The proposed rule builds on the EPA's 2016 finding that aviation emissions endanger public health and welfare. Unfortunately, the new rules proposal comes at a time when the airlines are struggling because of the COVID-19 crisis and can ill afford potentially expensive new obligations.
Internationally, the UN International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has set its own GHG emissions reductions calling for an emissions freeze to be met through more energy efficient aircraft, increased use of biofuels and other "low-carbon" fuels, improved airline operations or the purchase of approved offsets.
The U.S., an ICAO member, has agreed to impose the freeze in 2021. The freeze, which becomes mandatory in 2027, is calculated on the average of 2019 and 2020, so the baseline is plummeting thanks to COVID-19. The industry now prefers that the baseline be based on 2019 alone, which is much more in line with their initial expectations.
Environmental groups claim ICAO provisions as too weak and oppose the baseline adjustments requested by the airlines and call for "technology forcing" EPA measures that go beyond ICAO.
(Source: Competitive Enterprise Institute, 8 May, 2020)Contact: ICAO, Secretary General Fang Liu, www.icao.in
More Low-Carbon Energy News ICAO, Aviation Emissions, Carbon Emissiuons, Climate Change,
As previously noted, ICAO will allow airlines to purchase CO2 offset units from six programs under CORSIA in order to meet its emissions reduction targets up to 2023. The approved schemes include the U.N. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the Gold Standard and the Verified Carbon Standard. Carbon Offsets under the CORSIA mechanism are set to be established using total emissions for 2019 and 2020 as the baseline
(Source: ICAO, CAPA, 9 April, 2020) Contact: ICAO, Secretary General Fang Liu, www.icao.in
More Low-Carbon Energy News Aviation Emissions, ICAO, CORSIA,
Accordingly, the ICAO
will allow airlines to purchase CO2 offset units from six programs under CORSIA in order to meet its emissions reduction targets up to 2023. The approved schemes include the U.N. Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), the Gold Standard and the Verified Carbon Standard.
Carbon Offsets under the CORSIA mechanism are set to be established using total emissions for 2019 and 2020 as the baseline.. (Source: ICAO, GreenBiz, 18 Mar., 2020) Contact: ICAO, Secretary General Fang Liu, www.icao.in
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Offset, Carbon Credits, Aviation Emissions, CORSIA, International Civil Aviation Organization,
Qualifying projects include a forest preservation project in Brazil's Amazon River delta, a photovoltaic program in Senegal, a biogas production program in Vietnam and others. The program receiving the highest number of votes will, starting this year, be included in Air France's offsetting initiative.
A global carbon offset scheme for international flights is also being introduced and is backed by the UN International Civil Aviation Organization (CORSIA) to reduce aviation CO2 emissions by 2.5 billion tonnes from 2020 to 2035. (Source: Air France, AirLine Ratings, 14 Jan., 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Offset, Aviation Emissions, CORSIA,
To that end, Norwegian has partnered with the Oslo-based climate company CHOOOSE to make it easy for customers to offset their carbon footprint as part of the ticketing process.
When first selecting a flight, Norwegian informs customers how its flights' emissions compares to industry average. The CO2 emissions calculation is based on the official methodology of the United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the International Council of Clean Transportation (ICCT) and Norwegian's own flight emissions data. Next, customers are offered a simple option to offset their calculated carbon footprint directly in the checkout process. For customers that opt in, offsetting is then performed through carefully selected CO2-reducing clean energy projects in regions Norwegian flies to. The projects are certified by the UN and the Gold Standard. The Gold Standard also includes contributions to other UN Sustainable Development Goals.
