CARB's proposal recommends that SoCalGas offset around 8 million tonnes of CO2e, which it calculated based on estimates of 100,000 tonnes of methane entering the atmosphere and a 20-year global warming potential (GWP) value for the gas of 84. It also recommends that the mitigation programme should target methane emissions from the agriculture, landfill and wastewater sectors and other methane "hot spots" such as abandoned gas and oil wells. The proposal also calls for SoCalGas to promote renewable energy and energy efficiency, facilitate a monitoring system, "avoid the contingencies that may complicate or frustrate distant emissions reductions", and other real, verifiable, permanent and additional initiatives and programs.
At the height of the Aliso Canyon methane disaster, SoCalGas pledged to voluntarily mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions leaked over the four-month period from Oct. 2015.
Now, with the disaster fading from the public limelight, the utility claims that CARB's proposal is largely "inappropriate as well as contrary to California and federal law." And, in apparent anticipation of the legal battle that will no doubt come, SoCalGas VP George I, Minter added "Any proposed mitigation program from the CARB does not itself impose any legal obligations on SoCalGas." (Source: CARB, SoCalGas, LA Times, Various Others, 4 April, 2016)Contact: Southern California Gas, www.socalgas.com; CARB, (916) 322-2990, www.arb.ca.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News California Air Resources Board, SoCalGas, Methane, Aliso Canyon,
Heading to the list of private and state-held companies are Chevron, ExxonMobil, Saudi Aramco, British Petroleum, Gazprom, Shell and the National Iranian Oil Company. These seven companies alone have produced almost one-fifth of all industrial carbon released into the atmosphere since the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. (Source: Union of Concerned Scientists Blog, Climate Accountability Institute, PlanetSave, April, 2016) Contact: Climate Accountability Institute, Richard Heede, (970) 927-9511, email@example.com, http://www.climateaccountability.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News arbon Emissions, Climate Change,
The voluntary Natural Gas Methane Challenge calls on oil and natural gas companies to reduce methane emissions beyond regulatory requirements. As part of the Challenge, PG&E has committed to further reduce emissions from its natural gas transmission and distribution systems and will adopt five best management practices recommended by the EPA over the next five years. The best management practices focus on mitigation and improvements to venting, transmission blowdowns, pneumatic controllers, rod packing and excavation damages.
In 2015, PG&E formed an external advisory council to help guide the company's sustainability efforts. The council provides input and recommendations to PG&E as it seeks to address climate change and advance its clean energy, environmental stewardship, economic development and community vitality initiatives. (Source: PG&E, 30 Mar., 2016) Contact: PG&E, Nick Stavropoulos , Gas Pres., Melissa Subbotin, (415) 973-5930, www.pge.com;
EPA Natural Gas Methane Challenge, www3.epa.gov/gasstar/methanechallenge
More Low-Carbon Energy News EPA Natural Gas Methane Challenge, Methane, PG&E,
Xcel Energy helped shape the Methane Challenge program and its design through its involvement with the American Gas Association and the Downstream Initiative—a collaboration of natural gas energy providers working to address technical and regulatory issues associated with reducing methane emissions from the distribution system.
The Methane Challenge provides an opportunity for partners to showcase efforts to reduce methane emissions, improve air quality and effectively capture this energy resource. (Source: Xcel Energy, 30 Mar., 2016)
Xcel Energy Media Relations, (612) 215-5300
www.xcelenergy.com; EPA Methane Challenge, www3.epa.gov/gasstar
More Low-Carbon Energy News Xcel Energy, Methane, Carbon Emissions, EPA Metrhane Challenge,
The controlled tests were conducted on the Merced Vernal Pools and Grassland Reserve using a small UAV equipped with an Open Path Laser Spectrometer (OPLS) sensor at various distances from gas sources to test the accuracy and robustness of the system.
The JPL-developed sensor enables detection of methane sources at much lower levels than previously available. The ability of the OPLS sensor to detect methane in parts per billion by volume, as opposed to the parts-per-million sensors that are commercially available, could help more accurately pinpoint small methane leaks.
This testing was funded by Pipeline Research Council International which seeks to further the development of small UAVs as an improvement to traditional natural gas pipeline inspection methods.
