The fiscal year 2021 (FY21) CFIP awards of $1.3M will fund an array of clean fuel projects across the state, including one of the largest electric school bus deployments in the country, electric vehile charging stations and emission-reduced propane autogas vehicles.
The MEA notes the transportation sector is responsible for the majority of Maryland's greenhouse gas emissions, according to the Maryland Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Act Plan. The law requires the State to reduce GHG emissions 25 pct from a 2006 baseline by 2020, in a way that ensures a positive impact on Maryland's economy, protects existing manufacturing jobs and creates new jobs in the State.
(Source: Maryland Energy Administration, PR, Feb., 2021)Contact: Maryland Energy Administration, Mary Beth Tung, Exec. Dir.,
Kaymie Owen, CMP
443-694-3651, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.Energy.Maryland.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Alternative Fuel, Transportation Emissions, GHGs Electric Vehicle,
In December, the company's parent, Fortistar, in tandem with the TruStar Energy's distribution efforts, announced the fifth of 12 new RNG projects, together requiring nearly $500 million of new capital investment. These new projects will produce over 100 million GGE per year of RNG, reducing annual U.S. transportation emissions by 2 million metric tons of CO2 -- the equivalent of taking approximately 434,782 passenger cars off the road, according to the release.
(Source: TruStar Energy, PR, Website, 7 Jan., 2021)
Contact: TruStar Energy, Scott Edelbach, COO, www.trustarenergy.com; Forttistar, Mark Comora, CEO, (914) 421-4937, MComora@fortistar.com, www.fortistar.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News RNG, Fortistar, TruStar Energy,
The study -- which began in January -- takes a holistic look at CO2 and methane emissions in the broader Ketchum, Sun Valley and Blaine County Idaho community. Using the most recent available data from utility companies, the study found residential and commercial emissions from natural gas and electricity made up 33 and 29 pct, respectively, of the total community greenhouse gas emissions. Transportation emissions from fossil fuels represented 30 pct, solid waste emissions, 5 pct and industrial emissions and natural gas leaks finished at 3 pct. The audit does not include data from Friedman Memorial Airport, which accounts for over 40 pct of the city's ground-level emissions.
Additionally, the city of Hailey is considering a standalone agreement with Idaho Power that would see the utility regularly update the city on renewable energy projects and provide the city with aggregated data on energy use starting in 2022.
The study is considered a starting point for the community's plan to transition to 100 pct renewable electricity by 2035. (Source: City of Hailey, Idaho Mountain Express, 16 Dec., 2020)
Contact: City of Hailey, Rebecca Bundy, 208-788-4221, www.haileycityhall.org;
Idaho Power, Megan Ronk, Director of Business Innovation and Dev.,
Local Governments for Sustainability, www.iclei.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHG, Greenhouse Gas Emissions,
Iowa Renewable Fuels Association Executive Director Monte Shaw says the bill mandates electric cars but doesn't take into account electric cars don't have zero emissions.
Shaw claims biofuels have a better carbon footprint with lower emissions than electric vehicles that are powered by coal and suggests the best way to cut emissions is to set reduction targets and let the fuel and vehicle market decide how to achieve those goals. (Source: IRFA, WNAX, 26 Oct., 2020) Contact: IRFA, Monte Shaw, Ecex. Dir., (515) 252-6249, (515) 225-0781 -- fax, www.iowarfa.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News IRFA, Zero Emission Vehicle, Transportation Emissions,
The 2020-2023 Investment Plan Update for the CEC's Clean Transportation Program -- fka the Alternative and Renewable Fuel and Vehicle Technology Program -- prioritizes funding for zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) infrastructure, related workforce development and manufacturing.
The plan approved the following: $132.9 million for light-duty EV charging infrastructure; $129.8 mn for medium- and heavy-duty ZEVs and infrastructure; $70 mn for hydrogen refueling infrastructure; $25 mn for zero-and near-zero-carbon fuel production and supply; $10 mn for COVID-19 recovery and reinvestment; $9 mn for ZEV manufacturing and $7.5 mn for workforce development.
