Return to Today's Publications

 

Newsletter:
Date Range (YYYY-MM-DD) -
Company, Industry or Technology:
  Search Tips


Pacificorp Transitioning from Coal to Renewables (Ind. Report)
Pacificorp
Date: 2019-10-11
In its just released $3.1 billion Energy Vision 2020 -- Integrated Resource Plan Berkshire Hathaway Energy subsidiary PacifiCorp Energy reports it plans to continue its transition away from coal with the closing of three Wyoming coal-fired power plants totaling 1,159 MW by 2037, and a nearly 60 pct expansion or upgrading of its current owned and contracted wind fleet. (Source: Pacificorp, Cody Enterprise, 7 Oct., 2019))Contact: PacifiCorp, www.pacificorp.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Pacificorp,  Coal,  Renewables,  


Rutgers Awarded $1.3Mn for Offshore Wind Turbine Research (Funding)
Rutgers University
Date: 2019-10-11
In the Garden State, New Brunswick-based Rutgers University reports Professor Onur Bilgen, an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, was recently awarded a U.S. DOE Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), $1,356,872 grant for wind turbine research.

The ARPA-E's Aerodynamic Turbines Lighter and Afloat with Nautical Technologies and Integrated Servo-control (ATLANTIS) program focuses on three areas critical to the successful development of radically new floating offshore wind turbines (FOWT) -- new designs, new computer tools, and experiments that collect data to validate the FOWT designs and computer tools.

Bilgen and his team plans to use their software to design a FOWT that generates more electricity while using fewer materials to manufacture and reducing turbine maintenance and operational costs. (Source: Rutgers University, PR, 10 Oct., 2019) Contact: Rutgers University, Professor Onur Bilgen, 848-445-5869, o.bilgen@rutgers.edu, www.mae.rutgers.edu

More Low-Carbon Energy News Offshore Wind,  Floating Wind,  Rutgers,  


Viesgo Commissions 24-MW Spanish Wind Farm (Int'l. Report)
Viesgo
Date: 2019-10-11
Madrid-headquartered power producer and distributor Viesgo Infraestructuras Energeticas SL is reporting the commissioning of its 24-MW El Marquesado onshore wind farm in the town of Puerto Real in the province of Cadiz, Spain.

The €23 million ($25.3 million) facility incorporate seven 3.45 MW wind turbines. The company's Spanish wind portfolio includes 23 wind farms in Spain and Portugal. (Source: Viesgo, Renewables, Oct., 2019) Contact: Viesgo, +942 24 60 00, www.viesgo.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Viesgo ,  Wind,  


PNM N.M. Wind Power Transmission Line Buy Approved (Ind. Report)
PNM Resources,Pattern Energy Group
Date: 2019-10-09
Albuquerque, New Mexico-headquartered PNM Resources reports the New Mexico Renewable Energy Transmission Authority has given the nod to its purchase of the 800 MW Western Spirit renewable power transmission project which expected to be completed in 2021 from an affiliate of Pattern Energy Group 2 LP (Pattern Development). The $285 million transaction has also been cleared by the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission (NMPRC) and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). (Source: PNM Resources, Renewables, 3 Oct., 2019) Contact: PNM Resources, www.pnmresources.com; Pattern Energy Group

More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  PNM Resources,  Pattern Energy Group,  


German Utility Selects Vestas Wind Turbines (Int'l. Report)
Vestas
Date: 2019-10-09
Wind energy major Vestas is reporting receipt of a 31 MW "Turn key" order from a subsidiary of the public utility Berliner Stadtwerke, for a wind park near Albertshof, Brandenburg, Germany. Full supply engineering, procurement, installation and construction (EPC) and a 23-year Active Output Management 5000 (AOM 5000) service agreement.is included in the order.

The order includes eight V117-3,45 MW turbines and one V126-3,45 MW turbines in different hub heights. (Source: Vesatas, ee publishers, 7 Oct., 2019) Contact: Vestas, Kristian Jakobsen, krhja@vestas.com, www.vestas.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Vestas,  Wind,  


Pacificorp Plan Stresses Wind, Solar and Energy Storage (Ind. Report)
Rocky Mountain Power, PacifiCorp
Date: 2019-10-09
Salt Lake City-based PacifiCorp, which operates as Rocky Mountain Power in Utah, Wyoming and Idaho, has released a draft of its 2019 Integrated Resource Plan (IRP) that continues investments in new wind generation and transmission, while adding significant new solar and storage resources as follows:
  • WIND -- More than 3,500 MW of new wind generation by 2025, including resources acquired through customer partnerships, and a total of more than 4,600 MW of new wind generation by 2038,

  • More than 1,500 MW of new wind generation that is currently under construction, including new wind projects in Wyoming as part of the company’s Energy Vision 2020 initiative

  • 1,920 MW of additional new wind generation in Wyoming by 2024

  • 1,100 MW of new wind generation in Idaho in the 2030 to 2032 time frame.

  • SOLAR & STORAGE -- Nearly 3,000 MW of new solar by 2025, including resources acquired through customer partnerships, and more than 6,300 MW of new solar by 2038

  • Nearly 600 MW of battery storage by 2025 and more than 2,800 MW of battery storage by 2038

  • 3,000 MW of new solar in Utah paired with 635 MW of battery storage, phased in between 2020 and 2037

  • 1,415 MW of new solar in Wyoming paired with 354 MW of battery storage, phased in between 2024 and 2038

  • 1,075 MW of new solar in Oregon paired with 244 MW of battery storage, phased in between 2020 and 2033

  • 814 MW of new solar in Washington paired with 204 MW of battery storage, phased in between 2024 and 2036

    PacifiCorp develops and seeks regulatory acknowledgement of its long-term resource plans every two years to account for changing market conditions, new policies and other factors that determine the least-cost resource portfolio. (Source: PacifiCorp, SweetwaterNow, Oct., 2019) Contact: PacifiCorp, Chad Teply, VP Business Policy and Dev., www.pacificorp.com/irp

    More Low-Carbon Energy News PacifiCorp,  Renewable Energy,  Energy Storage,  Wind,  Solar,  Rocky Mountain Power,  


  • MHI Vestas to Power French Floating Offshore Wind Project (Int'l)
    MHI Vestas
    Date: 2019-10-09
    Wind turbine manufacturer MHI Vestas Offshore Wind reports it has signed a preferred supplier agreement to supply turbines for the €230 million ($252.6 million), 28.5-MW Groix & Belle-Ile pilot floating wind project off the French coast.