(Source: UC Merced, University News, 24 Mar., 2016)
Contact: UC Merced, (209) 228-4400, http://www.ucmerced.edu; NASA, www.nasa.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, UC Merced, NASA, GHG Emissions, Climate Change,
The researchers combined the data measured for methane with a transport model for air pollutants and found that the values for 2013 diverged little from the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN) data and confirmed the estimated annual emission of approximately 200,000 tonnes of methane. They also found that methane emissions from livestock to be lower than previously estimated while Swiss gas pipeline methane leaks were only a minor source of methane.
The project CarboCount-CH can be considered a pilot for the pan-European observation network Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS), which is being established to monitor greenhouse gas emission at the European scale. (Source: Swiss National Science Foundation EurekSlert, 24 Mar., 2016) Contact: Swiss National Science Foundation Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA), Dominik Brunner,http://www.snf.ch; Swiss Federal Office for the Environment, www.bafu.admin.ch; ETH Zurich, +41 44 632 1111, www.ethz.ch
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHG.Methane, Methane Emissions,
The company operates other plants in Green Bay, Wisconsin, and Riceville, Iowa.
(Source: Big Ox Energy, Souix Citry Journal, 27 Mar., 2016) Contact: Big Ox Energy, (844) 491-1953, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://bigoxenergy.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Big Ox Energy, Methane, anaerobic digestion,
Duke Energy services 7.2 million customers in North and South Carolina, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana and Florida. (Source: Duke Energy, ABC, Various Others, 21 Mar., 2016)Contact: Duke Energy, www.duke-energy.com; Carbon Cycle Energy, Paul Metz, Bus. Dev., (855) 424-6427x707, email@example.com, http://www.c2-energy.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Duke Energy, Carbon Cycle Energy, Methane, Biogas,
The CARB mitigation plan was ordered by Governor Jerry Brown. The utility has agreed to pay for these pollution-slashing measures over the next 5 or 10 years, under the proposal. The utility will pay for plugging abandoned wells, fund purchase of more efficient furnaces and water heaters for property owners, reduce methane-producing waste at landfills, and install devices to capture methane at dairy farms across the state, according to the CARB proposal.
(Source: CARB, East County Mag., Mar., 2016) Contact: Southern California Gas, www.socalgas.com; CARB, (916) 322-2990, www.arb.ca.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Porter Ranch, Methne, California Air Resources Board, Aliso Canyon Methane Leak, GHGs, Methane,
This study, written in part by researchers from the Woods Hole Research Center, shows that when two other greenhouse gases are taken into account, human activities on balance result in a strong warming influence from land.
According to the research report, "this finding reveals for the first time that human activities have transformed the land biosphere to act as a contributor to climate change."
It also shows that the net effect of CO2, agricultural methane and nitrous oxide varies by region and that the net climate warming effect is largest
in China, India, and Southeast Asia.
(Source: Woods Hole, CapeCod.com, Nature, 19 Mar., 2016)Contact: Woods Hole Research Center, (508) 540-9900, www.whrc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Deforerstation, Woods Hole Research Center, Atmospheric Carbon, Carbon Sequestration, Forest Carbon,
Primus' STG+™ technology can use a range of natural gas feedstocks, including wellhead and pipeline gas, dry or wet associated gas, "stranded" ethane, excess syngas from underutilized reformers or mixed natural gas liquids. Primus' low-cost, modular systems can be trucked in and assembled onsite for easy deployment.
(Source: Primus Green Energy Inc, Fuel Marketer, Others, Mar., 2016) Contact: Primus Green Energy, Sam Golan, CEO, (908) 281-6000, http://www.primusge.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Gas-to-Liquids, Methane,
Although the new rules haven't officially been announced, it is widely predicted that they will apply to both new and existing wells and facilities with slight differences and overlaps from BLM's proposed targets and regulations. There are presently
multiple existing and proposed federal rules to reduce emission and the EPA is proposing more.(Source: Bureau of Land Management, KFYR TV, Mar., 2016) Contact: Bureau of Land Management, www.blm.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Natural Gas, Emissions,
The plant will be installed at the paper mill in Skogn, Norway and will convert the cleaned biogas from fishery waste and residual paper mill slurry into liquid fuel. Installation and commissioning is expected within 15 months.
The system, which was specially designed to liquefy small methane-based gas streams, offers low operating costs and is energy efficient.