The Clean Transportation Program has provided nearly $900 million in funding to California alternative fuels and related projects since 2008. (Source: California Energy Commission,15 Oct., 2020) Contact: California Energy Commission, www.energy.ca.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News California Energy Commission, Transportation Emissions,
The report notes "In 2019, trucks serving the POLB accounted for just 7 tons of fine particle (PM 2.5) emissions, down from 186 tons in 2005, due in part to the introduction of new technology diesel trucks even as cargo volumes grew by 14 pct. In 2005, trucks were the second leading source of all PM 2.5 emissions after ocean going vessels. In 2019, port trucks were the second smallest source of PM 2.5 emissions after cargo-handling equipment.
"The Clean Trucks Program, instituted jointly by the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles, requires that all trucks meet the latest tailpipe emissions standard for PM 2.5 and new trucks entering service in the port as of 2018 must meet the near-zero tailpipe emissions standard for ozone forming compounds (NOx) as well. According to the latest data, 90 pct of the estimated 14,000 port trucks entering and exiting marine terminals in southern California are powered by diesel and about 65 pct are of the latest generation diesel technology that achieve near-zero emissions performance for both NOx and PM 2.5. The report concludes that the effectiveness of the Clean Trucks Program in expanding the clean air benefits can be realized with the adoption of advanced technology diesel trucks." (Source: Diesel Technology Forum, PR, 6 Oct., 2020) Contact: Diesel Technology Forum, Allen Schaeffer, Executive Director, (301) 668-7230,
www.dieselforum.org; Port of Long Beach, www.polb.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Diesel Technology Forum, Transportation Emissions, NOX, CO2, SOX, Particulate Matter,
The legislation authorizes ans earmarks over $2 billion for the Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA)intended to advance improvements in air quality through the mitigation of diesel emissions. Specifically, the bill would authorize $500 million for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025.
The program at the U.S. EPA looks to reduce the number of older, diesel-powered trucks on the road and to facilitate the transition in the freight industry to newer equipment, promote energy efficiency, authorize environmental justice grants, and boost funding for clean low-carbon alternative fuels and the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy. (Source: Various Media, TT News, 29 Sept., 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Low-Carbon Fuel, DIesel, Transportation Emissions,
The consultation document includes proposals aimed at avoiding confusion, especially as the country's vehicle fleet is heavier than the 27 country EU fleets. Moving from the EU fleet average to a UK specific value would "immediately make regulatory targets more demanding for all manufacturers," the consultation document notes.
When made into legislation as proposed, the UK will keep the EU's 15 pct CO2 emission reduction target for cars and vans from 2025, and a 37.5 pct reduction for cars and 31 pct for vans come 2030. Carmakers will face fines of £86 instead of €95 for every gram of CO2 exceeded. The limit is 95 grams per km, and manufacturers will still base their targets on the average weight of vehicles sold.
Download the Department for Transport document details HERE. (Source: UK Gov. Department for Transport, electrive.com, Aug., 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Transportation Emissions, Vehicle Emissions ,
Heavy-duty vehicles account for 28 pct of greenhouse gas emissions from the nation's on-road transportation sector, 45 pct of on-road NOx emissions and 57 pct of on-road PM2.5 emissions.
(Source: cleanenergy.org, 15 July, 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Vehicle Emissions, Transportation Emissions,
Average estimated real-world auto CO2 emissions are projected to fall 6 g/mi to 346 g/mi and fuel economy is projected to increase 0.4 mpg to 25.5 mpg. All the large manufacturers -- with production of more than 150,000 in model year 2018 -- ended the 2018 model year in compliance with the GHG target program, the report noted.
"If we continue to cherish a transport model based on individual vehicles that consume both non-renewable resources and contribute to global warming, it will be quite difficult to curb the rise in temperatures on our planet.