    MHI Vestas will provide three of its V164-9.5MW machines that will be used instead of the initially planned 6-MW General Electric turbines.

    Project participants include CGN Europe Energy, la Banque des Territoires and French renewables firm Eolfi. (Source: MHI Vestas, Renewables, Oct., 2019) Contact: MHI Vestas, Philippe Kavafyan, CEO, +45 97 30 00 00, vestas@vestas.com, www.vestas.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News MHI Vestas,  Floating Wind,  


    Acciona Bidding on Nordex Acquisition (Int'l Report, M&A)
    Acciona,Nordex
    Date: 2019-10-09
    Madrid-based Spanish renewable energy major Acciona Energia is reportedly biding on the acquisition of German wind turbine manufacturer Nordex which is valued at roughly €1 billion ($1.2 billion). Acciona, which presently holds a stake in Nordex, earlier this week agreed to participate in a €99 million capital increase by Nordex. The increase will increase Acciona's stake to 36.27 pct -- above the 30 pct level that triggers a mandatory takeover bid under German law.

    Acciona reportedly would offer €10.32 per Nordex share, valuing the German company at €1.1 billion after the capital increase, according to Reuters. (Source: Acciona, Reuters, 8 Oct., 2019)Contact: ACCIONA Energia, www.acciona-energia.com; Nordex Group, Felix Losada, +49 40 300 30 1000, +49 40 300 30 1101, flosada@nordex-online.com, www.nordex.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Acciona,  Wind,  Nordex,  


    350-MW Foard City Texas Wind Farm Now Online (Ind. Report)
    Vistra Energy, Innergex Renewable Energy
    Date: 2019-10-09
    Longueuil, Quebec-based Innergex Renewable Energy Inc. reports its 350.3-MW Foard City, Texas wind farm has begun commercial operation. The 139 GE wind turbine project benefits from a 12-year PPA with Vistra Energy for 300 MW of the wind farms total installed capacity, with the remainder to be sold at merchant market price. (Source: Innergex Renewable Energy, Oct., 2019) Contact: Innergex Renewable Energy, Jean Trudel, (450) 926-2550, www.innergex.com, info@innergex.com; Vistra Energy, Curtis Morgan, CEO, www.vistraenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Vistra Energy,  Wind,  Innergex Renewable Energy,  


    Consumers Energy Wind Project Acquisition Approved (Ind. Report)
    Michigan Public Service Commission
    Date: 2019-10-09
    The Michigan Public Service Commission reports its approval of Consumers Energy's application to purchase a 166-mw wind project slated for Adams, Moscow, and Wheatland Townships in Hillsdale County.

    The project, which is expected to be operational by December, 2020, would be designed, constructed and startup tested by Crescent Wind, LLC and then sold to Consumers Energy. (Source: Michigan Public Service Commission, WILX, 7 Oct., 2019) Contact: Michigan Public Service Commission, 517-284-8100, www.michigan.gov › mpsc; Consumers Energy, Patti Poppe, CEO, (517) 788-0550, info@cmsenergy.com, www.ConsumersEnergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Consumers Energy,  Wind,  


    Dominion Considering Dulles Airport Solar Project (Ind. Report)
    Dominion Energy Virginia
    Date: 2019-10-07
    In the Old Dominion State, Richmond-headquartered Dominion Energy reports it has inked a sublease with Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) -- Washington Dulles International Airport -- to begin feasibility studies for a proposed 100-MW solar energy project at the Dulles Airport.

    If constructed, power from the solar project would connect to Dominion's existing transition line located on the airport's property in 2022. (Source: Dominion Energy Virginia, Loudon Times-Mittor, 4 Oct., 2019) Contact: Dominion Energy Virginia Keith Windle, VP Business Development and Merchant Operations, www.dominionenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Dominion Energy Virginia,  Solar,  


    GE Renewable, Google Ink Swedish Wind Parm PPA (Int'l Report)
    GE Renewable Energy,WindSpace A/S,
    Date: 2019-10-07
    GE Renewable Energy is reporting a PPA with Google under which it will sell the majority of the energy generated by the Bjorkvattnet Onshore wind farm 290 miles north of Stockholm, to Google beginning in late 2020. The power will supply Google's data centers in the region.

    The Bjorkvattnet onshore wind farm has a generating capacity of 175 MW -- sufficient power 175,000 homes in Sweden.

    The project was developed by Vindparken and WindSpace. GE Renewable Energy provided development support, offtake solutions, technical and commercial optimization and equity syndication expertise. The wind facility was acquired by InfraVia European Fund IV, managed by InfraVia Capital. (Source: GE Renewable Energy, Commercial Property Exec., 3 Oct., 2019)Contact: GE Renewable Energy, www.ge.com/renewableenergy

    More Low-Carbon Energy News GE Renewable Energy,  Wind,  


    Coalition Calls for 10 GW of Calif. Offshore Wind Power (Ind Report)
    Equinor,Aker Solutions,NREL
    Date: 2019-10-07
    A new Offshore Wind California coalition of renewable energy companies is calling for the Golden State to commit to a goal of at least 10 GW of primarily floating offshore wind power in California waters by 2040.

    The group that counts Equinor and offshore engineering company Aker Solutions among its members notes that U.S. East Coast states have about 22 GW worth of offshore wind commitments and are projected to see an estimated $70 billion in related supply chain spending by 2030.

