As previously reported,
Delta Air Lines, in partnership with NWABF, is investing $2 million to assess the biofuel refinery project's feasibility.
Additionally, the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture funded NARA with $39.5 million over 5-years. (Source: Northwest Advanced Bio-Fuels, LLC (NWABF), Washington State Univ. Evergreen, 3 Oct., 2019) Contact: Washington State University, NARA, Ralph Cavalieri, (509) 335-5581, firstname.lastname@example.org,
www.nararenewables.org; Northwest Advanced Bio-Fuels, LLC
Chris Whitworth,Dir. Project Dev., www.facebook.com/NWABiofuels; Gevo, Patrick Gruber, CEO, 303-858-8358, email@example.com, www.gevo.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News GEVO, Aviation Biofuel, Woody Biomass,
The new data showed minimal amounts of carbon are stored in the sediments of deserts and dry forests, but roughly six feet beneath the surfaces of wet forests, scientists found an abundance of carbon bound to reactive minerals. The persistence of water and decaying organic matter on the forest floor helps leach carbon from above and transport to minerals buried below.
According to the new research, global warming won't impact the carbon that is already stored beneath the surface of wet forest floors, but it will alter the pathway by which new carbon gets stored. Temperature increases are likely to minimize the amount of water running through forest soil, even if precipitation levels remain stable.
The results of the survey were published in the journal Nature Climate Change HERE. (Source: Washington State University, Vancouver, UPI, 2 Nov., 2018) Contact: Washington State University, Vancouver, Assoc. Prof. Marc Kramer, Environmental Chemistry, firstname.lastname@example.org, https://labs.wsu.edu/kramerlab/marc-g-kramer
More Low-Carbon Energy News Washington State University, Carbon Storage,
The CCCU aims to make coal a safer and more affordable source of energy, with minimal impact on the environment. Donations fund new research projects, facilities, and outreach activities involving clean coal. The research projects are conducted by faculty from both Washington University and international partner universities. In total, the program has completed 24 research projects, 114 peer-reviewed papers and one book.
The CCCU is a part of the International Center for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (InCEES), which was established in 2007 as a larger effort to coordinate research on energy, environment, and sustainability.
According to Peabody Director of Corporate Communications Charlene Murdock,
"Coal remains an essential part of the world' energy mix, and technologies are central to continuing to reduce the emissions profile." Murdock adds that "Peabody is dedicated to reducing emissions." (Source: Washington State University, Peabody Energy, Student Life, 28 Aug., 2018) Contact: CCCU, Richard Axelbaum, Dir., cleancoal.wustl.edu; Peabody Energy, Glenn Kellow, CEO, Travis Snyder (314) 342-4351, www.peabodyenergy.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Peabody Energy, Clean Coal, ,
Through IBO, the grant will fund research totaling $2,994,429 at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. The project proposes to develop and commercialize solvent fractionated lignins to polymeric products for their potential market in building and construction sectors. The proposed research is intended to develop integrated pathways for the extraction of value-added polymeric products from lignin waste/under-valued stream from biorefinery.
NIFA has invested in a range of projects to expand the regional biofuel and bioproduct industries and foster the scientific corps and workforce that support the bioeconomy. One recent example is a five-year investment to the Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) which has advanced research into biofuels and biochemicals, fostered the Northwest regional biofuel industry and helped educate tomorrow’s workforce on renewable energy. (Source: USDA, NIFA, PR, 4 Jan., 2018) Contact: USDA, NIFA, www.nifa.usda.gov/Impacts; NARA,
Washington State University, (509) 335-5581, www.nararenewables.org, www.wsu.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance, USDA, NIFA, Biorefining, Biofuel,
More than half the carbon stored in soil is more than 1 foot beneath the surface, and at that depth the organic matter in the soil is almost entirely associated with minerals.
Studying samples from China and Puerto Rico, the team found that mineral interactions rather than microbial activity was influencing carbon and nitrogen storage levels.
(Source: Washington State Univ., Science Alert, 11 Nov., 2017) Contact: Washington State University, Marc Kramer, email@example.com, //labs.wsu.edu/kramerlab/marc-g-kramer
More Low-Carbon Energy News Soil Carbon, Carbon Sink, CO2, Carbon Dioxice,
According to NARA Co-director Mike Wolcott, woody bioimass forestry and lumbering wastes can be used as feedstocks for commercial aviation biofuels.
As previously reported, Alaska Airlines used the fuel on a flight from Seattle to Washington, D.C. last November.
The project received approximated $40 million in funding support.
(Source, Washington State University, Daily Evergreen, 16 Oct., 2017)Contact: Washington State University, Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance, Ralph Cavalieri, Project Director, (509) 335-5581, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.nararenewables.org; www.wsu.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Jet Biofuel, Aviation Biofuel, Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance, ,
According to a release, researchers would like to produce algae efficiently because of its potential environmental benefits. Oil from the algae can be used as a petroleum alternative, and algae also can be used as food, feed, fiber, fertilizer, pigments and pharmaceuticals. Growing and harvesting algae in wastewater streams could also reduce the environmental footprint of many manufacturing processes.
