontline BioEnergy, San Joaquin Renewables , T.J. Paskach, 515-292-1200 , Pres., www.frontlinebioenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Frontline BioEnergy,  Waste-to-Fuel,  Biofuel,  


    AMP Americas' Largest Dairy RNG Project Now Online (Ind. Report)
    AMP Americas
    Date: 2021-03-12
    Chicago-headquartered biogas-to-renewable transportation fuel specialist Amp Americas reports its fourth dairy-waste biogas facility at the Riverview LLP dairy operation in Morris, Minnesota is now online and producing renewable natural gas (RNG) transportation fuel.

    The new plant is the first on-farm biogas-to-vehicle fuel facility in Minnesota and Amp Americas' largest dairy RNG project to date. The project captures over 700,000 gpd of manure from three different sites, converts it into renewable methane, purifies it into RNG, and compresses it to inject into the pipeline.

    With this project, Amp Americas has now developed dairy RNG production on 12 dairies. Along with two RNG projects in Indiana and another in Arizona, Amp Americas is now operating four of the largest dairy biogas-to-transportation fuel projects in the country, producing more than 10 million gpy of RNG. (Source: Amp Americas, Website, PR, 11 Mar., 2021) Contact: Amp Americas, (312) 300-6700, info@ampamericas.com, www.ampamericas.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News AMP Americas,  Biogas,  Biofuel,  RNG,  


    Canada Outlines GHG Credit Trading System (Ind. Report)
    Environment and Climate Change Canada
    Date: 2021-03-10
    Reporting from Ottawa, Environment and Climate Change Canada has announced draft regulations to establish the market-based Federal Greenhouse Gas Offset System to reduce carbon emissions, spur innovation and private-sector investment in economic activities that lead to further emissions reductions and create jobs.

    The offset rules will be part of the 2018 Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act, which enabled a sweeping tax on emissions on everything from industrial pollution to home-heating fuel, and will support a domestic carbon trading market under Canada's carbon price for industry -- the Output-Based Pricing System (OBPS) -- under which regulated facilities that exceed their emission limits can provide compensation by purchasing federal offset credits -- an additional lower-cost option -- generated from activities not already incentivized by carbon pollution pricing.

    Once established, the Federal Greenhouse Gas Offset System will stimulate demand for projects across Canada that reduce greenhouse gases and generate federal offset credits. The ability to generate and sell federal offset credits creates opportunities for farmers, foresters, Indigenous communities, municipalities, and other project developers to earn revenues from greenhouse-gas reductions and removals.

    Protocols for high priority project types are currently under development in parallel to the regulation to give industries additional lower-cost compliance options. For example, under the Landfill Methane Management Protocol, which is currently under development, a municipality could install technology to collect methane that would otherwise be emitted into the atmosphere. The municipality could earn federal offset credits, which it could sell to industrial facilities regulated under the Output-Based Pricing System. Canada is aiming for net-zero emissions by 2050. (Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada, Website PR, Mar., 2021) Contact: Environment and Climate Change Canada, www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change.html

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Environment and Climate Change Canada ,  Carbon Credit,  Carbon Tax,  GHG,  Carbon Offset,  


    Zemo Partnership Touts Renewable Fuels Assurance Scheme (Int'l.)
    Zemo Partnership
    Date: 2021-03-08
    In London, the soon to be launched Zemo Partnership Renewable Fuels Assurance Scheme has found the introduction of E10 petrol-biofuel blend and the widespread use of high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) could reduce truck emissions by 46 million tonnes over the next decade.

    The HBRF study covers renewable fuels including biodiesel, hydrotreated vegetable oil and biomethane and identifies the opportunities and barriers to adoption and the GHG-saving opportunities available for sustainable, renewable fuel adoption by heavy duty vehicles.

    The study notes that with a market average of 30 pct HBRF used in place of diesel and natural gas by 2030, the sector could save an additional 46 million tonnes in GHG emissions over the next decade.

    The Zemo Partnership Renewable Fuels Assurance Scheme is an initiative designed and managed by Zemo Partnership that aims to give fleet operators independent assurance of purchasing sustainable, low carbon fuels approved under the RTFO, and customer supply chain specific GHG emission performance data. The scheme is open to all UK suppliers of renewable fuels including those that supply blends of renewable fuels. Companies are required to apply to Zemo Partnership to become an approved Renewable Fuel Supplier and demonstrate compliance with the scheme performance criteria and undergo an annual compliance check. This entails independent verification of company procedures, processes and renewable fuel production data by an auditor, according to the Zemo website.