    The US DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) estimates California's potential for offshore wind at about 112 GW, including about 8.4 GW in three Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) designated study areas. NREL also notes that floating wind platforms are a basic requirement for most of the state's offshore waters, which are too deep to support monopile or multi-leg jackets. (Source: NREL, Maritime Executive, Oct., 2019) Contact: NREL, www.nrel.gov; Aker Solutions, Fredrik Berge, Inv. Relations, +47 22 94 62 19, fredrik.berge@akersolutions.com, www.akersolutions.com; Equinor, Pal Eitrheim, VP New Energy Solutions, www.equinor.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Offshore Wind,  Floating Offshore Wind,  BOEM,  NREL,  Equinor,  Aker Solutions,  Offshore Wind,  


    Mainstream, ENI Partnering for UK Offshore Wind Sites Bids (Int'l)
    Mainstream Renewable Power
    Date: 2019-10-07
    Global renewable energy developer Mainstream Renewable Power reports it is partnering with Rome-based oil and gas giant Eni in preparation for the latest auction of leases for offshore wind-power sites in the UK.

    The new co-operation agreement will allow Mainstream to comply with new rules for the fresh UK round of auctions under which bidders must have balance sheets worth at least £600 million ($740 million +-) over the past three years. (Source: Mainstream Renewable Power, Sunday Times, 6 Oct., 2019)Contact: Mainstream Renewable Power, Mainstream Renewable Power, Andy Kinsella, +353 (0) 1 290 2000, www.mainstreamrp.com; ENI, +39 06 598 21, +39 06 598 22141 - fax., www.eni.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Mainstream Renewable Power,  Eni,  Offhosre Wind,  


    Spain's Siemens Gamesa Claims 200 MW Chinese Order (Int'l. Report)
    Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy
    Date: 2019-10-07
    Spanish wind energy major Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy (SGRE) is reporting receipt of an order from China's Xinjiang TBEA Group to supply and install 42 units of its 4.X platform with 145 metre rotor and unit rating reaching 4.8 MW in China. The deal includes a 5-year operation and maintenance services provision for the 200 MW project. This is SGRE's second order from TBEA.

    The 200 MW wind farm is located in the city of Changji, in the region of Xinjiang, northwest China. (Source: Siemens Gamesa, Middle East Utilities, 6 Oct., 2019) Contact: Xinjiang TBEA Group, www.emis.com/php/company-profile/CN/Xinjiang_TBEA_Group_Co_Ltd__新疆特变电工集团有限公司__en_5446517.html; Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy, Markus Tacke, www.siemensgamesa.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy ,  


    Siemens Gamesa 8MW Wind Turbine DNV GL Certified (Ind Report)
    Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy,DNV GL
    Date: 2019-10-04
    DNV GL reports it has certified Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy's SG 8.0-167 DD offshore wind turbine to be in full compliance with the international wind turbine standard IECRE OD-501 and allows for immediate market implementation.

    The SG 8.0-167 DD turbine provides an increase in annual energy production of 20 pct compared to the previously certified turbine variant, the SWT-7.0-154, and is suitable for both 50 Hertz and 60 Hertz grid operation, according to Siemens Gamesa. The turbine will be installed in offshore wind parks worldwide including the 1,400MW Hornsea Two project in the UK and the 900MW Greater Changhua 1 & 2 project in Taiwan, according to Diemens Gamesa. (Source: DNV GL, offshoreWIND, Oct., 2019) Contact: DNV GL, Kim Mork, Exex. VP, Liv Hovem, CEO, +47 6757 9900, www.dnvgl.com; Seimens Gamesa, Morten Pilgaard Rasmussen, Offshore Head of Technology, www.siemensgamesa.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy,  Wind,  DNV GL,  


    Equinor Offloads 25 pct Stake in German Offshore Wind Farm (Int'l)
    Equinor, RWE Renewables
    Date: 2019-10-04
    In Oslo, Equinor is reporting it will sell a 25 pct stake in the Arkona Offshore wind farm in the German Baltic Sea to funds advised by Credit Suisse Energy Infrastructure Partners for roughly €500 million ($547.85 million). Equinor will retain a 25 pct stake.

    The 385MW Arkona Offhore wind farm is operated by RWE Renewables, which holds a 50 pct stake in the wind farm. (Source: Equinor, Reuters, 3 Oct., 2019)Contact: Equinor, Pal Eitrheim, VP New Energy Solutions, www.equinor.com; RWE Renewables, ww.rwe.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News RWE Renewables,  Equinor ,  Offshore Wind,  


    Statkraft Joins 200-MW Scottish Wind Project Consortium (Int'l.)
    Statkraft AS, Energy Isles Limited
    Date: 2019-10-04
    Norwegian state-owned utility Statkraft AS reports it will join the Energy Isles Limited consortium for the construction of a 145 MW to 200 MW wind farm in the Northern Isles of Scotland.

    In a statement, Energy Isles noted Statkraft's entry into the 29-turbine project in the north of Yell, Shetland, follows the submission of a full planning application for the wind farm earlier this year. If constructed, the wind farm is expected to come online prior to 2026. (Source: Statkraft AS, Renewables 3 Oct., 2019) Contact: Energy Isles Limited, www.energyisles.co.uk; Statkraft AS, Duncan Dale, VP UK, +47 24 06 70 00, www.statkraft.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Statkraft AS ,  Wind,  


    ASE Calls for New Energy Efficiency Tax Incentives (Ind. Report)
    Alliance to Save Energy
    Date: 2019-10-04
    The Washington, DC-based Alliance to Save Energy (ASE) and a broad coalition of businesses, trade associations, and advocacy groups has called on Congress to pass bipartisan legislation to modernize and reinstate expired tax incentives that help homeowners lower their energy bills through energy efficiency improvements.

    The legislation would encourage high-efficiency new home construction and efficiency improvements for existing homes, stimulate billions of dollars in economic activity and sharply reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the residential buildings sector.

    The legislation would reinstate and reform two key energy efficiency tax credits that expired on 31st December 2017 -- the 25C credit for homeowner efficiency improvements and the 45L credit for new home construction. Under the reformed 25C legislation-- the Home Energy Savings Act -- homeowners could receive up to $1,200 in tax credits over their lifetime for installing home equipment and components that meet certain efficiency levels, including insulation, doors, windows, air conditioners, heat pumps, water heaters, boilers, and furnaces.

