Return to Today's Publications


Date Range (YYYY-MM-DD) -
Company, Industry or Technology:
  Search Tips

Orsted U.S. Offshore Wind Supports Montclair State University Clean Energy Center (Ind. Report)
Date: 2020-03-06
In the Garden State, Montclair State University is reporting Orsted U.S. Offshore Wind is investing $200,000 to support the school's Clean Energy and Sustainability Analytics Center (CESAC) -- a public research, education and technical assistance outreach center -- under a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU).

Boston-headquartered Orsted U.S. Offshore Wind operates the Block Island Wind Farm and has been awarded over 2,900 MW of capacity through six projects. In June, 2019, the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities selected Orsted to develop the Garden State's first offshore wind farm 15 miles off the coast of Atlantic City, as previously reported. (Source: Montclair State University, PR, 3 Mar.,2020) Contact: Montclair University, Susan Cole, Pres., (973) 655-4000,; Orsted U.S. Offshore Wind,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Orsted,  Offshore Wind,  

$6.5Mn to Increase Bldg. Energy Efficiency (Funding, Ind. Report)
Washington State Department of Commerce
Date: 2020-03-06
Reporting from Olympia, the Washington State Department of Commerce has announced $6.5 million in State Performance Improvement (SPI) grants that will result in higher efficiency and better environmental performance in state-owned buildings. The funding will cover additional costs incurred by choosing more efficient options for existing project plans, such as higher efficiency heating systems or windows.

The SPI grants -- ranging from $46,000 to $1.159 million -- have been awarded to 16 state agencies and institutions with projects currently funded under the 2019-21 Capital Budget, and that can be structurally modified for greater energy efficiency. Projected lifetime savings of the infrastructure modifications to these projects is nearly $11 million, and the lifetime projected carbon saved would be about 120,429 tons.

The SPI grant is part of the Energy Efficiency and Solar Grants Program (EE&S) Program. This grant has been developed in partnership with the State Efficiency and Environmental Performance (SEEP) Office, and is consistent with the goals of Governor Inslee's Executive Order 20-01.

Download State Efficiency and Environmental Performance (SEEP) program details HERE. (Source: Washington State Dept. of Commerce, Mar., 2020) Contact: Washington State Dept. of Commerce, Lisa Brown, Dir.,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  

Platte River Power Pursuing 90 pct Renewables by 2036 (Ind. Report)
Platte River Power Authority
Date: 2020-03-04
In Colorado, the not-for-profit Platte River Power Authority (PRPA) utility serving Fort Collins, Loveland, Longmont and Estes Park, reports it is nearing completion of its integrated resource plan to deliver 65 pct renewable energy by 2030, rising to 90 pct by 2036, "contingent on maintaining affordability and reliability."

To that end, Platte River has invested in Roundhouse Renewable Energy, a 225-MW Wyoming wind farm that is expected online before the year end. Platte River is also in negotiations with two final bidders for an up-to-150-MW solar project expected to come online by the end of 2023. Together with the nearly finished 22-MW solar array at Rawhide Energy Station, the new projects will bring Platte River from about 30 pct renewable electricity to 60 pct renewable energy. (Source: Platte River Power Authority, Coloradoan, 26 Feb., 2020) Contact: Platte River Power Authority, Jason Frisbie, CEO, 970-226-4000,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Platte River Power Authority,  Solar,  Renewable Energy,  

Hungary Planning Major Solar Power Investments (Int'l Report)
Date: 2020-03-04
In the capital city of Budapest, the Hungarian Minister of State for Energy Affairs and Climate Policy is reporting plans to meet European Union climate change targets with a two-phase planned €55 billion investment in solar energy 2030, and up to €152 billion by 2050.

Hungary's combined energy and climate change plan targets a reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 40 pct compared to 1990 levels, and a minimum 21 pct share of renewable energy sources in gross energy consumption by 2030. The country plans to increase its photovoltaic capacity, almost six times the current installed solar capacity to 6,000 GW while maintaining its wind energy capacity at 330 MW. (Source: Hungary Minister of State for Energy Affairs and Climate Policy, Budapest Business Journal, 29 Feb., 2020) Contact: Hungary Minister of State for Energy Affairs and Climate Policy, Peter Kaderjak,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar,  

India Needs $500-$700Bn to Meet Renewable Energy Targets (Int'l.)
Central Electricity Authority
Date: 2020-03-04
India's Central Electricity Authority (CEA), an arm of the power ministry, is reporting the country's renewable energy power generation stood at 10.325 billion units (BU) in January 2020, a 9.46 per cent increase from 9.433 BU generated in the same month in 2019.

The combined generation from solar, wind turbines, solar thermal, small hydro, biomass, bagasse, and other sources stood at 10.647 BU in December 2019, as against 9.083 BU of green energy generation for the same month in 2018, the data showed. Among renewable sources, wind power generated the highest amount of power followed by solar at 3,943 million units (MU) and 3,932 MU, respectively, in December 2019. For the corresponding month in 2018, solar generated more power than wind energy at 3,182.12 MU and 2789.24 MU, respectively.

According to the Australia-based Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis, India's renewable energy sector needs between $500 billion and $700 billion by 2030 in new investments to meet its target of 450 GW of installed capacity. (Source: India Central Electricity Authority, PR reve, 2 Mar., 2020) Contact: India Central Electricity Authority,

More Low-Carbon Energy News India Wind,  Wind,  

Vestas, Nexif Energy Ink Active Output Management Agreement (Int'l)
Vestas,Nexif Energy
Date: 2020-03-04
Danish wind turbine manufacturer Vestas reports it has inked a long-term Active Output Management 5000 (AOM 5000) contract for the 35, M140 3.6 MW Senvion turbines at Nexif Energy's 212 MW Lincoln Gap wind farm in South Australia.

Under the agreement, Vestas will deliver to maximize the project's energy production. Delivery of service will commence immediately and will include scheduled maintenance for the substation, all high voltage equipment and the facility roads.