(Source: Norwegian, PR, 5 Dec., 2019) Contact: Norwegian, Geir Karlsen, Acting CEO, www.norwegian.com; CHOOSE, Andreas Slettvoll, CEO, firstname.lastname@example.org,
wwwchooose.today; International Council of Clean Transportation, www.theicct.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Offsetting, Airline Emissiuons, Aviation Emissions,
EasyJet's scheme exceeds the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA)
scheme. CORSIA is an emission mitigation approach for the global airline industry, developed by the International Civil Aviation Organization and adopted in October 2016. Measures include primarily offsets and "alternative" fuels. (Source: EasyJet, Various Media, Reuters, 19 Nov., 2019) Contact: CORSIA, www.icao.int; EasyJet, www.easyjet.com/en/help/contact
More Low-Carbon Energy News CORSIA, Aviation Emissions, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Offset,
These credits, when approved, will be eligible under the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) regime. Each tradable token will be backed by one equivalent tonne of CORSICA-compliant, highly liquid and tradable carbon credits. AirCarbon is applying for the recognized market operator (RMO) licence from the Monetary Authority of Singapore, and aims for the exchange to be fully operational in 2020.
AirCarbon also operates the AirCarbon Fund, an investment fund which invests in carbon-mitigating projects such as reforestation, methane capture and carbon emissions reduction. Through these projects, the fund intends to generate CORSIA-compliant tradable carbon offsets, which will then be listed on the exchange.
(Source: AirCarbon Pte, Business Times, 30 Oct., 2019)
Contact: AirCarbon Pte Ltd., www.aircarbon.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Credit, EEUs, Carbon Offset, ICAO,
The participating airline majors include Alaska Airlines, American, Delta, Frontier, Hawaiian, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit and United as well as smaller airlines like Piedmont and Republic and others.
CORSIA is designed to become mandatory after 2027. ICAO will use 2020 figures to determine the emissions cap. The airline industry as a whole has a problematic record when it comes to carbon footprints, and it was only set to get worse with the expected almost tripling of air travel by 2050. (Source: Travel Pulse, 27 May, 2019) Contact: ICAO, +52 55 52 50 3211, email@example.com, www.icao.int; CORSIA, www.icao.int/environmental-protection/CORSIA/Pages/default.aspx
More Low-Carbon Energy News CORSIA, Aviation Emissions, International Civil Aviation Organization,
Until recently, aviation had not been central to the climate change debate. Enjoying special status, aviation and shipping were excluded from the landmark Kyoto and Paris climate-change agreements. Urged to produce its own solutions, ICAO introduced a marginally successful global scheme in 2016 and the EU launched its Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) that serve the EU member countries.
A recent EC study of aircraft emissions notes that modern aircraft are 70 pct more fuel-efficient than 40 years ago and that while airlines with the highest load factors produce significantly less emissions per passenger than less successful ones,
aviation still consumes 5 million bpd of oil and contributes about 2.5 pct of global emissions and that that 85 pct of carbon offset projects it had evaluated had failed to reduce emissions. (Source: International Civil Aviation Organisation, Irish Times, 29 Jan., 2019) Contact: ICAO, +52 55 52 50 3211, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.icao.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News International Civil Aviation Organization, Aviation Emissions, EU ETS,
Under the EU ETS, all airlines operating in Europe are required to monitor, report and verify their emissions, and to surrender allowances against those emissions. o date, the EU ETS is credited with reducing aviation sector's carbon footprint by more than 17 million tpy with compliance covering over 99.5 pct of aviation emissions.
The ICAO's Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) aims to stabilize CO2 emissions at 2020 levels by requiring airlines to offset the growth of their emissions after 2020.
During the period 2021-2035, and based on expected participation, the scheme is estimated to offset around 80 pct of the emissions above 2020 levels. (Source: ICAO, AgriLand, 5 Nov., 2018) Contact: ICAO, +52 55 52 50 3211, email@example.com, www.icao.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News Aviation Emissions, Carbon Emissions, CO2, ICAO, CORSIA,
T&E claims CORSIA would allow airlines to offset emissions growth, rather than necessarily reduce it, and offered only "cheap and ineffective" remedies for emissions, which contribute towards climate change. It also noted that CORSIA would save airlines more than €3bn a year compared with expanding an existing scheme.