(Source: Wartsila,, Renewable Energy, 17 Mar., 2016) Contact: Wartsila Corp.,
Timo Koponen, VP Marine Solutions, www.wartsila.com;
Purac Puregas AB, +46 480 38100, www.purac-puregas.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Wartsila, Biogas, Purac Puregas AB, ,
The agency will begin with a formal process to require companies operating existing oil and gas sources to provide information on existing sources of methane emissions, technologies to reduce those emissions and the costs of those technologies in the production, gathering, processing, transmission and storage segments of the oil and gas sector.
The information will help the agency develop comprehensive regulations on effectively reducing emissions and related issues and technologies.
The EPA will also be seeking information that will help identify sources with high emissions and the factors that contribute to those emissions.
Novus Energy's planned biorefinery will process up to 750 tpd of locally sourced agricultural waste into 3.8 million cubic-feet per day of biogas (approximately 2.5 million standard cubic feet of pipeline-quality renewable methane) 350 gpd of liquid fertilizer, 11.2 tpd of soil amendment, and other biobased products. The facility will utilize Novus' patented Novus Bio-Catalytic (NBC) Conversion System which accelerates the digestion of complex organic molecules by employing a unique consortium of anaerobic bacteria that enables higher conversions in smaller volumes.
(Source: Novus Energy, USDA, 26 Feb., 2016) Contact: Novus Energy, Novus Pacific,
Joseph Burke, Pres., CEO, Surya Pidaparti, VP, (952) 345-1062, http://www.novus-energy.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Novus Energy, Anaerobic Digestion ,
The RFP is calling for a partner with greenhouse operations experience who will commit to providing educational opportunities and develop opportunities for Springfield partners or businesses.
The initial round of proposals is open until April 29. (Source: City of Springfield, Springfield News-Leader 27 Feb., 2016) Contact: City of Springfield, Anita Cotter, City Clerk, (417) 864-1651,www.springfieldmo.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Landfill Gas,
The facility, which is currently under construction, will process up to 115,000 mtpy of residential and commercial organic waste. The organic waste will be fed into anaerobic digesters to generate biogas which will be used to produce renewable natural gas (RNG) with methane purity greater than 97 pct. The RNG will be used to fuel the city's fleet of natural gas waste collection and operations service vehicles and to heat buildings in the City Centre community. (Source: Greenlane Biogas, 1 Mar., 2016) Contact: Greenlane Biogas, Brent Jaklin, Managing Dir., www.greenlanebiogas.co.uk; Orgaworld Canada, (519) 663-4446, www.orgaworld.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Greenlane Biogas, Biogas, Methane,
ElectraTherm utilizes Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) and proprietary technologies to generate power from low temperature heat ranging from 77-122 degrees C. ElectraTherm offers 3 sizes of Power+ Generator: the 4200 generates up to 35kWe; the 4400 generates up to 65kWe; and the 6500 is the largest size model generating up to 110kWe. Power+ Generators utilize waste heat on applications such as internal combustion engines, biomass, flare gas methane and other fluids.
(Source: ElectraTherm, PR, 23 Feb., 2016) Contact: ElectraTHerm, (775) 398-4680, https://electratherm-electratherm.netdna-ssl.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News ElectraTherm, Biomass,
In 2014, 2,054.8 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent (MMtCO2-e,) was produced by all electricity generation–related activities, compared to 2,052.8 MMtCO2-e in 2013. Almost all -- 2,039.3 MMtCO2-e -- was emitted by fossil fuel combustion: 77 pct by coal power generators, 21 pct by natural gas generators, 1.2 pct by petroleum generators, and 0.02 pct by geothermal generators.
The report notes that generators relied on coal for about 39 pct of their total energy requirements in 2014, and that coal used by power generators accounted for 93 pct of all coal consumed for energy in the U.S.
But while the amount of power generated in the U.S. increased by 1.1% compared to 2013, carbon dioxide emissions from the power sector increased by 0.1 pct as the consumption of petroleum for power generation increased by 15.8 pct in 2014.
The report notes that methane emissions made up a 10.3 pct share of all 2014 emissions. (Source: EPA, Power Mag., Various Others, 25 Feb., 2016)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, GHGs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Carbon Emissions,
Over 4 months, the leak spewed an estimated 95,000 metric tons of methane into the atmosphere and sent thousands of area families running in search of cleaner air, according to the Environmental Defense Fund.
At its peak in late November, the well released over 127,000 pounds of methane per hour, according to an estimate by the California Air Resources Board.