    The 45L new home construction bill -- the New Home Energy Efficiency Act -- would give home builders a $2,500 incentive for building high-efficiency new homes. (Source: Alliance to Save Energy, 3 Oct., 2019) Contact: Alliance to Save Energy, 202.857.0666, www.ase.org

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Alliance to Save Energy,  Energy Efficiency,  


    Glennmont Snares 211-MW Finnish Wind Project (Int'l., M&A)
    Glennmont Partners ,Ilmatar Energy
    Date: 2019-10-02
    London-based fund manager Glennmont Partners is reporting acquisition of the shovel-ready 211.4-MW "Piiparinmaki" wind project in central Finland from Helsinki-headquartered Ilmatar Energy Ltd. Project construction is slated to get underway this month.

    The 41 Vestas turbine deal was handled through Glennmont's €850-million ($926.6 million) Clean Energy Fund III. The purchase price was not revealed. (Source: Glenmont, Renewables, 1 Oct., 2019) Contact: Ilmatar Energy Ltd., info@ilmatarwind.fi www.ilmatar.fi; Glennmont Partners, www.glennmont.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Glennmont Partners ,  Wind,  Ilmatar Energy,  


    Dominion Planning 220-Turbine Offshore Wind Project (Ind. Report)
    Dominion Energy
    Date: 2019-10-02
    In the Old Dominion State, Richmond-headquartered Dominion Energy reports it will seek regulatory approval for a 2,600-MW, 220-turbine offshore wind project to be constructed in leased federal waters 27 miles off Virginia Beach.

    If approved and constructed, the approximately $7.8 billion project would generate sufficient power for 650,000 homes when fully operational in 2026. according to the release. (Source: Dominion Energy, Daily Commercial News, AP, 1 Oct., 2019) Contact: Dominion Energy, Mark Mitchell, VP Generation Construction, www.dominionenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Dominion Energy ,  Offshore Wind,  


    Apex Clean Energy's Mich. Wind Project Gets the Nod (Ind. Report)
    Apex Clean Energy, DTE
    Date: 2019-10-02
    In Michigan, the Isabella County Planning Commission reports approval of Charlottesville, Virginia-based Apex Clean Energy's site plan for 82 of a planned 136 turbine turbine wind farm slated for construction in Nottawa and Gilmore townships.

    Site preparation is underway for an expected construction startup and completion in 2020. Apex Clean Energy epectd to sell the entire farm to DTE Energy. (Source: Apex Clean Energy, Morning Sun, 1 Oct., 2019)Contact: Apex Clean Energy, 434-220-7595, www.apexcleanenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Apex Clean Energy,  DTE,  Wind,  DTE,  


    GE Haliade-Xs Selected for Mammoth UK Offshore Wind Farm (Int'l.)
    GE Renewable Energy
    Date: 2019-10-02
    GE Renewable Energy reports receipt of a preferred supplier agreement to deliver as many as 300 of its Haliade-X turbines for the giant 3.6 GW Dogger Bank complex of three, 1.2GW wind farms being constructed off the UK by a developer consortium made up of Equinor and SSE.

    The Dogger Bank order, which hinges on a final investment decision expected before the end of next year, would kick-off a £9 billion ($11 billion) capital investment by the developers. Once fully operational, Dogger Bank will supply sufficient power for more than 4.5 million homes -- 5 pct of the UK's estimated electric power generation. Construction is set to get underway early next year for power production in 2023. (Source: GE, Recharge Wind, 1 Oct., 2019) Contact: GE Renewable Energy, John Lavelle, CEO Offshore Wind, www.ge.com/renewableenergy

    More Low-Carbon Energy News GE Renewable Energy,  Offshore Wind,  Dogger Bank,  


    Shell, EDP JV Pitch Connecticut Offshore Wind Farm (Ind. Report)
    Shell, EDP,Mayflower Wind
    Date: 2019-10-02
    Mayflower Wind, a 50/50 Shell New Energies US and Portugal-based EDPR Offshore North America JV, reports the submission of bids to Connecticut regulators to develop and construct an offshore wind farm in leased waters roughly 20 miles south of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts.

    One proposal is for a 408-mw wind project and the other is a 804-mw wind farm. Both would have an expected 20-year life span. Both Netherlands-based Shell and Portugal-based EDP have North American renewable operations based in Houston. (Source: Mayflower Wind, EDP, Shell, Chronicle, 1 Oct., 2019)Contact: Mayflower Wind, www.mayflowerwind.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Offshore Wind,  Mayflower Wind,  Shell,  EDP,  


    Solar, Wind Now Cheaper Than Coal, says IPPC (Ind. Report)
    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
    Date: 2019-09-30
    According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) order to keep global temperatures from rising more than 1.5 degrees C over pre-industrial averages within this century -- the goal set by the Paris climate agreement -- the entire world would have to transition to 100 pct clean energy by the middle of the century -- a lofty goal. But up until now, clean energies haven't bee cost competitive in a market flooded with cheap natural gas, coal, and oil. But now, renewables that one needed financial incentives to be adopted at any serious scale, have fallen in price to the point that no government subsidies are required.

    Download the report HERE. Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Yahoo Finance, 26 Sept., 2019) Contact: IPCC, www.ipcc.ch

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,  Renewable Energy,  Solar,  Wind ,  


    City of Norman Committed to Renewable Energy (Ind. Report)
    City of Norman
    Date: 2019-09-30
    In the Sooner State, the Norman City Council and Norman Ready for 100 policy committee is touting its previously reported resolution to transition all city facilities to 100 pct wind, solar, energy efficiency measures and other renewable sources within the electricity sector by 2035, and all energy-use sectors, including heating and transportation, by 2050.

    To that end, the Norman Ready for 100 is relying on the Oklahoma Gas & Electric (OG&E) utility to add sufficient new renewable energy to its system so the city can meet its self imposed program goals. The committee also wants to raise the efficiency standards in the city's building codes to 2015 levels.

