The bulk of the EU's €33 million will be channeled through the Ethiopian government with €3 million of the total
used to enhance the country's measurement, reporting and verification systems, to make them complaint with Paris Climate Agreement standards.
The funded projects will be administered by the Ethiopian Environment, Forest and Climate Change Commission and the Ministry of Trade and Industry in collaboration with regional states.
(Source: EU News, ENA News, Walta, 22 July, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Finance news, Climate Change Mitigation news, Carbon Emissions news,
TenneT was recently awarded a contract for the construction of the offshore converter platform and the land station for DolWin5 in May, achieving cost savings of around 10 pct compared to the previous DolWin6 project, according to the release.
"According to all international studies and scenarios, the current roll-out rate of offshore wind in Europe is not sufficient to achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement for Europe. An accelerated and large-scale roll-out is necessary. A future internationally coordinated approach could implement the connection and integration of a roll-out of large-scale offshore wind energy more effectively and at considerably lower costs of up to 30 pct than with continued individual national planning," the release added.
The current maximum infeed performance of offshore wind farms in the North Sea reached 4,989 MW on 24 March 2019 at. The capacity expansion of the offshore wind farms in the North Sea amounted to 5,577 MW on 30 June 2019. TenneT's offshore transmission capacity is 6,232 MW, according to the company. (Source: TenneT Holdings, Offshore Engineer, 16 July, 2019)Contact: TenneT, +31 (0) 26 373 1112, www.tennet.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News TenneT, Wind, Offshore Wind,
The shipping giant, which operates nearly 700 global vessels, has already substantially cut emissions and spent $1 billion to date in efficiency improvements aimed at the intermediate target of cutting emissions by 60 pct by 2030. To date, Maersk has reduced CO2 emissions by 46 pct -- roughly 9 pct more than the industry average.
Maritime emissions were not covered by the Paris Climate Agreement. (Source: Maersk, ZME, 16 July, 2019) Contact: Maersk Line, www.maerskline.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Marine Emissions, Carbon Emissions, Maritime Emissions, Maersk,
In 2050, carbon emission intensity or energy expenditure per unit of GDP in China's power sector, will decline to 5 pct of that in 2005, the Bloomberg report says. (Source: Bloomberg, China Daily, 10 July, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News China Carbon Emissions, Climate Change,
In addition to the existing carbon tax regime, the Liberal government aims to make the heating and transportation fuel supply cleaner to reduce carbon emissions and help Canada meet targets set under the Paris Climate Agreement.
According to a government backgrounder, fossil fuel suppliers will be able to meet the performance standard by "taking action themselves" to make fuels cleaner -- through improvements to the refining process, for example, or by purchasing credits from low-carbon-intensity fuel producers and other credit generators.
(Source: CBC News, Various Media, 8 July, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Vehicle Emissions, Clean Fuel Standard, Paris Climate Agreement, Clean Fuel,
The report notes that $30.2 billion (70 pct) of the 2018 total was devoted to climate change mitigation investments that aim to reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions and slow down global warming. The remaining $12.9 billion (30 pct) was invested in climate change adaptation efforts to help address mounting impacts of climate change, including worsening droughts and more extreme weather events from extreme flooding to rising sea levels.
Since 2011, the six MDBS have committed nearly $237 billion in climate finance for developing and emerging economies. MDBs' climate finance aims to ensure that global financial flows are consistent with the Paris Climate Agreement.(Source: World Bank, Modern Diplomacy, June, 2019) Contact: World Bank Group, Mehreen Sheikh,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change, Climate Change Mitigation, Climate Finance,
"Furthermore, CNG cars are not affected by driving bans in city centers.
Refueling with biomethane or e-gas results in an even better CO2 balance. Both can easily be fed into the gas network and mixed with any amount of fossil natural gas." -- Stephen Neumann, Volkswagen Group
More Low-Carbon Energy News VW, Paris Climate Agreement,
The ten-nation ASEAN bloc supports the conservation and sustainable use of ASEAN's coastal and marine environment and is committed to promote biodiversity conservation and management and endeavor to mainstream biodiversity into the organization's various development processes. (Source: ASEAN, AFP, Manila Bulletin, 23 June, 2019) Contact: ASEAN, www.asean.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAM, Climate Change, Climate Change Mitigation,
The commercial air transport industry is targeting a cap of CO2 emissions through carbon neutral growth from 2020 and aims
to halve emissions by 2050, compared to 2005 levels, ensure the aviation industry's compatibility with the Paris climate agreement goals. (Source: International Air Transport Association, Biofuels Int'l, 24 June, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Aviation Biofuel news, Carbon Tax news, news,
The European Parliament and the EU's climate chief Miguel Arias Canete have called for the bloc to aim for net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, saying legislation passed since the Paris Climate Agreement puts the EU on track to surpass its current emissions reduction target.
