The absorption and storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide in the world's oceans and coastal regions has been identified as one of the ways in which marine ecosystems can reduce the impacts of climate change.
Launched in June 2020, Ireland's Programme for Government recognized the "the enormous blue carbon potential that the ocean has to offer in tackling climate change."
In order to prepare the ground for such a large-scale research programme, the Marine Institute commissioned Blue Carbon and Marine Carbon Sequestration in Irish Waters and Coastal Habitats,
a synthesis report to review existing knowledge on blue carbon habitats and their role as carbon sinks in Ireland. Download the report
HERE. (Source: Marine Institute, PR, Afloat.ie, June, 2021) Contact: Marine Institute, www.oar.marine.ie
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The project aims to limit deforestation, promote wildlife conservation and generate unique benefits for the local communities. The UNFCCC REDD+ framework will be used to define the project which is anticipated to be certified through the Verified Carbon Standards (VCS) administered by Verra, an international institution based in Washington D.C. Verra manages carbon credit standards so that "blue carbon" credits may be generated.
Information on the MarVivo Blue Carbon Conservation Project can be found at www.marvivo.earth. (Source: Carbon Streaming Corp., PR, 18 May, 2021) Contact: Carbon Streaming Corp., 647.846.7765,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Streaming , Blue Carbon, Mangrove, UNFCCC REDD+, Carbon Credit,
These recommendations aim to accelerate further development in the space by mobilizing a combination of research, development and demonstration (RD&D), deployment incentives, infrastructure and regulations over the next 1-3 years.
In this policy roadmap, Carbon180 is calling on Congress to fulfill a series of actions across sectors to drive this industry forward, including:
Congressional attention and funding around carbon removal solutions has gained significant momentum over the last five years and especially in the last 12 months. The 2020 Omnibus Bill delivered historic wins for carbon removal and both the SCALE Act and the REPLANT Act, introduced in the first four months of the 117th Congress, signal a promise to accelerate land- and tech-based solutions. Alongside the continued support from the Biden administration and private sector leaders, including Stripe, Shopify, and Microsoft, carbon removal is positioned to grow into a booming industry. Congress now has the opportunity to solidify US leadership on climate and elevate carbon removal as a climate solution mainstay.
Download the Carbon180 reports and recommendations HERE.
(Source: Carbon180, PR, May, 2021) Contact: Carbon180, Erin Burns, Exec. Dir., email@example.com, www.carbon180.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, CCS,
Globally, the "rewilding" of key blue carbon securing marine and coastal ecosystems -- seagrass beds, saltmarshes and mangroves -- could deliver CO2 mitigation amounting to 1.83 billion tonnes. That is 5 pct of the emissions savings we need to make globally. This figure doesn't include the enormous quantities of carbon stored in fish and other marine life; in marine ecosystems such as coral reefs, seaweeds and shellfish beds; or the vast stores of carbon in our seabed sediments.
The report motes that 500,000 km2 of the UK's shelf seas hold an estimated 205 million tonnes of carbon -- 50 million tonnes more than the entire quantity held within the UK's forests. Harmful fishing practices such as bottom trawling, and other activities such as dredging, disturb seabed sediments and have the potential to result in the loss of 13 million tonnes of carbon from vital blue carbon stores, including shellfish beds and kelp forests, over the next decade.
Nature-based solutions could provide a third of climate change mitigations required to address the climate crisis, but currently they attract less than 3 pct of funds invested globally in addressing climate change, he report notes. Internationally, the UK is leading the way by committing to significantly increase its spending on nature-based solutions, including those offered by the ocean. This must be matched with equally ambitious actions at home. Investment in protecting our marine ecosystems is vital, for both biodiversity and blue carbon storage.
The report makes the case for the development of a four nation Blue Carbon Strategy, focusing on three key action areas. First, scaling up marine rewilding for biodiversity and blue carbon benefits. Second, Integrating blue carbon protection and recovery into climate mitigation and environmental management policies. Third, working with the private sector to develop and support sustainable and innovative low-carbon commercial fisheries and aquaculture.
With COP26 occurring in six months time, it has never been more pertinent for UK governments to take action. Ocean-based solutions must be part of the many urgent and varied solutions required to address the climate crisis.
Download theBlue Carbon -- Ocean-based Solutions to Fight the Climate Crisis report HERE.
(Source: Marine Conservation Society, PR Website, Apr., 2021) Contact: Marine Conservation Society, Dr Chris Tuckett, Prog. Dir., firstname.lastname@example.org, +44 0 1989 566017, www.mcsuk.org
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Of the total, $30.6 million will be invested in practical action to restore and account for blue carbon ecosystems to improve the health of coastal environments in Australia and regionally:
The Government has also newly pledged $59.9 million to develop a high-integrity carbon offset scheme in its Indo-Pacific region to stimulate investment in high-quality projects that deliver carbon offsets that meet the requirements of the Paris Agreement.