"Transport, in its broadest terms, is responsible for 24 pct of energy related greenhouse gas emissions but rail today is four-times less carbon emitting than the other modes and has a really important part to play." -- Francois Davenne, Director General, International Union of Railways. Contact: International Union of Railways, www.uic.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Transportation Emissions,
The plan is in keeping with the city's goal of significantly reducing its carbon footprint and meeting the EU's goal of being totally decarbonized by 2050. The plan is expected result in an almost immediate 40-pct drop in the city's total transportation emissions.
(Source: City of Brussels, NewsWheel, 30 Oct., 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Fossil Fuel, Carbon Emissions, Vehicle Emissions, Climate Change, Carbon Footprint,
Transportation emissions reportedly account for roughly 40 pct of the region's emissions.
(Source: Puget Sound Clean Air Agency, Public News Service, 17 Oct., 2019) Contact: Puget Sound Clean Air Agency, Craig Kenworthy, Exec. Dir., 206-343-8800,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Puget Sound Clean Air Agency, Renewable Fuel,
The EIE will initially be available in Europe starting with Dublin, Birmingham, Manchester, with Wolverhampton and Coventry to follow soon. Copenhagen will get what Google is calling "hyperlocal, street-level air quality data" as part of EIE Labs, which will help streamline and optimize action against climate change by piloting climate-focused datasets. Dublin has already been utilizing the new tool to help track emissions from transportation modes.
Review EIE details HERE. (Source: Google, Oct., 2019) Contact: Google EIE Lab, insights.sustainability.google/labs
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, CO2, Transportation Emissions, Vehicle Emissions,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, CO2, Transportation Emissions, Vehicle Emissions,
To that end, Kuehne + Nagel's Net Zero Carbon programme leverages three fields of action: detection, reduction and compensation of CO2. The company has started its own nature projects in Myanmar and New Zealand and has invested in various nature-based CO2 compensation projects, where carbon is being taken from the atmosphere. The emission credits obtained are in accordance with the highest international standards.
Over the past years, Kuehne + Nagel has considerably reduced its own CO2 footprint and will continue to pursue its efforts.
(Source: Kuehne + Nagel, Logistics & Materials Handling, 24 Sept., 2019) Contact: Kuehne + Nagel, Dr. Detlef Trefzger, CEO,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Kuehne + Nagel , Carbon Emissions, CO2, Transportation Emissions,
Independent TUV testing of dynaCERT HG units confirms emission reduction in NOx of 55 pct, CO of 50 pct, and particulate matter of 75 pct, all while saving fuel, providing better torque, and lowering maintenance costs, according to the company.
dynaCERT has also initiated Carbon Credit applications for its HG Technology and engaged UK-based International Environmental Partners Ltd for that effort.
(Source: dynaCERT, PR, Aug., 2019) Contact: dynaCERT Inc., Jim Payne, CEO, (416) 766-9691 x 2, jpayne@dynaCERT.com, www.dynaCERT.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News dynaCERT, Transportation Emissions, Vehicle Emissions,
While petrol usage declined by 10 million liters to a total of about one billion liters, this was easily surpassed by a 20-million-liter increase in the use of diesel fuel, which totaled about 4 billion liters. According to this will have a more noticeable impact on emissions totals, given that diesel fuel causes about 13 pct more CO2 emissions than petrol. The Austrian government previously determined to reduce CO2 emissions to a total of 15.7 million tons by 2030. However, the total emissions have climbed for four consecutive years, up to 23.9 million tons in 2018.
The VCO called for various initiatives to to bring the emissions totals down, including improved public transport and and expanding bicycle infrastructure to encourage people to make fewer short trips by car.
(Source: Austrian Traffic Club, Xinhua, 13 Aug., 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, CO2, Transportation Emissions,
In the pilot project, 20 of the city's 300 diesel buses were operated on biodiesel through the first phase of the scheme.
To date more than 60,000 liters of biodiesel have been produced and consumed in the pilot project.