Poland and other EU member states that rely on coal for power production , along with Germany and its its powerful automotive sector, balk at deeper emission cuts.
(Source: Various Media, Reuters, CNBC, June, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Coal, GHGs, Carbon Emissions, EU,
The May 2019 deforestation is 25 pct higher than in May 2018, May, and twice that of May, 2017.
Earlier this year, Brazil's freshman President Jair Bolsonaro's administration was reportedly planning to follow US President Donald Trump's lead and pull Brazil out of the Paris Climate Agreement. In his first 5 months in office, Bolsonaro abolished the ministries that dealt with climate change, trimmed the remaining agencies' budgets and now wants to privatize vast areas of the Amazon rain forest for agribusiness, timber and mining interests. (Source: Various Media, Reuters, June, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Amazon Deforestation, Carbon Emissions, Deforestation,
During his comments, Singh highlighted the country's achievements in household electrification and energy access. He also said he was confident that India will achieve a 40 pct renewable in the energy mix by 2030.
(Source: India Power and New and Renewable Energy Ministry, Business Standard, 16 June, 2019)
Contact: India Power and New and Renewable Energy Ministry, https://powermin.nic.in/en/content/contact-us-0
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, Climate Change,
Under the Paris Climate Agreement, the Netherlands committed to reducing CO2 emissions by 15 pct by 2020.
Jan De Nul Group provides maritime construction and maintenance services internationally.(Source: Jan DeNul Group, Wikipedia, Biofuels Digest, 12 June, 2019) Contact: Jan De Nul Group, +352 39 89 11,
+352 39 96 43 -- fax., email@example.com, www.jandenul.com/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News Drop-in Biofuel, Biofuel, Carbon Emissions,
According to the report, Taiwan should follow the mindset of the Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), a global consortium formed in 2013. Although Taiwan is not a member of the DDPP, it could study the various open-source research and policy recommendations to reduce annual carbon emissions per person to 1.7 metric tons by 2050, which is also a goal set by the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement.
Based on the progress of Taiwan's Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act, it is likely that the country will only be able to reduce carbon emissions per person to 5.4-6 metric tons by 2050, which is far higher than the figure set by the DDPP, the white paper cautioned.
The study also recommends the government should revisit related government-led strategies concerning carbon trading, energy taxes and draft better incentives for industry and consumers.
The government should also push a more comprehensive climate act to serve as a national guideline, an create an open and transparent platform so that stakeholders from the public and private sectors can exchange climate change related information.
Academia Sinica, headquartered in Nangang District, Taipei, is the national academy of the Republic of China. It supports research activities in a wide variety of disciplines, ranging from mathematical and physical sciences, to life sciences, the humanities and social sciences. (Source: Academia Sinica, Focus Taiwan, June, 2019)
Contact: Academia Sinica, +886 2 2782 2120, www.sinica.edu.tw/en; Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project, www.deepdecarbonization.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change, Low-Carbon Economy,
The cement sector accounts for around 7 pct of global CO2 emissions, according to the International Energy Agency. (Source: Heidelberg Cement, Climate Home News, 13 May, 2019)
Contact: HeidelbergCement, Dr Bernd Scheifele, CEO, Jan Theulen, Director Alternative Resources, www.heidelbergcement.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News HeidelbergCement, Carbon Emissions,
According to the CCC, net-zero
by 2050 could be achieved within a budget of 1-2 pct of GDP. It would require new policies across various government departments: low-carbon electricity would need to quadruple and low-carbon heating will be required throughout Britain building stock.
All new cars and vans should be electric by 2035 or earlier, while novel technologies such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) will become a necessity.
Such reforms are especially urgent considering that the UK is currently set to miss its present legally-mandated target of an 80 percent cut in emissions by 2050.
(Source: Independent Committee on Climate Change, yahoo News, 30 April, 2019) Contact: Independent Committee on Climate Change, www.theccc.org.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News Committee on Climate Change, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Neutral,
O'Rourke's proposal calls for halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and net-zero emissions by 2050 through a program of: executive action; a $5 trillion over 10 years investment in a clean energy transition; and preparing vulnerable communities for the impacts of climate change.