However, its industrial use hasn't caught on, primarily because algae needs a lot of time and water to grow. Generally, large ponds are required, and harvesting is labor intensive. Researchers have begun developing biofilm reactors to grow the algae, but the reactors aren't efficient because of pH or temperature variations or a limited supply of carbon dioxide gas. The patent-pending biofilm reactor recycles gasses and uses less water and lower lighting than typical reactors. The system allows the algae to simultaneously do photosynthesis like a plant while also "eating" carbon and respiring like an animal, the researchers say. The researchers fed the algae glycerol, a cheap waste product of biodiesel production, and urea, another inexpensive chemical that serves as a nitrogen source for the algae. Due to the design, CO2 and oxygen are recycled in the system.
The researchers have filed a patent application on the technology and are working to optimize the process which was funded through a Fulbright fellowship.
(Source: Algae Research, VDF Central, July 26, 2017) Contact: Washington State University, Prof.
Haluk Beyenal, Gene & Linda Voiland School of Chemical Engineering & Bioengineering, https://voiland.wsu.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algae, Algae Biofuel, Biodiesel,
According to Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences professor of bioproducts, Prof. Paul Smith, developing the capability to produce the huge volume of ASTM-certified, high-energy, dense biofuels needed by the airlines, and the logistics to handle the massive amount of feedstocks necessary has been a slow process. And now, oil prices in the low $40-a-barrel range are bogging the process down further, as the cost differential between petrojet and biojet widens and thus increases capital risk.
Smith's lab is part of a group that is evaluating regional supply chains that could be used for alternative jet fuel production, including feedstock production, transportation and fuel conversion. Researchers are examining fuel-production pathways, feedstock and infrastructure requirements, and commercial fuel demand to create scenarios for future production as well as identifying potential intermediate materials and co-products for each pathway to understand potential ways to aid in making biorefineries more economical. The project aims to identify key barriers that must be overcome throughout the alternative-jet-fuel supply chain to produce and effectively market 1 billion gpy of alternative jet fuel in the near term and 10 billion gpy in the longer term. The goal, Smith pointed out, has been to produce aviation biofuel from non-edible lignocellulosic feedstocks, such as timber harvests and crop residuals.
Penn State is part of a cooperative aviation research consortium known as the Center of Excellence for Alternative Jet Fuels and Environment, funded by the FAA, NASA, the Department of Defense, the EPA and Transport Canada. Led by Washington State University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the group is a coalition of 16 leading U.S. research universities and more than 60 private-sector stakeholders committed to reducing the environmental impact of aviation.
(Source: Penn State University, PR, 26 June, 2017) Contact: Penn State College of Agricultural Science, Prof. Paul Smith, (814) 865-8841, email@example.com, http://agsci.psu.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Jet Biofuel, Aviation Biofuel, Penn State University, Biofuel,
First, the idea is to selectively breed for larger camelina seeds. Typically, they are about the size of sesame seeds, but smaller seeds are less efficient for processing since there is not enough oil relative to the husk and rest of the seed.
Secondly, Lu wants to improve the quality of the oil coming from the camelina seeds, which is too high in unsaturated fat and could render oil that is prone to oxidation and spoilage. The goal of the grant work is to make the oil more like olive oil and increase its proportion of oleic acid from about 15 pct naturally to about 80 pct.
(Source: Montana State Univ. News, 17 Jan., 2017) Contact: Montana State Univ.,
Chaofu Lu, Department of Plant Sciences and Plant Pathology, (406) 994-5741, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://plantsciences.montana.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Camelina, Biofuel Feedstock,
The researchers conducted surveys in Portland, Ore., Minneapolis and Boston. In Portland, the average amount participants would pay for second generation biofuel over conventional fuel was 17 pct, while in Minneapolis and Boston the averages were 9 pct and 8 percent, respectively. The researchers asked participants if they would be willing to pay a certain amount for the product. If they said no, researchers offered a discount and asked if participants would pay that amount. However, if respondents said yes, researchers asked if they would be willing to pay a little more for the product.
Prior to the survey, half of the participants were given information about second generation biofuels. Those participants were more willing to pay a greater premium, which suggests that marketing the benefits of the new biofuels would improve consumers' perceptions, according to McCluskey. (Source: Washington State Univ., PR, Dec. 8, 2016) Contact: WSU,
Prof. Jill McCluskey, School of Economic Sciences, (509) 335-2835,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel,
The flight is the culmination of a five-year, $39.6 million research and education project supported by USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), and led by Washington State University and the Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA). Launched in 2011, NARA has advanced research into biofuels and biochemicals and fostered the Northwest regional biofuel industry.
Alaska Airlines estimates that if it were able to replace 20 pct of its entire fuel supply at Sea-Tac Airport with biofuel, it would cut greenhouse gas emissions by about 142,000 metric tpy -- equivalent to removing approximately 30,000 passenger vehicles off the road for one year.
Since 2009, USDA has invested $19 billion in research resulting in 883 patent applications filed, 405 patents issued and 1,151 new inventions disclosures covering a wide range of topics and discoveries. (Source: USDA, NIFA, PR, 15 Nov., 2016) Contact: USDA, NIFA, Kelly Flynn, (202) 720-6133, email@example.com,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Jet Biofuel, Aviation Biofuel, Alaska Airlines, USDA NIFA,