Needless to report, the leak has also spawned numerous lawsuits, including criminal charges. (Source: Southern California Gas, VICE News, Various Others, 19 Feb., 2016) Contact: Southern California Gas, www.socalgas.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Southern California Gas Co ,
SoCalGas faces four misdemeanor charges, three for each day they failed to report to authorities after the leak was discovered, and one for the discharge of air contaminants. The lawsuit also cites the climate threat posed by the uncontrolled emission of more than 80,000 metric tons of methane into the atmosphere.
(Source: California Attorney General Office, Lake Andes Wave, Others, 18 Feb., 2016)Contact: California Attorney General Office, (415) 351-3374, https://oag.ca.gov; Southern California Gas, www.socalgas.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, SoCalGas, County, Southern California Gas,
Regulators are first tackling emissions from new shale gas well sites and compressor stations, which the department oversees now. DEP wants to issue streamlined permits for those facilities by October, said at an advisory board meeting last week when concepts for the new permits were announced. Regulations for existing oil and gas facilities, and suggestions for leak detection and control along pipelines will follow.
DEP is considering various new standards for well pads including: quarterly leak inspections with infrared cameras and monthly walk-though screenings; cleaner diesel engines on drilling rigs; quicker repairs once leaks are discovered; 95 pct control of emissions of associated pollutants from storage tanks; and reduced bleed-off from pumps.
(Source: Penna. Department of Environmental Protection, Post Gazette, 16 Feb., 2016) Contact: Pa. DEP, Joyce Epps, Bureau of Air Quality, John Quigley, DEP Secretary, www.dep.pa.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, Methane,
The project reportedly has arranged financing "contingent upon local and state permit approval as well as approval of a franchise agreement that would include a long-term feedstock supply agreement." Further details and contact information are not available.
(Source: Sustainable Organics Recycling Technology Bioenergy, Sustainable Life, 2 Feb., 2016)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biogas, Anaerobic Digestion , Methane,
According to the Indian report, the country experienced a 50 pct increase in emissions from power generation in 2000-2010. This is the biggest sector contributing to India's emissions with 1510 Megatonnes of CO2 equivalent emitted in 2010.
Emissions from industrial activities, the second largest contributor to GHG emissions, nearly doubled from 2000 to 2010. In 2010, more than half of the emissions among industrial activities came from the "minerals" category, followed by chemicals and metal production at approximately about 14 pct each. (Source: New Delhi DNA, Catch News, Others, 26 Jan., 2016) Contact: UNFCCC, Download complete UNFCCC Framework HERE.
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHG, Carbon Emissions, Climate Change, UNFCCC,
Scientists and environmental experts say the leak instantly became the biggest single source of methane emissions -- a powerful greenhouse gas that accelerates climate change 86 times more than carbon dioxide -- in the Golden State when it began in October, 2015.
To date, the seemingly unstoppable leak has generated spikes in area benzene gas levels and greenhouse gases levels equivalent to 2.1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide since it was reported in October.
So much methane is being released that it's expected to boost global warming, experts say, and it will remain in the atmosphere even after the leak is stopped. (Source: Various Sources, Indian Republic, California Air Resources Board, Twitter, 24 Jan., 2016)
Contact: California ARB, (916) 322-2990, www.arb.ca.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Benzene, Methane, Natural Gas, GHGs, California Air Resources Board,
The BLM estimates it would prevent the loss of up to 56 billion cubic-feet of gas a year through venting, flaring or leaks, which could supply around 760,000 households annually.
Methane, the second most prevalent greenhouse gas after CO2, is 84 times more effective than carbon dioxide at trapping heat.
(Source: Bureau of Land Management, Forum News Service., Grand Forks Herald, 22 Jan., 2016) Contact: Bureau of Land Management, www.blm.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bureau of Land Management, Metrhane Emissions,
Methane, the primary component of natural gas, is the second-most prevalent greenhouse gas emitted in the U.S. from human activities and is more than 28 to 36 times more potent than CO2. Natural gas and oil industries are estimated to account for 25 pct of U.S. methane emissions. Reducing methane leaks from the oil and gas sector is an essential step to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the impacts of climate change.
The Keystone State's four-point plan is designed to:
SoCalGas estimates that as much as 90 pct of the fugative methane could be captured and transported to a distant location for incineration.
To date, the company has made seven separate attempts using industry accepted methods to plug the well but to no avail.
