The initiative is a DOE-wide effort comprising EERE, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE), the Office of Science, and the National Laboratories. The initiative helps to leverage the National Laboratories' high performance computing capabilities to address challenges in manufacturing and materials through state-of-the-art modeling, simulation, and data analysis. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) leads the HPC4EI program along with partner laboratories Argonne, Lawrence Berkeley, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge, Pacific Northwest and Sandia National Laboratories, as well as the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and National Energy Technology Laboratory. Funded projects include:
Within the High Performance Computing for Materials (HPC4Mtls) Program, EERE's Vehicle Technologies Office has selected two projects:
The rice-to-biofuel (R2B) project will produce biogas for energy and fertilizer using anaerobic digestion reactors with biomethane upgrading equipment. The activities of the "village scale" pilot facility and the development of the associated business models are supported by academic lab work and analysis from the UK research partners. (Source: Supergen Bioenergy Hub, June, 2019) Contact: Supergen Bioenergy Hub, European Bioenergy Research Institute (EBRI), Aston University, Prof. Patricia Thornley, Dir., p.thornleyWaston.ac.uk; Straw Innovations, www.strawinnovations.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News anaerobic digestion, bioenergy, Biogas, Rice Biogas,
One project, led by Dr Jin Xuan, a Senior Lecturer in Low Carbon Processes, will examine the role of e-biofuel in reducing emissions and increasing the sustainability of the road transport sector while enhancing renewable energy security. The research will examine the feasibility of a novel electrochemical process to produce biofuels while reusing the captured CO2.
The project will develop a new concept of e-biofuel which combines the advantages of both e-fuel (produced from renewable electricity and CO2) and biofuel (produced from biomass) to intensively decarbonise the road transport sector. It also provides Loughborough researchers with a new link to the Supergen Bioenergy Hub and the Department of Transport.
A second project led by Dr Tanja Radu, a Lecturer in Water Engineering, will research algae-based biomethane fuel purification and carbon sequestration. The project aims to develop and assess an innovative process for the simultaneous production of high-purity biomethane as a potential natural gas vehicle fuel, together with the sequestration of remaining biomass and biogas carbon into algal co-product and biochar.
The Supergen Bioenergy Hub at Aston University aims to bring together industry, academia and other stakeholders to focus on the research and knowledge challenges associated with increasing the contribution of UK bioenergy to meet strategic environmental targets in a coherent, sustainable and cost-effective manner.
(Source: DfT, Loughborough University, East Midlands Business Link, 8 May, 2019) Contact: Loughborough University, www.lboro.ac.uk;
Supergen Bioenergy Hub, Professor Patricia Thornley, Dir., email@example.com, www.supergen-bioenergy.net
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bioenergy news, Biofuel news, CCS news, Biogas news,
Christiana Figueres Olsen is a Costa Rican diplomat with 35 years of experience in high level national and international policy and multilateral negotiations. She was appointed Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in July 2010, six months after the failed COP15 in Copenhagen, according to Wikipedia. Contact: Christiana Figueres, http://christianafigueres.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Christiana Figueres, GHG Emissions, Climate Change,
Analysis of up to seven years of production data suggests an estimated billon-tpy could be available annually by 2030.
Field trial results and yield projections for herbaceous crops, including switchgrass, energycane, mixed perennial grasses on Conservation Reserve Program land, giant miscanthus and sorghum, as well as the woody feedstocks poplar and shrub willow, are available online in the January issue of GCB Bioenergy.
The raw data from the field trials will be available for public use and can be accessed at Knowledge Discovery Framework at the U.S. DOE website. Among the herbaceous energy crops, field-scale trials using traditional agricultural equipment were conducted for switchgrass and mixed perennial grasses suitable for use on CRP land, while smaller individual plots were utilized for energycane and giant miscanthus due to a lack of vegetative planting materials for these species.
South Dakota State University was the lead institution for the more than $20 million project which was funded by the U.S. DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) and involved researchers from the U.S. DOE and USDA, 35 land-grant universities, Heidelberg University, INL, ORNL, ANL and several industry partners.
Report details are HERE
(Source: South Dakota State University, Jan., 2018)
Contact: South Dakota State Univ. North Central Regional Sun Grant Center, Vance Owens, Dir., (605) 688-5476, www.sdstate.edu/north-central-regional-sun-grant-center
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Feedstock,
ORNL developed the cloning system to aid studies of drought-resistant plants that rely on a water-saving form of photosynthesis, a system that has already brought about a 50 pct increase in production.