Although the plan is focused on climate and energy -- cutting emissions and creating alternatives -- approximately $3.5 trillion is allocated through tax incentives, loans, and other financing mechanisms for infrastructure, research, resilience, and clean energy deployment. The outlay would be funded by "structural changes to the tax code" that end tax breaks to fossil fuel companies and raise rates on corporations and top earners. Of the remaing $1.5 trillion, $1.2 trillion would go to grants for sustainable housing, transportation, public health, farming, and start-ups.
As opposed to a carbon tax or a cap-and-trade system, O'Rourke is advocating a legally-binding net-zero emissions standard by 2050. The plan doesn't rule out pricing carbon but instead focuses on setting definitive goal posts.
If elected, O'Rourke noted will re-enter the Paris climate agreement, implement rules to cut methane and other "super-potent" GHG emissions, tighten clean air rules, ramp up appliance efficiency standards, demand clean energy procurement from federal contractors, and end new fossil fuel leases on public lands. (Source: Vox, Various Media, 30 April, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Tax, Methane, Clean Air,
Shell claims its move is in line with the 2015 Paris climate agreement's goals to limit global warming by reducing carbon emissions to a net zero by the end of the century.
It is also reflects investor pressure on oil companies, particularly in Europe, to change in their behavior around climate. Along that line, in 2018 Shell announced plans to introduce industry-leading carbon emissions targets linked to executive pay.
Sustainable Business,Various Media, April, 2019) Contact: AFPM, Ben van Beurden, CEO, Pres., (202) 457-0480, www.afpm.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers , Shell, Climate Change,
"Go look at the countries that are still in the Paris Agreement and see what their CO2 emissions were. It's one thing to sign a document; it's another thing to actually change your behavior." -- Mike Pompeo, US. Secretary of State , 1 April, 2019
Editor's Note: It would seem the Trump Administration and Sec. Pompeo are expecting an immediate, if not overnight turn around and even a reversal of the earth's climate change fortunes in the short time since the signing of the Paris Climate Agreement.
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, Paris Accord, Climate Change,
The Act will help mitigate the uncertainty surrounding these power plants and spur investments in new renewable energy and battery storage projects across Illinois as well as sustain otherwise uneconomic generation for five years while allowing time for additional capacity to come online.
Currently, as much as 75 pct of Vistra's subsidiaries' -- TXU Energy, Homefield Energy, Dynegy and Luminant -- downstate generation capacity located within MISO Zone 4 is at risk of closure by the end of 2019. Vistra's subsidiaries' nearly 5,500 MW of generation capacity accounts for 40 pct of MISO Zone 4's summer capacity.
The Illinois Coal to Solar and Energy Storage Act will:
In 2018, Xcel Energy cut carbon emissions by 3 pct and has reduced carbon emissions by 38 pct from 2005 levels by adding new wind and solar to its energy portfolio while retiring coal plants and transitioning with cleaner natural gas. Last year, Xcel Energy opened its new 600-megawatt Rush Creek wind farm in Colorado, the company's largest wind farm. Further, it will retire more coal plants or change those operations to reduce emissions and support strategic electrification of certain end uses, such as transportation, as well as invest in technologies to upgrade its grid.
(Source: Xcel Energy, Daily Energy Insider, 8 Mar., 2019) Contact: Xcel Energy, www.xcelenergy.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Xcel Energy, Carbon Emissions,
The USCA was a reaction to President Donald Trump's announcement the U.S. would withdraw from the December 2015 Paris climate agreement because the restrictions would hurt America's economy without improving the environment.
USCA members pledge to implement policies advancing the goals of the Paris climate agreement, in part by reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 26 to 28 pct below 2005 levels by 2025. USCA members are also required to accelerate new and existing policies to reduce CO2 and promote clean energy deployment at the state and federal level.
(Source: Various Media, The Heartland Institute, 7 Mar., 2019)
Contact: United States Climate Alliance, www.usclimatealliance.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News United States Climate Alliance ,
The minister noted that politicians should stop burying their heads in the sand in the face of climate change and stop fooling themselves and the population. “When the cows run out of water or the harvest fails, you can't pretend that everything is in order. Doing nothing costs money, she asserted, pointing to the costs of damage from avalanches, fires, and floods. We should stop seeing climate protection as something that only costs", she noted to illustrate her point.
In December 2017, the Swiss Federal Council adopted revisions to the Federal Act on the Reduction of CO2 Emissions (CO2 Act) to help it achieve its commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement. But, in December 2018, the House of Representatives rejected the proposal after conservative-right parties weakened the revisions including removing a domestic CO2 emissions target.
