Preem's Lysekil Refinery Producing Renewable Petrol (Int'l.)
Sweden's largest fuel company Preem reports the first catalytic cracker tests to produce 300 tons of pyrolysis oil from sawdust have been carried out at the company's refinery in Lysekil. The plant has also begun processing 50,000 tons of pyrolysis oil. The oil will then be further refined at Preem's refinery in Lysekil,
one of Preem's largest refineries producing petrol.
Sweden's biofuel blend rate will increase to 7.8 pct in 2022. Preen plans to produce approximately 5 million cubic meters of renewable fuels by 2030, (Source: Preem, PR, Website, 22 June, 2021) Contact: Preem, +46 (0)70-450 10 01, www.preem.se
More Low-Carbon Energy News Renewable Diesel, Preem,
EIA Foresees Gradual Biofuel Growth Through 2050 (Ind. Report)
The U.S. Energy Information Administration released its Annual Energy Outlook 2021 (AEO2021) on Feb. 3, predicting that the consumption of biofuels as a share of the domestic fuel mix will gradually increase through 2050.
Although the COVID-19 pandemic affected demand for all liquid fuels last year, the EIA notes that biofuel consumption has not decreased as much as petroleum-based fuels. AEO2021's reference case, which represents the EIA's best assessment of how energy markets will operate through 2050, predicts that biofuels consumption will return to 2019 levels in 2021, slightly faster than petroleum-based transportation fuels. As a result, biofuels will account for an increasing share of the domestic fuel mix.
The EIA attributes the quicker rebound in biofuels consumption primarily to regulatory support, such as the federal Renewable Fuel Standard and California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard.
In the AEO2021 reference case, the EIA projects that the percentage of biofuels blended into the U.S. transportation fuel pool will increase and slowly grow through 2050. In the event of high oil prices, the EIA expects the share of biofuels consumed in the U.S. would rise to a greater percentage as higher prices for gasoline and diesel would make biofuels more competitive.
Biodiesel production is expected to grow slightly in the reference case, maintaining a steady level of supply through 2050. Renewable diesel production is expected to grow at a higher rate. Ethanol consumption is expected to return to pre-COVID levels in later years of the projection period, steadily growing through 2050 because of higher ethanol blends making their way into the on-road transportation fuel, according to the EIA.
Domestic production of other biomass-derived liquids, including pyrolysis oils, biomass-derived Fischer-Tropsch liquids, biobutanol and renewable feedstocks used for the on-site production of diesel and gasoline, is expected to grow by 3.5 percent, reaching 90,000 bpd by 2050. The AEO2020 reference case predicted a 5.3 percent increase, which would equate to 110,000 bpd in 2050. (Source: EIA, 3 Feb., 2021)
Contact: EIA, www.eia.gov/outlooks/aeo
More Low-Carbon Energy News EIA, Biofuel, Ethanol, Biodiesel,
Netherlands Marine Biofuel Oil Test Success (Int'l. Report)
IKEA Transport & Logistics Services, the CMA CGM Group, and the GoodShipping Program are reporting the successful completion of their 2019 maritime biofuel trials of GoodFuels Heavy Fuel Oil-equivalent (HFO) Bio-Fuel Oil during CMA CGM North Europe-Asia voyages.
Under the trial, sustainable Bio-Fuel Oil was used in a blend with conventional fossil-based marine fuels to power a vessel on a major oceangoing route. Both applications of the Bio-Fuel Oil showed a positive result and the technical compatibility of sustainable marine biofuels.
The Bio-Fuel Oil trialed was supplied by Dutch sustainable marine biofuels specialist GoodfuelGoodFuels.
(Source: GoodFuels, Green Car Congress, 5 Dec., 2019)
Contact: GoodFuels, Dirk Kronemeijer, CEO, +31 (0) 85 8000 238, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.goodfuels.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Goodfuels, Marine Biofuel, pyrolysis oil, BTG,
Goodfuels, BTG Planning Major Marine Biorefinery Demo (Int'l.)
Dutch sustainable marine Biofuels specialist Goodfuels is reporting it and biomass technology group BTG will establish BTG-neXt -- a new high-tech company that can convert crude pyrolysis oil into 100 pct sustainable diesel biofuel suitable for the maritime shipping sector. It will be the first refinery in the world for an advanced marine biofuel based on pyrolysis oil, produced from woody biomass wastes, grass cuttings and similar plant materials.
The technology for producing oil via pyrolysis from plant-based waste was developed 30 years ago at the University of Twente.
The new demonstration facility has a planned 1,000 tpy production capacity. Depending on the demo tests, production can be scaled-up to support the industry in meeting International Maritime Organisation (IMO) targets of a 50 pct reduction in Greenhouse Gas emissions by 2050 -- roughly 85 pct reduction per vessel.
GoodFuels intends to market the pilot volumes produced to further strengthen the commercial business case.
The ports of Rotterdam and Eemshaven are the locations being considered for the first commercial processing plant.
