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Biomass Residues to Fischer-Tropsch Products Validated (Ind Report)
Fischer-Tropsch
Date: 2019-09-27
The EU news agency CORDIS is reporting production of biofuel by gasification of biomass residues has been successfully validated in the EU's COMSYN project in September. The process performance was verified with bark in an 80 hour-long test run by the Helsinki-headquartered VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd (VTT) -- the project coordinator.

The syngas conversion to Fischer-Tropsch (FT) products was conducted by Karlsruhe, Germany-based IneraTec GmbH. The test studied and verified the performance of the gas cleaning train and the entire synthesis process with real wood-derived gasification gas. (Source: CORDIS, EU COMSYN Project, 26 Sept., 2019) Contact: EU COMDYN Project, www.comsynproject.eu; VTT Technical Research Centre, Nils-Olof Nylund, +358 400 703 715, nils.olof.nylund@vtt.fi, www.vttresearch.com; IneraTec GmbH, +49 721 86484460, www.ineratec.de

More Low-Carbon Energy News Syngas,  COMSYN,  VTT,  Fischer-Tropsch,  Syngas,  


Melting Arctic Permafrost Impact Costs Pegged at $70tn (Int'l)
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland
Date: 2019-09-27
As previously reported, a study of the economic consequences of a melting Arctic from the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) in Espoo has found that the release of methane and CO2 from thawing permafrost will accelerate global warming and add up to $70 trillion to the worlds climate bill.

The study authors contend their study is the first to calculate the economic impact of permafrost melt and reduced albedo -- a measure of how much light that hits a surface is reflected without being absorbed -- based on the most advanced computer models of what is likely to happen in the Arctic as temperatures rise.

The study notes that on the current trajectory of at least 3 degree C of warming by the end of the century, melting permafrost is expected to discharge up to 280 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide and 3 gigatonnes of methane, which is 10 to 20 times more damaging to the the afmosphere than carbon dioxide. This would increase the global climate-driven impacts by $70 trillion between now and 2300, the report concludes. (Source: VIT, Weekened Leader, 22 April, 2019) Contact: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, +358 20 722 111, +358 20 722 7001 - fax., www.vttresearch.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland news,  VTT news,  Climate Change news,  Methane news,  


Finns Investigating Man-made Cellulose Fibre Production (R&D, Int'l)
VTT
Date: 2019-06-28
The Helsinki, Finland-headquartered VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland reports receipt of €2.6 million funding from the Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking (BBI JU)to improve wood-to-textile value chains to enable increased production of man-made cellulose fibres.

VTT's Green Chemicals and Technologies for the Wood-to-textile Value Chain (CRETE) project, a partnership between the EU and the Bio-based Industries Consortium, will tackle the bottlenecks of creating wood-to-textile value chains by developing innovative technologies for wood pulp modification, cellulose dissolution and fibre-quality generation. The issues to be solved in the project play a significant role in developing sustainable and green technologies for the European industry.

The project is led and coordinated by VTT, alongside partners University of Helsinki, Universitat fur Bodenkultur Wien, Universidade de Aveiro, Metsa Fibre Oyj, Celbi SA, Material Connexion Italia SRL and Vertech Group. (Source: VTT, Canadian Biomass, 26 June, 2019) Contact: VTT Technical Research Centre, Nils-Olof Nylund, +358 400 703 715, nils.olof.nylund@vtt.fi, www.vttresearch.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News VTT,  Cellulosic,  Woody Biomass,  Wood Pulp,  


Melting Arctic Permafrost Impact Costs Pegged at $70tn (Int'l)
Methane
Date: 2019-04-26
A study of the economic consequences of a melting Arctic from the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) in Espoo has found that the release of methane and CO2 from thawing permafrost will accelerate global warming and add up to $70 trillion to the worlds climate bill.

The study authors contend their study is the first to calculate the economic impact of permafrost melt and reduced albedo -- a measure of how much light that hits a surface is reflected without being absorbed -- based on the most advanced computer models of what is likely to happen in the Arctic as temperatures rise.