(Source: Swiss Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communication, SWI SwissInfo.ch, 3 Mar., 2019) Contact: Swiss Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communication, Simonetta Sommaruga, Minister, +41 58 462 55 11, www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/departments/department-of-environment-transport-energy-communications-detec.html
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change,
The study attributes the country's progress to the increasing growth in wind and solar power nationwide. The country is adopting renewable energy faster per capita than the rest of the world, the study said. The pipeline of new wind and solar systems is averaging about 6.3 GW a year, the study showed.
The report notes that each extra gigawatt of renewables displaces about 2 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent emissions from coal-fired power, implying that Australia's pipeline of renewables would cut emissions by about 12 million to 13 million tpy of CO2 equivalent. Assuming other sectors' emissions grow by 2 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent a year, the net reduction would be about 10 million to 11 million tpy which would put Australia on track to meet its Paris target before 2030.
The study, which was based on data from Australia's Clean Energy Regulator, found that for Australia to meet its target, emissions would have to fall to between 430 million and 442 million tpy of CO2 equivalent.
However, as of the end of 2017, emissions had risen to 553.7 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent, according to data from Australia's National Greenhouse Gas Inventory.
(Source: Australian National University, SBS , Feb., 2019) Contact: Australian National University, Prof. Andrew Blakers, firstname.lastname@example.org, +61 2 612 55905, www.anu.edu.au;
Australia National Greenhouse Gas Inventory, ageis.climatechange.gov.au
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, Carbon Emissions, GHG, Australia GHG, Climate Change,
The shareholder resolution comes from Climate Action 100+, a group of 300 investors with $32 trillion in assets, including the investment arms of HSBC, Legal & General and the Church of England. The resolution will be voted upon at the company's annual meeting. The shareholder group's resolution was driven by what it says was the company's failure to demonstrate a strategy consistent with the Paris goals." according to CNN News.
The Climate Action 100+ initiative is just part of a growing wave of shareholders exerting their power to scrutinize oil and gas companies over their contributions to rising carbon emissions, and perhaps, more importantly -- asking the companies what they are going to do about it.
In the proposal, BP is tasked with developing a business strategy in line with two of the Paris deal goals by the end of its 2019 financial year -- holding temperature rises to below 2 degrees C and reducing carbon emissions to net zero by the second half of the century. BP will also be required to justify how its capital expenditures in fossil fuel projects were consistent with the landmark climate deal and set new metrics and targets. BP has not specified what metrics and targets it will set, should the resolution be passed - but there is talk of setting targets for the carbon intensity of its products and linking executives’ bonuses to carbon emission cuts.
Launched in December 2017 at the One Planet Summit, Climate Action 100+ garnered worldwide attention as it was highlighted as one of 12 key global initiatives to tackle climate change.
Investor representatives from AustralianSuper, California Public Employees' Retirement System (CalPERS), HSBC Global Asset Management, Ircantec and Manulife Asset Management have helped to lead the design and development of Climate Action 100+.
The initiative is designed to implement the investor commitment first set out in the Global Investor Statement on Climate Change in the months leading up to the adoption of the historic Paris Agreement in 2015.
To date, 310 investors with more than $32 trillion in assets under management have signed on to the initiative. In July 2018, Climate Action 100+ released an update that showed more investors are mobilizing across dozens of countries to drive corporate action on climate change, and companies on the initiative's focus list, have started to make progress towards its goals, including a trebling in support for the recommendations of the Financial Stability Board's Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures. (Source: Climate Action 100+l, CNN, Various Media, 2 Feb., 2019) Contact: Climate Action 100+, www.climateaction100.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News BP, Carbon Emissions, Climate Change, Paris Climate Agreement, COP15,
Governor Wolf wants to reduce emissions by 26 pct by 2025, based on 2005 levels, and by 80 pct by 2050, which is in line with 2015's Paris climate agreement.
The governor's 2025's goal may be within reach, since federal data shows Pennsylvania's carbon dioxide emissions fell 20 pct between 2005 and 2016, due primarily to cleaner power generation. (Source: Office of Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf , witf, 8 Jan., 2019) Contact: Office of Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf, (717) 787-2500, www.governor.pa.gov/contact
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Greehouse Gas, Climate Change,
If fully supported by governments, the private sector and citizens, the Kigali Amendment will avoid up to 0.4 degrees C of global warming this century while continuing to protect the ozone layer. The amendment will substantively contribute to the goals of the COP15, Paris Climate Agreement.
The parties to the amendment have put in place practical arrangements for its implementation, including agreements on technologies for the destruction of HFCs and new data reporting requirements and tools. The amendment comes with provisions for capacity-building for developing countries, institutional strengthening and the development of national strategies to reduce HFCs and replace them with alternatives. Phasing down HFCs under the Kigali Amendment may also open a window to redesign refrigeration equipment that is more energy efficient, further increasing the climate gains.