ORNL and SimPath will continue to partner on the cloning tool, using feedback from SimPath's customers to enhance the system and fine-tune characteristics such as shelf-life, which determines the viability of live products. (Source: SimPath, ORNL, Bio-based World News, 23 Oct., 2017) Contact: SimPath,
Robert Moseley, Pres., info@ simpathinnovations.com, http://simpathinnovations.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel, ORNL,
The center's work will identify the enzymes and computationally predict biosynthetic pathways within clostridia that are necessary to produce biofuels, develop a technology platform for accelerating testing and pinpoint which iterations produce the highest yields, then demonstrate a Biosystems design approach to engineer clostridia for improved production of next-generation biofuels and bioproducts. (Source: Northwestern University Center for Synthetic Biology, Oct., 2017) Contact:
Northwestern Center for Synthetic Biology, syntheticbiology.northwestern.edu;
LanzaTech, Dr. Jennifer Holmgren, CEO, (630) 439-3050, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.lanzatech.com; ORNL Center for Bioenergy Innovation, (865) 576-8141, www.ornl.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel, Biochemical, LanzaTech, ORNL, ,
According to project director Tom Richard, NEWBio made tremendous progress building robust, scalable and sustainable value chains for bio-based energy, chemicals and materials across the Northeastern region.
Among its goals, NEWBio aimed to identify options where bioenergy crops could improve environmental outcomes without competing with food production. One was floodplains and buffers along streams where these crops can improve water quality. A second goal was to utilize abandoned and marginal lands using patented high-yielding willow and various warm-season grasses.
The NEWBio consortium includes the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Cornell University, Ohio State University, Delaware State University, Rutgers University, Drexel University, University of Vermont, SUNY-ESF, West Virginia University, Idaho National Laboratory, USDA-ARS, University of Maine and Stony Brook University. (Source: NEWBio, Penn State Univ., 8 Sept., 2017) Contact: Penn State Univ., Tom Richard, Project Director, 0291, email@example.com; NEWBio, (814) 863-0291, www.newbio.psu.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Woody Biomass, Biomass Energy, Sustainable Biomass, Bioenergy Crops, Willow, Woody Biomass,
This years Building Energy Efficiency Frontiers & Innovation Technologies (BENEFIT) awards include novel materials exploration that will lead to more efficient insulation and windows, more accurate sensors, exploration and validation of both electric- and fuel-driven hybrid vapor compression technologies for more efficient heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R), as well as advanced control algorithms, modeling, and analytics for reducing power consumption of miscellaneous electric loads.
The HVAC&R recipients include:
Stone Mountain Technologies Inc.; University of Maryland; Arkema Inc.; Xergy; United Technologies Research Center; Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL);
National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); University of California, Berkeley;
Fraunhofer CSE (Boston); Stanford University, and others. (Source: DOE BETO, 3 Aug., 2017) Contact: US DOE BETO, www.energy.gov/eere/bioenergy/bioenergy-technologies-office
More Low-Carbon Energy News DOE Building Technologies Office, BETO, ,
CBI will focus on the creation of high-yielding biofuel feedstock plants, using genetic studies to accelerate the domestication of perennial plants. CBI will create biocatalytic methods for high-yield production of advanced biofuels that can be blended with existing transportation fuels. The Center will also study ways to develop valuable byproducts from lignin left over after biomass processing.
CBI will work with partners from the University of Georgia, NREL, Dartmouth College, GreenWood Resources, MIT, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, University of California-Riverside, University of Colorado-Boulder, Penn State and others. (Source: US DOE, ORNL, 17 July, 2017)
Contact: ORNL Center for Bioenergy Innovation, Gerald Tuskan, (865) 576-8141, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.ornl.gov; US DOE Office of Science, http://science.energy.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News ORNL, Biofuel Feedstock,
The Letter of Intent is among the first steps in implementing the recommendations offered by the federal Economic Development Assessment Team, which was created at the request of U.S. Sens. Angus King and Susan Collins in March 2016 to support the state's $8.5 billion forest products industry which has seen a $1.3 billion decline in total economic impact since 2014 due to the closure of six pulp and paper mills.
Under the agreement, the University of Maine's Advanced Structures and Composites Center will serve as Oak Ridge's collaborative partner, "advancing additive manufacturing of forest bio-based low cost composite materials and large structures, supporting ongoing relationships with marine, military, civil infrastructure, and renewable energy clients and providing a regional center for workforce training." (Source: ORNL, University of Maine, Maine Biz, 30 Jan., 2017) Contact: University of Maine's Advanced Structures and Composites Center, (207) 581-2123, https://composites.umaine.edu; ORNL, (865) 574-5035, www.ornl.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News ORNL, University of Maine, Forest Biomass, Bioenergy,
The researchers found that guanidine solutions develop crystals containing carbonate formed when air-bourne CO2 reacts with water. The research team has developed a process for vaporizing carbon crystals at temperatures between 80 and 120 degrees Celsius and piping the released gas to underground storage reservoirs.
The researchers believe the discovery could be adapted to capture CO2 emissions directly from industrial sources.
Carbon capturing crystals are not new, but prior to their formation in guanidine, it required vaporization at temperatures up to 900 degrees Celsius -- a process that ended up creating more CO2. Guanidine's much lower vaporization temperature could be accomplished via solar energy, and has ORNL scientists hopeful the process could advance carbon capture and storage (CCS) to mitigate climate change. (Source: ORNL, Construction Dive, Others, 18 Jan., 2017) Contact: ORNL, (865) 574-5035, www.ornl.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Dioxide, CO2, Oak Ridge National Laboratory , Carbon Capture, CCS,