The study notes that on the current trajectory of at least 3 degree C of warming by the end of the century, melting permafrost is expected to discharge up to 280 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide and 3 gigatonnes of methane, which is 10 to 20 times more damaging to the the afmosphere than carbon dioxide. This would increase the global climate-driven impacts by $70 trillion between now and 2300, the report concludes. (Source: VIT, Weekened Leader, 22 April, 2019) Contact: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, +358 20 722 111, +358 20 722 7001 - fax., www.vttresearch.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News VIT,  Permafrost,  Climate Change,  Methane,  


UPM Touts BioVerno Diesel to Cut Emissions (Int'l. Report)
UPM,VTT Technical Research Centre
Date: 2019-03-08
(UPM, Helsinki, 7 March 2019 at 10.00 EET) - In Finland, Helsinki headquartered renewable diesel producer UPM is reporting recent off-road vehicle tests at the VTT Technical Research Centre confirm that renewable UPM BioVerno diesel reduces tailpipe emissions. Both the nitrogen oxide and particle emissions were around 10 pct less when compared to a fossil reference fuel.

High quality sustainable biofuels are a cost-efficient alternative to help reduce traffic emissions and they can be adopted without any changes to vehicles. UPM Biofuels participates in Bio100, a four-year project co-ordinated by VTT with the goal of increasing the share of biofuels used in combustion engines in Helsinki area to at least 50 pct by 2017 and to 70-90 pct by the end of 2019, according to the UPM release. (Source: UPM, PR, Mar., 2019) Contact: UPM Biofuels, Sari Mannonen, VP . +358 45 265 1345, sari.mannonen@upm.com, ]www.upmbiofuels.com, www.upm.com; VTT Technical Research Centre, Nils-Olof Nylund, +358 400 703 715, nils.olof.nylund@vtt.fi, www.vttresearch.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Renewable Diesel,  VTT Technical Research Centre,  UPM,  


VTT Touts New Woody Biomass Gasification Technology (Int'l)
VTT
Date: 2019-01-16
In Helsinki, the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd is touting its newly developed gasification technology for turning woody biomass and forest industry byproducts, such as bark, sawdust and forestry waste, into transport biofuels and chemicals. The new technique reduces CO2 emissions by approximately 90 pct compared to fossil fuels, according to VTT.

The new approach uses gasification to turn biomass into intermediate products -- liquid hydrocarbons, methanol or methane -- in production units integrated with communal district heating plants or forest industry power plants. The intermediate products are processed further in oil refineries to make renewable fuels or chemicals.

VTT developed and piloted the new gasification process and evaluated the competitiveness of plants based on the technique in the course of a recently concluded project called BTL2030. The distributed generation process developed by the project team makes efficient use of the energy content of biomass, according to VTT. (Source: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, Canadian Biomass, Jan., 2019) Contact: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, +358 20 722 7070, info@vtt.fi, www.vttresearch.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News VTT,  Woody Biomass,  Biofuel,  


Methanol Endorsed as Sustainable Marine Fuel (Int'l Report)
SUMMETH
Date: 2018-06-01
The Sustainable Marine Methanol (SUMMETH) research project is reporting that methanol offers immediate environmental benefits and a zero-carbon pathway and that there are no obstacles to the efficient use of methanol in converted diesel engines of small maritime ferries and coastal craft. The SUMMETH research switching to methanol would offer close to zero SOx and particulate matter emissions and significantly lower NOx emissions compared to conventional marine fuels or biodiesel.

SUMMETH also concluded that there are no barriers to bunkering the ferries, since this is already carried out by truck and could easily be switched from diesel to methanol, enabling the ferry operator to immediately reduce particulate emissions and progressively reduce carbon emissions as renewable methanol becomes available.

The SUMMETH research programme was conducted by SSPA, ScandiNAOS, Marine Benchmark, Lund University, the Swedish Transport Administration Road Ferries, Scania, SMTF and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland with the support from the MARTEC II network and co-funding by the Swedish Maritime Administration, Region Vastra Gotaland, Oiltanking and the Methanol Institute. (Source: SUMMETH, Bunkering, May, 2018) Contact: SUMMETH, +46 31 772 90 66, www.summeth.marinemethanol.com/?page=home; Swedish Maritime Administration, www.sjofartsverket.se/en; VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, www.vttresearch.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Marine Methanol,  Methanol,  Biofuel,  Maritime Fuel,  


VTT to Develop New Indian Enzymes for Biorefineries (Ind. Report)
VTT
Date: 2017-11-03
Micro-organisms found in the wildfire-prone rainforests of India are an exciting prospect for biochemical production, as they are accustomed to the challenging conditions following a forest fire. The enzymes they produce are likely to also have a higher-than-normal resistance to the substances released from biomass in high-temperature industrial processes. An EU and nationally funded project led by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, called IndZyme, is looking to study whether they are capable of breaking down agricultural waste better than commercial enzymes.