(Source: Goodfuels, Hellenic, 14 Nov., 2019) Contact:
GoodFuels, Dirk Kronemeijer, CEO, +31 (0) 85 8000 238, email@example.com, www.goodfuels.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Goodfuels, Marine Biofuel, pyrolysis oil, BTG,
Technip FMC, BTG-BTL Tout Swedish Bio-oil Project (Int'l Report)
Following up on our 27 Sept. coverage, Enschede, The Netherlands-based BTG-BTL reports it is partnering with TechnipFMC to design and construct a production facility in Sweden to convert 3,000 -- 40,000 tpy of dry wood residues such as sawdust into bio-oil for advanced biofuel production.
The two Netherlands firms have received an order to construct a similar facility in Finland, with the choice to increase to four.
BTG Bioliquids is focused on the delivery and deployment of a patented fast pyrolysis technology. The company doesn't produce pyrolysis oil but instead focus on delivering to our clients the core components of a pyrolysis installation, according to the company website.
(Source: BTG-BTL, PR, 21 Oct., 2019) Contact: BTG-BTL, +31 (0)53 486 2287,
firstname.lastname@example.org, www.btg-btl.com; TechnipFMC, +31 (0)79 3293 600, email@example.com,
More Low-Carbon Energy News BTG-BTL, TechnipFMC, Bio-oil, Biofuel,
WPA Takes Canadian Clean Fuel Standard to Task (Ind Report)
Wood Pellet Association of Canada
Since 2017, the government of Canada has been developing the Clean Fuel Standard (CFS), a low carbon fuel standard-type policy, to reduce the life-cycle carbon intensity of fuels and energy used in Canada. The CFS aims to achieve 30 million tonnes CO2e (carbon dioxide equivalent) of annual reductions in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 2030.
The Wood Pellet Association of Canada (WPAC) has been providing input to Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) as it works to design and shape the CFS. And, upon review of ECCC's proposed regulatory approach, WPAC is seriously concerned that the government will not allow end-use fuel switching in the buildings/stationary fuel use sector.
WPAC believes it is unfair for ECCC to recognize fuel switching from gasoline to electricity or hydrogen in transportation, but not to recognize switching from heating oil to solid biofuels -- wood pellets or chips -- for Canada's second largest renewable energy product -- solid biomass heating.
To that end, WPAC made the following representations to ECCC:
One of the three primary objectives of the CFS is low-cost compliance. By prohibiting recognition of fuel switching for stationary applications, ECCC will actually significantly increase the cost of CFS compliance, exclude the forest sector from participation in the short-term, and inhibit investment in the most proven commercial technology for displacement of heating oil -- wood pellet and chip boilers.
Canada consumes approximately three billion lpy of heating oil, the majority of which is consumed by Canadians in rural and Atlantic Canada. The latter accounts for 44 pct of heating oil consumption in the residential sector and 50 pct of heating oil consumption in the commercial/institutional sectors. Rural and Atlantic Canada also have among the lowest per capita income. ECCC's proposed regulatory approach will make CFS compliance for these low-income areas significantly more expensive than for those living in cities.
Under ECCC's proposed regulatory approach, the principal mechanism for ensuring compliance from heating oil primary suppliers will be to blend renewable diesel with heating oil. Since heating oil has low carbon intensity (CI) relative to other liquid fuels and much of the crude used to produce heating oil is sourced from outside of Canada, there is less opportunity for upstream reductions than with other liquid fuels. The 2030 target of 74 g CO2e/MJ is less than heating oil combustion emissions, meaning upstream efficiency improvements will be insufficient to meet the requirements. The only heating oil-miscible fuel that can also be stored outside in winter, as is often the case with heating oil, is renewable diesel.
Renewable diesel has a useful heat fuel cost of $65-82 per gigajoule (GJ) ($234-295 per MWh. In contrast, wood pellets, at $300-350 per tonne for residential sales, have a useful heat fuel cost of $20-24 per GJ. Wood pellets also have half the of default renewable diesel (29 g CO2e/MJ). Wood chips are half the carbon intensity of wood pellets which means, on an implied carbon price basis and assuming wholesale $0.75 per litre for heating oil, blending renewable diesel with heating oil has a fuel cost of $630/ per tonne CO2e to 884 per tonne CO2e. Switching from heating oil to wood pellets saves money on a fuel basis, in addition to avoiding taxes on heating oil.
In this case, there is little reason to implement a complex policy such as the CFS.
Despite the billions of dollars invested in lignocellulosic liquid transportation biofuels, all technologies are still pre-commercial -- especially forest feedstock-based liquid transportation biofuels due to the recalcitrant structure of wood fibre. Co-processing of pyrolysis oil or biocrude in existing oil refineries at a meaningful volume will not occur before 2030. The forest sector represents over 75 pct of annually-available biomass resources in Canada and its exclusion from participation in the liquids class will dramatically increase the cost of fuel, especially in rural communities where wood chips and bioheat are a cost efficient and convenient source of energy.
(Source: WPAC, Canadian Biomass, Environment and Climate Change Canada, 26 Aug., 2019)
Contact: Wood Pellet Association of Canada, Gordon Murra, Exec. Dir., ; Environment and Climate Change Canada, www.canada.ca › environment-climate-change
More Low-Carbon Energy News Environment and Climate Change Canada, Wood Pellet Association of Canada, Woody Biomass, Wood Pellet ,
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