"Blue hydrogen provides no benefit. We suggest that blue hydrogen is best viewed as a distraction, something than may delay needed action to truly decarbonize the global energy economy, in the same way that has been described for shale gas as a bridge fuel and for carbon capture and storage (CCS) in general."
"In the past, no effort was made to capture the carbon dioxide byproduct of gray hydrogen, and the greenhouse gas emissions have been huge. Now the industry promotes blue hydrogen as a solution, an approach that still uses the methane from natural gas, while attempting to capture the byproduct CO2", study co-author Robert Howarth noted.
The vast majority of hydrogen (96 pct) is generated from fossil fuels, particularly from steam methane reforming (SMR) of natural gas, but also from coal gasification. In SMR, heat, and pressure are used to convert the methane in natural gas to hydrogen and carbon dioxide. The hydrogen so produced is often referred to as "gray hydrogen" -- this type is responsible for 6 pct of all-natural gas consumption globally, the study notes.
Blue hydrogen is produced using the same reforming process that is used to create other types of hydrogen, but the CO2 that would ordinarily be released is captured and stored underground. As of 2021, there were only two blue-hydrogen facilities globally that used natural gas to produce hydrogen on a commercial scale, according to the study.
The full study is available HERE. (Source: Cornell University, PR, Aug., 2021)
Contact: Cornell University, Robert Howarth, Dept. of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, (607) 255-6175, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.eeb.cornell.edu/howarth
More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Hydrogen, Alternative Fuel. Climate Change,
Lightyear One uses 5 square meters of integrated solar cells in the vehicles roof and hood and an efficient powertrain, high yield solar roof and an optimized thermal management system. for electric vehicles. The cells function independently, meaning they produce a higher yield compared to conventional solar cells, according to Lightyear. The Lightyear One can drive up to 55km (34 miles) per day on solar power alone.
Lightyear teamed up with Silicon Valley-based company SunPower Corporation, integrating the company's Maxeon solar cells onto conductive back sheet technology developed by Dutch life sciences company DSM.
SunPower is an energy company that designs and manufactures crystalline silicon photovoltaic cells and solar panels based technology invented at Stanford University in California.
(Source: Lightyear, PR, Mar., 2021) Contact: Lightyear, Lex Hoefsloot, CEO, www.lightyear.one
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GEOSX was developed using advanced new technologies in high-performance computing and applied mathematics and aims to improve the management and safety of geological CO2 repositories. Its computing performance is unmatched to date. The open-source nature of GEOSX aims to ensure a high level of transparency, sharing and community support to pave the way for the large-scale development of Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) technologies.
GEOSX is the first major outcome of the five-year FC-MAELSTROM research project launched in 2018 by Total, Stanford University School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences, and LLNL. It draws on each partner's 20-plus years of expertise in simulation and high-performance computing research. GEOSX, www.geosx.org. (Source: TOTAL, PR, 10 Nov., 2020)
Total Marie-Noelle Semeria, Total's Chief Technology Officer
Media Relations: +33 1 47 44 46 99 l email@example.com l @TotalPress
Investor Relations: +44 (0)207 719 7962 l firstname.lastname@example.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Stanford University news, TOTAL news, LLNL news, CCS news, Carbon Emissions news, Carbon Storage news,
In 2017, the last year when complete global methane data are available, the Earth's atmosphere absorbed nearly 600 million tons of methane which is 28 times more powerful than CO2 at trapping heat over a 100-year span.
More than half of all methane emissions now come from human activities. Annual methane emissions are up 9 pct -- 50 million tpy -- from the early 2000s, when methane concentrations in the atmosphere were relatively stable. In terms of warming potential, adding this much extra methane to the atmosphere since 2000 is akin to putting 350 million more cars on the world's roads or doubling the total emissions of Germany or France.
Throughout the study period, agriculture accounted for roughly two-thirds of all methane emissions related to human activities; fossil fuels contributed most of the remaining third. However, those two sources have contributed in roughly equal measure to the increases seen since the early 2000s.
Methane emissions from agriculture rose to 227 million tons in 2017, up nearly 11 pct from the 2000 -- 2006 average. Methane from fossil fuel production and use reached 108 million tons in 2017, up nearly 15 pct from the earlier period.