Nexif and Denham Capital partnered to form Nexif Energy, a South East Asian, Bangladesh and Australian focused independent power producer. (Source: Vestas, Mar., 2020) Contact: Nexif Energy, Matthew Bartley, Founder and Co-CEO;V estas, +45 97 30 00 00,,; Senvion, Jurgen Geissinger, CEO, +49 40 5 55 50 90 0,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Nexif Energy,  Vestas,  Senvion,  Wind,  Wind Turbine,  

Repsol to Develop 26 New Spanish Wind Farms (Int'l. Report)
Date: 2020-03-02
In Madrid, Spanish energy major Repsol SA is reporting the addition of the Delta 2, 860 MW wind farm project in Aragon, Spain to its renewables portfolio.

The project, which incorporates 26 separate wind farms in Huesca, Zaragoza, and Teruel provinces, will be constructed and operated by the subsidiary Repsol Electricidad y Gas and will be developed over the next three years. When fully operational, they will be able to supply electricity to around 1.8 million people.

Repsol's renewable assets under development total 2,045 MW. (Source: Repsol, Feb., 2020) Contact: Repsol SA, Josu Jon Imaz, CEO, (+34) 91 753 8100, 91 753 8000,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Repsol,  Wind,  Wind Spain,  

Ameren Investing $7.6Bn in Renewables, Smart Grid Tech (Ind. Report)
Ameren,Ameren Missouri
Date: 2020-03-02
St. Louis-based Ameren Missouri reports that under its Smart Energy Plan it will its will invest $7.6 billion over five-years in wind and solar energy, energy storage and smart meters to serve its customers, primarily in Missouri. The plan includes;
  • More than 2,000 infrastructure improvement projects across the state totaling $5.3 billion in capital investments over the next five years, including approximately $1 billion in electric investments in 2019.

  • Major renewable energy projects to continue the transition to a cleaner energy future for customers, including $1 billion for wind energy in 2020. This also includes modernizing the energy grid to allow Ameren Missouri to add more solar energy and battery storage on the system to cost-effectively boost reliability, particularly in rural areas.

  • New smart grid sensors, switches and self-healing equipment to rapidly detect and isolate outages- reducing the number of outages and speeding power restoration when service interruptions occur.

  • A stronger, more secure energy delivery backbone including installing 12,000 new utility poles for storm hardening, many fortified with composite materials to better withstand severe weather.

  • More than 400 miles of new underground cable and equipment to create a more efficient and reliable underground energy delivery system that better serves customers.

  • Over 70 new or upgraded substations to increase energy service reliability and serve more customers through a streamlined network that is more cost-effective and efficient.

  • Addition of 800,000 smart electric meters through 2023 to give customers more insight and control of their energy options and costs.

    Details of Ameren's Smart Energy Plan are HERE. (Source: Ameren Missouri, Ameren Corporation, PR, Feb., 2020) Contact: Ameren Missouri, Michael Moehn, Pres., Andrew Kirk, 314.554.4859,,, Andrew Kirk, 314.554.4859,, Twitter at @AmerenMissouri,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Ameren Missouri,  

  • Manchester Plans Stress Increased Energy Efficiency (Int'l. Report)
    City of Manchester
    Date: 2020-03-02
    In the UK, the city of Manchester (pop. 2.8 million), in keeping with its pledge to reach net-zero carbon by 2038, has issued a call to "collective action" on the climate crisis with proposals to halve its greenhouse gas emissions by 2025, primarily through increased energy efficiency.

    To that end, the city council wants to retrofit and upgrade the energy efficiency of as many of the 350 city-owned buildings, install solar and wind energy generation capacity on city owned sites and housing complexes, complete the ongoing replacements of the city's street lighting with energy efficient LED lighting, promote energy conservation, incentivize cleaner and more efficient transportation and other energy efficiency initiatives.

    Under the plan, the city council will work with and continue to fund the Manchester Climate Change Agency to establish community-wide climate change related engagement activities and to encourage businesses to improve their energy efficiency reduce their carbon footprint. (Source: City of Manchester, Manchester Evening News, Mar.,2020) Contact: Manchester Climate Change Agency,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,  

    Manchester Plans to Halve GHG Emission by 2025 (Int'l. Report)
    City of Manchester
    Date: 2020-03-02
    In the UK, the city of Manchester (pop. 2.8 million), in keeping with its pledge to reach net-zero carbon by 2038, has issued a call to "collective action" on the climate crisis with proposals to halve its greenhouse gas emissions by 2025.

    To that end, the city council wants to retrofit as many of the 350 city-owned buildings with more efficient technology, install solar and wind energy generation capacity on city owned housing sites and complexes, and complete the ongoing replacements of the city's street lighting with low energy LED lighting. The city will also invest roughly £10 million to replace diesel power fleet vehicles with alternative fuel and electric vehicles. City staff will also be incentivized to use cleaner transportation and to conserve energy.

    The council also intends to plant 2,000 trees, hedge trees and four community orchards per year beginning this year. The city's existing tree coverage stores 124,330 tonnes of carbon, absorbs 4,980 tonnes and removes 84 tonnes of pollution, according to the city release.

    Under the plan, the city council will work with and continue to fund the Manchester Climate Change Agency to establish community-wide climate change related engagement activities and to encourage businesses to reduce their carbon footprint and sign up to the zero-carbon ambition. (Source: City of Manchester, Manchester Evening News, Mar.,2020) Contact: Manchester Climate Change Agency,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change,  Energy Efficiency,  

    Dominion Virginia, Savion Finalize Va. Solar PPA (Ind. Report)
    Savion LLC,Dominion Energy Virginia
    Date: 2020-03-02
    Kamsas City, Missouri-based utility-scale solar and energy storage project developer Savion, LLC is reporting the finalization of a 20 MW PPA with Richmond-based Dominion Energy Virginia Inc. for the $30 million Westmoreland County Solar project. The project is expected to break ground this spring for startup and commissioning befor the year end.