Implementation of new targets set out in the amendment will be done in three phases, with a group of developed countries starting HFCs phase-down from 2019. Developing countries will follow with a freeze of HFCs consumption levels in 2024 and with a few countries freezing consumption in 2028.
Evidence presented in the latest Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion finds that the ozone layer in parts of the stratosphere has recovered at a rate of 1-3 pct per decade since 2000. At projected rates, Northern Hemisphere and mid-latitude ozone is scheduled to heal completely by the 2030s followed by the Southern Hemisphere in the 2050s and polar regions by 2060.
The UN Environment Ozone Secretariat is the Secretariat for the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The Secretariat facilitates and supports the parties to the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol and other stakeholders in implementing actions to protect and heal the ozone layer and contribute to climate change mitigation.
Download the Scientific Assessment of
Ozone Depletion: 2018 Executive Summary HERE. (Source: UN Environment Ozone Secretariat, World Meteorological Organization , UN Environment, 3 Dec., 2019) Contact: UN Environment Ozone Secretariat, https://ozone.unep.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News COP15, Paris Climate Agreement, Carbon Emissions, Montreal Protocol, HFCs, Ozone Depletion, Climate Change,
The newly adopted Paris Accord Work Programme outlines the ways in which countries are required to count and report their greenhouse gas emissions as well as what they are doing to reduce emissions.
The deal, struck after an all-night bargaining session, will ultimately require every country in the world to follow a uniform set of standards for measuring their planet-warming emissions and tracking their climate policies. And it calls on countries to step up their plans to cut emissions ahead of another round of talks in 2020. It also calls on richer countries to be clearer about the aid they intend to offer to help poorer nations install more clean energy or build resilience against natural disasters. And it builds a process in which countries that are struggling to meet their emissions goals can get help in getting back on track.
A further agreement to pledge more aggressive action to fight global warming and to the market for international carbon emissions trading was postponed until a U.N. summit in New York in September, 2019)
(Source: Weather Channel, Environmental Defense Council, UPI, NYT, Various Media, 15 Dec., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change, COP15, COP24,
"The IPCC special report is a stark acknowledgment of what the consequences of global warming beyond 1.5 degrees will mean for billions of people around the world, especially those who call small island states home. This is not good news, but we cannot afford to ignore it." -- UN secretary general Antonio Guterres commenting on the slow progress of the COP24 talks centered on devising a rule book for implementing the 2015 Paris agreement and raising countries' level of ambition to counter climate change.
More Low-Carbon Energy News IPCC, Paris Climate Agreement, COP15, COP24, Climate Change,
The index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 56 countries and the EU that are, together, responsible for nearly 90 pct of global GHG emissions. The index uses 14 indicators covering GHG emissions, renewable energy and energy use along with the compatibility of national climate targets with the Paris Climate Agreement. The rating only evaluates CO2 emitted domestically. If emissions from consumption were measured, Switzerland would be ranked lowerg as the country imports large quantities of CO2-intensive products, creating more CO2 emissions abroad than at home.
According to the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (FSO), Switzerland's total CO2 emissions, calculated in terms of its carbon footprint, was 116 million tonnes in 2015. Of these, 76 million tonnes were produced abroad. Switzerland is one of the few countries that relies more on purchasing climate certificates to offset emissions than on reducing its own emissions.
(Source: SwissInfo, 10 Dec., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change, Carbon Emissions,
Funded by ADB, the Government of Germany, and the Swedish Energy Agency, the facility will provide technical, capacity building, and policy development support to help the DMCs meet Article 6 of the Paris Agreement under which countries voluntarily committed to lower their carbon emissions.
The Article 6 Support Facility is intended to help DMCs achieve expertise, draw lessons from pilot activities, and enhance their preparedness for participation in carbon markets beyond 2020, while contributing to international negotiations.(Source: ADB, Modern Diplomacy, 8 Dec., 2018) Contact: Asian Development Bank, +63 2 632 4444, www.adb.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, Asian Development Bank, Climate Change, Carbon Emissions,
In October, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned that the world has only 8 years left to limit climate change catastrophe and that drastic cuts in carbon emissions will be needed if the world is to reach the COP15 pledge of keeping temperatures between 1.5C and 2C. Unfortunately, CO2 emissions hit a record high in 2017.
Although Poland has reduced its share of coal in power generation, the country still gets close to 80 pct of its electricity from the fossil fuel. Even so, Poland is planning construction of another major coal-fired power plant that the Environment Ministry promises will be the last.