    Once approved renewable fuel supplier will be able to issue their customers with 'Renewable Fuel Declarations' every three months for batches of sustainable low carbon fuels sold. The declaration will identify the carbon intensity and GHG emissions savings specific to the renewable fuel supply chain as well as information on feedstocks, the Zemo website notes. (Source: Zemo Partnership, PR, Website, 8 Mar., 2021) Contact: Zemo Partnership, Gloria Esposito, Sustainability Head, +44 (0)20 7304 6880, hello@zemo.org.uk, www.zemo.org.uk

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Renewable Fuel,  E10,  Biofuel Blend,  


    NextGen Biomass Comments on Japan's Hydrogen Plans (Opinions, Editorials & Asides
    Zilkha Black Pellets,NextGen Biomass Technologies
    Date: 2021-03-03
    Houston, Texas-based Zilkha Black® (biomass) Pellet producer NextGen Biomass Technologies comments on Japan's hydrogen fuel plans: "In March 2019, Japan released its third Strategic Roadmap for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. The plan targets reduction in hydrogen production costs and leadership in carbon capture strategies to convert hydrogen from fossil fuels. Investments are flooding in on this plan's strength.

    "We (NextGen) are optimistic about the courage and vision that the Japanese nation is showing in the hydrogen economy. Here in the U.S., officials are projecting a 2028 timeline to commercialize hydrogen as a fuel. It is obvious that Japan is much more aggressive and pushes the envelope in research, development and full-scale production operations. One recent example is the Mitsubishi Heavy Industries steel plant project in Australia, which is using hydrogen instead of coal.

    "Japan's top two carmakers have been steadily selling hydrogen fuel cell cars at a loss in California for more than a decade. This business model has been valuable to both companies and the Japanese government, based on customer feedback and increased interest in supporting the U.S.'s build-out of a hydrogen infrastructure. These are cars limited to use only in California, where the U.S. has 44 of its 47 hydrogen fueling stations.

    "We (NextGen) have worked with others in the biofuel and biofuel derivatives market to see how our Zilkha Black Pellets work in biosyngas reactors, where companies typically generate methane and other heavier petroleum replacements that can be converted to hydrogen. Most of these processes are not currently at full production scale. The factor holding many of them back is the variability of feedstock. When different feedstocks, or even the same feedstock with varying particle or different moisture contents are added, the process must sometimes be adjusted significantly to avoid loss of product, equipment and other hazards. Using Zilkha Black Pellets as a base for bioreactors ensures a stable, uniform size, moisture and makeup feedstock to which smaller amounts of varied feedstocks can be added. These pellets cost significantly less to transport than raw biomass ever will.

    "Hydrogen from biomass is a viable, low-cost electricity solution, and we are excited to work with companies operating in this space. Using a stable uniform feedstock, especially in the initial full-scale production phases, can mean the difference between a successful project and one that never reaches its goal." (Source: NextGen Biomass Technologies, Larry Price, (713) 979-9961, info@nextgenbiomass.com, lprice@nextgenbiomass.com, nextgenbiomass.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Zilkha Black Pellets,  Hydrogen,  Green Hydrogen,  NextGen Biomass Technologies,  


    Fuel a Greener Future -- Achieve Carbon Negative Transportation Today (Alt. Fuel Report Attached}
    NGVAmerica
    Date: 2021-02-24
    In Washington, Natural Gas Vehicles for America (NGVAmerica) has released its Fuel a Greener Future report detailing the significant environmental and economic benefits of renewable natural gas (RNG)-fueled fleeting.

    RNG-fueled medium- and heavy-duty vehicles are commercially available, proven, and affordable. Depending on the feedstock, they can be carbon-free or carbon negative. Commercial pickups and vans, refuse trucks, transit buses, and Class 8 short haul freight trucks cost-effectively run on RNG, or biogas produced from methane.

    Download the Fuel a Greener Future -- Achieve Carbon Negative Transportation Today report HERE.

    NGVAmerica is a national organization dedicated to the development of a growing, profitable, and sustainable market for vehicles powered by natural gas or biomethane.