The company is now drilling new wells to relieve pressure and reduce the flow of the leak and enable another attempt to plug the well nearer to its source.
Burning the methane would eventually create enough pollution to require the same kind of permit that large refineries require.
(Source: SMUD, SoCalGas, KQED, 15 Jan., 2015)
Contact: Southern California Gas, www.socalgas.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, SoCalGas, County, Southern California Gas ,
"What matters to Alberta is ensuring that our energy economy is resilient for the future. That's why we've undertaken very ambitious policies with respect to a price on carbon, our methane management strategy, our performance standards for large industrial emitters and our efficiency strategy", the Minister added.
In 2015, Alberta joined The Climate Group's States & Regions Alliance, increasing the number of forward-thinking North American provinces and regions that have successfully implemented a price on carbon.
In 2014 Quebec and California, which are already part of the States & Regions Alliance, held their first joint greenhouse gases emission allowances auction, after linking their systems in the first cross border market in North America. Also last year, Ontario, launched a "cap-and-trade" system to curb its emissions, aiming to link it to the system set up by Quebec and California. (Source: Climate Group, Others, 15 Jan., 2016) Contact: The Climate Group, http://www.theclimategroup.org; Shannon Phillips, Alberta Minister of Environment and Parks, www.aep.alberta.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Group, Alberta Minister of Environment and Parks,
The governor has also ordered all state agencies to utilize state personnel, equipment, and facilities to ensure a continuous and thorough state response to this incident. The Governor's Office of Emergency Services will also provide frequent and timely updates to residents affected by the natural gas leak and the appropriate local officials, including convening community meetings in the coming weeks. (Source: Office of Gov. EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Jan., 2016) Contact:
Governor of California, EDMUND G. BROWN JR., https://www.gov.ca.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane,
According to researcher Dr. Donatella Zona from Sheffield University's Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, "The overwhelming majority of measurements for methane emissions in the Arctic over the last decades have been performed during the two to three summer months while the cold period accounts for nearly 80 pct of the year.
Virtually all the climate models assume there's no or very little emission of methane when the ground is frozen. Our study shows that assumption is incorrect."(Source: University of Sheffield, Energy Live, Various Others, Jan., 2015) Contact: University of Sheffield, Dr. Donatella Zona, +44 (0) 114 222 0122, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.sheffield.ac.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane.Merthane Emissions, Arctic Methane,
The Aliso Canyon storage site is one of the biggest such facilities in the country, and was originally built for the oil industry about 60 years ago. When the oil fields were exhausted, the well was re-purposed as a storage site.
Methane is more than 80 times more damaging to the atmosphere and more powerful than carbon dioxide over a 20-year time frame. A byproduct of the oil and gas industry and agriculture, methane accounts for approximately 25 pct of the world's climate warming. (Source: Guardian, Various Others, Jan., 2015)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Climate Change, Global Warming,
In the tender, the province says the greatest source of greenhouse emissions from the underground coal mine will be "the fugitive emissions of methane that is trapped in the coal-bed.
Controlling those emissions will be key to the province reaching its climate change goal of cutting greenhouse gas emissions to 10 pct below 1990 levels by 2020.
The project has budget of $20,000 with a final report due March 16, 2016. (Source: N.S. Department of EnvironmentCBC, Others, 2 Jan., 2015) Contact: N.S. Department of Environment, (902) 424-3600, https://www.novascotia.ca/nse
More Low-Carbon Energy News Coal, GHG, Greenhous Gas, ,
Strategically deployed biogas systems offer the nation a cost-effective and profitable solution to reducing emissions, diverting waste streams, and producing renewable energy. This report is a progress report of the Biogas Opportunities Roadmap originally published in August 2014.
AGL credits its emissions reductions in the development of corporate sustainability programs and and its founding participation in EPA's Gas STAR program which encourages industry companies to implement methane emissions-reducing technologies and practices and to document their voluntary emission reduction activities.
AGL's emissions report can be downloadedHERE
(Source: AGL Resources, 15 Dec., 2015) Contact: AGL Resources, John Somerhalder, CEO, Sarah Stashak, IR, (404) 584-4577, email@example.com, www.aglresources.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Methane Emissions,
Together with researchers and scientists at the University of Winnipeg and the U.S. Geological Survey's LandCarbon Project, the UW-M team created a database of measured methane flux (the exchange of the gas between water and atmosphere) and methane concentrations measured in streams and rivers using data from 111 publications and three unpublished datasets. The research team then calculated the best estimates of global methane emissions from the data and found the emissions to be an order of magnitude higher than scientists had previously reported.