The investments are in addition to more than $1.1 billion the Morrison Government previously announced it will invest in low emissions energy technologies such as hydrogen and carbon capture and storage and is in addition to the $18 billion of investment the Government is making alongside the Technology Investment Roadmap over the next 10 years to drive at least $70 billion of total new investment in low emissions technologies in Australia by 2030.
(Source: Gov. of Australia, PR, Good News Network, 2 May, 2021) Contact: Gov. of Australia, www.Australia.gov.au
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The fund will invest in sustainable forestry, regenerative agriculture, water supply, ocean and coastal blue carbon projects, biofuels, and other worldwide projects that generate returns from reducing greenhouse gas emissions, protect and restore biodiversity and other natural assets, and increase the earth's carbon sinks.
The joint venture will launch two funds in 2021. The first will aim to raise $1 billion that will go into "natural capital" assets such as forestry and agriculture, while the second, a carbon trading fund, will aim to raise $2 billion from institutional investors.
(Source: HSBC, Australia Financial Review, 27 Aug., 2020) Contact:
HSBC Global Asset Management, www.global.assetmanagement.hsbc.com
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If approved, the spending would focus on projects across Britain between 2021 and 2026, under the RIIO-2 price control. The gas networks claim that spending could help the UK use "blue hydrogen" developed from carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects, and "green hydrogen" from renewable electricity -- with the latter becoming cost-competitive by 2030.
Under the plan, £446 million would be spent on a new network infrastructure for the industrial use of hydrogen, including £391 million for carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) projects in the north-west of England, Aberdeenshire and the Isle of Grain. A further £264 million would be spent on projects to expand the capacity of local gas networks by connecting hydrogen and bio-methane generation projects and transport refueling stations. £150 million would be used to run large-scale trials for domestic use of hydrogen heating, cooking and transportation and how these are connected to the gas grid. £43 million would be spent to research blending more zero-carbon hydrogen with the natural gas currently used in the UK's gas networks.
According to the Energy Networks Association (ENA), £182 billion could be invested to make hydrogen cost-competitive with the current natural gas-based system and would reduce energy system costs to the UK public by £189 billion by 2050. (Source: ENA, edie, 28 May. 2020)
Contact: Energy Networks Association, www.energynetworks.org; OFGEM, Chris Lock, +44 0207 901 7225, www.ofgem.gov.uk
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The $23 million contract allows the Port to purchase sufficient fuel to heat 55 pct of the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SEA) terminal and to power 100 pct of its bus fleet to reach its 50 pct port-wide carbon reduction goal. The fuel delivery begins October 1, 2020.
Natural gas accounts for 75 pct of the Port's annual climate-warming greenhouse gas emissions. This contract will result in the reduction of approximately 11,000 tpy of emissions the Port directly produces -- equivalent to heating 4,000 Seattle homes or taking 2,400 passenger vehicles off the roads each year of the contract.
Port Commissioners also approved an Inter-local agreement with the Washington State Departments of Ecology and Natural Resources for the Smith Cove "Blue Carbon" pilot project. Blue Carbon is the carbon stored in coastal ecosystems of mangroves, tidal marshes and sea grass meadows contain large stores of carbon deposited by vegetation and various natural processes over centuries. These ecosystems sequester and store more carbon per unit area than terrestrial forests. The goal of the study is to evaluate how well transplanted kelp and eelgrass offshore of Smith Cove Park sequester carbon and reduce ocean acidification associated with carbon concentrations.
(Source: Port of Seattle, PR, Travel Daily News, 16 April, 2020) Contact: US Gain, Bryan Nudelbacher, Dir. RNG Business Development, 920.381.2190, www.usgain.com; Port of Seattle Commission, 206-787-3034, www.portseattle.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon, US Gain, Port of Seattle , Renewable Fuel,
Blue Carbon is the carbon stored in coastal ecosystems of mangroves, tidal marshes and sea grass meadows contain large stores of carbon deposited by vegetation and various natural processes over centuries. These ecosystems sequester and store more carbon per unit area than terrestrial forests.
(Source: Florida Daily, IUCN Global Marine and Polar Programme, 13 Jan., 2019) Contact:
The Blue Carbon Initiative, www.thebluecarboninitiative.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon, Carbon Sequestration, Carbon Sink,
The hub, which will be hosted by the Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre at the University of Western Australia, will be jointly funded by the federal government and CSIRO to the tune of $600,000 over three years. According to hub director Dr Mat Vanderklift, "Blue carbon ecosystems are highly effective at carbon storage and protecting coastal communities against storms. The Indian Ocean is disproportionately important in blue carbon globally. The hub will allow us to accelerate action and go beyond talking about it, to doing something about it."
Mangrove systems sequester "blue carbon" -- CO2 absorbed from the atmosphere and locked up in coastal wetlands such as mangroves.