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the UN agency that developed CORSIA, said the scheme was one part of "ICAO's basket of measures designed to reduce carbon emissions from international aviation" and that improvements in aircraft technology, operations and sustainable aviation fuels would "achieve the international aviation sector's global goal of carbon neutral growth from 2020."
Beginning in 2019, CORSIA will require airlines to monitor, report and verify CO2 emissions to establish a baseline, before a pilot phase from 2021 to 2023 for volunteer states. From 2027, most of ICAO's 191 member states will have to participate. The EU is aiming to cut GHG emissions by 40 pct from 1990 by 2030. (Source: Transport & Environment, Financial Times, Oct., 2018) Contact: Transport & Environment, www.transportenvironment.org; CORSIA, www.iata.org/policy/environment/Pages/corsia.aspx; ICAO, +52 55 52 50 3211, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.icao.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News ICAO, Aviation Emissions, Climate Change, Carbon Emissions,
Neste also reports it will continue renewable jet fuel production as planned and volumes will increase year-on-year. With the company's planned additional 1 million ton renewable product capacity in Singapore, renewable jet fuel production is estimated to increase significantly by 2022.
Under the umbrella of Neste Green Hub, Neste continues efforts linked to the reduction of CO2 emissions in aviation and to support the objectives set by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for carbon-neutral growth in aviation from 2020.
Neste Green Hub connects key stakeholders and creates a platform where airports, solutions providers, airlines, authorities, local community and passengers all unite and contribute to more sustainable traveling. Neste MY Renewable Jet Fuel is an essential element in the Green Hub initiative. (Source: Neste, euronews, 22 Aug., 2018) Contact: Neste, Kaisa Hietala, Executive VP, Renewable Products, +358 10 458 4128, www.neste.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Neste, Jet Biofuel, Aviation Biofuel,
The standards follow a landmark deal signed in 2016 by the 192 member states of the ICAO, designed to control the level of CO2 emissions in the global aviation sector. Beginning in 2019, airlines will report on their fuel and carbon emissions for the first time. This will lead to a five-year voluntary period, starting in 2021, where the industry will make wholesale changes to its fuel consumption, away from fossil fuels towards sustainable alternatives.
From 2027 onwards the rulings will become mandatory across the entire aviation sector. (Source: ICAO, June, 2019)
Contact: International Civil Aviation Organization, +52 55 52 50 3211, email@example.com, www.icao.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News International Civil Aviation Organization, Aviation Emissions, Climate Change,
The ICAO Secretariat's proposal intended to see 128 million tpy of biofuels use in plane engines by 2040, rising to 285 million tpy -- half of all aviation fuel -- by 2050. By comparison, some 82 million tons of biofuels are currently used annually in transport worldwide. The Secretariat's proposal would have led to an major expansion in biofuel production and would have accelerated the expansion of industrial palm oil. Although Airlines would like to see increased use of biofuel , such an expansion would lead to hundreds of millions of hectares of land being deforested or shifted from food to biofuel production.
(Source: RenewableEnergyStocks.com, Various Other Media, 18 Oct., 2017) Contact: ICAO, www.icao.int
A carbon-offset agreement reached a year ago by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) calls for a worldwide reduction in commercial aviation emissions to 50 pct of 2005 levels by 2050.
Airlines whose emissions rise above 2020 levels would have to purchase carbon-offset credits, under the ICAO agreement. (Source: Qantas, Travel Weekly, 15 Oct., 2017) Contact: Qantas, +61 02 9691 3636, www.qantas.com; ICAO, +52 55 52 50 3211, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.icao.int; SG Preston, www.sgpreston.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News ICAO, Qantas, Jet Biofuel, Aviation Biofuel, SG Preston,
The European Parliament also voted to keep aircraft emissions from outside the European Economic Area out of the UE ETS until December 2020, pending the introduction of the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) in 2021. CORSIA details HERE.
(Source: ICAO, Runway Girl Network, 12 Sept., 2017)
Contact: ICAO, +52 55 52 50 3211, email@example.com, www.icao.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News Aviation Emissions, EU ETS, ICAO,