When farmers apply fertilizer to their crops, plants convert the fertilizer into the nutrients the plants need to flourish. Some of the by-products related to these processes are released as GHGs -- nitrous oxide (N2O), carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) -- and the overuse of fertilizer is leading to the release of excessive amounts of GHGs. According to the FAO, agriculture, forestry and other land use make up close to a quarter of GHGs, and the use of synthetic fertilizers accounts for 12 pct of total agriculture GHG emissions.
These gases trap heat in the atmosphere, contributing to global warming and thereby altering the conditions under which food crops grow, affecting not only crop yields, but also food quality and food security. The release of N2O is particularly worrying because it's 300 times more powerful than CO2 in trapping heat, and 16 times more powerful than CH4 and can therefore greatly contribute to climate change mitigation strategies.
Nuclear techniques offer substantial advantages over conventional techniques for measuring GHG emissions. By adding nitrogen fertilizers labelled with stable isotope nitrogen-15 as a tracer, scientists can track the isotopes and determine how effectively the crops are taking up the fertilizer. The isotope is also used to quantify the amount of nitrogen that crops can acquire from the atmosphere through biological nitrogen fixation process.
The carbon-13 stable isotope technique, using the natural abundance of carbon-13 in the environment, allows researchers to evaluate soil quality and sources of carbon sequestered in the soil. This helps identify how various combinations of crop rotation, tillage and ground cover can enhance productivity and improve the efficiency with which increasingly scarce resources, such as water and chemical nutrients, are used. Carbon-13 is tracked to determine the movement and origin of carbon dioxide and methane. (Source: International Atomic Energy Agency, UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 6 Aug., 2019) Contact: UN Food & Agriculture Organization, www.fao.org; International Atomic Energy Agency, www.iaea.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHG, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, ,
The study offers preliminary research into how finance can help mitigate climate change and sheds light on the debate about which type of corporate structure is better for reducing the "tragedy of the commons" when each entity consumes or spoils too much of a public good and harms society, rather than coordinating to use the resource wisely. The study finds no differences between private, sponsor-backed firms and public firms, controlling for industry, time, location and a host of firm characteristics. Within public firms, it identified a negative association between emissions and mutual fund ownership and board size, suggesting that increased oversight may decrease pollution.
Shive's research has been cited in national news outlets, including the Wall Street Journal. She has taught Introductory Finance, Investment Theory and Private Equity.
A former economist at the International Monetary Fund, faculty at Ohio State University, and principal at Wanger Asset Management LLP, Forster teaches courses in investments, international finance and financial institutions. (Source: University of Notre Dame, 22 July, 2019) Contact: University of Notre Dame, Sophie Shive, 574-631-1477, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.nd.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News University of Notre Dame, GHGs, Carbon Emissions, Climate Change Mitigation,
The report notes that key greenhouse emissions resulting from human activities, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs), were driven by a surge in the demand for water and energy due to the emirate's rapid economic and population growth.
The report projected that sustainable development strategies in the emirate will help to achieve significant reduction in emission indicators by 2030.
The Ministry of Climate Change and Environment is currently collaborating with the local authorities to develop a comprehensive inventory map of GHG sources and concentrations across the UAE with the aim of identifying emission hotspots and supporting mitigation actions. (Source: Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi, MENAFN - Khaleej Times, 13 July, 2019) Contact: Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi,
Sheikha Al Hosani, Exec. Dr., Environment Quality Sector, +971 2 693 4444, www.ead.ae/SitePages/home.aspx
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHG, Climate Change, COs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Abu Dhabi,
"During the past five years, ethanol has been the fastest-growing agricultural export. As more nations adopt policies for lower-emission vehicle fuels, domestically produced ethanol can provide an immediate solution for their goals. We assert that there is little justification for EPA to maintain such an outdated calculation that otherwise could be easily corrected with existing, available analysis -- and straightforwardly address an unnecessary obstacle to international trade," the Senators wrote.
