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Ireland's Marine Institute to Study Blue Carbon (Int'l. Report)
Ireland Marine Institute
Date: 2021-06-16
The of Government of Ireland has tasked the Marine Institute -- the State agency responsible for marine research and innovation -- to undertake a collaborative research initiative aimed at investigating the climate-change mitigation potential of blue carbon and working towards creating an inventory that will assist the EU in meeting Ireland's climate-change objectives. Funding of up to €1.6 million has been earmarked for the project to run from 2021 to 2026.

The absorption and storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide in the world's oceans and coastal regions has been identified as one of the ways in which marine ecosystems can reduce the impacts of climate change.

Launched in June 2020, Ireland's Programme for Government recognized the "the enormous blue carbon potential that the ocean has to offer in tackling climate change."

In order to prepare the ground for such a large-scale research programme, the Marine Institute commissioned Blue Carbon and Marine Carbon Sequestration in Irish Waters and Coastal Habitats, a synthesis report to review existing knowledge on blue carbon habitats and their role as carbon sinks in Ireland. Download the report HERE. (Source: Marine Institute, PR, Afloat.ie, June, 2021) Contact: Marine Institute, www.oar.marine.ie

More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon,  Climate Change,  


Carbon Streaming Invests in Blue Carbon Project (Ind. Report)
Carbon Streaming
Date: 2021-05-19
In Toronto, Carbon Streaming Corporation (CSC) reports an agreement to invest $6 million to implement the proposed MarVivo Blue Carbon Conservation Project in Magdalena Bay in Baja California Sur, Mexico. The project is anticipated to be one of the largest blue carbon conservation projects in the world and once implemented will reduce an estimated 26 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) over 30 years by conserving and sustainably managing approximately 22,000 hectares of mangroves and 137,000 hectares of its marine environment across Baja's largest mangrove forest.

The project aims to limit deforestation, promote wildlife conservation and generate unique benefits for the local communities. The UNFCCC REDD+ framework will be used to define the project which is anticipated to be certified through the Verified Carbon Standards (VCS) administered by Verra, an international institution based in Washington D.C. Verra manages carbon credit standards so that "blue carbon" credits may be generated.

Information on the MarVivo Blue Carbon Conservation Project can be found at www.marvivo.earth. (Source: Carbon Streaming Corp., PR, 18 May, 2021) Contact: Carbon Streaming Corp., 647.846.7765, info@carbonstreaming.com, www.carbonstreaming.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Streaming ,  Blue Carbon,  Mangrove,  UNFCCC REDD+,  Carbon Credit,  


Carbon180 Unveils Carbon Removal Policy Roadmap (Report Attached)
Carbon 180
Date: 2021-05-14
Washington-based climate not-for-profit Carbon180 has published a series of recommendations for Congress to catalyze the next wave of transformation in carbon removal -- a widely overlooked but invaluable pathway for meeting global climate goals.

These recommendations aim to accelerate further development in the space by mobilizing a combination of research, development and demonstration (RD&D), deployment incentives, infrastructure and regulations over the next 1-3 years.

In this policy roadmap, Carbon180 is calling on Congress to fulfill a series of actions across sectors to drive this industry forward, including:

  • LAND-BASED APPROACHES -- Land-based carbon removal approaches, many of which are relatively inexpensive and already being deployed, can provide myriad environmental and economic co-benefits. Congress has the opportunity to utilize an integrated approach to assessing and deploying these solutions and build a durable and equitable carbon removal economy in Forestry, Soil Carbon, Marine "blue carbon" and Environmental Justice.

  • TECH-BASED APPROACHES -- Technologies that pull carbon out of the atmosphere have the potential to remove gigatons of CO2 create hundreds of thousands of jobs, and contribute significantly to economic growth in Direct Air Carbon Capture, Geologic Storage, Federal Procurement, Emerging Solutions and Environmental Justice.

  • CROSS-SOLUTION APPROACHES -- Carbon removal solutions have traditionally been developed and deployed in silos but with a host of opportunities and challenges across the industry, it is crucial to develop federal policy that utilizes expertise across federal agencies including : Cross-Agency Collaboration, BECC Deployment Roadmap and Environmental Justice.