    The Ready for 100 is a national Sierra Club campaign with 133 U.S. city participants. Norman city facilities currently consumes about 10 MW of electricity. (Source: City of Norman, Norman Transcript, AP, 29 Sept., 2019) Contact: City of Norman, Darrel Pyle, City Manager, 405-366-5402, www.normanok.gov › city-manager

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Renewable Energy,  


    Dominion Energy Acquires VA. Solar Projects (M&A, Ind Report)
    Dominion Energy
    Date: 2019-09-30
    In the Old Dominion State, Richmand-based Dominion Energy, Inc. subsidiary Dominion Generation, Inc. is reporting acquisition of two solar generating projects from Savion LLC, a subsidiary of Macquarie's Green Investment Group.

    The 15-MW Myrtle Solar project in the City of Suffolk is expected to come online in Q2, 2020. The 80-MW Greensville Solar facility in Greensville County is expected to come online in late 2020.

    Power generated at the two sites, as well as the renewable energy credits, will go to telecommunications company T-Mobile USA, Inc., under long-term PPAs. {Source: Dominion Energy, PR, 28 Sept., 2019) Contact: Dominion Energy, Aaron Ruby, (804) 771-3404, Aaron.F.Ruby@dominionenergy.com, Gary Courts, GM New Bus. Dev., www.DominionEnergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Dominion Energy ,  Offshore Wind,  


    Vestas Claims 359 MW US Wind Turbines Order (Ind. Report)
    Vestas
    Date: 2019-09-30
    Danish global wind turbine manufacturer Vestas is reporting receipt of an order from an undisclosed customer for 359 MW of V120-2.2 MW wind turbines for a wind farm at an undisclosed U.S. location. Including previously purchased V112-3.45 MW components, the project has a total nameplate capacity of 400 MW.

    Turbine supply, commissioning and a 10-year service agreement is included in the order. Turbine delivery is slated for Q1 2020 with commissioning scheduled for Q3 2020. The project and customer are undisclosed. (Source: Vestas, PR, reve, 30 Sept., 2019) Contact: Vestas, Christer Baden Hansen, VP Sales, +34 689 64 83 91, www.vestas.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Vestas,  Wind,  Wind Turbine,  


    EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2019 -- Projections to 2050 (Ind. Report)
    US EIA
    Date: 2019-09-30
    According to the recently released U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook 2019 -- Projections to 2050 report, despite renewable energy investment more than tripling globally during the current decade compared to the last 10-year period, most of the power delivered to the world's electric grids during the recent decade was from coal -- still the world's largest source of electricity, providing 38 pct of world electrical generation in 2018, about the same as 1997.

    The world spent about $2.6 trillion on renewable energy projects during the decade, over three times the amount spent from 2000 to 2009. Solar PV investments totaled around $1.3 trillion, and onshore and offshore wind investment totaled around $1 trillion. Globally, solar energy capacity increased by 638 GW between 2009 and 2019, while coal-fired capacity increased by 529 GW, wind capacity increased 487 GW, and natural gas capacity increased 436 GW. In 2018, $41 billion was invested in coal worldwide.

    China's spending on renewable electricity was the highest in the world at $758 billion from 2000 to the first half of 2019. The US was second with $356 billion, followed by Japan at $202 billion. The European nations spent around $698 billion on wind, solar, and other renewable energy sources, with Germany and the UK spending the most. It is expected that 330 GW of new wind power capacity will come online over the next five years, driven primarily by onshore wind power projects in the US and China. Investments in renewable power capacity in 2018, however, dropped 38 pct in China and by 6 pct in the US, while rising 45 pct in Europe.

    The report predicts that electric power demand for coal will fall to 17 pct of total generation by 2050. Moody's Investors Service predicts coal will represent 11 pct of total U.S. power generation by 2030 -- down from 27 pct in 2018. The over 50 pct drop in coal demand from utilities by 2030 implies that coal demand would decline by about 7 pct per year on average over the next 10 years.

    Download the US EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2019 -- Projections to 2050 report HERE. (Source: US EIA, Sept., 2019) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Coal,  Renewable Energy,  US EIA,  


    Vestas Confirms Mexican 168-MW Wind Turbine Order (Int'l Report)
    Vestas
    Date: 2019-09-27
    Danish wind industry major Vestas Wind Systems A/S is reporting eceipt of an order to supply equipment for a 168-MW wind park in Mexico.

    Under the deal, which derives from a corporate power purchase agreement (PPA), Vestas will deliver and install 42 units of its 4-MW platform turbines as well as provide operations and maintenance (O&M) services under a five-year Active Output Management 5000 (AOM 5000) agreement.

    The turbine blades will be manufactured at TPI Composites Inc's plant in Matamoro, Tamaulipas state, Mexico and the towers will be from local suppliers. (Source: Vestas, Renewables Now, 26 Sept., 2019) Contact: Vestas, Christina Schmidt, +49 40 46778 5153, +49 (0) 160 90141736, chbut@vestas.com, www.vestas.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Vestas,  Wind Turbine,  Wind,  


    Orsted's Hornsea Offshore Wind Project Near Completion (Int'l.)
    Orsted
    Date: 2019-09-27
    In the UK, Orsted is reporting the world's largest offshore wind farm roughly 75 miles off the Yorkshire coast of Britain is nearing completion.

    The Hornsea One project incorporates 174 , 7-MW wind turbines and will generate sufficient electric power for 1 million or more homes when completed and online in 2020. (Source: Orstd, 24 Sept, 2019) Contact: Orsted, Henrik Poulsen, CEO, Daniel Lerup, Inv. Relations, +45 99 55 97 22, www.orsted.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Hornsea,  Offshore Wind,  Orsted ,  


    180-MW Brazilian Wind Park Complex Now Online (Int'l. Report)
    Brazil Wind,Wind
    Date: 2019-09-27
    The Brazilian power utility Companhia Paranaense de Energia (COPEL) reports the last three units of the 180.6-MW Cutia wind energy complex in Rio Grande do Norte state is now online. The facility consists of seven wind parks totaling 86 wind turbines. (Source: Copel, Renewables, 26 Sept., 2019) Contact: Copel, (+55 41 3222-2027, +55 41 3331-3277, copel@copel.com, www.copel.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Brazil Wind,  


    OGCI Invests in Norsepower's Rotor Sail Wind Power (Ind. Report)
    Norsepower Oy Ltd
    Date: 2019-09-25
    Helsinki-headquartered Norsepower Oy Ltd is reporting OGCI Climate Investments has led an €8 million investment round in Norsepower. The new dunds will be used to scale up production and commercialization of low maintenance, software operated, data verified auxiliary Rotor Sail wind energy propulsion systems for ships.