"Peer-reviewed science conducted by the USDA has affirmed that U.S. ethanol lowers greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions 39-43 pct versus gasoline. EPA has rejected all calls to update these calculations, instead using nearly 10-year-old data, which ignores the technological advancements in ethanol production", the Senators said.
The Senators called for the EPA to adopt the scientific model Greenhouse Gas & Regulated Emissions & Energy Use in Transportation (GREET) developed by the DOE Argonne National Laboratory, after studying 100 fuel production pathways and 85 vehicle systems to measure the life-cycle carbon emissions of vehicle fuels. More than 30,000 organizations worldwide use the updated GREET model, including the FAA, NASA, Ford and GM, BP and others. EPA does not use the updated model. (Source: Office of Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa),Feedstuffs, 25 June, 2019) Contact: Office of Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), www.grassley.senate.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News EPA, Chuck Grassley, GHGs, Ethanol,
The European Parliament and the EU's climate chief Miguel Arias Canete have called for the bloc to aim for net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, saying legislation passed since the Paris Climate Agreement puts the EU on track to surpass its current emissions reduction target.
Poland and other EU member states that rely on coal for power production , along with Germany and its its powerful automotive sector, balk at deeper emission cuts.
(Source: Various Media, Reuters, CNBC, June, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Coal, GHGs, Carbon Emissions, EU,
The Defense Department -- the Pentagon -- is the world's single largest consumer of oil and 55th largest GHG emitter, releasing 59 million metric tons of CO2 and other GHGs into the atmosphere in 2017 alone.
The report notes the majority of the Pentagon's energy consumption is related to maintaining 560,000 buildings at 500 military installations and the jet and diesel fuel used to move soldiers and weapons.
Download the Brown University Cost of War study HERE. (Source: Brown University, The Week, June, 2019)Contact: Brown University, 401-863-1000, www.brown.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Climate Change, Carrbon Emissions,
More than 200 companies represent the global pharmaceutical market, yet only 25 consistently reported their direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions in the past five years. Of those, only 15 reported their emissions since 2012, the report notes.
According to the report, the total global emissions of the pharma sector amounts to about 52 megatonnes of CO2e in 2015, more than the 46.4 megatonnes of CO2e generated by the automotive sector in the same year. The reports calculates the value of the pharma market is smaller than the automotive market the pharma market is 28 pct smaller yet 13 pct more polluting than the automotive sector.
(Source: The Conversation, 27 May, 2019) (Contact: The Conversation, www.theconversation.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2 Emissions, Carbon Emissions, GHGs,
The Netherlands is aiming for a 25 pct reduction by 2020 compared with 1990, but new RIVM figures put the drop at only 14.5 pct by 2018. At the same time, the amount of greenhouse gasses per head of the population is 34 pct above the European average.
(Source: RIVM, DutchNews, 9 May, 2019)Contact: Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, +31 (0) 30 274 9111, email@example.com, www.rivm.nl/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Carbon Emissions,
In order to combat the health crisis, the ULEZ has significantly raised emission standards and demands a daily charge in order to travel in the area for not meeting them.
The ULEZ, which is active 24/7 all year round, is part of the massive campaign undertaken by the mayor of London to clean up the air of the city. Further measures expected to kick in by 2020 include ensuring that all new double-decker buses are either hybrid, hydrogen or electric, creating 12 new low emission bus zones in areas where the air quality is at its worst and upgrading 5000 buses to be ultra low emission. (Source: City of London, PR, 18 April, 2019) Contact: City of London, www.cityoflondon.gov.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News Vehicle Emissions, GHGs, Carbon Emissions,
All vehicles that are to be outfitted with dynaCERT's HydraGEN Technology are highway tractors that on avergae consume 198,000 gpy of diesel fuel and produce over 2,000 tpy of GHGs.
