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Marathon Acquires Beatrice, Nebraska Biodiesel Plant (M&A)
Marathon
Date: 2020-07-20
Findlay, Ohio-headquartered Marathon Petroleum Corp. is reporting acquisition of the idled 50 million gpy Duonix biodiesel plant in Beatrice, Nebraska.

Marathon plans to use the facility to aggregate and pre-treat corn oil, soybean oil and rendered fats feedstocks prior to shipping them to its renewable diesel facility in Dickinson, North Dakota. The Dickinson plant is being upgraded to initially co-process renewable diesel and will eventually be converted to 100 pct renewable diesel production. (Source: Marathon Petroleum Corp., PR, July, 2020) Contact: Marathon Petroleum Corp., 419.422.2121 – Media, www.marathonpetroleum.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biodiesel news,  Marathon news,  


Grand Forks Buses Running on B20 Biodiesel (Ind. Report)
North Dakota Soybean Council
Date: 2020-07-17
In Fargo, the North Dakota Soybean Council is reporting public transit buses in the Grand Forks City area, have switched to B20 -- a 20 pct biodiesel and 80 pct petroleum diesel blended fuel.

A 20 pct biodiesel blend cuts lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions by 15 pct compared to straight petroleum diesel, according to the release. More than half of the biodiesel made in the U.S. is sourced from soybean oil, the release notes. (Source: North Dakota Soybean Council , 16 July, 2020) Contact: North Dakota Soybean Council, 701-566-9300, www.ndsoybean.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News North Dakota Soybean Council,  Biodiesel,  


GCEH Converting Calif. Refinery to Biodiesel Production (M&A)
Global Clean Energy Holdings
Date: 2020-05-11
In the Golden State, Torrance-based Global Clean Energy Holdings (GCEH) Inc. is reporting the $40 million purchase of the idled Alon USA Energy Inc. Big West gasoline and diesel refinery in Kern County.

GCEH plans to convert the 70,000 bpd facility to produce biodiesel from used cooking oil, soybean oil and camelina. The refinery has not run for 12 consecutive months since 2012. (Source: GCEH, PR, The Bakersfield Californian, 8 May, 2020) Contact: GCEH, Richard Palmer, CEO, www.gceholdings.com; Alon USA Energy www.delekus.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Global Clean Energy Holdings,  DELEK,  Delek,  Biodiesell,  


Congressional Biofuels Caucus Seeking Direct Biofuels Industry Relief (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
USDA
Date: 2020-04-13
Iowa Congressman Steve King (R), a member of the Congressional Biofuels Caucus, reports he has signed the attached bi-partisan letter to USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue requesting that the USDA use "funds from the CARES Act to provide direct relief to the biofuels industry."

Dear Secretary Perdue,

"The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act provided USDA with additional resources to support farm income and prices during this economic downturn. The CARES Act included a reimbursement of $14 billion to the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC), and $9.5 billion for the Secretary to respond to the economic impacts of COVID-19. As the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prepares to address financial hardship in agriculture, we urge you to use funds from the CARES Act to provide direct relief to the biofuels industry.

"Demand for fuel is declining as states implement stay-at-home orders and discourage travel. This sudden shift in demand is worsening market conditions to the point ethanol plants are halting production. The biofuels industry is a vital market for the commodities our farmers produce, and USDA must take immediate action to ensure plants can retain skilled workers and continue production when market conditions improve.

"The biofuels sector provides a direct and significant boost to the value of corn and soybeans. Ethanol plants purchase two out of every five bushels of U.S. corn and biodiesel producers use over 8 billion pounds of soybean oil a year. Ethanol plants produce dried distillers grains (DDGs) as a byproduct, providing livestock farmers with a low-cost, high-protein component of animal feed. To assist with the response to COVID-19, some ethanol and biofuels plants have volunteered to produce hand sanitizer and disinfectant products to address nationwide shortages. And, ethanol plants produce high purity carbon dioxide that is critical for medical facilities and food processing. The biofuels sector plays a large role in the livelihood of America's commodity and livestock producers, and biofuels plants are major employers in many rural communities.