    Norsepower's Rotor Sail technology, which can be installed on new vessels or retrofitted on existing ships, is a modernized version of the Flettner rotor -- a spinning cylinder that uses the Magnus effect to harness wind to propel a ship. The solution is fully automated and senses whenever the wind is strong enough to deliver fuel savings, at which point the rotors start automatically. Since its establishment in November 2012, Norsepower has raised more than $24 million of funding since its founding in 2012. (Source: OGCI Climate Investments, 23 Sept., 2019) Contact: OGCI Climate Investments, Pratima Rangarajan, CEO, www.oilandgasclimateinitiative.com; Norsepower Oy Ltd., Tuomas Riski, CEO, +358 50 3305732, www.norsepower.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Norsepower Oy ,  Wind,  


    Senvion Negotiating Asset Sale to Siemens Gamesa (Int'l Report)
    Senvion , Siemens Gamesa
    Date: 2019-09-25
    Hamburg, Germany-based bankrupt wind turbine manufacturer Senvion reports it is in talks with Siemens Gamesa over the sale of a substantial part of its business.

    Senvion, which is in self-administration after declaring insolvent in April, plans to reach a final agreement on certain services and onshore assets in Europe by the end of the month. The agreement on exclusive talks is consistent with insolvency plans adopted by the creditors' assembly on Sept. 11 and was also approved unanimously by Senvion's creditors' committee, the company added. (Source: Senvion, 16 Sept., 2019) Contact: Senvion, Jurgen Geissinger, CEO, +49 40 5 55 50 90 0, www.senvion.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Senvion,  Wind Turbine,  Wind,  Siemens Gamesa,  


    Two 210-MW Michigan Wind Projects Announced (Ind. Report)
    Amber Infrastructure,Circle Power
    Date: 2019-09-25
    Hunt Companies affiliate Amber Infrastructure and Royal Oak Michigan-based Circle Power report they are partnering on the development of two, 20MW wind farms incorporating four turbines each in the Upper Peninsula region of Michigan. The projects are expected to be operational in late 2021. (Source: Amber Infrastructure, Circle Power, renews, 23 Sept., 2019) Contact: Amber Infrastructure, Tom O'Shaughnessy, +44 20 7939 0550, www.amberinfrastructure.com; Circle Power, Jordan Roberts, www.circlepowerco.com; Hunt Companies, www.huntcompanies.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  Circle Power,  


    ORSTED Invests in Offshore Wind Turbine Safety System (Int'l.)
    Orsted,Pict Offshore
    Date: 2019-09-25
    Danish renewable energy giant ORSTED reports the acquisition of a 22.5 pct stake in Pict Offshore. Pict's "Get Up Safe" (GUS) system was developed by Ørsted and Fife-based height safety specialist Limpet Technology.

    The GUS system safely lifts technicians between small vessels and offshore wind turbines. The system will be installed at a new site in Inverkeithing, Fife. (Source: Orsted, The National Scot, 24 Sept., 2019) Contact: Orsted, Mark Porter, VP Offshore Operations, Henrik Poulsen, CEO, Daniel Lerup, Inv. Relations, +45 99 55 97 22, www.orsted.com; Pict Offshore, Philip Taylor, +44 (0) 1383 431 891, info@pictoffshore.com, www.pictoffshore.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Pict Offshore,  Wind,  Orsted,  


    $40Mn Belarus Wind Project Finds Investor (Int'l. Report, Funding)
    Turkey
    Date: 2019-09-25
    Belarus is one step closer to building its largest wind farm and reaching its 2030 renewables target. Turkish green engineering and construction company Gurish Construction & Engineering Co. Inc. (GURISH) reports is investing roughly $40 million in a 25 MW wind farm near the village of Veleshkovichi in the Vitebsk region of Belarus.

    The project, which is expected to get underway in 2020, will be Belarus' largest wind energy producer supplying sufficient electric power for more than 20,000 area households when fully operational.Over its expected 20-year lifespan, the project is projected to offset over 500 thousand tonnes of CO2. (Source: UNDP Belaruse, Sept., 2019) Contact: Gurish Construction & Engineering, www.zaubacorp.com/company/GIRISH-CONSTRUCTION-PRIVATE-LIMITED/U45201GJ1986PTC008402

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  


    UK Holding $25Bn Offshore Wind Farm Sites Auction (Int'l Report)
    Crown Estate,Offshore Wind
    Date: 2019-09-23
    Further to our 30th August report, the Crown Estate in the UK is reported to have launched its first major auction of offshore wind farm leases in a decade, offering four new sites -- Dogger Bank Bidding Area, Eastern Regions Bidding Area, South East Bidding Area and Northern Wales and the Irish Sea Bidding Area -- with the combined potential of 7-8.5 GW -- sufficient power for more than six million UK homes. The first seabed rights could be awarded in early 2021, Crown Estate said.

    The UK plans to generate one-third of its electricity from wind power by 2030 as part of efforts to reach its 2050 net-zero carbon emissions target.

    Crown Estate acts as manager of the seabed around England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Crown Estate Scotland is expected to launch an offshore wind seabed licensing round for sites off the Scottish coast in October. (Source: Crown Estate, Aljazeera, 19 Sept., 2019) Contact: The Crown Estate, Judith Everett, COO, +44 0 20 7851 5000, enquiries@thecrownestate.co.uk, www.thecrownestate.co.uk

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Crown Estate,  Offshore Wind,  UK Offshore Wind,  


    Dominion Touting 220-Turbine NJ Offshore Wind Project (Ind. Report)
    Dominion Energy
    Date: 2019-09-23
    In the Old Dominion State, Richmond-based utility holding company Dominion Energy is touting its proposed Coastal Virginia Offshore Wind project -- the first fully permitted wind project in US federal waters. Dominion has filed an interconnection request for its 2.6-GW, 220-turbine project with PJM, the grid operator for much of the East Coast and Midwest.

