Since 2010, UK emissions from coal power sank 80 pct, CO2 from gas dropped by 20 pct and from oil fell 6 pct, according to Carbon Brief data. The Carbon Brief analysis is in agreement with the UK Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) data which confirmed low carbon sources -- including renewables and nuclear generation -- for the first time provided more than half of the UK's electricity in 2019, while overall energy production fell for the first time since 2014.
Climate Brief is funded by the European Climate Foundation. (Source: Carbon Brief, BEIS, Mar., 2020)Contact: UK Business and Energy Department, www.gov.uk/.../department-for-business-energy-and-industrial-strategy; Carbon Brief, www.carbonbrief.org; European Climate Foundation, www.europeanclimate.org
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The research, conducted in partnership with research and insights company, Drax Insights, notes that emissions from power consumption dropped by a massive 14 pct in 2019, driven by the falling use of fossil fuels and increases in renewables which was eight-times higher in 2019 than in 2010 - with the combined capacity of wind, solar, biomass and hydro having grown six-fold over the since 2010, from 5.2GW to 38.5GW. An 8 pct drop in energy demand was also a factor.
In the last decade power sector emissions fell from 161 million tonnes in 2010 to 54 million metric tonnes in 2019. (Source: Imperial College London, Smart Energy, 17 Feb., 2020) Contact: Imperial College London, www.imperial.ac.uk
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In its warning, the Committee notes Governments policies and efforts to reduce emissions have been undermined by "unacceptable" grant funding cutbacks and policies to improve residential and other building energy efficiency. Hitting the target requires efforts to cut carbon emissions from heating systems, improve home energy efficiency, tackle vehicle pollution, support onshore wind and solar power and sustain nuclear power without growing the industry, the report said.
The committee's report calls government to advance a previous;y imposed ban on the sale of new conventional cars and vans planned for 2040 to 2035 at the latest. It also called for moves to tackle emissions from car manufacturing, and urged greater efforts to reduce vehicle ownership, and boost public transport and car sharing, as well as walking and cycling. The report also said the government must commit now to large-scale trials of low carbon heating technology such as heat pumps, and replacing gas with hydrogen. A policy to make new homes "zero carbon", which was scrapped before it was implemented in 2016, should be urgently reintroduced, and incentives are needed to encourage people to make energy efficiency improvements, it said.
The government should also publish an easily accessible central guide for members of the public explaining what measures individuals and households can take to support the UK's emissions-cutting.
(Source: UK Science and Technology Select Committee, The Independent, 22 Aug., 2019) Contact: UK Science and Technology Select Committee, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_Technology_Select_Committee
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Carbon Brief estimates emissions were down 1.5 pct on 2017 levels due largely to a continued decline in coal-fired electric power generation -- only 6 pct in 2018, according to the UK Business and Energy Department (Beis). (Source: Carbon Brief, Gibraltar Chronicle, Press Association, Others, Mar., 2019) Contact: UK Business and Energy Department, www.gov.uk/.../department-for-business-energy-and-industrial-strategy; Carbon Brief, www.carbonbrief.org
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Carbon Brief estimates emissions were down 1.5 pct on 2017 levels due largely to a continued decline in coal-fired electric power generation -- only 6 pct in 2018, according to the UK
Business and Energy Department (Beis).
(Source: Carbon Brief, Gibraltar Chronicle, Press Association, Mar., 2019) Contact: UK
Business and Energy Department, https://www.gov.uk/.../department-for-business-energy-and-industrial-strategy; Carbon Brief, www.carbonbrief.org
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The Carbon Brief analysis also suggests that under a business-as-usual scenario, population growth would have actually resulted in a 25 pct increase in emissions between 1990 and today.
(Source: Carbon Brief, Treehugger, Feb., 2019)
Contact: Carbon Brief, www.carbonbrief.org
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The decline is largely attributed to an increased reliance on renewable energy sources and the drop in coal consumption which now accounts for only 5.3 pct of total primary energy consumed in the UK. The UK government has pledged to shutter all of the country's coal-fired power plants by 2025.