"USDA should take immediate action to stabilize the biofuels industry with resources provided by the CARES Act. We look forward to working with you on this issue as USDA assists producers through this challenging time. Thank you for considering this request." (Source: Congressman Steven King, KIOW Radio, 12 April, 2020) Contact: Rep Steve King, steveking.house.gov

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel,  USDA,  


Senators Seeking Ethanol Ind. Support (Editorials, Opinions & Asides)
Ethanol,Chuck Grassley
Date: 2020-04-10
In a recent letter to USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue Iowa's Sen. Chuck Grassley (R )and Sen. Joni Ernst(R) and a group of midwest senators, called for additional biofuel industry funding through the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC).

"As the country follows the advice of local and state governments and remain at home, motor fuel use has rapidly decreased. The decrease in fuel consumption has left (biofuel) production facilities little choice but to idle production or close completely.

"Farm income and prices for corn and other crop commodities are directly linked to the health of the renewable fuel industry. Ethanol plants use 40 percent of all corn grown in the United States. Among other feedstocks, biodiesel and renewable diesel producers currently use over 8 billion pounds of soybean oil a year, creating demand that adds 13 percent to the cash price of a bushel of soybeans.

"We have seen a significant drop in the price of corn and soybeans because of the decline in demand. Keeping plants open is vital for our states and we ask that you use the authority given by Congress to assist the biofuel industry during extremely difficult times. We are supportive of the proposals the biofuel industry has put forward to reimburse feedstocks and also believe that adding additional CCC funds to the Higher-Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program will drive future biofuel demand,” the senators continued," the letter said. (Source: Various Media, Atlantic News Telegraph, 8 April, 2020)Contact: Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), www.grassley.senate.gov; Sen. Joni Ernst, www.ernst.senate.gov

More Low-Carbon Energy News Chuck Grassley,  Ethanol,  


NDSP Abandons Planned N.D. Soybean Crushing Plant (Ind. Report)
North Dakota Soybean Processors
Date: 2020-02-19
Brewster, Minnesota-based North Dakota Soybean Processors (NDSP) reports it has been forced to abandon efforts to build a large-scale soybean crushing facility at the Spiritwood Energy Park in Spiritwood, North Dakota, after more than three years and a $6 million investment.

If constructed, the NDSP soybean-crushing facility would have processed 42 million bpy of locally grown soybeans and produce approximately 935,000 tons of soybean meal and 475 million pounds of soybean oil for sale into domestic and export animal feed and soybean oil markets, including with respect to the soybean oil serving as a renewable feedstock for planned or existing renewable diesel refinery facilities in North Dakota and throughout the western U.S., according to the company website (Source: North Dakota Soybean Processors, , Website, 17 Feb., 2020) Contact:North Dakota Soybean Processors, Robin Skrivan (507) 842-6715, info@ndsoy.com, www.ndsoy.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News North Dakota Soybean Processors,  Soybean,  


HollyFrontier Plans 125Mn GPY Renewable Diesel Plant (Ind Report)
HollyFrontier
Date: 2019-12-11
In the Lone Star State, Dallas-based independent petroleum refiner and marketer HollyFrontier Corporation reports it will construct a new 125-million gpy renewable diesel (RD) from soybean oil and other feedstocks unit at its Artesia, New Mexico refinery (Navajo Refinery). The company expects renewable diesel production to generate 600,000 LCFS credits in its first year.

The RDU project, corresponding rail infrastructure and storage tanks, is estimated to come in at $350 million upon completion in Q1, 2022.

HollyFrontier owns and operates refineries in Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Wyoming and Utah and markets its refined products principally in the Southwest US, the Rocky Mountains extending into the Pacific Northwest and in other neighboring Plains states. (Source: HollyFrontier, PR, 9 Dec., 2019) Contact: HollyFrontier Corp., George John Demiris, CEO, Craig Biery, Inv. Relations, 214-954-6510, www.hollyfrontier.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News HollyFrontier,  Renewable Diesel ,  


HollyFrontier Planning 125Mn GPY Renewable Diesel Unit (Ind. Report)
HollyFrontier
Date: 2019-11-18
In the Lone Star State, Dallas-based independent petroleum refiner and marketer HollyFrontier Corporation is reporting a planned 125 million gpy renewable diesel unit (RDU) to process soybean oil and other renewable feedstocks into renewable diesel. This investment will provide HollyFrontier the opportunity to meet the demand for low-carbon fuels while covering the cost of our annual RIN purchase obligation under current market conditions.