    Ocean survey work is slated to get underway in 2020 and a construction and operations plan will be submitted in 2022. The project would be located 27 miles off the coast of Virginia Beach.

    There are now more than 26,000 MW of offshore wind capacity in various stages of development off the East Coast and in the Great Lakes, with additional potential off the East and West Coasts, according to the Click Lancashire article. (Source: Dominion Energy, Click Lancashire, 22 Sept., 2019) Contact: Dominion Energy, Mark D. Mitchell,VP Generation Construction, www.dominionenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Dominion Energy ,  Offshore Wind,  


    Russia's Largest Wind Farm Underway Near Murmansk (Int'l. Report)
    Russia Wind
    Date: 2019-09-23
    Enel and its subsidiary Enel Green Power report they will construct the 201-MW Kola Wind Power Station -- the largest wind park in Russia and one of the biggest in the world north of the Arctic Circle. -- about 80 km from the city of Murmansk. The €405 million facility is expected to be commissioned and operational in 2021.

    Russia reportedly aims to increase its renewable energy power generation and consumption up to 4.5 pct by year 2020 but is currently nowhere near its target. In an effort to reach its goal, the government reportedly has earmarked only 400 billion rubles ($6.23 million) for the country's entire green energy sector for the period 2025 to 2035. (Source: The Barents Observer, 23 Sept., 2019)

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Russian Wind news,  Enel news,  


    St1 Nordic Licenses Honeywell Ecofining Tech. (Ind. Report)
    Honeywell UOP, St1 Nordic
    Date: 2019-09-20
    Des Plaines, Ill.-based Honeywell UOP is reports it has licensed its Ecofining renewable fuels technology to Helsinki-headquartered St1 Nordic Oy for the production of 4,000 bpd of diesel and jet fuel at St1 Nordic's refinery complex in Gothenburg, Sweden. Basic engineering design for the project has already been completed.

    The Ecofining process converts inedible oils, animal fats, tall oils derived from forestry residues and other waste feedstocks into Honeywell Green Diesel which is chemically identical to petroleum-based diesel and can be used as a drop-in fuel. It also features up to an 80 pct lifecycle reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared with diesel from petroleum.

    In addition to Ecofining technology, Honeywell has commercialized the UOP Renewable Jet Fuel Process™. Jet fuel produced by this process can be blended seamlessly with petroleum-based fuel. When used in up to a 50 pct blend with petroleum-based jet fuel, Honeywell Green Jet Fuel™ requires no changes to aircraft technology and meets all critical specifications for flight, according to Honeywell. St1 Nordic Oy researches and develops economically viable, environmentally sustainable energy including waste-based advanced ethanol fuels and industrial wind power. (Source: Honeywell, Chemical Engineering, 19 Sept., 2019) Contact: St1 Nordic, Bo-Erik Svensson, Managing Director, www.st1.eu; Honeywell UOP, Bryan Glover, VP Petrochemicals & Refining Technologies, www,uop.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Honeyell UOP,  Green Diesel ,  St1 Nordic ,  


    Orsted Selects N.J. Offshore Wind Components Site (Ind. Report)
    Orsted,Ocean Wind LLC
    Date: 2019-09-20
    Danish wind energy developer Orsted reports its selection of the shuttered Oyster Creek nuclear plant in Lacey Township New Jersey has been approved by the state Board of Public Utilities. Orsted plans to construct an onshore substation and components facility at the site to service its planned a 1,100-MW, $1.6 billion offshore wind facility 15 miles off the coast of Atlantic City.

    The 1,100-MW offshore wind project is expected to generate sufficient electric power for 500,000 area homes. Construction is slated to get underway in the early 2020s for commissioning and operation in 2024. public meeting last month in Atlantic City. (Source: Orsted, Press of Atlantic City, 17 Sept., 2019)Contact: Orsted, Henrik Poulsen, CEO, Daniel Lerup, Inv. Relations, +45 99 55 97 22, www.orsted.com; Ocean Wind LLC, oceanwind.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Ocean Wind LLC,  Orsted,  Wind,  Offshore Wind,  


    Duke Energy, Sprint Ink Texas Wind Project VPPA (Ind. Report)
    Duke Energy,Sprint
    Date: 2019-09-20
    Charlotte, North Carolina-based Duke Energy Renewables is reporting plans to construct and own a 182 MW wind farm in Nolan County, Texas after signing a 12-year virtual power purchase agreement with communications giant Sprint for the majority of the wind farm's power production. most of the power produced by the project.

    Construction on the Maryneal Windpower project -- Duke Energy Renewables' eighth announced this year -- in is expected to get underway in early 2020 for commercial production starting by year-end 2020. (Source: Duke Energy Renewables, PR, Seeking Alpha, 18 Sept., 2019) Contact: Duke Energy Renewables, Rob Caldwell, Pres, (704) 594-6200, rob.caldwell@duke-energy.com, www.duke-energy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Duke Energy Renewables,  Wind,  


    Be-Wind Inks UK Turbine Assembly, Distribution Deal (Int'l. Report)
    Technica, Be-Wind
    Date: 2019-09-20
    In the UK, Grimsby-based Technica Ltd. is reporting a new wind turbine assembly and distribution agreement with Winter Garden, Florida-headquartered Be-Wind LLC.