However, some observers are skeptical since the the country's most recent energy plan would basically see the amount of coal in the energy mix remain unchanged at 80 pct until 2030, when coal reserves are expected to run dry.
Even so, Polish authorities are calling for a "just transition" for fossil fuel industries like coal which are facing closures as part of efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
(Source: REMI rfi, Others, Dec. 3, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, COP24, Coal, Climate Change,
According to the WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin there has been a 41 pct increase in the warming effect by the various greenhouse gases on the climate, known as "radioactive forcing", since 1990. CO2 specifically accounts for about 82 pct of the increase in radioactive forcing over the past decade, according to figures quoted in the WMO report. The new report adds yet another building block of scientific evidence to inform decision-making at the upcoming UN COP24 climate change conference in Poland. The key objective of this meeting is to adopt an implementation plan for the 2015 Paris Agreement.
In its 2017 Statement on the State of the Global Climate, WMO said
"We have witnessed extraordinary weather, including temperatures topping 50 degrees C in Asia, record-breaking hurricanes in rapid succession in the Caribbean and Atlantic reaching as far as Ireland, devastating monsoon flooding affecting many millions of people and a relentless drought in East Africa. This is part of a long-term warming trend." (Source: World Meteorological Organization, 28 Nov., 2018) Contact: WMO, Petteri Taalas, Secretary General, +41 (0) 22 73 0811, www.wmo.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News Cliame Change, Carbon Emissions, COP15, Paris Climate Agreement, World Meteorological Organization, Climate Change,
To prepare for this transformation, the European Parliament and the European Council invited the European Commission (EC) to submit a long-term strategy on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions for the European Union, in accordance with COP15.
The EC strategy confirms Europe's commitment to lead in global climate action through a socially-fair transition and provides a first indication of the direction of travel to frame what the EU could consider as its long-term contribution to achieving the Paris Agreement temperature objectives.
Presenting this vision will allow for a thorough debate involving European decision-makers, stakeholders and citizens at large to consider how the EU can make a fair contribution to meeting the long-term temperature goals of the Paris Agreement and how this transformation can be achieved.
The agency noted that "China's carbon emission declined both in intensity and amount in the pilot carbon trading areas. The carbon market has fulfilled its role in controlling greenhouse gas emissions and promoting low-carbon development." The agency added that China will advance the construction of carbon trading market and gradually expand the number of industries, trading entities and categories that participate in the national carbon market which was launched in 2017.
The Chinese carbon emissions trading system includes power generation, iron and steel production and cement manufacturing sectors in seven provinces and municipalities.
Under the Paris Climate Agreement, China will cut its carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 60 to 65 pct by 2030 from the 2005 level.
By the end of 2017, China had cut CO2 emissions per unit of GDP by 46 pct from 2005 levels, fulfilling its commitment to reduce CO2 emissions by 40 to 45 pct from the 2005 level by 2020. (Source: Chinese Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Xinhua, 26 Nov., 2018)Contact: China National Development and Reform Commission, en.ndrc.gov.cn; Chinese Ministry of Ecology and Environment, english.mee.gov.cn
More Low-Carbon Energy News China Carbon Market, Cap-and-Trade, CO2, Carbon Emissions,
The US Climate Alliance is a bipartisan coalition of U.S.states and unincorporated self-governing territories that are committed to upholding the objectives of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement (COP15).
The initiative supports farmers and ranchers in adopting climate-smart farming practices on land they own and rent, encourages smart growth and protecting farmland to reduce transportation emissions and expands renewable energy siting while protecting productive, versatile and resilient farmland.
"The goals and strategies outlined in the Farmers Combat Climate Change Initiative will play a critical role in helping farmers, ranchers, and urban growth planners develop and implement practices that can reduce greenhouse emissions, sequester carbon, and help mitigate, if not begin to reverse the negative impacts predicted by climate change models," according to Jennifer Moore-Kucera.
(Source: American Farmland Trust, The Fence Post, 26 Nov., 2018) Contact: American Farmland Trust, John Piotti, Pres., CEO, Jennifer Moore-Kucera, Carbon Initiate Dir., (202) 331-7300, www.farmland.org; US Climate Alliance, www.usclimatealliance.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News COP15, US Climate Alliance, American Farmland Trust, Climate Change, Carbon Emissions,
As much as 60 pct of the emissions from the cement sector come from the production of clinker, the active component of cement. This primarily uses calcium carbonate as a source of calcium for the clinker, but releases a great deal of CO2. Outside of carbon capture technology, use of new efficient kilns could mean "a 10 pct improvement in the best case scenario at the global level [of emissions]", says the report. The report notes that the concrete-cement sector accounts for approximately 8 pct of global emissions.