    The Westmoreland County project is one of three projects totaling 115 MW at a cost of roughly $150 million that Savion is expected to construct in the Old Dominion State this year. (Source: Savion. PR, Virginia Business, 28 Feb., 2020) Contact: Savion, LLC, Rob Freeman, CEO, Kelly Cooper, Parris Communications (816) 931-8900,,; Dominion Energy Virginia, Keith Windle, VP Business Development and Merchant Operations,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Savion LLC,  Solar,  Dominion Energy Virginia ,  

    NJ Announces 7,500 MW Offshore Wind Solicitation (Ind. Report)
    New Jersey
    Date: 2020-03-02
    In Trenton, Garden State Governor Governor Phil Murphy (D) has announced the offshore wind solicitation schedule to meet the 7,500 MW offshore wind goal by 2035 and called upon the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities (BPU) to implement the schedule. Reaching 7,500 MW will generate enough electricity to power more than 3.2 million homes and meet 50 pct of the state's electric power need.

    The proposed schedule calls for the next 1,200 MW solicitation to be opened by September 2020, with an award made by Q2, 2021.

    New Jersey aims to source 50 pct of it energy from renewables by 2030 and achieve a 100 pct clean energy economy by 2050. (Source: Office of Governor Phil Murphy, PR, 28 Feb., 2020) Contact: NJ BPU,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News NJ BPU,  New Jersey Offshore Wind,  Wind,  Offshore Wind,  

    Acciona Expanding Wind Capacity over Five Years (Int'l. Report)
    Date: 2020-03-02
    Madrid-headquartered engineering group ACCIONA Energia reports it will increase its wind energy capacity from the present 10.1 GW currently installed to 15 GW in the next five years, at a rate of 1 GW net per year.

    At the end of 2019, Acciona had a portfolio of green power generation facilities of 10,117 MW installed -- 56 pct in Spain and 44 pct in international markets -- 13 GW of renewable energy between consolidated and semi-consolidated, 835 MW under construction., according the company release. (Source: Acciona, PR, Mar., 2020) Contact: Acciona SA, +34 91 663 28 50, +34 91 663 28 51 - fax,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Acciona,  Wind,  Solar,  Renewable Energy,  

    MHI Vestas Offshore Wind Claims Taiwanese Orders (Int'l. Report)
    MHI Vestas
    Date: 2020-02-28
    MHI Vestas and Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners (CIP) are reporting financial closure on the Changfang and Xidao offshore wind projects totaling 589 MW in Taiwan.

    The two projects will incorporate 62 units of Vesta's flagship V174-9.5 MW wind turbines. Changfang Phase 1 will comprise 10 wind turbines for an installed capacity of 95 MW and will be installed in 2022. Changfang Phase 2, comprising 47 wind turbines with an installed capacity of 446.5 MW, and Xidao, comprising 5 wind turbines with an installed capacity of 47.5 MW, will be installed in 2023.t

    MHI Vestas Offshore Wind is a 50-50 joint venture between Vestas Wind Systems A/S and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI). The company designs, manufactures, installs and services wind turbines for the offshore wind sector. (Source: MHI Vestsa. PR, reve, 25 Feb., 2020) Contact: MHI Vestas, Philippe Kavafyan, CEO, +45 97 30 00 00,,; Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners, Kristina Negendahl Jessen, +45 70 70 51 51,,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Taiwan Wind,  Offshore Wind,  Wind Turbine,  MHI Vestas,  Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners (CIP),  

    Mexico Expected to Add 1,200 MW of Wind Capacity in 2020 (Int'l.)
    Mexican Wind Energy Association
    Date: 2020-02-28
    According to the Mexican Wind Energy Association (AMDEE), the wind Mexican wind power sector expects to invest roughly $1.3 billion in the development of 11 projects totaling roughly 1,200 MW of wind power in 2020.

    More than 1,279 MW were developed incorporated into the installed capacity, so a total of in 2019, bring the country's total wind capacity to 6,237 MW. (Source: Mexican Wind Energy Association, PR, reve, 25 Feb., 2020)

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Mexican Wind Energy Association,  Wind,  Mexico Wind ,  

    Xcel Energy Claims Carbon Emissions Cutting Record (Ind. Report)
    Xcel Energy,ONE Future
    Date: 2020-02-28
    Minneapolis-headquartered Xcel Energy is reporting its largest single-year drop in emissions in 2019, cutting carbon by 5.6 million tons -- more than 10 pct reduction in one year.

    Since 2005, Xcel has reduced carbon emissions by 44 pct due in part to the completion of three significant wind projects in 2018 and 2019, including Rush Creek in Colorado, and Hale and Bonita in Texas. Other factors include flexible coal plant operations, strong performance from the company's nuclear fleet and low natural gas prices, which allowed Xcel Energy to continue reducing coal generation, according to the release.

    Xcel Energy notes it has joined ONE Future -- a consortium of natural gas companies working to voluntarily reduce methane emissions below 1 pct by 2025 -- and has pledged to keep its own methane emissions to less than .2 pct in its natural gas operations. The company has also invested more than $1 billion to improve its natural gas pipelines and tighten its system. The company also participates in EPA's voluntary Natural Gas STAR and its Methane Challenge program. (Source: Xcel Energy, PR, Bus.Wire, 26 Feb., 2020) Contact: Xcel Energy, Media, (612) 215-5300,; ONE Future,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane,  Xcel Energy,  Carbon Emissions,  

    Naturgy Commissions 24-MW Spanish Wind Farm (Int'l. Report)
    Naturgy Energy
    Date: 2020-02-28
    Madrid-based Naturgy Energy Group SA reports its 24-MW Parque Eolico Frescano wind farm in the aautonomous community of Aragon, Spain is now fully operational.

    The € 25 million ($27.1 million), 7-turbine installation is expected to generate sufficient electric power for 30,000 homes and avoid around 63,157 tpy of pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions.

    Overall, the autonomous community has 3,033 MW of wind and 980 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) parks in operation, and a project pipeline of 5,400 MW. (Source: Naturgy, Renewables, 26 Feb., 2020) Contact: Naturgy Energy Group,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Naturgy Energy ,  Wind,  

    SWEPCO Acquiring Stake in 1,485- MW Oklahoma Wind Project (M&A)
    Southwestern Electric Power, Oklahoma. Public Service Co
    Date: 2020-02-28
    The Public Service Co. is reporting the Oklahoma Corporation Commission has given the nod for its acquisition of a 45.5 pct, 675-MW share of Southwestern Electric Power Co's (SWEPCO) proposed 1,485-MW wind farm project covering seven counties in north-central Oklahoma.