(Source: MEHR, Tehran Times, 7 July, 2019)
Contact: Biotechnology Development Council, www.nti.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biodiesel, Carbon Emissions,
The new legislation demands that the full life-cycle of emissions from cars should be assessed at EU level. The Commission will also have to consider a common methodology for the assessment and consistent data reporting, by no later than 2023. If appropriate, legislation should follow.
Transport is the only sector in the EU that did not record any significant decline in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions since 1990. Figures from the European Environment Agency show that of all means of transport in the EU, road transport generates the largest share of greenhouse gas emissions -pct of the EU's total GHG emissions. (Source: European Parliament News, 27 Mar., 2019) Contact: EP News, +32 2 28 40922, email@example.com, www.europarl.europa.eu
More Low-Carbon Energy News EU Parliament, Vehicle Emissions, Transportation Emissions,
European Union lawmakers are demanding that automakers cut average CO2 emissions levels by 40 pct between 2007 and 2021, a goal that has become harder to attain after WLTP emissions tests were introduced in 2018.
Daimler AG is a German multinational automotive corporation, headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Wurttemberg. Daimler-Benz was formed with the merger of Benz & Cie and Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft in 1926. (Source: Daimler, euronews., 7 Feb., 2019)
Contact: Daimler, Dieter Zetsche, CEO, www.daimler.com/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News Daimler, Transportation Emissions,
The legislation is inline with the government's commitment to lower transportation emissions over the next decade.
(Source: Gov. of Finland, Various Media, EnergyLIve, 7 Feb., 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Blend, Biofuel Vehicles,
Rwandan and regional policy makers will have access to and use of the data in their efforts to control power plant and transportation emissions, curb deforestation and encourage more tree planting, reduce fossil fuel use, develope smart green cities and other efforts.
(Source: Rwanda Environment Management Authority, The New Times, Rwanda, 13 Jan., 2019) Contact: Rwanda Environment Management Authority
Faustin Munyazikwiye, Deputy Director General, +250 25 258 9191, www.landportal.org/organization/rwanda-environment-management-authority
More Low-Carbon Energy News Ozone, HFC, GHGs, Climate Change,
CE has been developing DAC technology since 2009 and capturing CO2 from the atmosphere at a pilot plant in Squamish, B.C. since 2015. The DAC plants are location-independent and can be co-located with an oilfield operation for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). Carbon Engineering's complementary AIR TO FUELS process combines CO2 from DAC with clean hydrogen from water electrolysis to provide a second pathway for reducing transportation emissions by synthesizing ultra-low carbon intensity liquid fuels.
CE's AIR TO FUELS products are fully compatible with existing cars, trucks, ships and planes, allowing existing vehicles to reduce their carbon emissions without modification. (Source: Carbon Engineering, Green Car Congress, 9 Jan., 2019) Contact: Carbon Engineering. Steve Oldham, CEO, www.carbonengineering.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Engineering, EOR, CHevron, Carbon Capture, CO2,
California presently has 153 zero-emission buses on the road now with hundreds more on order. Most of them are electric, though technology also exists for buses powered by hydrogen fuel cells. Existing state and federal subsidies are available to help transit agencies absorb some of the higher costs of carbon-free buses, along with money from the state's settlement with Volkswagen over the German automaker's emission-cheating software.
transportation sector accounts for 40 pct of California's greenhouse gases, and those emissions are rising even as electrical emissions have fallen substantially.
California needs to drastically reduce transportation emissions to meet its aggressive climate change goals. (Source: CARB, 14 Dec., 2018) Contact: California Air Resources Board, Melanie Turner, Information Officer, (916) 322-2990, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.arb.ca.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News California Air Resources Board.Low Carbon FUel,
The US Climate Alliance is a bipartisan coalition of U.S.states and unincorporated self-governing territories that are committed to upholding the objectives of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement (COP15).
The initiative supports farmers and ranchers in adopting climate-smart farming practices on land they own and rent, encourages smart growth and protecting farmland to reduce transportation emissions and expands renewable energy siting while protecting productive, versatile and resilient farmland.