The RDU, along with corresponding rail infrastructure and storage tanks, is estimated to have a total capital cost of $350 million, and is expected to be completed in Q1 of 2022. The RDU will be funded with cash on hand and is expected to generate an internal rate of return between 20 pct and 30 pct.

HollyFrontier owns and operates refineries located in Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Wyoming and Utah and markets its refined products principally in the Southwest U.S., the Rocky Mountains extending into the Pacific Northwest and in other neighboring Plains states. (Source: HollyFrontier, PR, 18 Nov., 2019) Contact: HollyFrontier Corp., George John Demiris, CEO, Craig Biery, Inv. Relations, 214-954-6510, www.hollyfrontier.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News HollyFrontier,  Renewable Diesel ,  


"We've Had Enough!" -- NBB Comments on EPA's RFS Waivers (Opinions, Editorials & Asides)
NBB
Date: 2019-08-16
"Here we go again. Last week, the U.S. EPA granted 31 out of 38 retroactive small refinery exemptions for 2018. I can't contain the frustration and utter disappointment I have with how this administration is handling its responsibility of administering the RFS.

"Congress passed the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) back in 2007, signed into law by George W. Bush -- a lifelong oil and gas guy. The law was passed to encourage investment in advanced biofuels like biodiesel, renewable diesel and renewable jet fuel. Biodiesel producers responded, making the investments and building an industry that today produces more than 2 billion gallons of transportation fuel each year. This market also provides added value to feedstocks such as soybean oil, used restaurant oil and animal fats.

"The oil industry feverishly insists that the ethanol industry isn't harmed by small refinery exemptions because production has grown. But what about biodiesel? They never mention us because they know that small refinery exemptions disproportionately affect biodiesel because of the way the RFS is constructed.

"We have said again and again -- biodiesel is very different from ethanol. The president (Trump) was instrumental in clearing the path for higher blends of ethanol year-round when he lifted the RVP waiver this summer, which we were supportive of. He and his EPA administrator have mentioned E15 when they have spoken about what they believe to be the minor impact of exempting RFS gallons. It's as though they think we are dumb enough to not understand that they are giving with one hand but taking away with the other.

"Now, back to biodiesel. E15 does nothing to expand demand for biodiesel. Ethanol is not biodiesel. In fact, the RFS recognized this by establishing its own category for biodiesel, separate from ethanol, called biomass-based diesel. Policymakers at the time recognized the need to segment biodiesel and renewable diesel within the bigger RFS pool so that growth in those products could be differentiated in the overall program and we would see advancements of biofuels in both the gasoline and diesel sector.

"Fast forward to 2019 and we now have an EPA that, two months ago, proposed a draft rule to hold the biomass-based diesel category flat for 2020, keeping it at 2.43 billion gallons for the second year in a row and then, just last week, the same EPA grants nearly one-half billion gallons of biomass-based diesel waivers. To highlight the hypocrisy in this action, while filing the draft rule two months ago, the EPA documented, in writing, the fact that they expected to grant zero (that's zero as in none, zilch, nada) gallons of small refinery waivers in 2020. And we're supposed to understand and accept that move?

"Biodiesel and renewable diesel year after year fill more than 90 percent of the RFS volumes reserved for advanced biofuels. But EPA complains that advanced biofuels have not materialized quickly enough to meet the goals of the RFS. Now -- as seen last week -- the agency is holding its thumb on the industry and blocking growth. Not only blocking growth, but helping to reduce demand through small refinery exemptions.