The Indian research partner in IndZyme, VINSTROM, has collected microbial cultures from wildfire-prone areas of Indian rainforests and proven that they have a higher-than-normal resistance to inhibitor chemicals. During the project, these microbial cultures will be screened for new, more inhibitor-resistant cellulase enzymes as well as LPMO enzymes, whose activity may even be boosted by inhibitor chemicals. The next step will be studying the efficiency of these new enzymes in breaking down agricultural waste, such as straw, into fermentable sugars. The project will involve developing new enzyme screening methods and producing new information about compounds that inhibit or promote enzyme activity.

Lignocellulosic agricultural waste is among the most common renewable biomass resources. In Europe, wheat straw is one of the most abundant agricultural waste products. India has ample stocks of bagasse, the fibrous matter that remains after sugar cane stalks are crushed to produce sugar, but it is currently disposed of by incineration, causing considerable local emissions.

The three-year IndZyme project consortium consists of VTT (Finland), VINSTROM (India), RWTH (Germany) and the University of Tartu (Estonia). VINSTROM will screen the microbial cultures, after which VTT will analyse them for the enzymes they produce. RWTH will fraction the inhibitor compounds generated by biomass processing, after which VTT and the University of Tartu will characterise the enzymes and study their interactions with inhibitors. The project The VTT coordinated project has a total budget of approximately €1 million. VTT and the Academy of Finland have together allocated €400,000 towards the project . (Source: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, PR, 2 Nov., 2017) Contact: VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Kristiina Kruus, Research Prof., +358-50-520-2471, kristiina.kruus@vtt.fi, www.vtt.fi

More Low-Carbon Energy News VTT news,  Enzymes news,  


Finnish Demo Delivers Renewable Fuel from CO2 (Ind. Report)
VTT Technical Research Centre
Date: 2017-06-12
In Finland, the Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, are reporting progress on a renewable fuel--from--carbon dioxide captured from the air.

The pilot, which is coupled to LUT's solar power plant, incorporates a solar power plant, equipment for separating CO2 and water from the air, a section that uses electrolysis to produce hydrogen, and synthesis equipment for producing a crude-oil substitute from CO2 and hydrogen.

The project aims to demonstrate the technical performance of the overall process and produce 200 litres of fuels and other hydrocarbons for research purposes. After the piloting phase, synthesis units will be used in future EU projects. (Source: VTT Research, Renewable Energy, 10 June, 2017) Contact: VTT Research, +358 20 722 7070, info@vtt.fi, www.vttresearch.com; LUT, Professor Jero Ahola, +358 29 446 2111, www.lut.fi/web/en

More Low-Carbon Energy News VTT Technical Research Centre,  


Aussie Bio-Manufacturing Hub in Planning Stages (Int'l. Report)
VTT,CSIRO,Australian Paper
Date: 2017-03-31
In the Land Down Under, Federation University, Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT), the Australia Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), and Melbourne-based Australian Paper Co. are reported to be advancing plans to create a bio-manufacturing hub in the Latrobe Valley.

The venture, which could create thousands of jobs and stimulate hundreds of millions of dollars of investment, aims to use Australian Paper's existing 50 MW biomass plant at the Maryvale mill to form the core of a bio-manufacturing facility. This bio-refinery would use lignin extracted from trees to produce high-tech, renewable bio-products.

Subject to the findings of a $2.7 million concept feasibility study, a $20 million pilot plant would be constructed in 2020 follows in 2022 by a $100 million full-scale bio-refinery. A critical part of the plan is the immediate establishment of a research centre, a BioCore, with Federation University, VTT and CSIRO. The research center is expected to cost approximately $15 million. (Source: Australian Paper, Gippsland Times, 28 May, 2017) Contact: VTT, Kati Koponen, +358 40 4878123, kati.koponen@vtt.fi, www.vtt.fi; Australian Paper, +613 8540 2300, www.australianpaper.com.au; CSIRO, Karl Rodrigues, Energy Director, enquiries@csiro.au, www.csiro.au

More Low-Carbon Energy News CSIRO,  VTT,  Bio Products,  Bioenergy,  

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