    Congressional attention and funding around carbon removal solutions has gained significant momentum over the last five years and especially in the last 12 months. The 2020 Omnibus Bill delivered historic wins for carbon removal and both the SCALE Act and the REPLANT Act, introduced in the first four months of the 117th Congress, signal a promise to accelerate land- and tech-based solutions. Alongside the continued support from the Biden administration and private sector leaders, including Stripe, Shopify, and Microsoft, carbon removal is positioned to grow into a booming industry. Congress now has the opportunity to solidify US leadership on climate and elevate carbon removal as a climate solution mainstay.

    Download the Carbon180 reports and recommendations HERE. (Source: Carbon180, PR, May, 2021) Contact: Carbon180, Erin Burns, Exec. Dir., policy@carbon180.0rg, www.carbon180.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions,  CCS,  


  • Blue Carbon -- Ocean-based Solutions to Fight the Climate Crisis (Marine Conservation Society Report Attached)
    Marine Conservation Society
    Date: 2021-05-05
    In the UK, the Marine Conservation Society, in partnership with Rewilding Britain, has released Blue Carbon -- Ocean-based Solutions to Fight the Climate Crisis, a report on the ocean's vital role in fighting the climate crisis and blue carbon solutions as an effective strategy for hitting net zero by 2050. In recognition of the vital role oceans must play in climate change mitigation and adaptation, ocean-based solutions must be adopted with pace and at scale by 2030.

    Globally, the "rewilding" of key blue carbon securing marine and coastal ecosystems -- seagrass beds, saltmarshes and mangroves -- could deliver CO2 mitigation amounting to 1.83 billion tonnes. That is 5 pct of the emissions savings we need to make globally. This figure doesn't include the enormous quantities of carbon stored in fish and other marine life; in marine ecosystems such as coral reefs, seaweeds and shellfish beds; or the vast stores of carbon in our seabed sediments.

    The report motes that 500,000 km2 of the UK's shelf seas hold an estimated 205 million tonnes of carbon -- 50 million tonnes more than the entire quantity held within the UK's forests. Harmful fishing practices such as bottom trawling, and other activities such as dredging, disturb seabed sediments and have the potential to result in the loss of 13 million tonnes of carbon from vital blue carbon stores, including shellfish beds and kelp forests, over the next decade.

    Nature-based solutions could provide a third of climate change mitigations required to address the climate crisis, but currently they attract less than 3 pct of funds invested globally in addressing climate change, he report notes. Internationally, the UK is leading the way by committing to significantly increase its spending on nature-based solutions, including those offered by the ocean. This must be matched with equally ambitious actions at home. Investment in protecting our marine ecosystems is vital, for both biodiversity and blue carbon storage.

    The report makes the case for the development of a four nation Blue Carbon Strategy, focusing on three key action areas. First, scaling up marine rewilding for biodiversity and blue carbon benefits. Second, Integrating blue carbon protection and recovery into climate mitigation and environmental management policies. Third, working with the private sector to develop and support sustainable and innovative low-carbon commercial fisheries and aquaculture.

    With COP26 occurring in six months time, it has never been more pertinent for UK governments to take action. Ocean-based solutions must be part of the many urgent and varied solutions required to address the climate crisis.

    Download theBlue Carbon -- Ocean-based Solutions to Fight the Climate Crisis report HERE. (Source: Marine Conservation Society, PR Website, Apr., 2021) Contact: Marine Conservation Society, Dr Chris Tuckett, Prog. Dir., info@mcsuk.org, +44 0 1989 566017, www.mcsuk.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon,  Climate Change,  Carbon Emissions,  


    Canberra Commits to $100Mn Ocean, Blue Carbon Initiative (Int'l.)
    Australia Climate Change
    Date: 2021-05-03
    In Canberra, the Australian Government of Prime Minister Scott Morrison (Lib.) last week committed $100 million to ocean conservation in an effort to protect 'blue carbon' environments and reduce emissions.