    NGVAmerica represents more than 200 companies, environmental groups, and government organizations interested in the promotion and use of natural gas and biomethane as transportation fuels. NGVAmerica member companies are those that produce, distribute, and market natural gas and biomethane across the country; manufacture and service natural gas vehicles, engines, and equipment; and operate fleets powered by clean-burning gaseous fuels, according to the organization's website. (Source: NGVAmerica, 16 Feb., 2021) Contact: NGVAmerica, Dan Gage, Pres., (202) 824-7360, www.ngvamerica.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News lternative Fuel ,  


    C-Zero Raises $11.5Mn for Methane Pyrolysis,Hydrogen Prod. (Funding)
    C-Zero
    Date: 2021-02-22
    As previously reported, Goleta-California-based C-Zero/ Decarbonizing Natural Gas has raised $11.5 million from Breakthrough Energy Ventures, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and other investors to advance its low-CO2 process for making hydrogen.

    The technology, developed at the University of California, Santa Barbara, uses methane pyrolysis to split methane into hydrogen and solid carbon. The hydrogen can be used as a fuel or to make chemicals. Mitsubishi, which is developing hydrogen gas turbines, is also an investor in the methane pyrolysis firm Monolith Materials.

    C-Zero's technology is a form of methane pyrolysis that uses innovative thermocatalysis to extract the carbon in natural gas as a dense solid. The company is developing a drop-in decarbonization system which can be placed in between the existing natural gas infrastructure and industrial natural gas consumers seeking to lower their carbon dioxide emissions, according to the company website. (Source: C-Zero, c&en, 22 Feb., 2021) Contact: C-Zero , www.czero.energy

    More Low-Carbon Energy News C-Zero ,  Hydrogen,  Methane,  


    BTS Biogas Announces North American Expansion (Ind. Report)
    BTS Biogas
    Date: 2021-02-22
    Italian anaerobic digestion specialist BTS Biogas is reporting the formation of BTS North America (BTS NA), a new subsidiary for its plan to expand into the North Americam market. BTS North America (BTS NA) will serve as the technology provider to Bioenergy Devco (BDC) to finance, design, engineer , construct and operate anaerobic digestion projects across the United States.

    BTS Biogas's proprietary technology includes plant-wide real-time telemetry and modular design within a completely enclosed environment. It ensures anaerobic digestion projects efficiently divert excess organics headed for incineration and landfills while generating carbon-negative renewable energy and healthy soil amendments.

    BTS Biogas is responsible for the development, engineering, construction and maintenance of over 230 biogas and biomethane plants across Europe, North America and East Asia. By recycling organic materials from municipalities, food companies and farms, BTS Biogas facilities are designed to generate a consistent supply of renewable energy as well as soil improvers and fertilizers.

    Bioenergy Devco (BDC) is a global leader in the design, engineering, construction, financing and operation of advanced anaerobic digestion facilities. BDC's utility-grade anaerobic digestion technology, powered by BTS, is an environmentally sound process that creates a true source of renewable, carbon-negative energy for pipeline and vehicle use. In recycling organic material into natural gas, BDC creates circular economies in local communities, helping cities and companies achieve decarbonization, zero waste and renewable energy goals, while reducing air and water pollution, and creating healthier soils, according to the release. (Source: BTS Biogas, PR, 19 Feb., 2021) Contact: BTS Biogas, Christine McKiernan, Managing Dir., www.bts-biogas.com; Bioenergy Devco, Shawn Kreloff , CEO ,www.bioenergydevco.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News BTS Biogas,  


    Brightmark, Chevron Expanding RNG Agreement (Ind. Report)
    Brightmark, Chevron
    Date: 2021-02-19
    San Francisco-based Brightmark LLC and San Ramon, California-headquartered oil industry giant Chevron U.S.A. Inc. are reporting the expansion of their previously announced joint venture, Brightmark RNG Holdings LLC, to own projects across the U.S. to produce and market dairy biomethane, a renewable natural gas (RNG).