The report concluded that total decarbonisation to keep the concrete-cement sectors in line with a 1.5 degree C Paris climate agreement target was "technologically feasible" but would "require very large investments."
Access the Sustainanable Future for the European Cement Industry report HERE. (Source: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, New Civil Engineer, 5 Nov., 2018) Contact: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, www.myscience.ch/research/universities/epfl
More Low-Carbon Energy News Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Concrete, COs, Carbon Neutral ,
"As this report shows, the CDM is harnessing the entrepreneurial power of markets and the private sector to meet goals on sustainable development and climate change – something that remains a priority today, not only for climate action but for financing in support of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement.
"It is helping bring climate action and sustainable development to the forefront of the global agenda -- through the thousands of projects in developing countries and by making international organizations, businesses and ordinary citizens aware of their own carbon footprints and what they can do to reduce and offset them. Perhaps most importantly, the CDM has established robust standards and methodologies to quantify and monitor emission reduction projects."
Download the report HERE.
(Source: UNFCCC, Oct., 2018) Contact: UNFCCC, UN Climate Change, +49 228 815 1000, email@example.com, https://unfccc.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News Clean Development Mechanism, CDM, UNFCCC, Paris Climate Agreement, Climate Change,
To that end, the Port Authority will invest $100 million in airport energy efficiency with between 600 and 750 light duty vehicles being swapped out for electric powered vehicles. New lighting will be installed at the Port Authority Bus Terminal, World Trade Center, George Washington Bridge, and three airports, and 35 intra-airport shuttle buses to be converted to electric power. The plan would not immediately address emissions from truck and rail operators at the port, nor would it cover the major airlines serving the region.
(Source: Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, PR, northjersey.com, 25 Oct., 2018)
Contact: NY/NJ Port Authority, Rick Cotton, Exec. Dir., (973) 961-6007, www.panynj.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, Carbon Emissions,
Midpen, which stewards more than 63,000 acres of public open space, including redwood forests which store large amounts of carbon, is targeting a reduction in emissions of 20 pct below its 2016 baseline by 2022, 40 pct by 2030 and 80 pct by 2050. To that end, Midpen will reduce emissions from vehicles, equipment, employee commutes, business travel, offices and tenant residences, using renewable diesel fuel, installing electric vehicle chargers,and others. The plan also identifies strategies for reducing or offsetting emissions from livestock grazing in Midpen's open space preserves, enhancing carbon sequestration, reducing preserve visitor transportation emissions and increasing staff and visitor awareness of climate change.
This goal is in line with the Golden State's climate change policy and the Paris Climate Agreement, which aims to limit global warming to two degrees Celsius.
The Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District is a public agency committed to acquiring and preserving open space and agricultural land of regional significance, protect and restore the natural environment and provide opportunities for ecologically sensitive public enjoyment and education. (Source: Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District, Siliconner, 13 Oct., 2018) Contact: Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District, Ana Maria Ruiz, Dir., (650) 691-1200, (650) 691-0485 (fax), firstname.lastname@example.org, www.openspace.org/climate
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van Beurden noted that reforestation -- the planting of more trees -- was the only solution to meeting the goal of 1.5C. Reforestation is similar to afforestation, which is the process of restoring and recreating areas of woodland on land that was not previously forested.
Removal of woodland areas and forests from the planet has become all too common, due to agricultural activities, logging, mining and forest fires. Forests soak up pollution and dust from the air, maintain the balance of CO2 and oxygen in Earth's atmosphere, build natural habitats and ecosystems and maintain the water cycle which prevents soil erosion.
Reforestation can help mitigate global warming by reducing the amount of CO2 in the air. Trees use sunlight to absorb CO2 from the atmosphere through photosynthesis. Water also evaporates from leaves and this conversion of water to vapour removes heat from the air.
The Shell CEO added that an Amazon-sized tree planting project is needed to meet global warming targets. (Source: Shell, iNews, 10 Oct., 2018)
The Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5C was approved by the IPCC on Saturday in Incheon, South. Korea. It will be a key scientific input into the Katowice Climate Change Conference in Poland in December, when governments review the Paris Agreement to tackle climate change.
"With more than 6,000 scientific references cited and the dedicated contribution of thousands of expert and government reviewers worldwide, this important report testifies to the breadth and policy relevance of the IPCC," said Hoesung Lee, Chair of the IPCC. Ninety-one authors and review editors from 40 countries prepared the IPCC report in response to an invitation from the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) when it adopted the Paris Agreement in 2015.