"The goals and strategies outlined in the Farmers Combat Climate Change Initiative will play a critical role in helping farmers, ranchers, and urban growth planners develop and implement practices that can reduce greenhouse emissions, sequester carbon, and help mitigate, if not begin to reverse the negative impacts predicted by climate change models," according to Jennifer Moore-Kucera.
(Source: American Farmland Trust, The Fence Post, 26 Nov., 2018) Contact: American Farmland Trust, John Piotti, Pres., CEO, Jennifer Moore-Kucera, Carbon Initiate Dir., (202) 331-7300, www.farmland.org; US Climate Alliance, www.usclimatealliance.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News COP15, US Climate Alliance, American Farmland Trust, Climate Change, Carbon Emissions,
The plan has identified buildings and transportation as the largest factors to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Forty-seven pct of the sprawling city's carbon emissions come from building energy consumption and 38 pct of emissions are tied to transportation, according to the plan. Strategies for cutting emissions from buildings include implementing building codes to create structures that require less energy, offering rebate programs for energy efficiency retrofitting spaces and for the use of more efficient appliances. Strategies to lower transportation emissions include increasing the charging fees for EV charging infrastructure, reducing single occupant vehicle use, encouraging public transit and others. (Source: San Antonio Office of Sustainability, San Antonio Express News, 13 Oct., 2018)
Contact: San Antonio Office of Sustainability, Douglas Melnick, (210) 207-6103, (210) 207-6934 fax, , www.sanantonio.gov/Sustainability
More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency, Energy Management,
The plan has identified buildings and transportation as the largest factors to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.
Forty-seven pct of the sprawling city's carbon emissions come from building energy consumption and 38 pct of emissions are tied to transportation, according to the plan.
Strategies for cutting emissions from buildings include implementing building codes to create structures that require less energy, offering rebate programs for energy efficiency retrofitting spaces and for the use of more efficient appliances.
Strategies to lower transportation emissions include increasing the charging fees for EV charging infrastructure, reducing single occupant vehicle use, encouraging public transit and others.
(Source: San Antonio Office of Sustainability, San Antonio Express News, 13 Oct., 2018) Contact: San Antonio Office of Sustainability, Douglas Melnick,
(210) 207-6103, (210) 207-6934 fax, , https://www.sanantonio.gov/Sustainability
Midpen, which stewards more than 63,000 acres of public open space, including redwood forests which store large amounts of carbon, is targeting a reduction in emissions of 20 pct below its 2016 baseline by 2022, 40 pct by 2030 and 80 pct by 2050. To that end, Midpen will reduce emissions from vehicles, equipment, employee commutes, business travel, offices and tenant residences, using renewable diesel fuel, installing electric vehicle chargers,and others. The plan also identifies strategies for reducing or offsetting emissions from livestock grazing in Midpen's open space preserves, enhancing carbon sequestration, reducing preserve visitor transportation emissions and increasing staff and visitor awareness of climate change.
This goal is in line with the Golden State's climate change policy and the Paris Climate Agreement, which aims to limit global warming to two degrees Celsius.
The Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District is a public agency committed to acquiring and preserving open space and agricultural land of regional significance, protect and restore the natural environment and provide opportunities for ecologically sensitive public enjoyment and education. (Source: Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District, Siliconner, 13 Oct., 2018) Contact: Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District, Ana Maria Ruiz, Dir., (650) 691-1200, (650) 691-0485 (fax), email@example.com, www.openspace.org/climate
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change,
The study notes that passenger car engines as we know them need to be completely phased out from new sales before the end of the next decade. Otherwise, Europe will struggle to "meaningfully contribute" to limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, the most ambitious part of the Paris Agreement on climate change's well below 2 degrees Celsius overall aim.