    Brightmark RNG Holdings' subsidiaries currently own RNG projects in Western New York state, Western Michigan, Central Florida and South Dakota. Additional equity investments by the joint venture companies will fund construction and commercial operation of five new dairy biomethane projects in Michigan and Arizona. Chevron will purchase and market the RNG from these projects and market it for use in vehicles operating on compressed natural gas, according to the release. (Source: Brightmark, Website PR, 17 Feb., 2021) Contact: Brightmark, Bob Powell, CEO, Kavitha Ramakrishnan, kavitha.ramakrishnan@brightmarkenergy.com, www.brightmarkenergy.com; Chevron, www.chevron.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Brightmark,  Chevron,  RNG,  Biomethane,  


    Greenlane Inks $3.6Mn in New RNG Contracts (Ind. Report)
    Greenlane Renewables
    Date: 2021-02-19
    Barnaby, British Columbia-based Greenlane Renewables Inc. reports its wholly-owned subsidiary, Greenlane Biogas North America Ltd., has inked two contracts totaling $3.6 million (Cdn) for new renewable natural gas (RNG) projects. The first contract involves a project in the Midwest United States for upgrading biogas to RNG from dairy operations. Contract details have not been disclosed.

    According to Greenlane Pres. and CEO Brad Douville, "The transition to renewable natural gas as an essential solution to decarbonize transportation and the natural gas grid continues to build momentum. We're seeing new opportunities progress through our sales pipeline at an increased pace and we're seeing results from the investments we made in product development, marketing and sales over the last 12 to 18 months. These two new contract wins demonstrate continued success in sectors where we see additional upside potential and a unique position in the market for Greenlane." (Source: Greenlane Renewables, PR, 18 Feb., 2021)Contact: Greenlane Biogas, Brad Douville, Pres., CEO, (604) 259-0343, brad.dauville@greenlanerenewables.com, www.greenlanebiogas.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Greenlane Renewables,  Biogas,  Biomethane,  RNG,  


    API Awarded $100Mn for GHG Emissions Reduction (R&D, Funding)
    American Petroleum Institute
    Date: 2021-02-17
    The American Petroleum Institute (API) is reporting receipt of $100 million funding under the US DOE's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy programme. The program aims to identify and develop innovative technologies to further reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and tackle climate change.

    According to API, over the past decade, the oil and gas industry has provided low-cost natural gas, while reducing CO2 emissions in the electric power sector and addressing methane emissions. Methane emissions have declined by nearly 70 pct between 2011 and 2019 in five of the largest US oil and gas producing regions, according to the EPA's new Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program data.

    API notes its members are already investing in direct air carbon capture, carbon capture use astorage, CCS, decarbonisation infrastructure such as CO2 pipelines, sustainable and efficient fuels, and lower cost, low-carbon hydrogen. (Source: API. PR, Website, 16 Feb., 2021) Contact: API, Mike Sommers, CEO, (202) 682-8114, www.api.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News American Petroleum Institute,  GHG,  Climate Change,  Carbon Emissions,  Methane,  


    Winnipeg Investigating RNG for City Bus Fleet (RNG Report)
    Winnipeg Infrastructure and Public Works
    Date: 2021-02-10
    On the Canadian prairies, the city of Winnipeg Infrastructure and Public Works committee is considering converting methane gas from the Brady Road landfill into renewable natural gas (RNG) for use as an alternative fuel for its 700-strong fleet of buses. The target would have 40 pct of the 700 bus fleet converted by 2032, and 100 pct by 2047.

    The proposal recommends the city develop a business case to build a facility to convert the landfill gas into saleable renewable natural gas. The review notes this could be done through a city-owned facility, through a public-private partnership or the city simply become a raw supplier of the landfill gas to a third-party operator. (Source: Winnipeg Infrastructure and Public Works, CBC News, 8 Feb., 2021) Contact: Winnipeg Infrastructure and Public Works, www.winnipeg.ca/publicworks

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane,  RNG,  


    WELTEC BIOPOWER Joins American Biogas Council, Promotes biomethane/RNG Production (Int'l. Report)
    WELTEC BIOPOWER,American Biogas Council
    Date: 2021-02-10

    Vechta, Germany-based biogas plant manufacturer, and the developer of over 300 anaerobic digestion plants, WELTEC BIOPOWER GmbH reports it has joined of the American Biogas Council (ABC). The Washington-based association has been campaigning for the interests of the American biogas industry since 2010. The ABC represents biogas and biomethane plant operators, research institutions, municipal suppliers and manufacturers along the biogas supply chain.