The researchers pointed to one possible reason: Not every stream is identical. The analysis revealed noticeably higher methane emissions from streams and rivers in watersheds marked with heavy agriculture, urban development or the presence of dams. This suggests efforts to improve stream health may have the added benefit of reducing greenhouse gases.
(Source: University of Wisconsin Madison, PR, 14 Dec., 2014) Contact: UW-M, Prof. Emily Stanley, (608) 263-2567, http://limnology.wisc.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, GHG,
A 45 pct methane reduction across Canada would be the equivalent of eliminating 27 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions, providing the same climate benefit as taking every passenger car off the road in British Columbia and Alberta according to data from Statistics Canada and Canada's National Inventory Report. In the case of Alberta, the report indicated that upstream methane emissions could be reduced by 45 pct for $2.57 (Cdn) per metric tonne of CO2.
According to data from Canada's GHG inventory, oil and gas methane emissions are one of the county's largest sources of GHG emissions and are almost double the size of the next largest source of methane in Canada. (Source: EDF, Pembina, Scott Public Affairs, 22 Nov., 2015) Contact: Pembina Institute, Kirk Heuser, (587) 585-4522, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://www.pembina.org; EDF,
Lauren Whittenberg, (512) 691-3437, email@example.com, www.edf.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Environmental Defense Fund, Pembina Institute,
"At one time the UK was a leader in the development of CCS. We know the government has recently given its support for CCS projects, such as £4.2 million for research and feasibility work for a proposed 570 MW CCS coal-gasification power station in Grangemouth, Scotland, awarded in March this year. However, it will certainly be hard to promote and sell the technology abroad if there is no commercial deployment in the UK."
Contrary to the DECC's new energy development plan, the IEA CCC argues that the construction of CCS demonstration plants should proceed promptly, pointing out that, when combined with ultra-supercritical technology, CCS-equipped coal-fired power plants have lower emissions than unabated gas-fired plants. "Building unabated gas-fired power stations locks the UK in to substantial emissions from fossil fuels for possibly the next 40 years," the IEA CCC says.
A recent IEA CCC report comparing the greenhouse impact of coal and gas found that if the rate of methane leakage is more than 3 pct during the upstream sourcing and processing of natural gas, then the climatic benefit of substituting gas for coal is negated.
As an example of the potential CCS could play in helping the UK meet its climate targets, the IEA CCC highlighted the White Rose CCS project in Yorkshire as having the potential to not only provide very-low CO2 emitting coal-fired power but also acting as a CCS hub, allowing neighboring industries to also capture and store their CO2 via that White Rose pipeline.
(Source: IEA Clean Coal Centre, IEA, World Coal, 20 Nov., 2015) Contact: IEA Clean Coal Centre, +44 20 8877 6280, www.iea-coal.org.uk; DECC, Hon. Amber Rudd , Minister, www.decc.gov.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News CCS, Clean Coal, DECC, Emissions, Climate Change,
Under these two protocols, Alberta says it will reduce its oil and gas operations methane emissions by 45 pct by 2025 by applying new methane emissions design standards at the planning stage of new oil and gas facilities, and developing a 5-year voluntary Joint Initiative on Methane Reduction and Verification that will include industry, environmental groups and Indigenous communities. It will be tasked with taking action on venting and fugitive emissions from existing facilities, including enhanced measurement and reporting requirements for new and existing facilities.
The Implementation of the new methane design standards will be led by the Alberta Energy Regulator, in collaboration with Alberta Energy and Alberta Environment and Parks. (Source: Government of Alberta, (780) 427-2700, http://alberta.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Methane Emissions,
Although the methane gas will initially meet only about 2 pct of the plant's power requirements power production will increase as the landfill matures and produces more gas.
The project is expected to deliver a modest cost saving and environmental benefits.