"As the agency continues to hand them out to every refiner that asks, the damage could reach $7.7 billion or 2.54 billion gallons, according to Scott Irwin, an agricultural economist from the University of Illinois. A 'small' oil refinery, by RFS definition -- one that processes 75,000 bpd of oil and produces nearly a billion gallons of fuel a year -- would have an RFS obligation to use just 20 million gallons of biodiesel or renewable diesel. Many U.S. biodiesel producers are smaller than that -- just one small refinery exemption would eliminate their entire market. And the EPA granted 31 of them.

"President Trump vowed to protect and defend American farmers. In fact, he calls them patriots. But his actions will put the biodiesel producers those same farmers depend on for their market, out of business. It's already happening, and it's having a devastating impact on rural communities across the nation.

"President Trump and EPA Administrator Wheeler should clearly know what this means to the workers, producers, farmers and investors in the biodiesel and renewable diesel industry -- their new round of unwarranted RFS exemptions just destroyed jobs and a valuable marketplace for hardworking Americans, including those patriotic soybean farmers who Trump has called on to be his willing allies in the trade dispute with China. If this is how the EPA administrator treats the president’s allies, I'd hate to see how he treats his enemies. (Source: NBB, 15 Aug., 2019) Contact: NBB, Donnell Rehagen, CEO, Kurt Kovarik, VP Federal Affairs, (800) 841-5849, www.biodiesel.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News NBB,  Biodiesel,  


Flint Hills Closes Beatrice Neb. Biodiesel Plant (Ind. Report)
Flint Hills Resources
Date: 2019-07-03
Citing "tough economic times", Flint Hills Resources reports it is closing its 50-million gpy biodiesel plant in Beatrice, Nebraska. The plant, which produces biodiesel from waste fats and oils, tallow, and distillers' corn oil, is at an unusual competitive disadvantage to plants that use lower priced soybean oil.

The 2008 vintage, $50 million plant was acquired by Flint Hills for $5 million at a 2011 and began production in 2016 after Flint Hills spent roughly $100 million to retrofit the facility to use corn oil and grease. In a 2016 news release, the company touted what was the first commercial-scale application of Benefuel Inc.'s ENSEL technology. (Source: Flint Hills Resources, DTN, 2 July, 2019) Contact: Flint Hills Resources, Brad Razook, CEO, (316) 828-3477, www.fhr.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Benefuel,  Beatrice,  Flint Hills Resources,  Ethanol,  


U.S. Soybean Oil for Biodiesel Production Rising (Ind. Report)
US EIA
Date: 2019-05-10
According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the share of total soybean oil consumed as a biodiesel feedstock doubled from the current 15 pct to 30 pct as the total U.S. soybean oil supply grew from about 22.5 billion pounds to nearly 26.0 billion pounds between marketing year 2010-2011 and 2017-2018.

Soybean oil is the most commonly used vegetable oil for biodiesel production, and inputs reached 7.1 billion pounds during the latest soybean oil marketing year which ran from Oct. 1, 2017, to Sept. 30, 2018. Between marketing year 2010-2011 and marketing year 2017-2018, U.S. domestic biodiesel production grew from 700 million gpy to 1.8 billion gpy. The production increase was largely driven by the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) biofuel blending mandate. (Source: US EIA, Xinhua, 8 May, 2019)

More Low-Carbon Energy News US EIA,  Soybean,  Soybean Oil,  BiodieselBiofuel,  


Renewable Diesel Complex Planned for Paraguay (Int'l Report)
ECB Group
Date: 2019-02-27
Brazilian investment holding company ECB Group is reporting its planned, $800 million, Omega Green renewable diesel complex is nearing construction startup. The "first of its kind" in South America plant is expected to produce as much as 693,000 gpd of renewable diesel and synthetic paraffinic kerosene from soybean oil extracted with renewable hexane, animal fats and used cooking oil. The plant's production is slated for export.

Construction is expected to last 30 months for startup and full production in 2022. (Source: ECB Group, Biodiesel, 25 Feb., 2019) Contact: ECB Group, Erasmo Carlos Battistella, Pres., +55 54 3632 0800, www.ecbgroup.com.br

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biodiesel,  Renewable Diesel,  


IRFA Touts Iowa's 2018 Biodiesel Production (Ind. Report)
Iowa Renewable Fuels Association
Date: 2019-01-04
In a recent release, the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association (IRFA) notes that the Hawkeye State's 12 biodiesel plants produced a record-breaking 365 million gallons of biodiesel in 2018. The record production is due in part to the plummeting level of biodiesel imports following a verdict against Argentina and Indonesia for illegally subsidizing imports to the U.S.