According to Newport's Trevor McCagherty, "This purchase is part of our overall strategy that is looking to transform single-use plastics into synthetic fuel to be used to power our fleet and lower our carbon footprint. Our team is familiar with the benefits provided by hydrogen enhanced combustion. HydraGEN™ Technology is particularly important to us as a proven catalyst which increases the burn rate while reducing emissions and improving torque and power. As the company continues to look at developing alternative fuel mixtures, HydraGEN Technology can enhance all our endeavors including in synthetic diesel as well as in biofuels. What becomes even more interesting is the ability of the patent-pending HydraGEN Technology to measure and track GHG reduction," McCagherty added.
dynaCERT Inc. manufactures, distributes, and installs Carbon Emission Reduction Technology for use with internal combustion engines. The technology creates hydrogen and oxygen on-demand through electrolysis and supplies these through the air intake to enhance combustion, resulting in lower carbon emissions and greater fuel efficiency.
(Source: dynaCERT Inc., PR 11 April, 2019) Contact: dynaCERT Inc. Jim Payne, CEO,
(416) 766-9691 x 2,
More Low-Carbon Energy News dynaCERT, HydraGEN , CO2 Emissions,
To that end, the company plans to slash greenhouse gas emissions from electric power generation by 90 pct by 2030, as compared to 2005, as it takes coal-fired plants offline in favor of greener, renewable energy sources.
By 2030, NiSource aims to reduce nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide and mercury emissions by 99 pct as compared to 2005 levels, and to retire all its coal-fired power plants by 2028 and to generate power with wind, solar and battery storage technology.
(Souce: NiSource, PR,nwi.com, 7 April, 2019)Contact: NiSource, Joe Hamrock, Pres., CEO, www.nisource.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News NiSource, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, GHGs ,
"De-carbonizing the way we generate electricity would be a huge step, but it won't be enough if we don't reach zero net emissions from every sector of the economy [...] That includes the agriculture, forestry, and land use sector, which is responsible for 24 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions." -- Bill Gates
Bill Gates is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, and humanitarian. He is best known as the principal founder of Microsoft Corporation. Gates' fortune is estimated at $100 billion. (Source: Bill Gates, Gates Notes, CIRCASA, 3 April, 2019)Contact: Gates Notes www.gatesnotes.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bill Gates, GHGs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions,
The panel also suggested Japan should "show contributions" to achieve the goal of the Paris Agreement to keep the average global temperatures growth below 2 degrees Celsius, ideally 1.5 degrees, to reduce the impact of climate change. The panel called for the use of renewable energy to reduce dependence on coal-fired thermal power generation.
"These new findings provide further evidence that biofuels from America's heartland reduce greenhouse gases even more than we thought, and that our farmers and ethanol plants continue to become more efficient and effective," said Secretary Sonny Perdue. "Expanding the sale of E15 year-round will provide consumers with more choices when they fill up at the pump, including environmentally friendly fuel with decreased emissions. I appreciate EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler moving expeditiously to finalize the E-15 rule before the start of summer driving season," Perdue added.
The study, led by Dr. Jan Lewandrowski of USDA's Office of the Chief Economist, and published in the journal Biofuels, supports findings of other research that ethanol has a significantly better GHG profile than previously estimated.
The study attributes much of these additional benefits to revised estimates of the impacts of land-use change as a result of demand for ethanol. Where previous estimates anticipated farmers bringing additional land into production as a result of increased corn prices, recent analysis finds only modest increases in crop acreage. Additional improvements at ethanol refineries, combined with on-farm conservation practices that reduce GHG emissions, such as reduced tillage and cover crops, have further decreased emissions associated with corn ethanol. The study projects that with added improvements in refineries and on farms, a reduction of over 70 pct in lifecycle emissions is possible by 2022.
The study is available for download HERE. Additional information on the greenhouse gas profile of biofuels is available at www.usda.gov/oce/oeep. (Source: USDA, 2 April, 2019) Contact: USDA, www.usda.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News USDA, Ethanol, Corn Ethanol, Carbon Emissions, GHGs,
The bulk of Brown's planned renewable energy will be supplied by a 50-MW solar array planned for a former gravel pit in North Kingstown. The project, proposed by Providence-based Energy Development Partners, in partnership with national energy provider Constellation, will be the largest solar project in the state.
The solar project is expected to offset about 70 pct of the university's energy usage. The remainder will be offset under the terms of a 25-year PPA for an 8-MW portion of a large onshore wind farm presently being developed in Texas.