(Source: Toyota, WFPL News, 16 Nov., 2015) Contact: Toyota Georgetown Kentucky, Chris Adkins, Energy Management Specialist, (502) 868-2000, http://www.toyotageorgetown.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Biogas, Toyota,
REDEEM , which is also known as biomethane, is derived from biogenic methane which is processed, purified, and sent into the interstate natural gas pipeline. REDEEM biomethane vehicle fuel is procured from over 15 biomethane production facilities, including two owned and operated by Clean Energy. (Source: Ryder, HDT Trucking Info, 16 Nov., 2015) Contact: Ryder Systems, www.ryder.com; Energy Fuels Corp., (949) 437-1000, www.cleanenergyfuels.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News RNG, CNG, Biomethane, Alternative Fuel,
According to the study, the worldwide warming effect of greenhouse gases increased 36 pct between 1990 and 2014, something the group blamed on the increase in CO2, methane and nitrous oxide emissions from human activity.
(Source: World Meteorological Organization, Nov., 2015) Contact: WNO, www.wmo.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News World Meteorological Organization, GHG, Greenhouse Gas, Carbon Emissions,
Peatlands store vast amounts of carbon in their soils -- about 60-times the amount of carbon that is released annually from fossil fuel burning. One-third of all the soil carbon in the world is in peatland ecosystems even though they cover only 3 pct of the terrestrial land surface.
According to SPRUCE, "the ultimate goal is to determine the levels of warming at which ecosystems will reach a critical change in temperature and CO2 levels in the future that would push them into a new state.
(Source: Chapman University, Eureka, Nov. 2015) Contact: Chapman Univ., Prof. Jason Keller, Ph.D., (714) 997-6815, http://www.chapman.edu; SPRUCE Project, http://mnspruce.ornl.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change.Peatland, Carbon Sink, Carbon Sequestration, Methane, GHG, Soil Carbon ,
The Berkeley report found that methane leaks from deep lying shale rock fractured by high pressure water and chemicals, would have to exceed an implausibly high 12 pct before shale gas could be considered worse than coal for GHG problems.
Professor Robert Muller of the University of Berkeley California and Elizabeth Muller, co-founder and Executive Director of Berkeley Earth, a non-profit research organization, say that because methane is broken down in the atmosphere much more quickly than COs released into the environment by burning coal, it would be necessary for huge quantities of it to escape uncaptured for shale gas to be considered worse than coal. (Source: Onshore Energy Services Group, 6 Nov., 2015)
Contact: Onshore Energy Services Group, Lee Petts, CEO, oesg.org.uk; Berkeley Earth, www.berkeleyearth.org; University of California Berkeley, (510) 642-6000, www.berkeley.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Shale Gas, University of California Berkeley, ,
According to report corresponding author Cornell Professor Robert Howarth: "The US EPA has seriously underestimated the importance of methane emissions in general and from shale gas in particular. As a result, the US government has been stating that total greenhouse gas emissions from energy use in the US have been steadily declining since 2008 (which they attribute to switching shale gas for coal for electricity generation, although other studies say the economic downturn has been more important). With better accounting for methane, the new paper concludes that total GHG emissions have actually been rising at their most rapid rate in decades. Methane now accounts for 40 pct of total US GHG emissions from the energy sector. The rapid rise is due to shale gas and shale oil development, and has globally important consequences that are becoming increasing critical as the average temperature of the Earth, compared to the pre-industrial baseline, is expected to double in the next 15 years."
According to Horwath, "methane emissions make it a disastrous idea to consider shale gas as a bridge fuel, letting society continue to use fossil fuels over the next few decades. Rather, we must move as quickly as possible away from all fossil fuels -- shale gas, conventional natural gas, coal, and oil -- and towards a truly sustainable energy future using 21st Century technologies and wind and solar power."
The report is available HERE. (Source: Cornell Univ., Energy and Emission Control Technologies, Dove Press, 21 Oct., 2015) Contact: Cornell Univ., Robert W Howarth
Department of Ecology and Environmental Biology, (607) 255-6175, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://www.gulfbase.org/person/view.php?uid=rhowarth
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, GHG, Slale Gas,
The SMR will produce hydrogen and carbon monoxide to be supplied to customers from Air Products' Gulf Coast Hydrogen and CO Pipeline Networks. Both product capacities from the new facility are already sold-out ahead of the anticipated plant onstream in 2018, company officials said. The SMR and cold box will produce approximately 125 million standard cubic feet per day of hydrogen and a world-scale supply of carbon monoxide.
(Source: Air Products, Area Dev. News, Oct. 27, 2015) Contact: Air Products, Marie Folkes, Pres. Industrial Gases, www.airproducts.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Air Products, Methane, Carbon Monoxide,