    Of the total, $30.6 million will be invested in practical action to restore and account for blue carbon ecosystems to improve the health of coastal environments in Australia and regionally:

  • Almost $19 million will go to four major on-ground projects restoring coastal ecosystems across the country, including tidal marshes, mangroves and seagrasses;

  • $10 million will provide four major on-ground projects to assist developing countries in the region restore and protect their blue carbon ecosystems;

  • Over $1 million will help to solidify Australia as a leader in ocean and natural capital accounting assistance enabling Australia to understand and account for the environmental and economic benefits of protecting these critical ecosystems.

    The Government has also newly pledged $59.9 million to develop a high-integrity carbon offset scheme in its Indo-Pacific region to stimulate investment in high-quality projects that deliver carbon offsets that meet the requirements of the Paris Agreement.

    The investments are in addition to more than $1.1 billion the Morrison Government previously announced it will invest in low emissions energy technologies such as hydrogen and carbon capture and storage and is in addition to the $18 billion of investment the Government is making alongside the Technology Investment Roadmap over the next 10 years to drive at least $70 billion of total new investment in low emissions technologies in Australia by 2030. (Source: Gov. of Australia, PR, Good News Network, 2 May, 2021) Contact: Gov. of Australia, www.Australia.gov.au

    More Low-Carbon Energy News CCSAustralia Climate Change,  Blue Carbon,  Mangrove,  Carbon Emissions,  


  • HSBC Creates $8.3bn Climate Fund (Int'l. Report)
    HSBC Global Asset Management
    Date: 2020-08-28
    In the UK, London-based HSBC Global Asset Management reports it has teamed up with Australian climate lawyer Martijn Wilder's investment firm Pollination to create a $6 billion "natural capital asset manager fund."

    The fund will invest in sustainable forestry, regenerative agriculture, water supply, ocean and coastal blue carbon projects, biofuels, and other worldwide projects that generate returns from reducing greenhouse gas emissions, protect and restore biodiversity and other natural assets, and increase the earth's carbon sinks.

    The joint venture will launch two funds in 2021. The first will aim to raise $1 billion that will go into "natural capital" assets such as forestry and agriculture, while the second, a carbon trading fund, will aim to raise $2 billion from institutional investors. (Source: HSBC, Australia Financial Review, 27 Aug., 2020) Contact: HSBC Global Asset Management, www.global.assetmanagement.hsbc.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News HSBC,  Climate Change,  Low-Carbon Energy,  


    UK Gas Networks Seek Zero-Carbon Infrastructure Investment (Int'l)
    Ofgem, Energy Networks Association
    Date: 2020-05-29
    In the UK, Britain's five gas networks -- Cadent, National Grid, NGN, SGN, and Wales & West Utilities have outlined a "Zero Carbon Commitment" and plan to spend £904 million on zero-carbon energy infrastructure and hydrogen deployment across the UK, subject to Ofgem funding approval which is expected in July.

    If approved, the spending would focus on projects across Britain between 2021 and 2026, under the RIIO-2 price control. The gas networks claim that spending could help the UK use "blue hydrogen" developed from carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects, and "green hydrogen" from renewable electricity -- with the latter becoming cost-competitive by 2030.

    Under the plan, £446 million would be spent on a new network infrastructure for the industrial use of hydrogen, including £391 million for carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) projects in the north-west of England, Aberdeenshire and the Isle of Grain. A further £264 million would be spent on projects to expand the capacity of local gas networks by connecting hydrogen and bio-methane generation projects and transport refueling stations. £150 million would be used to run large-scale trials for domestic use of hydrogen heating, cooking and transportation and how these are connected to the gas grid. £43 million would be spent to research blending more zero-carbon hydrogen with the natural gas currently used in the UK's gas networks.

    According to the Energy Networks Association (ENA), £182 billion could be invested to make hydrogen cost-competitive with the current natural gas-based system and would reduce energy system costs to the UK public by £189 billion by 2050. (Source: ENA, edie, 28 May. 2020) Contact: Energy Networks Association, www.energynetworks.org; OFGEM, Chris Lock, +44 0207 901 7225, www.ofgem.gov.uk

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon,  Ofgem,  Net-Zero Emissions,  


    Seattle Cutting CO2 Emissions, Funding "Blue Carbon" Research Project (Ind. Report)
    Port of Seattle, US Gain
    Date: 2020-04-17
    In Washington State, the Port of Seattle Commission reports approval of a 10-year Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) supply contract with U.S. Gain to enable the Port to reach its 2030 goal to cut carbon emissions by 50 pct almost a decade early.