    The agreement gives Technica, operating under the name Technica Energy, an exclusive sector of the UK, with specific focus on the micro-commercial onshore power generation market. Technic will also provide assembly and business development support to the Be-Wind operations throughout the remainder of the UK and EU as required. (Source: Technica Ltd., Insider Media, 19 Dept., 2019) Contact: Technica, Richard Law, Business Development, www.be-wind.com; Technica Ltd., +44 1472 268007, www.technicaltd.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  Technica,  Turbine,  On-shore wind,  


    South Windsor Connecticut Goes 100 pct Solar (Ind. Report)
    South Windsor Connecticut
    Date: 2019-09-20
    In Connecticut, the Town of South Windsor (pop. 25,00 +-) reports it is proposing a solar installation in neighboring East Windsor as a source of more than 80 pct of the power needs of 40 municipal buildings.

    100 pct of the 10-acre, NorCap South solar array's power will be delivered to the electric grid and distributed through a virtual net metering agreement to 10 municipal accounts in the town of South Windsor and other locations. (Source: South Windsor. CT Mirror, Sept., 2019) Contact: Town of South Windsor, www.southwindsor-ct.gov

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar,  


    Iberwind Extends Nordex Portuguese Service Contracts (Int'l Report)
    Iberwind,Nordex Group
    Date: 2019-09-20
    Portuguese wind energy specialist Iberwind reports it is extending its service contracts with the Nordex Group for 132 of its wind turbines. As part of a Premium Service contract the Nordex Group will be handling the service and maintenance of 110 N90/2500 and N90/2300 wind turbines and 22 N60/1300 machines until 2025.

    The extended service contract for 290 MW covers 70 pct of the wind capacity installed in Portugal by the Nordex Group. The first Nordex wind turbines for Iberwind were installed in 2001.

    To date Iberwind has been responsible for the installation of 31 wind farms since 1998. The company operates more than 300 wind turbines with an installed capacity of around 730 MW -- sufficient power for roughly 600,000 households. (Source: Iberwind, PR, reve, 19 Sept., 2019) Contact: Iberwind, Rui Maia, COO, www.iberwind.pt; Nordex Group, Felix Losada, +49 40 300 30 1000, +49 40 300 30 1101, flosada@nordex-online.com, www.nordex.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Iberwind,  Nordex Group,  Wind,  


    Turkish Daily Wind Power Generation Sets Record (Int'l. Report)
    Turkey
    Date: 2019-09-18
    In Ankara, the Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEIAS) in Turkey is reporting the country produced 132.90 GWh of wind generated electricity on Sunday, 14th Sept. -- 19 pct of the total power being generated. In this particular time period, wind power became the third largest energy source after imported coal, which generated 157.87 GWh of electricity. Lignite came second with 144.18 GWh. Throughout the period, wind power generation per hour remained above 5 GWh.

    According to TEIAS, Turkey's total installed power capacity was 90.39 GW as of Sept. 15. Wind power installed capacity was 7.27 GW in the same period.

    Turkey has announced plans to boost its wind and solar capacity by 10,000 MW) each in the coming decade through renewable energy resources zone (YEKA) tenders. (Source: Electricity Transmission Corporation, Daily Sabah, 16 Sept., 2019) Contact: Electricity Transmission Corporation, www.teias.gov.tr

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Turkey Wind,  Wind,  


    Steuben County New York Wind Farm Approved (Ind. Report)
    Innogy
    Date: 2019-09-18
    The NY State Siting Board reports it has approved construction of a 242-MW wind farm project in the towns of Cohocton, Dansville, Fremont and Wayland, western Steuben County.

    The 68-turbine Baron Winds project will connect with the state's electrical grid through New York State Electric & Gas transmission lines. The project will be built and operated by a subsidiary of the German energy company Innogy. The project will generate sufficient electric power for roughly 94,000 residences. Regulators note there are 44 existing wind turbines within a five-mile radius of the proposed project. (Source: Innogy, Star Gazette, 16 Sept., 2019) Contact: Baron Winds Project, iam.innogy.com/en/about-innogy/innogy-innovation-technology/renewables/onshore/innogy-onshore-construction-projects/baron-winds

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Wind,  Innogy,  


    Encore Renewable Energy Reports New Funding (Ind. Report, Funding)
    Encore Renewable Energy
    Date: 2019-09-18
    Burlingto, Vermont-based Encore Renewable Energy reports it is pushing ahead the development of community-scale solar and energy storage projects on underutilized and "brownfield" sites with a $1.8 million development loan from Durham, North Carolina-based Leyline Renewable Energy's Windstar Fund I, L.P.

    Leyline provides development capital for early- to mid-stage renewable energy developers, which accelerates their development process and the growth of their project pipelines. (Source: EncoreRenewableEnergy, PR, 16 Sept., 2019) Contact: Leyline Renewable Energy, Erik Lensch, 919.636.8320, erik.lensch@leyline-energy.com, www.leylinecapital.com; Encore Renewable Energy, 802-861-3023, www.encorerenewableenergy.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News Encore Renewable Energy,  Clean Energy,  Renewable Energy,  


    SimpliPhi Power Touts AccESS Energy Storage System (Ind. Report)
    SimpliPhi Power,Sol-Ark
    Date: 2019-09-18
    Oxnard, California-based SimpliPhi Power is reporting their collaboration with veteran-owned Parker, Texas-based solar energy inverter specialist Sol-Ark on the latest evolution of the company's turn-key AccESS energy storage and management system.

    The SimpliPhi AccESS Energy Storage System combines cobalt-free, non-toxic LFP PHI batteries with the DC transformerless Sol-Ark hybrid inverter and built-in dual integrated charge controllers in a NEMA-3R indoor/outdoor-rated cabinet

    Available with 15.2 or 22.8 kWh of PHI storage, the AccESS can scale up with additional cabinets for more power storage and greater output with the introduction of Sol-Ark's 12K in Q4 2019. Units can be safely installed indoors or outdoors and can be charged with solar, wind, grid or generator power and comes pre-wired and pre-programmed. (Source; SimpliPhi Power, PR, 17 Sept., 2019) ; Contact: Sol-Ark, www.sol-ark.com; Simplifi Power, Catherine Von Burg, CEO, (805) 640-6700, www.Simpliphipower.com

    More Low-Carbon Energy News SimpliPhi Power,  Energy Storage,  Sol-Ark,  

    Showing 1 to 50 of 1978.

    Go to page:
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40