    Shreveport, Louisiana-based Southwestern Electric Power Co will own the remaining lion's share of the project which includes three wind farms in Alfalfa, Blaine, Custer, Kingfisher, Garfield, Major and Woods counties in the Oklahoma panhandle region. (Source: Oklahoma. Public Service Co, Lexington Herald-Leader, AP, 23 Feb., 2020)Contact: Oklahoma. Public Service Co., 888-216-3523,; Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority, 405-340-5047,; Southwestern Electric Power,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Southwestern Electric Power,  Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority,  Wind,  

    Penna. DEP Defends Gov. Wolf's RGGI Exec. Order (Ind. Report)
    RGGI, Pa DEP
    Date: 2020-02-28
    Following up on our 4 Oct., 2019 coverage, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Secretary Patrick McDonnell has defended Gov. Tom Wolf's (D) executive order directing the agency to develop rules for joining RGGI, a cap and trade regional program that charges power producers for the pollution they emit.

    McDonnell's comments came in response to concerns from the House Appropriations Committee over how the state's share of the RGGI programs quarterly auction program would be used by the state, relative to climate change issues rather than unrelated programs and projects.

    Sec. McDonnell assured the Appropriations Committee "improvements to public transportation, installing energy efficient windows, insulation, or appliances, or building out alternative fuel vehicle infrastructure" were among the projects the RGGI funds would be applied to.

    Governor Wolf's executive order follows the implementation of aggressive clean energy targets announced last year, including a goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions 26 percent by 2025. Pennsylvania also became the 24th state to join the U.S. Climate Alliance -- a group formed in 2017 after President Donald Trump withdrew the nation from the Paris Agreement.

    Critics of RGGI argue it will cripple Pennsylvania's economy, force fossil fuel plants into early retirement and drive up electricity prices. Critics note that Pennsylvania is the nation's number two natural gas producer and the region's top power exporter -- making it very different, economically, from the other RGGI participants. (Source: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, The Center Square, 26 Feb., 2020) Contact: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection,; C RGGI,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News RGGI,  Carbon Emissions,  ,  

    Billionaire Buffett Comments on BHE Wind Energy (Ind. Report)
    Berkshire Hathaway Energy
    Date: 2020-02-26
    In his recent annual shareholders letter, Berkshire Hathaway's Warren Buffett -- aka the "Oracle of Omaha" -- noted Berkshire Hathaway Energy (BHE) has been able to keep rates lower than its competitors in Iowa, partially because of its ability to generate electricity from wind:

    "Of course, wind is intermittent, and our blades in Iowa turn only part of the time. In certain periods, when the air is still, we look to our non-wind generating capacity to secure the electricity we need. At opposite times, we sell the excess power that wind provides us to other utilities, which supplants their need for a carbon resource -- coal, say, or natural gas.

    "I believe their (other utility) decisions to site plants in Iowa were in part based upon BHE's ability to deliver renewable, low-cost energy." (Source: Berkshire Hathaway, 22 Feb., 2020) Contact: Berkshire Hathaway Energy,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Warren Buffett,  Berkshire Hathaway Energy,  BHE,  Wind,  

    Jordan Among MENA Region Leading Wind Power Producers (Int'l.)
    Global Wind Energy Council
    Date: 2020-02-26
    In its annual report, the Brussels-based Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) ranked third after Egypt and Morocco in the MENA -- Middle East and North Africa -- region in terms of wind energy production during the year 2019.

    Jordan's total wind energy production amounted to 190 MW of the MENA countries 262 MW total wind power production capacity.

    The report notes that the MENA countries of the installed a total of 894 MW of wind energy in 2019, down 7 pct compared to 2018, during which 962 MW was installed. Total installed wind farm capacity in the MENA region is now over 6 GW. In Jordan, there are currently five operational wind power plants.(Source: Global Wind Energy Council, PR, reve, 23 Feb., 2020) Contact: Global Wind Energy Council,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Global Wind Energy Council,  Wind,  

    20 pct of U.S. Electricity from Wind Will Have Limited Impacts on System Efficiency and Regional Climate (Cornell Report Attached)
    Cornell University
    Date: 2020-02-24
    According to new research from Cornell University, the U.S. could increase its present wind energy energy production from 7 pct to 20 pct within a decade "without requiring additional land, negative impacts on system-wide efficiency or local climates." The Cornell research, published Jan. 17 in Nature Scientific Reports, is funded by the U.S. DOE Office of Science and is based on an extensive series of high-resolution atmospheric simulations.

    Access the 20 pct of U.S. Electricity from Wind Will Have Limited Impacts on System Efficiency and Regional Climate report HERE. (Source: Cornell University Chronicle, 22 Feb., 2020) Contact: Cornell University, Prof. Sara C Pryor, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences , 607-255-3376,,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Cornell University,  Wind,  Renewable Energy,  

    More Wind Farm Notable Quotes from "The Donald"
    Date: 2020-02-24
    "And they're all over the place. You look at Palm Springs, California. Take a look. Palm Springs ... They're all over the place. They're closed, they're rotting, they look like hell."

    "You know if you shoot a bald eagle they put you in jail for a long time. But the windmills knock them down like crazy." -- Pres. Donald Trump, KESQ, Sacramento Bee, 21 Feb., 2020)

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Trump.Wind,  Renewable Energy,  

    Naturgy's 26-MW Cadiz Wind Project Underway (Int'l. Report)
    Naturgy Energy
    Date: 2020-02-24
    The Madrid-based utility Naturgy Energy Group SA reports construction is well underway on its €25 million, 26-MW El Tesorillo wind project in the municipality of San Martin del Tesorrillo in Cadiz province, Spain.