    WELTEC has expertise in using the climate-neutral gas. Through their own portfolio of plants in Europe, the company generates 3,53 billion cubic feet of biogas annually, which is upgraded to RNG for gas grid injection. In addition, the use of RNG is everyday practice at many other plant locations. For example, a biogas plant built by WELTEC in Finland, uses biomethane to refuel trucks, and another plant in France refuels CNG/RNG tractors. (Source: WELTEC BIOPOWER GmbH, PR, 9 Feb., 2021) Contact: WELTEC BIOPOWER GmbH, +49 4441 99978-0, +49 4441 99978-8 -- fax, info@weltec-biopower.de, www.weltec-biopower.de; American Biogas Council, Patrick Serfass, Exec. Dir., (202) 640-6595, info@americanbiogascouncil.org, www.AmericanBiogasCouncil.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News WELTEC BIOPOWER,  Biogas,  Anaerobic Digestion,  American Biogas Council,  


    Spire Joins ONE Future to Cut Methane Emissions (Ind. Report)
    Spire
    Date: 2021-02-08
    St. Louis-headquartered natural gas giant Spire Inc. reports it is joining the Our Nation's Energy Future Coalition to help reduce methane emissions to 1 pct or less by 2025.

    In July, 2020, Spire committed to reduce methane emissions by 53 pct by 2025 and to become carbon-neutral by mid-century. The company also noted its emissions have fallen by more than 39 pct since 2005, with roughly a 54 pct reduction projected for 2025.

    The ONE Future Coalition is a group of 37 natural gas production, gathering & boosting, processing, transmission & storage and distribution companies in the U.S. and represents approximately 15 pct of the U.S. natural gas value chain companies working together to voluntarily reduce methane emissions across the natural gas value chain to 1 pct (or less) by 2025, according to the group's website. (Source: Spire, PR, 7 Feb., 2021) Contact: Spire, Suzanne Sitherwood, CEO, www.spireenergy.com; ONE Future Coalition, www.onefuture.us

    More Low-Carbon Energy News ONE Future Coalition,  Methane,  Methane Emissions,  


    Verbio Touts US, India Straw Biomethane Plant Plans (Ind. Report)
    Verbio
    Date: 2021-02-03
    Leipzig, Germany-based biodiesel producer Verbio reports it will open two straw biomethane plants, one in India and the other in the US, as well as expand biodiesel production in Canada, befoe the year end.

    According to the release, "Despite the decreasing market in the fuel segment as a result of the restricted mobility, Verbio achieved a record result. The company generated consolidated sales of €872 million. With a total production of 796,411 tons of biodiesel and bioethanol, Verbio once again increased the production record of the previous year. Biomethane production 'significantly' increased to 784 GWh, 11 pct above the previous year's result."

    Verbio also noted it is investing more than €10 million to become the largest provider of bio-LNG in the German and European market from the middle of this year. (Source: Verbio, PR, 29 Jan., 20210 Contact: Verbio, Claus Sauter, CEO, +49 (0) 3493 747-40, www.verbio.de/en

    More Low-Carbon Energy News VERBIO,  Ethanol,  Biomethane,  


    Baker Hughes, NOVATEK Partner to Cut Carbon Emissions (Int'l.)
    NOVATEK, Baker Hughes
    Date: 2021-02-01
    Houston-headquartered energy technology firm Baker Hughes and Russian natural gas giant NOVATEK are reporting a cooperation agreement aimed at reducing carbon emissions from natural gas and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production.

    The two companies will cooperate on the development and implementation of innovative compression and power generation technology solutions from Baker Hughes for NOVATEK's LNG projects, supporting NOVATEK's emissions reduction, raising efficiency and supporting long-term sustainability.

    The agreement will begin with a pilot program to introduce hydrogen blends into the main process for natural gas liquefaction to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from LNG facilities, including NOVATEK's Yamal LNG complex.

    Baker Hughes will provide engineering and turbomachinery equipment to convert existing natural gas liquefaction trains at Yamal LNG to run on hydrogen blends rather than solely run with methane from feed gas. (Source: Baker Hughes, PR, Feb., 2021) Contact: Baker Huighes, Jud Bailey, 281-809-9088, investor.relations@bakerhughes.com, www. bakerhughes.com; NOVATEK, www.novatek.ru

    More Low-Carbon Energy News NOVATEK,  Baker Hughes,  LNG,  ,  Carbon Emissions,  LNG,  