(Source: The New Nation, Sept., 2019)
Contact: Indian Ocean Blu Carbon Hub, Dr Mat Vanderklift, Dir. Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre at the University of Western Australia, +61 8 6488 7270, www.uwa.edu.au › facilities › indian-ocean-marine-research-centre
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The findings, published in the international journal New Phytologist, have implications for scientific understanding of how mangrove systems sequester "blue carbon" -- CO2 absorbed from the atmosphere and locked up in coastal wetlands such as mangroves.
(Source: Southern Cross University, mycg.com.au, 7 July, 2019)Contact: Southern Cross University,
Luke Jeffrey, Phd. Candidate, +61 1800 626 481, www.scu.edu.au
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Fiji's LEDS sets out long-term emission reductions and defines sustainable and resilient economy-wide mitigations pathways until 2050. It also addresses: sector-specific targets and measures; social, economic and environmental dimensions; education, capacity building and awareness raising; and a framework for monitoring and evaluating the LEDS. It is also among of the world's first LEDS to address the Blue Carbon Sector and the island country's mangrove ecosystems.
The LEDS also details Fiji's objective of reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 across all economic sectors, and details the following potential low emission scenarios:
Fiji aims to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 across all economic sectors without threatening the country's long-term development objectives. (Source: UNFCCC. Feb., 2019) Contact: UNFCCC,
[Fiji LEDS 2018-2050, UN Climate Change, +49 228 815 1000, email@example.com, www.unfccc.int
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The programme is being developed by Marine Scotland in partnership with Scottish Natural Heritage, St Andrew's University, Glasgow University, Heriot-Watt University, Napier University, and the Scottish Association for Marine Science.
Scotland Environment Secretary Roseanna Cunningham said: "The potential role of our marine environment in tackling the greenhouse gas problem is enormous, with recent research by the University of St Andrews estimating that more carbon is captured and stored in sea lochs alone than in our terrestrial environment, such as forests and peatlands. Scottish Natural Heritage has estimated that the amount of carbon stored within Scotland's Marine Protected Areas is the equivalent of four years of Scotland's total greenhouse emissions," the Environment Secretary added.
Chair of the Blue Carbon Forum Professor John Baxter said: the "Programme will provide essential information to help inform what is required to be done to enhance and protect these key habitats into the future which is essential for the mitigation of future climate change." (Source: Gov. of Scotland, Holyrood Mag., Nov., 2018)
Contact: St. Andrews University Professor John Baxter,
+44 (0)1334 46, firstname.lastname@example.org, startlink]St. Andrews Univ., www.st-andrews.ac.uk
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According to the study, eelgrass organic carbon stocks were comparable to organic carbon stocks of tropical seagrass species, as well as mangroves, salt marshes and terrestrial ecosystems. The researchers also found that on average, eelgrass meadows stored 27.2 tons of organic carbon per hectare, although the variation between the regions was considerable
In the marine systems, the blue carbon species alone account for up to 33 pct of the total oceanic CO2 uptake. In contrast to terrestrial soils, which usually store carbon up to decades, the carbon stored in blue carbon ecosystems may persist for timescales of millennia or longer and thus, contribute significantly to climate change mitigation and alleviation of the rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Despite the importance of these ecosystems, to date, none of them are included in the global carbon trading programmes. Alarmingly, in the past 50 years, at least one-third of the distribution area of coastal vegetated ecosystems has been lost. (Source: Abo Akademi University, Public Press Release, 31 Oct., 2018) Contact: Abo Akademi University, Christoffer Bostrom ,
Associate Professor in Environmental and Marine Biology, +358 50 431 8226, email@example.com, www.abo.fi
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The recently released long-term study offers a better understanding of how mangrove deforestation contributes to the greenhouse gas effect, one of the leading causes of global warming.
The Brazilian mangrove forest fringes the entirety of the Atlantic Coast at the mouth of the Amazon, the largest river in the world with the largest mangrove forest. Mangroves -- aka Blue Carbon -- represent 0.6 pct of all the world's tropical forests but their deforestation accounts for as much as 12 pct of GHG emissions from all tropical deforestation.
Partial funding for the study was provided by the U.S. Agency for International Development, Sustainable Wetlands Adaptation and Mitigation Program. (Source: Oregon State University, KTVZ.COM, 24 Sept., 2018) Contact: Oregon State University, J. Boone Kauffman, Research Leader, www.researchgate.net/profile/John_Kauffman3
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In total, the researchers estimated Victoria's inland wetlands had a soil carbon stock of 68 million tons, worth about $6 billion under Australia's most recent carbon price.
According to lead researcher Dr Paul Carnell, "While a lot more is known about how trees suck up and store carbon, freshwater wetlands can actually sequester 20 to 40 times more carbon than forests on dry land."
The study was funded by the Victoria Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning.
The study, published in the journal Global Change Biology.
(Source: Deakin University, PR, 26 June 2018) Contact: Deakin University, Dr Paul Carnell, Lead Researcher, +61 3 924 43902, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.deakin.edu.au: Blue Carbon, http://bluecarbonlab.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Storage, Blue Carbon, Carbon Emissions,