    When fully online the wind farm's 12 turbines will generate roughly 84 GWh per year -- sufficient electric power for 33,000 households year-round. (Source: Naturgy Energy Group, Renewables, 21 Feb., 2020)Contact: Naturgy Energy,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Naturgy Energy ,  Wind,  

    EDF Takes Stake in Irish Sea Offshore Wind Project (M&A, Int'l.)
    EDF Renewables,Fred Olsen Renewables Ltd,
    Date: 2020-02-24
    French energy group EDF Renewables is reporting the purchase of a 50 pct stake in the Codling Offshore Wind Farm project in the Irish Sea from Hazel Shore Limited. Fred Olsen Renewables Ltd hold the remaing 50 pct stake in the project.

    The Ronan Group played a key role in securing the investment of over €2.5 billion for the planned wind farm 13km off the coast of Wicklow, between Greystones and Wicklow, in the Irish sea. (Source: Bray People, 23 Feb., 2020) Contact: Fred Olsen Renewables Ltd,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Fred Olsen Renewables,  Wind,  Offshore Wind,  EDF Renewables,  ,  

    Goldwind's Argentinian Wind Farm Now Online (Int'l. Report)
    Goldwind,Isolux Corsan
    Date: 2020-02-21
    Chinese wind turbine maker Goldwind reports its wholly-owned Loma Blanca II wind farm -- part of the 250-MW four-project Loma Blanca wind complex in Patagonia -- is now connected to the Argentine grid.

    Goldwind acquired the Loma Blanca portfolio along with the 97.65-MW Miramar wind project located in Buenos Aires province, from the Argentina based Sideli SA and Sidsel SA. Spain's Isolux Corsan developed the projects. (Source: Goldwind, Renewables, 20 Feb., 2020) Contact: Isolux Corsan,; Goldwind,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Goldwind,  Wind,  Isolux Corsan,  

    WEC Energy Increases Stake in 750-MW Wind Portfolio (M&A)
    WEC Energy Group
    Date: 2020-02-21
    The Milwaukee-based WEC Energy Group reports it will invest $118 million to up its shareholding from 80 to 90 pct in a 750-MW portfolio of midwestern wind farms developed by Invenergy LLC.

    The investment, which will be eligible for 100 pct bonus depreciation and production tax credits, is subject to regulatory approval.

    The portfolio includes the 250-MW Blooming Grove wind farm in Illinois, the 300-MW Thunderhead Wind Energy Center and the 200-MW Upstream Wind Energy Center, both in Nebraska. All of the power plants have long-term PPAs wth affiliates of investment-grade multinational corporations. (Source: WEC Energy Group, Renewables, 20 Feb., 2020) Contact: WEC Energy Group, Gale Klappa, (414) 221-7345,; Invenergy, Meghan Schultz, Snr VP, Finance & Capital Markets, (312) 224-1400,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News WEC Energy Group,  Wind ,  

    Waco, MP2 Energy Ink Renewables Supply Contract (Ind Report)
    MP2 Energy
    Date: 2020-02-21
    In the Lone Star State, the City of Waco is reporting a contract with The Woodlands, Texas-based MP2 Energy that will see the city of 137,500 residents transition to renewable electricity sources in 2022.

    Under the terms of the 7-year contract, MP2 Energy will provide electricity from three wind power companies and two solar farms at 3.226 cents per kilowatt-hour, about 14.6 pct less than its current contractual rate of 3.776 cents per kilowatt-hour. The city expects to save about $414,000 annually compared to the current contract. (Source: City of Waco, Waco Herald-Tribune, AP, Feb., 2020)Contact: City of Waco, Wiley Stem, City Manager, Kelly Holecek, Director of General Services,; MP2 Energy, 832-510-1030,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News MP2 Energy,  Renewable Energy,  Energy Efficiency,  

    Greencoat Snares SSE Renewable's Tyrone Wind Farm (M&A, Int'l.)
    SSE Renewables,Creencoat,Wind
    Date: 2020-02-21
    In the UK, SSE Renewables is reporting the £51 million sale of its 8-turbine, 18.8 MW Slieve Divena II wind farm in County Tyrone to Greencoat UK. SSE Renewables will manage the facility on behalf of Greencoat, while SSE Airtricity will take 100 pct of the wind farm's power production.

    The wind farm is adjacent to the 30MW Slieve Divena development, which Greencoat acquired in 2017.The sale is expected to close later thin month. (Source: SSE Renewables, RTE Ireland - Ireland Public Broadcasting, 20 feb.,2020) Contact: Greencoat Renewables, Paul O'Donnell, Partner, +353 (1) 70 26737 - Dublin, +44 20 7832 9400 - London,; SSE Renewables, Paul Cooley, Director of Renewables,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News SSE Renewables,  Greencoat,  Wind,  

    Nordex Claims Brazilian Wind Turbine Contract (Int'l. Report)
    Date: 2020-02-21
    Nordex is reporting receipt of an order for AW132/3465 turbines totaling 83 MW for the fourth phase of the 256 MW wind complex near Sao Miguel do Gostosahas in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

    The contract is for the supply and installation of 24 of the Nordex AW132/3465 turbines and includes a 15-year service, maintenance and repair agreement. (Source: Nordex, 20 Feb., 2020)Contact: Nordex, Felix Losada, +49 40 300 30 1000, +49 40 300 30 1101,,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Nordex,  Wind,  Wind Turbine,  

    UK Needs Major Wind Turbine Investment to Reach 40 GW Goal (Int'l.)
    Aurora Energy Research
    Date: 2020-02-19
    In the UK, Oxford-based independent energy market analytics company Aurora Energy Research is reporting that if the UK is to meet long term renewable energy goal 40 GW capacity, 260 wind turbines will have to be installed on a yearly basis.

    The UK's offshore wind capacity currently stands at 10 gigawatts with only 10 GW of new wind power facilities being contracted, leaving 20 GW still to be contracted, according to the Aurora report. (Source: Aurora Energy Research, CityAM, Feb., 2020) Contact: Aurora, Martin Anderson, Head of Renewables, +44 (0) 1865 952 700,,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Aurora Energy Research,  

    UPC Renewables Planning 800-MW NSW Wind Farm (Int'l. Report)
    UPC Renewables Australia
    Date: 2020-02-19
    In the Land Down Under, UPC/AC Renewables Australia is reporting plans to construct an 800-MW, 175 turbine wind farm with possible energy storage capabilities in New South Wales State. If constructed, the "Valley of the Winds" facility is expected to generate sufficient power for for roughly 590,000 homes a year.