    The $23 million contract allows the Port to purchase sufficient fuel to heat 55 pct of the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SEA) terminal and to power 100 pct of its bus fleet to reach its 50 pct port-wide carbon reduction goal. The fuel delivery begins October 1, 2020.

    Natural gas accounts for 75 pct of the Port's annual climate-warming greenhouse gas emissions. This contract will result in the reduction of approximately 11,000 tpy of emissions the Port directly produces -- equivalent to heating 4,000 Seattle homes or taking 2,400 passenger vehicles off the roads each year of the contract.

    Port Commissioners also approved an Inter-local agreement with the Washington State Departments of Ecology and Natural Resources for the Smith Cove "Blue Carbon" pilot project. Blue Carbon is the carbon stored in coastal ecosystems of mangroves, tidal marshes and sea grass meadows contain large stores of carbon deposited by vegetation and various natural processes over centuries. These ecosystems sequester and store more carbon per unit area than terrestrial forests. The goal of the study is to evaluate how well transplanted kelp and eelgrass offshore of Smith Cove Park sequester carbon and reduce ocean acidification associated with carbon concentrations. (Source: Port of Seattle, PR, Travel Daily News, 16 April, 2020) Contact: US Gain, Bryan Nudelbacher, Dir. RNG Business Development, 920.381.2190, www.usgain.com; Port of Seattle Commission, 206-787-3034, www.portseattle.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon,  US Gain,  Port of Seattle ,  Renewable Fuel,  


    Blue Carbon For Our Planet Act on Capitol Hill (Reg. & Leg.)
    Blue Carbon
    Date: 2020-01-15
    U.S. Rep. Suzanne Bonamici (D-OR) reports the Blue Carbon For Our Planet Act has been sent to the U.S. House Natural Resources; Science, Space, and Technology and the House Administration Committees. If enacted, the Act would create an Interagency Working Group on Coastal Blue Carbon and a national map of coastal blue carbon ecosystems and their sequestration potential, study the effects of environmental stressors on rates of carbon sequestration, improve protections for existing coastal blue carbon ecosystems and restore degraded ecosystems.

    Blue Carbon is the carbon stored in coastal ecosystems of mangroves, tidal marshes and sea grass meadows contain large stores of carbon deposited by vegetation and various natural processes over centuries. These ecosystems sequester and store more carbon per unit area than terrestrial forests. (Source: Florida Daily, IUCN Global Marine and Polar Programme, 13 Jan., 2019) Contact: The Blue Carbon Initiative, www.thebluecarboninitiative.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon,  Carbon Sequestration,  Carbon Sink,  


    Australians Announce "Blue Carbon" Science Hub (Int'l Report)
    Blue Carbon
    Date: 2019-09-09
    Further to our 10th July report, the Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne has announced the establishment of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Indian Ocean Blue Carbon Hub aimed at protecting and restoring the health of ocean "blue carbon" mangrove ecosystems.

    The hub, which will be hosted by the Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre at the University of Western Australia, will be jointly funded by the federal government and CSIRO to the tune of $600,000 over three years. According to hub director Dr Mat Vanderklift, "Blue carbon ecosystems are highly effective at carbon storage and protecting coastal communities against storms. The Indian Ocean is disproportionately important in blue carbon globally. The hub will allow us to accelerate action and go beyond talking about it, to doing something about it."

    Mangrove systems sequester "blue carbon" -- CO2 absorbed from the atmosphere and locked up in coastal wetlands such as mangroves. (Source: The New Nation, Sept., 2019) Contact: Indian Ocean Blu Carbon Hub, Dr Mat Vanderklift, Dir. Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre at the University of Western Australia, +61 8 6488 7270, www.uwa.edu.au › facilities › indian-ocean-marine-research-centre

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Mangrove,  Blue Carbon,  Climate Change,  


    Mangrove "Blue Carbon" Sequestration Endangered (Int'l Report)
    Methane,Climate Change
    Date: 2019-07-10
    In the Land Down Under, researchers from Southern Cross University are reporting their research has revealed that dead mangrove trees released us much as 8 times more of the potent greenhouse gas methane than living mangrove trees. The research was brought about by a recent catastrophic climate-induced coastal mangrove die-back in the Gulf of Carpentaria.