    U.S. Gain Introduces LCFS Credit Generation (Ind. Report)
    U.S. Gain
    Date: 2021-01-27
    Appleton, Wisconsin-based renewable natural gas (RNG), alternative fuel and renewable thermal energy specialist U.S. Gain® reports it will now offer Credit Generation to electric fleets and forklifts in California, opening a completely new revenue stream for customers at no additional cost. (Source: U.S. Gain, Website, PR, Jan., 2021) Contact: U.S. Gain, Stephanie Lowney, Director of Marketing & Innovation U.S. Gain , 920-381-2190 slowney@usgain.com, Jon Summersett, Product Management, jsummersett@usgain.com, www.usgain.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News U.S. Gain,  RNG,  Anaerobic Digestion,  Biogas,  Methane,  


    Oil, Gas Methane Emissions Fell 10 pct in 2020 , says IEA (Int'l. Report)
    IEA
    Date: 2021-01-22
    The International Energy Agency (IEA) is reporting global emissions of the potent greenhouse gas methane from oil and gas production dropped 10 pct in 2020 mainly because of lower output as opposed to concerted climate action.

    Methane has more than 80 times the warming potential than carbon dioxide in its first 20 years in the atmosphere. Major methane emitters include oil and gas infrastructure leaks and agriculture. In 2020, oil and gas operations emitted over 70 million tonnes of methane, or around 10 pct less than in 2019. In absolute terms, Russia and the U.S. were the biggest emitters of methane, the IEA notes. (Source: International Energy Agency, Jan., 2021) Contact: International Energy Agency, www.iea.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News IEA,  Methane Emissions,  


    DOE Funding Fossil-Based Hydrogen Projects (R&D, Funding)
    DOE Office of Fossil Energy
    Date: 2021-01-18
    In Washington, the U.S. DOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE) reports the availability of $160 million funding to help recalibrate the Nations fossil-fuel and power infrastructure for decarbonized energy and commodity production. The funding, for cost-shared cooperative agreements, is aimed to develop technologies for the production, transport, storage, and utilization of fossil-based hydrogen, with progress towards net-zero carbon emissions.

    Fossil fuels currently provide the lowest cost pathway for producing hydrogen, according to cost data in a recent DOE/FE Hydrogen Strategy Document. The U.S. will authorize advanced and novel technologies capable of improving the performance, reliability, and flexibility of methods to produce, transport, store, and use hydrogen. When coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS), low-cost hydrogen sourced from fossil energy feedstocks and processes will significantly reduce the carbon footprint of these processes and enable progress toward hydrogen production with net-zero carbon emissions.

    Funding is available for significant advancements in the following program areas:

  • Net-Zero or Negative Carbon Hydrogen Production from Modular Gasification and Co-Gasification of Mixed Wastes, Biomass, and Traditional Feedstocks -- The objective is to advance gasification technologies capable of improved performance, reliability, and flexibility to produce net-zero or negative carbon hydrogen by readily accommodating integration of pre-combustion carbon capture. An additional objective is utilizing low-cost and negative-cost feedstock materials, along with traditional feedstocks, to produce low-cost net-zero carbon fuels and chemicals.

  • Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell Technology (SOEC) Development -- The objective is to develop new or modified materials for SOECs and improve understanding of degradation mechanisms in SOECs for efficient and cost-effective production of hydrogen.

  • Carbon Capture -- The objective is to complete the initial design of a commercial scale carbon capture, storage, and utilization (CCUS) system that separates and stores more than 100,000 tpy net carbon dioxide of 95 pct purity, with 90 pct+ carbon capture efficiency, from a steam methane reforming (SMR) or autothermal reforming (ATR) plant producing 99.97 pct H2 from natural gas.

  • Advanced Turbines -- The objective is to advance the performance of gas turbine combustion systems fueled with high purity hydrogen, hydrogen and natural gas mixtures and other carbon neutral fuels (e.g., ammonia). An additional objective is to demonstrate a hydrogen-fueled rotating detonation engine in a gas turbine.

  • Natural Gas-Based Hydrogen Production -- The objective is to develop transformative natural gas decarbonization technologies to produce zero- or negative-carbon hydrogen, to meet the needs of future hydrogen markets.

    li> Hydrogen Pipeline Infrastructure -- The objective is to develop technologies that improve the cost and performance (e.g., resiliency, reliability, safety, integrity) of hydrogen transportation infrastructure, including pipelines and compression stations.

  • Subsurface Hydrogen Storage -- The objective is to develop technologies to improve the cost and performance (efficiency, safety, integrity) of subsurface hydrogen storage.

