The bill under consideration targets carbon emissions of 25,000 tons or more, meaning that small industrial polluters would avoid the tax. There are 22 major polluters in the state that would fall under the carbon tax. The businesses range from the Malteurop North America malting facility in Great Falls to the Colstrip Power Plant, tops the list at 14.3 million tpy of CO2, according to EPA pollution data. All told, 21 businesses subject to the tax produce 20.8 million tpy of CO2. The three biggest polluters after Colstrip are in the Phillips 66 refinery, Yellowstone Energy Limited Partners, CHS refinery and ExxonMobil refinery, all in the Billings area.
If mandated, the carbon tax is expected to add
about $210 million a year to the state's coffers, $21 million of which would be used to help affected communities transition away from fossil fuel-based economies.
(Source: Various Media, Billings Gazette, 7 Feb., 2019)
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