(Source: Carbon Brief, Red,Green & Blue, Various Media, 19 July, 2018)
Contact: BEIS, https://itportal.beis.gov.uk; Carbon Brief, www.carbonbrief.org
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The new emissions reduction targets are expected to result in savings of £340 million ($452 million), and will be implemented parallel to guidance on targets for the wider public and higher education sectors., according to a statement.
(Source: UK Department for Business, Energy and Strategy, CleanTechnica, 9 July, 2018) Contact:
UK Business and Energy Secretary Greg Clark, www.gov.uk/government/people/greg-clark; BEIS, https://itportal.beis.gov.uk
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The study highlights the scale and speed of emissions reduction in Britain as a result of fuel switching from coal to natural gas through effective carbon pricing. The switch analyzed in the study was made possible by incentivizing gas over coal through effective carbon pricing. A carbon price of £18 per tonne in 2016 was needed to incentivize the fuel switch.
The research found that if spare capacity already existed, then switching from coal to gas will be a quick win method of reducing emissions as it does not require several years to build the generation to impact reductions in emissions, unlike other options such as renewable and nuclear energy. The necessity for spare capacity is one of the factors that the potential for other countries adopting this tactic was contingent upon. Other factors for success outside Britain include the security of supply chains, price, and also political interest.
The study also notes that Russia and the US could potentially convert 40-50 pct of their coal generation to natural gas but China and India could only displace 6-12 pct due to the relative size of their natural gas generation. A high level assessment of the scale of decarbonisation if other countries were able to switch with existing generation assets was found to be in the region of one Gigatonne of CO2 per annum, which is equal to 3 pct of global emissions.
A major benefit of switching from coal to gas is that the electrical system has decarbonised faster in the short term. Although, one risk of switching fuels is that natural gas may stay on the system for longer than necessary to be compatible with longer term decarbonising targets.
(Source: University of Sheffield, PR, 29 Mar., 2018) Contact: University of Sheffield, Dr Grant Wilson, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Energy, +44 (0) 114 222 7608, email@example.com, www.sheffield.ac.uk; Dr Iain Staffell, Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, +44 0 7940 329303, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.imperial.ac.uk
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Although diesel cars produce more of the toxic gas nitrogen oxide (NOx) than their petrol counterparts, they emit less CO2 and are often more fuel efficient.
The growing popularity of fuel-hungry SUVs has also contributed to the increase in carbon emissions, as they produce about a quarter more CO2 than the smallest vehicles, according to the BBC.
(Source: Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders, The Week, 27 Feb., 2018) Contact: Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders, www.smmt.co.uk
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The Alliance suggests the UK reconsider the hard line on the role of the European Court of Justice (ECJ), which governs the shared energy and climate rules across the EU and countries in the wider Energy Community.
It also suggests that an "association agreement"
to maintain barrier-free energy related trade. The Green Alliance also urges the UK to stay aligned with EU product standards and environmental principles as a significant divergence from these could undermine UK competitiveness and the ability to trade in low carbon goods and services, as well as weakening health and environmental safeguards.
(Source: Green Alliance, July, 2017) Contact: Green Alliance, +44 20 7233 7433, www.green-alliance.org.uk
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The report identifies the UK's greenhouse gas -- carbon footprint as: CO2, methane, nitrous oxide and three fluorinated compounds.
Critics have argued that while the UK's domestic emissions have fallen sharply in recent years as the power system has shifted away from coal and energy efficiency has improved, the country's overall carbon footprint has changed less due to global supply chain emissions.
Today's statistics confirm emissions relating to the consumption of goods and services produced in the UK have fallen sharply, dropping 27 per cent on 1997, the first year for which these annual statistics were collected. Meanwhile, the proportion of the total GHG footprint generated directly by UK households has remained at around 17 per cent between 1997 and 2014, according to Defra.
On the other hand, emissions related to imports used by businesses and directly by consumers have risen by 19 pct over the same period, reflecting the country's shift towards a service-based, import-reliant economy.
The latest estimates follow a report in April which found the UK's per capita greenhouse gas emissions fell 33 pct between 1992 and 2014, while GDP grew by 130 pct over the same period.
(Source: DEFRA, July 17, 2017) Contact: DEFRA, www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-environment-food-rural-affairs
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