Methane emissions rose most sharply in Africa and the Middle East; China; and South Asia and Oceania, which includes Australia and many Pacific islands. Each of these three regions increased emissions by an estimated 10 to 15 million tpy during the study period. The U.S. followed close behind, increasing methane emissions by 4.5 million tons, mostly due to more natural gas drilling, distribution and consumption, the report notes.
(Source: Stanford University News, 14 Jul, 2020)
Contact: Stanford University, Rob Jackson, Department of Earth System Science, (650) 497-5841, email@example.com, www.stanford.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Methane Emissions, Stanford University, Climate Change,
Results of the monitoring will be shared with the leaders of other global cities at a virtual conference in November, and will be presented at the COP26 environmental summit to encourage other cities to establish sensor networks.
The emission monitoring program is part of the Global Environmental Monitoring and Measurement (GEMM) project, a collaboration between the University of Strathclyde, Stanford University, the University of California at Berkeley (UC Berkeley), The Optical Society, the American Geophysical Union, the Met Office and the National Physical Laboratory.
(Source: University of Strathclyde Glasgow, PR, 27 June, 2020) Contact: University of Strathclyde Glasgow,
www.strath.ac.uk; Global Environmental Monitoring and Measurement (GEMM) project, www.gemminitiative.org/en-us
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emission, GHG, Greenhouse Gas,
The DEWA R&D Centre, situated at the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park, also has renewable and alternative energy co-operation agreements with the U.S. DOE National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the Spanish National Renewable Energy Centre, as well as the United Arab Emirates University and Khalifa University.
The UAE National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence 2031 aims to position the UAE as a global leader in AI by 2031; the Dubai Clean Energy Strategy 2050 aims to diversify the country's energy mix and provide 75 pct of Dubai's total power output from clean sources by 2050.
(Source: DEWA, MEP Middle East, Stanford, DEWA, Aug., 2019) Contact: DEWA, Saeed Mohammed Al Tayer, MD and CEO, www.dewa.gov.ae; Stanford, www.stanford.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News DEWA, Solar, Stanford, PV,
Stanford's green power production currently makes up 57 pct of the school's electric power consumption -- sufficient power for more than 15,000 homes. In 2021, a second solar power generation station is scheduled to come online, bringing the university’s renewable energy portfolio to 100 pct.
(Source: Stanford Daily, 14 May, 2019) Contact: Stanford University, www.stanford.edu; EPA Green Power Challenge, www.epa.gov/greenpower/college-and-university-challenge
More Low-Carbon Energy News Green Power, Renewable Energy,
Malta Inc. is looking to commercialize the heat pump energy storage system that uses electricity to drive a heat pump which converts the electrical energy into molten salt thermal energy by creating a temperature differential.
Malta Inc. will work with industry partners including Sweden-based heat exchange manufacturer Alfa Laval, Hong Kong-based Concord New Energy Group and US-based Breakthrough Energy Ventures LLC (led by Microsoft founder Bill Gates), to make this technology cost-effective.
(Source: Malta Inc., Hudrocarbons 21, 3 Dec., 2019)
Contact: Malta Inc., https://x.company/projects/malta
More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy STorage, Malta Inc.,
To that end, Stanford has contracted with Recurrent Energy for an 88-MW solar photovoltaic plant to be constructed in central California, near Lemoore. The plant is scheduled to go online in late 2021. The new solar plant, to be known as Stanford Solar Generating Station #2, is projected to reduce GHG emissions to 80 pct below peak levels four years ahead of the university's long-range plan.
California enacted legislation earlier this year that requires electricity to be 100 pct carbon-free by 2045. (Source: Stanford University, Dec., 2018)Contact: Stanford University,
E.J. Miranda, University Communications: (650) 724-9161, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.stanford.edu;
Recurrent Energy, (415) 675-1500, www.recurrentenergy.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar, Recurrent Energy,
FEMP EA is funded by more than 400 oil and gas producers through Alberta Upstream Petroleum Research Fund.
Project objectives and design have been informed by a review of over 100 studies conducted by Stanford University. The project is expected to be completed in 12 months. (Source: JWN, Nov. 14, 2018)
Contact: Alberta Upstream Petroleum Research Fund, www.auprf.ptac.org; Petroleum Technology Alliance Canada, (403) 218-7700, www.ptac.org; Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, www.capp.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Methane Emissions,