    According to the company release, the project is subject to regulatory and environmental approvals and still in the early planning stage.

    UPC/AC Renewables Australia is the developer of the 1-GW Robbins Island and Jims Plain wind projects in Tasmania and the 600-MW New England solar park scheme in New South Wales, and has an additional development portfolio of 3 GW located in New South Wales, Tasmania and Victoria, according to the company website. (Source: UPC Renewables, Renewables, Feb., 2020) Contact: UPC Renewables Australia, (852) 2673 2233,, › australia

    More Low-Carbon Energy News UPC Renewables Australia,  

    Fraunhofer Developing Mobil Wind Turbine Test Facility (Int'l.)
    Fraunhofer Institute
    Date: 2020-02-19
    In Bremerhaven, Germany, the Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy Systems (IWES) reports it is developing a Mobil-Grid-CoP facility to test the compatibility of very large offshore wind turbines with the grid and verify current and future grid system services and the electrical properties of wind turbines.

    The project is receiving €12.7 million ($13.8 million) support from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. (Source: Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy , Riviera Media, 18 Feb., 2020) Contact: IWFS, Prof. Jan Wenske, +49 471 14290-100,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Fraunhofer Institute ,  

    Greencoat Acquires Irish Wind Farm for €35.4Mn (Int'l., M&A)
    Greencoat Renewables
    Date: 2020-02-19
    Dublin-based Irish renewable infrastructure fund Greencoat Renewables Plc is reporting the purchase of the 14.1MW, 8-turbie Letteragh Wind Farm in County Clare, Ireland for the purchase price of €35.4 million. The facility came online in Dec., 2019. (Source: Greencoat, EnergyLive, 17 Feb., 2020) Contact: Greencoat Renewables, Paul O'Donnell, Partner, +353 (1) 70 26737 - Dublin Office, +44 20 7832 9400 - London Office,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Greencoat Renewables ,  Wind,  

    UK Energy Sector Carbon Emissions in Rapid Decline (Int'l. Report)
    Imperial College London
    Date: 2020-02-19
    A recently released report from Imperial College of London has found that levels of carbon emissions generated from power consumption in the UK fell by almost two-thirds in the last decade -- the fastest rate of decarbonisation in the world.

    The research, conducted in partnership with research and insights company, Drax Insights, notes that emissions from power consumption dropped by a massive 14 pct in 2019, driven by the falling use of fossil fuels and increases in renewables which was eight-times higher in 2019 than in 2010 - with the combined capacity of wind, solar, biomass and hydro having grown six-fold over the since 2010, from 5.2GW to 38.5GW. An 8 pct drop in energy demand was also a factor.

    In the last decade power sector emissions fell from 161 million tonnes in 2010 to 54 million metric tonnes in 2019. (Source: Imperial College London, Smart Energy, 17 Feb., 2020) Contact: Imperial College London,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions,  UK Carbon Emissions,  

    Lekela's Western Cape Wind Farm On Budget, On Time (Int'l. Report)
    Date: 2020-02-17
    Amsterdam-headquartered utility-scale renewable energy developer Lekela Power B.V. reports construction of its Perdekraal East Wind Farm on the West Coast of South Africa, is nearing completion.

    All of the projects 48 turbines and a new 500MVA main power transformer are expected to be installed by early April 2020 for an expected commissioning before the month end.

    The Perdekraal East Wind Farm construction is reportedly on time and on budget with 40 pct of the 48 turbines installed. Upon completion, the facility will be the Western Cape's largest BW4 wind farm and Lekela's fourth operating wind farm in South Africa. (Source: Lekela Power B.V., SteelGuru, Power Nes, 13 Feb., 2020) Contact: Lekela Power, B.V., +31-20-241 7299,,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Lekela,  Wind,  Wind Farm,  South Africa Wind,  

    HECO On Track to Meet 2045 100 pct Renewables Target (Ind. Report)
    Hawaiian Electric
    Date: 2020-02-17
    In the Aloha State, Honolulu-headquarteed Hawaiian Electric (HECO) reports its use of renewable energy in 2019 increased over 2018 despite the unavailability of geothermal energy production due to a volcanic eruption on the Big Island and significantly lower wind energy production.

    Electric power generation byrenewable resources increased by 156,064 MWh in 2019, a 6.7 pct increase from the previous year. The company achieved a 28.4 pct consolidated renewable portfolio standard in 2019, surpassing 27 pct in 2018.

    The state is aiming for a 100 pct renewable portfolio standard by 2045, is based on the amount of renewable energy used by customers as a percentage of total utility sales. To that end, the state must reach 30 pct by the end of 2020, 40 pct by the end of 2030, and 70 pct by the end of 2040 to stay on track, according to a HECO statement from Snr. VP Jim Alberts. (Source: Hawaiian Electric Co, PR, Honolulu Star, 14 Feb., 2020) (Contact: HECO, Jim Alberts, Snr. VP, Shelee Kimura, VP Bus. Dev., (808) 543-7780,,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Hawaiian Electric,  HECO,  Renewable Energy,  

    European Energy, RWE Ink Green Energy Offtake Deal (Int'l. Report)
    RWE,European Energy A/S
    Date: 2020-02-17
    Soborg, Denmark-based large-scale wind and solar energy developer European Energy A/S reports it and RWE Renewables have inked a 7 year of ftake agreement under which, beginning 1 Jan., 2024, it will deliver three TWh of green energy to RWE in Denmark.