    The findings, published in the international journal New Phytologist, have implications for scientific understanding of how mangrove systems sequester "blue carbon" -- CO2 absorbed from the atmosphere and locked up in coastal wetlands such as mangroves. (Source: Southern Cross University, mycg.com.au, 7 July, 2019)Contact: Southern Cross University, Luke Jeffrey, Phd. Candidate, +61 1800 626 481, www.scu.edu.au

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon,  Mangrove,  Climate Change,  Methane,  


    Fiji Submits Low Emission Development Strategy to UNFCCC (Int'l)
    Fiji Carbon Emissions
    Date: 2019-03-01
    In the South Pacific, The Government of Fiji reports it is the 11th country to submit its long-term Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) 2018 -- 2050 strategy to the UNFCCC Secretariat.

    Fiji's LEDS sets out long-term emission reductions and defines sustainable and resilient economy-wide mitigations pathways until 2050. It also addresses: sector-specific targets and measures; social, economic and environmental dimensions; education, capacity building and awareness raising; and a framework for monitoring and evaluating the LEDS. It is also among of the world's first LEDS to address the Blue Carbon Sector and the island country's mangrove ecosystems.

    The LEDS also details Fiji's objective of reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 across all economic sectors, and details the following potential low emission scenarios:

  • a Business-as-Usual (BAU) Unconditional Scenario that would be implemented and financed without reliance on external or international financing;
  • A BAU Conditional Scenario conditional on external or international financing to implement mitigation actions;
  • a High-Ambition Scenario that projects ambitions beyond those already specified, and achieves significant emission reductions by 2050 compared with the BAU scenarios; and
  • a Very High Ambition Scenario that projects ambitions well beyond those already specified, and in which most sectors achieve net-zero or negative emissions by 2050.

    Fiji aims to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 across all economic sectors without threatening the country's long-term development objectives. (Source: UNFCCC. Feb., 2019) Contact: UNFCCC, [Fiji LEDS 2018-2050, UN Climate Change, +49 228 815 1000, secretariat@unfccc.int, www.unfccc.int

    More Low-Carbon Energy News UNFCCC,  Fifi,  Carbon Emissions,  Blue Carbon,  


  • Blue Carbon Research Forum Launched in Scotland (Int'l Report)
    Blue Carbon
    Date: 2018-11-05
    Holyrood is reporting the Scottish Government and a group of Scottish universities have established the Blue Carbon Forum to measure the ability of Scotland's marine environment to store carbon dioxide.

    The programme is being developed by Marine Scotland in partnership with Scottish Natural Heritage, St Andrew's University, Glasgow University, Heriot-Watt University, Napier University, and the Scottish Association for Marine Science.

    Scotland Environment Secretary Roseanna Cunningham said: "The potential role of our marine environment in tackling the greenhouse gas problem is enormous, with recent research by the University of St Andrews estimating that more carbon is captured and stored in sea lochs alone than in our terrestrial environment, such as forests and peatlands. Scottish Natural Heritage has estimated that the amount of carbon stored within Scotland's Marine Protected Areas is the equivalent of four years of Scotland's total greenhouse emissions," the Environment Secretary added.

    Chair of the Blue Carbon Forum Professor John Baxter said: the "Programme will provide essential information to help inform what is required to be done to enhance and protect these key habitats into the future which is essential for the mitigation of future climate change." (Source: Gov. of Scotland, Holyrood Mag., Nov., 2018) Contact: St. Andrews University Professor John Baxter, +44 (0)1334 46, jmb24@st-andrews.ac.uk, startlink]St. Andrews Univ., www.st-andrews.ac.uk

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon,  CO2,  Carbon Sink,  Carbon Sequestration,  


    Ellgrass CO2 Sink Loss Studied (Int'l, Research Report)
    Carbob Sequestration
    Date: 2018-11-02
    In a new study spanning coastal areas of the Northern Hemisphere, researchers at Abo Akademi University explored the magnitude of organic carbon stocks stored and sequestered by eelgrass meadows -- the most abundant seagrass species in temperate waters.