The report highlights a number of climate change impacts that could be avoided by limiting global warming to 1.5C compared to 2C, or more. For instance, by 2100, global sea level rise would be 10 cm lower with global warming of 1.5C compared with 2C. The likelihood of an Arctic Ocean free of sea ice in summer would be once per century with global warming of 1.5C, compared with at least once per decade with 2C. Coral reefs would decline by 70 -- 90 percent with global warming of 1.5C, whereas virtually all (99 percent) would be lost with 2C. Limiting global warming would also give people and ecosystems more room to adapt and remain below relevant risk thresholds.
The report also examines pathways available to limit warming to 1.5C, what it would take to achieve them and what the consequences could be. The report finds that limiting global warming to 1.5C would require rapid and far reaching transitions in land, energy, industry, buildings, transport, and cities. Global net human-caused emissions of CO2 would need to fall by about 45 pct from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching net-zero around 2050. This means that any remaining emissions would need to be balanced by removing CO2from the air.
Allowing the global temperature to temporarily exceed or 'overshoot' 1.5C would mean a greater reliance on techniques that remove CO2 from the air to return global temperature to below 1.5C by 2100. The effectiveness of such techniques are unproven at large scale and some may carry significant risks for sustainable development, the report notes.
The report was prepared under the scientific leadership of all three IPCC working groups. Working Group I assesses the physical science basis of climate change; Working Group II addresses impacts, adaptation and vulnerability; and Working Group III deals with the mitigation of climate change.
The Paris Agreement adopted by 195 nations at the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in December 2015 included the aim of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change by "holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5C above pre-industrial levels." As part of the decision to adopt the Paris Agreement, the IPCC was invited to produce, in 2018, the attached Special Report on global warming of 1.5C -- the first in a series of Special Reports to be produced in the IPCC's Sixth Assessment Cycle.
The IPCC is the leading world body for assessing the science related to climate change, its impacts and potential future risks, and possible response options.
Download the IPCC Report on
(Source: IPCC, PR,
8 October 2018) Contact: IPCC, +41 22 730 8208 / 54 / 84, Fax. +41 22 730 8025 / 13, Sec@wmo.int,
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"Even if it is technically possible, without aligning the technical, political and social aspects of feasibility, it is not going to happen. To limit warming below 1.5 C, or 2 C for that matter, requires all countries and all sectors to act." -- Glen Peters, Center for International Climate Research in Oslo.
"The report paints a very gloomy picture. Time is of the essence and there must be action behind the political ambitions if we are to succeed in slowing down climatic change to a manageable level." -- Lars Lilleholt, Denmark Climate Minister
"We are at a crossroads. The next 10--15 years will be critical." -- Jens Mattias Clausen, Climate & Climate Advisor, Greenpeace. (Source: CPH Post, 8 Oct., 2018)
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To that end, Fiji's
new NDC will include other critical sectors such as land transport, maritime transport, domestic aviation, waste, agriculture and forestry.
Fiji's current NDC is specific to the energy sector both in terms of a GHG baseline, where 2013 is considered the reference year, and in terms of potential mitigation actions. (Source: Fiji Times, 27 Sept., 2018)
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Coal demand increased by 3 pct in the first half of 2018 with renewable energy sources unable to keep up with the spiraling demand for power over the period.
As the world's major GHG producer, China has vowed to bring total emissions to a peak by "around 2030" as part of its commitments to the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Some studies have suggested that China's total carbon emissions might already have peaked at a record 9.53 gigatonnes in 2013, with the economy now shifting to less-carbon-intensive high-technology sectors.
China has been trying to ease its dependence on fossil fuels, and vowed in its latest energy five-year plan to cut the share of coal in its total energy mix from 64 pct in 2015 to 58 pct by the end of the decade. The figure stood at 60.4 pct in 2017. (Source: Economic Times Shanghai, Greenpeace, Reuters, 21 Sept., 2018
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The study notes that passenger car engines as we know them need to be completely phased out from new sales before the end of the next decade. Otherwise, Europe will struggle to "meaningfully contribute" to limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius, the most ambitious part of the Paris Agreement on climate change's well below 2 degrees Celsius overall aim.
Download the Development of the Car Fleet
in EU28+2 to Achieve the
Paris Agreement Target to
Limit Global Warming to
1.5 C Report
HERE. (Source: German Aerospace Centre, Greenpeace, Euractiv, Sept., 2018)
Contact: German Aerospace Centre, www.dlr.de/dlr/en; Greenpeace, www.greenpeace.org/belgium
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