According to the IRFA, Iowa's biodiesel production is expected to make up nearly 20 pct of total U.S. production for 2018. The IRFA Shaw also emphasized that the state could do even more if the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) level for biodiesel was set to at least mirror projected U.S. biodiesel consumption and not undermined by small-refinery exemptions.

Compared to 2017, there was a shift in feedstock usage across the state toward more soybean oil. Soybean oil increased its market share to nearly 81 pct while animal fat usage declined from 11 pct to nearly 5 pct. Corn oil continued to make up about 10 pct of feedstock while used cooking oil (UCO)increased to about 4 percent. (Source: Iowa Renewable Fuels Association, KMA Land, 3 Jan., 2019) Contact: Iowa Renewable Fuels Association, Monte Shaw, Exec. Dir., (515) 252-6249, info@irfa.org, http://iowarfa.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News Iowa Renewable Fuels Association,  Biodiesel,  


Argentinian Biodiesel Price Bumped Up 17 pct (Int'l. Report)
Argentina Biodiesel
Date: 2018-09-12
In Buenos Aires, Juan Jose Aranguren, the Argentinian Energy Secretary's office reports it has raised the price of biodiesel used in domestic fuel blends from 22,589 Pesos per ton to 26,509 pesos ($710.70) per ton -- a 17 pct increase. The increase is being attributed primarily to monetary fluctuations.

The government, which sets the price of domestic biofuels, mandates diesel fuel mixes sold in Argentina contain 10 pct biodiesel. Argentina consumed 1.17 million tons of biodiesel in 2017, according to that state statistics agency, Indec. Argentina is the world's largest exporter of soybean oil and soymeal for livestock feed, and the No. 3 exporter of raw soybeans. (Source: Argentinian Energy Secretary, Merco Press, 11 Sept., 2018) Contact: Juan Jose Aranguren, Argentinian Energy Secretary, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Jose_Aranguren

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biodiesel,  Argentina Biodiesel,  


Andeavor N.D. Refinery Considers Renewable Diesel (Ind. Report)
Andeavor
Date: 2018-08-03
Andeavor, fka Tesoro, the owner of a small crude oil refinery in Dickinson, North Dakota is proposing to convert the facility to process vegetable oil, soybean oil and other renewable feedstocks instead of petroleum to produce renewable diesel.

The renewable diesel would meet both the federal Renewable Fuels Standard and California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard and would be marketed in California.

The proposal builds on a pilot project at the Dickinson Refinery, which has involved processing vegetable oil along with Bakken crude to produce a 5 pct renewable diesel blend. The new project, which would process 12,000 bpd of locally sourced renewable feedstocks, is expected to be complete in late 2020, subject to permitting approval. (Source: Andeavor, Bismark Tribune, 2 Aug., 2018) Contact: Andeavor, (210) 626-6000, www.andeavor.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Andeavor ,  Renewable Diesel,  Biodiesel,  


2017 Global Biodiesel Industry Research Report -- Report Available (Ind. Report)

Date: 2018-05-14
The Market Desk 2017 Global Biodiesel Industry Research Report presents key information on the market status of biodiesel manufacturers and is a valuable Biodiesel industry resource.

The report details the biodiesel industry by type -- Rapeseed Oil Based Feedstock, Soybean Oil Based Feedstock, Waste and Residues Based Feedstock -- and by application -- Industrial Fuels, Transportation Fuels, and Chemical Industry. Similarly, within the report, the Biodiesel market is analyzed for rate, value and gross. those three factors are analyzed for sorts, companies, and regions. In continuation of this statistics, sale rate is for numerous kinds, applications and area is likewise included.

The report also details biodiesel industry key companies including product details, potential, rate, value, gross consumption, and sales. Biodiesel market investors and vendors evaluation are given along with details on material and equipment providers.