    According to the study, eelgrass organic carbon stocks were comparable to organic carbon stocks of tropical seagrass species, as well as mangroves, salt marshes and terrestrial ecosystems. The researchers also found that on average, eelgrass meadows stored 27.2 tons of organic carbon per hectare, although the variation between the regions was considerable

    In the marine systems, the blue carbon species alone account for up to 33 pct of the total oceanic CO2 uptake. In contrast to terrestrial soils, which usually store carbon up to decades, the carbon stored in blue carbon ecosystems may persist for timescales of millennia or longer and thus, contribute significantly to climate change mitigation and alleviation of the rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations. Despite the importance of these ecosystems, to date, none of them are included in the global carbon trading programmes. Alarmingly, in the past 50 years, at least one-third of the distribution area of coastal vegetated ecosystems has been lost. (Source: Abo Akademi University, Public Press Release, 31 Oct., 2018) Contact: Abo Akademi University, Christoffer Bostrom , Associate Professor in Environmental and Marine Biology, +358 50 431 8226, christoffer.bostrom@abo.fi, www.abo.fi

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon,  CO2,  Carbon Sink,  Carbon Sequestration,  EllGrass,  


    Amazon Mangroves Key to Carbon Storage, says Study (Ind. Report)
    Climate Change
    Date: 2018-09-26
    In Corvallis, Scientists led by Oregon State University ecologist Prof. J. Boone Kauffman have determined for the first time that the Amazon's waterlogged coastal mangrove forests, which are being clear cut for cattle pastures and shrimp ponds, store significantly more carbon per acre than the region's rainforest.

    The recently released long-term study offers a better understanding of how mangrove deforestation contributes to the greenhouse gas effect, one of the leading causes of global warming.

    The Brazilian mangrove forest fringes the entirety of the Atlantic Coast at the mouth of the Amazon, the largest river in the world with the largest mangrove forest. Mangroves -- aka Blue Carbon -- represent 0.6 pct of all the world's tropical forests but their deforestation accounts for as much as 12 pct of GHG emissions from all tropical deforestation.

    Partial funding for the study was provided by the U.S. Agency for International Development, Sustainable Wetlands Adaptation and Mitigation Program. (Source: Oregon State University, KTVZ.COM, 24 Sept., 2018) Contact: Oregon State University, J. Boone Kauffman, Research Leader, www.researchgate.net/profile/John_Kauffman3

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions,  Blue Carbon,  Carbon Sequestration,  Mangrove,  


    Aussie Study Values Inland Wetlands Carbon Storage Stocks (Int'l)
    Deakin University
    Date: 2018-06-27
    In the Land Down Under, researchers from the Deakin School of Life and Environmental Sciences' Blue Carbon Lab are reporting that Victoria state's inland wetlands lock away the annual emissions of 185,000 people. Victoria has about 530,000 hectares of inland wetlands, which include marshes, peatlands, pools and lakes, making up about 2.33 pct of the state's land area. The figure is part the state's first tally of its valuable environmental resources which came to three million tpy of CO2.

    In total, the researchers estimated Victoria's inland wetlands had a soil carbon stock of 68 million tons, worth about $6 billion under Australia's most recent carbon price.

    According to lead researcher Dr Paul Carnell, "While a lot more is known about how trees suck up and store carbon, freshwater wetlands can actually sequester 20 to 40 times more carbon than forests on dry land."

    The study was funded by the Victoria Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning. The study, published in the journal Global Change Biology. (Source: Deakin University, PR, 26 June 2018) Contact: Deakin University, Dr Paul Carnell, Lead Researcher, +61 3 924 43902, paul.carnell@deakin.edu.au, www.deakin.edu.au: Blue Carbon, http://bluecarbonlab.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Storage,  Blue Carbon,  Carbon Emissions,  

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