    The FOA will be used to solicit R&D for specific areas of interest aligned with the above seven program areas. Successful applications will be of different monetary values and project durations. Projects will be managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NRTL).

    Download the HYDROGEN STRATEGY -- Enabling A Low-Carbon Economy document HERE. (Source: U.S. DOE Office of Fossil Energy DOE, PR, 15 Jan., 2021) Contact: U.S. DOE Office of Fossil Energy, 202-586-6660, www.energy.gov/fe/office-fossil-energy

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Hydrogem,  DOE Office of Fossil Energy ,  


  • Carbon Capture Included in DOE Fossil-Based Hydrogen Projects Funding (R&D, Funding)
    Carbon Capture
    Date: 2021-01-18
    In Washington, the U.S. DOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE) reports the availability of $160 million funding to help recalibrate the Nations fossil-fuel and power infrastructure for decarbonized energy and commodity production. The funding, for cost-shared cooperative agreements, is aimed to develop technologies for the production, transport, storage, and utilization of fossil-based hydrogen, with progress towards net-zero carbon emissions.

    Fossil fuels currently provide the lowest cost pathway for producing hydrogen, according to cost data in a recent DOE/FE Hydrogen Strategy Document. The U.S. will authorize advanced and novel technologies capable of improving the performance, reliability, and flexibility of methods to produce, transport, store, and use hydrogen. When coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS), low-cost hydrogen sourced from fossil energy feedstocks and processes will significantly reduce the carbon footprint of these processes and enable progress toward hydrogen production with net-zero carbon emissions. Funding is available for significant advancements in carbon capture as follows:

    Carbon Capture -- The objective is to complete the initial design of a commercial scale carbon capture, storage, and utilization (CCUS) system that separates and stores more than 100,000 tpy net carbon dioxide of 95 pct purity, with 90 pct+ carbon capture efficiency, from a steam methane reforming (SMR) or autothermal reforming (ATR) plant producing 99.97 pct H2 from natural gas.

    The FOA will be used to solicit R&D for specific areas of interest aligned with the above seven program areas. Successful applications will be of different monetary values and project durations. Projects will be managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NRTL). Download the HYDROGEN STRATEGY -- Enabling A Low-Carbon Economy document HERE. (Source: U.S. DOE Office of Fossil Energy DOE, PR, 15 Jan., 2021) Contact: U.S. DOE Office of Fossil Energy, 202-586-6660, www.energy.gov/fe/office-fossil-energy

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Capture,  Hydrogen,  


    2020 Hottest Year Yet, NASA Says (Int'l., Ind. Report)
    NASA
    Date: 2021-01-15
    According to NASA, globally, 2020 was the hottest year on record, effectively tying 2016, the previous record. Overall, Earth’s average temperature has risen more than 2 degrees F since the 1880s. Temperatures are increasing due to human activities, specifically emissions of greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide and methane.

    Continuing the planet's long-term warming trend, the year's globally averaged temperature was 1.84 degrees F (1.02 degrees C) warmer than the baseline 1951-1980 mean, according to scientists at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York. (Source: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, PR, 14 Jan., 2020) Contact: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, www.giss.nasa.gov

    More Low-Carbon Energy News NASA news,  Climate Change news,  Carbon Emissions news,  GHGs news,  


    Oregon Aims to Cut Landfill Methane Emissions (Reg. & Leg.)
    Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
    Date: 2021-01-13
    Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) has proposed rule changes to landfills under Gov. Kate Brown's Exec. Order 20-04, addressing the effects of climate change and landfills.

    The proposed rule, which would affect methane gas emissions from landfills and require that landfills work on reducing methane emissions, would align the state's methane gas emission more with the most stringent requirements of neighboring states, including California which are the most stringent amongst neighboring states.

    Mid-size landfills of 450,000 to 2.5 million tons of waste would be required to model their potential methane gas emissions, if the modeling exceeds a threshold of emissions then they would be required to install a landfill gas collection and control system.

    According to the DEQ, methane gas emissions is one of the highest greenhouse gas emitters in the state. In 2017, six of the 25 largest stationary sources of methane gas emissions in Oregon were landfills. (Source: Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, PR, Jan., 2021) Contact: Oregon DEQ, Heather Kuoppamaki, kuoppamaki.heather@deq.state.or.us, www.deq.state.or.us

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane,  Oregon Department of Environmental Quality,  Methane Leak,  

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