    Three TWh of green power over seven years is sufficient energy for 115,000 homes and equivalent to the full annual production of 35 modern wind turbines or the annual output of a 400 MW solar plant for the period, according to RWE. (Source: European Energy A/S, Smart Energy Int'l., 11 Feb., 2020) Contact: RWE Renewables,; European Energy A/S, Knud Erik Andersen, CEO, +45 88 70 82

    More Low-Carbon Energy News European Energy,  RWE,  Renewable Energy,  Green Energy Renewables ,  Wind,  

    Google Back-Peddles on Lake Turkana Wind Farm Stake (M&A, Int'l)
    Vestas Wind Systems,Google
    Date: 2020-02-14
    Internet giant Google's Alphabet Inc reports it will not proceed with its planned purchase of Vestas Wind Systems' 12.5 pct stake in the 310-MW Lake Turkana Wind Power plant , due to unspecified delays.

    The $ approximately $695 million Lake Turkana wind farm was originally scheduled for completion in 2017, but came online in July, 2019.

    Alphabet Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate headquartered in Mountain View, California. It was created through a corporate restructuring of Google on October 2, 2015, and became the parent company of Google and several former Google subsidiaries(Source: Google, Reuters, 13 Feb., 2029)Contact: Vestas, +45 97 30 00 00,,; Google Alphabet,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Vestas,  Google Alphabet,  Wind,  

    Trump 2021 Budget Ups BOEM Offshore Wind Support (Ind. Report)
    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
    Date: 2020-02-14
    In its proposed 2012 budget, the Trump Administration is proposing $189 million for the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), with $26.5 million earmarked for "advance offshore renewable energy development" compared with $21.3 in FY 2020.

    According to BOEM, the $189 million funds will be used to "continue to advance renewable energy" through its leasing programme. BOEM notes it "will continue to use environmental science as the foundation for sound policy decisions." (Source: BOEM, Various Media, renews, 11 Feb., 2020) Contact: BOEM, Connie Gillette, Public Affairs, Walter Cruickshank, Acting Dir., (202) 208-6474,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Renewable Energy,  Offshore Wind,  Bureau of Ocean Energy Management,  Offshore Wind,  

    Martha's Vineyard Offshore Wind Project Delayed (Ind. Report)
    Vineyard Wind
    Date: 2020-02-14
    Following up on our 12th August, 2019 report, offshore wind developer Vineyard Wind is reporting U.S. Department of Interior Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) environmental impact study for its planned 84-turbine offshore wind farm off of Martha's Vineyard has been delayed and the project's originally anticipated completion date will accordingly be delayed. (Source: Vineyard Wind,, 13 Feb., 2020) Contact: BOEM, Connie Gillette, Public Affairs, Walter Cruickshank, Acting Dir., (202) 208-6474,; Vineyard Wind, (508) 717-8964,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Vineyard Wind,  Offshore Wind,  

    Saceem, Ventus Enerji Partnering for Columbian Wind Projects (Int'l)
    Date: 2020-02-14
    Montevideo-based Uruguayan construction company Saceem reports it is partnering with Turkish renewable energy developer Ventus Enerjj to form Consortium Saceem Ventus to bid on wind energy and solar projects in Columbia farms in the country of Colombia.

    Saceem brings scale and financial muscle to the alliance, while Ventus has been operating in Colombia since 2017. Both companies have been active in wind energy projects in Uruguay. Ventus is presently constructing five solar farms totaling over 60 MW in Colombia. (Source: Saceem, PR, reve 13 Feb., 2020) Contact: Saceem, +598 2916 0208,; Ventus Enerji, Francis Raquet, Bus. Dev., (312) 284 66 32,,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  Solar,  Ventus,  

    Nationwide "Green" Mortgages Incentivize Energy Efficiency (Int'l.)
    Nationwide Building Society
    Date: 2020-02-12
    In the UK, Swindon-headquartered Nationwide Building Society reports it will make £1 billion available in a range of new "green" mortgages to "kickstart" green home improvements and energy efficiency retrofitting efforts. The "green" mortgages will have preferential rates for those buying a new-build EPC A-rated home, and preferential rates starting from 1 pct for the first two years when borrowing up to £25,000 to make home improvements.

    Nationwide is also calling on the government, home builders and lenders to create meaningful incentives for home energy efficiency and greener homes in general.

    Nationwide Building Society is a British mutual financial institution, the seventh largest cooperative financial institution and the largest building society in the world with over 15 million members. Nationwide is one of over 40 members of the Green Finance Institute's Coalition for Energy Efficiency of Buildings, of which developing the market for financing net-zero carbon and climate-resilient homes is a "key objective. (Source: Nationwide Building Society, PR, 10 Feb., 2020) Contact: Nationwide Building Society,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Nationwide Building Society ,  

    GE Developing Advanced PV Inverter Technology (Ind. Report, R&D)
    GE Research,
    Date: 2020-02-12
    GE Research, the central technology development arm for the General Electric Company is reporting receipt of $4.2 million in funding from the U.S. DOE Solar Energy Technologies Office (SETO) to help develop and deploy advanced grid-forming photovoltaic (PV) inverter control technologies to support higher amounts of solar power on the grid. GE will contribute $1.4 million to the project.

    The development of "grid-forming" controls will allow wind and solar inverters to form voltage and frequency levels like traditional generators, creating an opportunity for greater and more resilient integration of these resources into the grid. (Source: GE Research, PR, 7 Feb., 2020) Contact: DOE Solar Energy Technologies Office,; GE Research, › research

    More Low-Carbon Energy News GE Research,  PV,  US DOE SETO,  

    Fargo Ponders Residential Wind Turbines Ordinance (Ind Report)
    City of Fargo
    Date: 2020-02-12
    In North Dakota, Valley News Live is reporting the City of Fargo -- pop. 123,000 +- -- city commissioners and planning authority at considering allowing the installation of home wind turbines.

    In its deliberations, the city is defining home wind turbines as being roughly 20 feet high, if ground mounted, or 20 feet above roof height. The models under consideration can generally be ordered through companies like Home Depot, Amazon, and eBay. (Source: City of Fargo, Cuty Live, 10 Feb., 2020) Contact: City of Fargo,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  Wind Turbine,  ,  

    Equinor Announces New Net-Carbon Intensity Ambitions (Int'l. Report)
    Date: 2020-02-12
    Following up on our 10th Jan. report, Oslo-headquartered Norwegian oil and gas major Equinor -- fka Statoil -- reports the launch of a new climate roadmap aiming to ensure a competitive and resilient business model in the energy transition, fit for long term value creation and in line with the COP15 Paris Climate Agreement. In short, Equinor plans to:
  • Reduce the net carbon intensity, from initial production to final consumption, of the energy produced with at least 50 pct by 2050.