Report details are HERE. A PDF report sample is available HERE. {Source: Market Desk, Expert Consulting, 14 May, 2018) Contact: Market Desk, www.marketdesk.org

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biodiesel,  


Biodiesel Market Hits $64,497.4Mn by 2026, says Report (ind. Report)

Date: 2017-12-22
Biodiesel fuels are fast replacing conventional fossil fuels across the world. The government in different countries is also supporting eco-friendly alternatives such as biodiesel. Moreover, biodiesel is the only fuel that can be used across energy segments such as heat, transportation, electricity, hence, this is also one of the factors contributing towards the rising demand for biodiesel.

The research report on the global biodiesel anticipates the market to witness robust growth. It is estimated to increase to 6.9 pct CAGR between the forecast period 2017 and 2026. The global biodiesel market by the end of 2026 is estimated to reach US$ 64,497.4 million revenue.

The global biodiesel market is divided into the application, feedstock type, and region. Based on the feedstock type, the market segment includes animal fats, yellow grease, canola oil, distillers corn oil, and soybean oil. Among these, soybean oil is expected to witness significant growth in the global biodiesel market during the forecast period 2017-2026.Based on the application, the market is segmented into power generation, agriculture, fuel, and others. Fuel is expected to witness the highest growth in terms of market volume in the global biodiesel market during the forecast period 2017-2026.

Geographically, Europe is expected to be the largest region in the global biodiesel market during the forecast period. Germany and France are the biggest producers of biodiesel in Europe. Europe also consumes more diesel and biodiesel than petrol. Meanwhile, the supply and demand for biodiesel are gradually increasing at the same level. The current energy taxation regime in Europe also supports biodiesel over ethanol.

Report preview and details HERE. (Source: Transparency Market Research, PR, Dec, 2017) Contact: Transparency Market Research, (518) 618-1030, sales@transparencymarketresearch.com, www.transparencymarketresearch.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Biodiesel,  


AGP Completes Soyoil Biodiesel Plant Expansion (Ind. Report)
AG Processing
Date: 2017-08-28
AG Processing Inc. (AGP) is reporting the completion of its previously announce expansion of its soybean biodiesel production facility in Sergeant Bluff, Iowa. The expansion doubled the 1996 vintage plant's production capacity from 30 to 60 MMgy. The biodiesel expansion was in concert with construction of co-op's new on-site soybean oil refinery which supplies feed stock to the biodiesel plant.

AGP is the largest farmer-owned cooperative represents over 250,000 soybean farmers from 16 states and Canadian provinces. AGP operates nine soybean processing plants including six plants in Iowa, located at Eagle Grove, Emmetsburg, Manning, Mason City, Sergeant Bluff, and Sheldon. Other AGP processing plants are in Dawson, Minnesota, St. Joseph, Missouri, and Hastings, Nebraska. AEP operates three biodiesel production facilities with installed capacity totaling 150 MMgy. (Source: AG Processing, Biodiesel Mag, 25 Aug., 2017) Contact: AG Processing, (800) 798-4282, www.agp.com

More Low-Carbon Energy News Soybean Biodiesel,  AG Processing,  


US Biodiesel Production Rising, says US EIA (Ind. Report)
US Energy Information Administration
Date: 2017-08-23
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), US biodiesel production for the month of May, 2017, was 136 million gallons in May 2017, 9 million gallons higher than April 2017, and higher than the years 2016 and 2016. Biodiesel production came from 97 biodiesel plants with a combined capacity of 2.3 billion gpy. The Midwest region remained the heart of the US biodiesel industry, accounting for 69 pct of the US' total production.

1,054 million pounds of feedstocks were used to produce biodiesel in May 2017. Soybean oil remained the most widely used biodiesel fuel stock, with 546 million pounds consumed. Texas remains the biggest biodiesel producing state in the US. Nine biodiesel producers have facilities in the Lone-Star state, with a combined total capacity of 474 million gpy, according to EIA figures. (Source: US EIA, Aug., 2017) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov

More Low-Carbon Energy News US Energy Information Administration,  USEIA,  Biodiesel,  

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