Download the Development of the Car Fleet
in EU28+2 to Achieve the
Paris Agreement Target to
Limit Global Warming to
1.5 C Report
HERE. (Source: German Aerospace Centre, Greenpeace, Euractiv, Sept., 2018)
Contact: German Aerospace Centre, www.dlr.de/dlr/en; Greenpeace, www.greenpeace.org/belgium
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, Climate Change, Transportation Emissions, Vehicle Emissions,
Modelling by a number of CFS stakeholders shows that a minimum of two-thirds of the compliance for the 2030 CFS target can be met with liquid fuels. This significantly lowers the potential cost of compliance with the gaseous and solid fuels CFS components for Canada's industrial sector. In addition, there is considerable positive economic growth that will be realized by investments in clean fuel production and use.
Transportation fuels make up 80 pct of the liquid fuels used in Canada, and their climate change emissions are rising. Many in the industrial sector see the rationale for Canada to largely follow the design of low carbon fuel standards successfully operating for almost a decade in British Columbia and in California.
Download the Canadian clean fuel standards regulatory framework
HERE. (Source: Advanced Biofuels Canada, PR, 28 August, 2018) Contact: Advanced Biofuels Canada, Ian Thomson,
(604) 947-0040, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.advancedbiofuels.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Advanced Biofuels Canada, Canada Clean Fuel Standard, Biofuel,
Transportation accounts for around half of all carbon emissions in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut, yet these emissions are not regulated like those from our power plants, which are managed as part of RGGI. The meeting called for the regulation of greenhouse gases from all economic sectors, including transportation.
Ideas the emerged from the meeting included: a "cap-and-invest" approach that puts a price on transportation emissions and invests revenue back into communities and transportation infrastructure; congestion pricing for zones for different classes of vehicles; and greening school bus fleets, among others, all of which will be reported to the relevant government agencies and executives for consideration.
(Source: Regional Plan Association, New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance, 3 Aug., 2018) Contact: RPA, Robert Freudenberg, Energy & Environmental Program Mgr, (212) 253-2727, http://lab.rpa.org;
New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance, http://njadapt.rutgers.edu; New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance, njadapt.rutgers.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News New Jersey Climate Adaptation Alliance,
During the Obama administration, California aligned its standards with wider federal standards in a bid to ease compliance requirements for automakers.
According to Bloomberg, the Trump administration plans to dilute future emissions standards proposed by Obama by capping federal fuel economy requirements at the 2020 level of at least 35-mile-per-gallon for manufacturers' fleet average, rather than letting them rise to around 50 mpg by 2025 as currently planned.
The 2009 Clean Air Act waiver allows California to set its own standards for greenhouse emissions and builds on a long-standing right the state enjoyed to set its own vehicle emissions standards in response to the smog that afflicted some areas of the state in the 1970s and 80s.
(Source: Business Green, Bloomberg, Others, July, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Vehicle Emissions, Carbon Emissions, Clean Air Act, Transportation Emissions,
The strategy includes a proposal on carbon budgets, aimed at reducing London's greenhouse gas emissions -- a 40 pct reduction in CO2 emissions from 1990 levels in 2018-2022, which is in line with with the Paris climate agreement to limit global climate change to 1.5 degrees. In addition, the mayor will fund thousands more trees and improvements to community green spaces. Since assuming the mayor's chair, Khan has directly funded the planting of over 70,000 trees and committed £4 million to support additional plantings. (Source: Office of London Mayor Sadiq Khan, Fleet News, Iran Financial Tribune, 15 May, 2018) Contact: Office of London Mayor Sadiq Khan, www.london.gov.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Transportation Emissions,
If the heave-duty truck proposals are approved it will be the first time the EU has set binding limits for heavy-duty vehicles' carbon dioxide emissions. Europe approved CO2 limits for passenger vehicles in 2009 and light commercial vehicles in 2011, which came into force in 2015 and 2017, respectively.
Trucks comprise about 5 pct of the vehicles on EU roads but generate nearly 25 pct of emissions, making them an important target of the 28-member trading bloc's carbon reduction efforts. (Source: Financial Times, 12 May, 2018)
The EU committed in the Paris climate accord to cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 40 per cent by 2030. (Source: EC, Financial Post, Various Media, May, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Transportation Emissions, Vehicle Emissions,