  • Cut absolute emissions from operated offshore fields and onshore plants in Norway by 40 pct by 2030, 70 pct by 2040 and towards near zero by 2050.

  • Slash CO2-emissions per barrel of oil and gas produced to below 8 kg by 2025 from operated fields;

  • Run carbon neutral operations globally by 2030;

  • Eliminate routine flaring before 2030;

  • Maintain methane emissions near zero;

  • Continue to apply an internal price on CO2-emission of at least $55 per tonne in all investment decisions;and

  • Continue support of the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD). (Source: Equinor, PR, 6 Feb., 2020) Contact: Equinor, Eldar Sætre, Pres., CEO,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Equinor,  Carbon Emissions,  Climate Change,  

  • Advanced Economies Lowered Carbon Emissions in 2019 (Int'l Report)
    Date: 2020-02-12
    According the International Energy Agency (IEA), global energy-related carbon emissions stopped growing and remained unchanged at 33 gigatonnes in 2019 even as the world economy expanded by 2.9 pct. The drop was primarily due to declining emissions from electricity generation in advanced economies, an increased reliance on wind and solar power, the declining role of coal and an increase in natural use as well as increased nuclear power generation. Milder weather in several countries and slower economic growth in some emerging markets was also a factor, according to the IEA release.

    The US recorded the largest emissions decline on a country basis, with a fall of 140 million tonnes -- 2.9 pct. US emissions are now down by almost 1 gigatonne from their peak in 2000. In 2019, EU emissions fell by 160 million tonnes, Japan's emissions dropped by 45 million tonnes, while Emissions in the rest of the world grew by close to 400 million tonnes -- with almost 80 pct of the increase coming from Asian countries where coal-fired power generation continued to rise. (Source: IEA, ESI Africa, 11 Feb., 2020) Contact: IEA, Dr Fatih Birol, Exec. Dir., +33 1 40 57 65 00,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions,  IEA,  

    Nationwide "Green" Mortgage Incentivises Energy Efficiency (Int'l.)
    Nationwide Building Society
    Date: 2020-02-10
    In the UK, Swindon-headquartered Nationwide Building Society reports it will make £1billion available in a range of new "green" mortgages for "green" home purchases and home energy efficiency retrofitting. The "green" mortgages will have preferential rates for those buying a new-build EPC A-rated home, and preferential rates starting from 1 pct for the first two years when borrowing up to &poud;25,000 to make home improvements.

    Nationwide is also calling on the government, home builders and lenders to create meaningful incentives for home energy efficiency and greener homes in general. Nationwide is calling for Government to commission an independent review of council taxes, explore how it could incentivize green home improvements, as well as transition the Help to Buy program to a Help to Green program. Nationwide also notes the government's Future Homes Standard is set to be introduced in 2025, introducing higher energy efficiency standards for new build homes.

    Nationwide Building Society is a British mutual financial institution, the seventh largest cooperative financial institution and the largest building society in the world with over 15 million members. Nationwide is one of over 40 members of the Green Finance Institute's Coalition for Energy Efficiency of Buildings, of which developing the market for financing net-zero carbon and climate-resilient homes is a "key objective. (Source: Nationwide Building Society, PR, 10 Feb., 2020) Contact: Nationwide Building Society,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Nationwide Building Society,  "Green" Home,  "Green" Mortgage,  Energy Efficiency ,  

    Formosa I Offshore Wind Deploys Renewable Strategy Software (Int'l)
    Formosa 1,Renewable Strategy
    Date: 2020-02-10
    In Taiwan, Formosa 1 reports its 128-MW commercial-scale offshore wind farm is incorporating computerized maintenance management software (CMMS) from Kent, UK-based Renewable Strategy Ltd. The RSL Manager will monitor, analyze and manage FOWI spare part assets.

    The Formosa 1 wind energy project, Taiwan's first commercial-scale offshore wind farm, is a joint venture project of Orsted, JERA, Macquarie's Green Investment Group and Swancor Holding. Renewable Strategy Limited (RSL) is an offshore wind and wind software solutions, training and advisory firm, with emphasis on systematic solutions, data integrity, asset integrity management and operations and maintenance insights. The company's wind farm management software is used by wind farm owners, operators and asset managers to harness wind farm data turning it into a strategic asset that enables users to monitor and supervise offshore activities across multiple wind farms whilst gathering inventory information and performance statistics. (Source: Renewable Strategy Ltd., PR reve, 7 Feb., 2020) Contact: Renewable Strategy Ltd., Natalie Dencker, Co-Founder, +44 20 3290 6335,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Renewable Strategy,  Formosa 1,  Wind,  

    Hydro-Quebec Taking Stake in Innergex Renewable (M&A)
    Innergex Renewable Energy ,Hydro-Quebec
    Date: 2020-02-10
    Longueuil, Quebec-based Innergex Renewable Energy Inc. reports provincially- owned Hydro-Quebec will invest roughly 661 million Cdn ($497 million US) for 34.6 million common shares -- a nearly 20 pct stake in Innergex.

    The two companies plan to invest in wind and solar projects with battery storage or transmission, distributed generation, off-grid renewable energy networks, and other sectors.

    Innergex anticipates using about $50 million from the private placement to develop its 200 MW Hillcrest solar photovoltaic project in Brown County, Ohio, according to the Reuters report. (Source: Innergex Renewable Energy, Reuters, 6 Feb., 2020) Contact: Innergex Renewable Energy, Jean Trudel, (450) 926-2550,,; Hydro-Quebec, Marc-Antoine Pouliot, (514) 289-5005,

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Innergex Renewable Energy ,  Hydro-Quebec,  

    Showing 750 to 800 of 1940.

    Go to page:
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39