Brown has also pledged to reduce campus greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by 2040 and, to that end, has taken steps to cut emissions by 75 pct below 2017-18 levels by 2025.
(Source: Brown University, Providence Journal, 3 Feb., 2019) Contact: Brown University, www.brown.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Carbon Neutral, Renewable Energy, Renewable Energy,
The funding, which comes from the province's carbon levy on industrial emitters, is being awarded through Emissions Reductions Alberta's 2018 Industrial Efficiency Challenge which was designed to implement leading technologies in oil and gas, chemicals and fertilizers, cement and concrete, forestry and agriculture, electric power generation and manufacturing.
The following projects have received ERA funding commitments:
The 11 projects are anticipated to eliminate more than 5.3 million tonnes of CO2e by 2030 -- the equivalent of bringing more than 1,300 wind turbines online and significant reductions in operating costs are also expected. Funding will be distributed on a milestone-by-milestone basis, and the progress of each project is reported on until completion, according to a release. the province said. (Source: Gov. of Alberta, jwn, Feb., 2019)Contact: Gov. of Alberta, Emissions Reduction Alberta, www.eralberta.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Greenhouse Gas, GHG, Government of Alberta,
In the declaration, the five countries commit to enhance their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and intensify their cooperation to:
The Nordic Council of Ministers will prepare a proposal on how to follow up on the declaration by 31 August 2019.
The Copenhagen-headquartered Nordic Council is the official body for formal inter-parliamentary co-operation among the Nordic countries. Formed in 1952, it has 87 representatives from Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden as well as from the autonomous areas of the Faroe Islands, Greenland, and the Aland Islands. (Source: Nordic Council of Ministers, IISDS, 31 Jan., 2019) Contact: Nordic Council of Ministers, Sunitha Senanayake, +45 33 96 02 00,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Neutral, Carbon Neutrality, CO2, Carbon Emissions, GHGs,
Rwandan and regional policy makers will have access to and use of the data in their efforts to control power plant and transportation emissions, curb deforestation and encourage more tree planting, reduce fossil fuel use, develope smart green cities and other efforts.
(Source: Rwanda Environment Management Authority, The New Times, Rwanda, 13 Jan., 2019) Contact: Rwanda Environment Management Authority
Faustin Munyazikwiye, Deputy Director General, +250 25 258 9191, www.landportal.org/organization/rwanda-environment-management-authority
More Low-Carbon Energy News Ozone, HFC, GHGs, Climate Change,
Governor Wolf wants to reduce emissions by 26 pct by 2025, based on 2005 levels, and by 80 pct by 2050, which is in line with 2015's Paris climate agreement.
The governor's 2025's goal may be within reach, since federal data shows Pennsylvania's carbon dioxide emissions fell 20 pct between 2005 and 2016, due primarily to cleaner power generation. (Source: Office of Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf , witf, 8 Jan., 2019) Contact: Office of Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf, (717) 787-2500, www.governor.pa.gov/contact
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Greehouse Gas, Climate Change,
Download Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Act key points HERE.
(Source: Office of Sen. Christopher Coons, KTAR News, 19 Dec., 2018) Contact: Senator Christopher Coons, www.coons.senate.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Greenhouse Gas, Climate Change, Carbon Tax,
The US Climate Alliance is a bipartisan coalition of U.S.states and unincorporated self-governing territories that are committed to upholding the objectives of the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement (COP15).
The initiative supports farmers and ranchers in adopting climate-smart farming practices on land they own and rent, encourages smart growth and protecting farmland to reduce transportation emissions and expands renewable energy siting while protecting productive, versatile and resilient farmland.
"The goals and strategies outlined in the Farmers Combat Climate Change Initiative will play a critical role in helping farmers, ranchers, and urban growth planners develop and implement practices that can reduce greenhouse emissions, sequester carbon, and help mitigate, if not begin to reverse the negative impacts predicted by climate change models," according to Jennifer Moore-Kucera.
(Source: American Farmland Trust, The Fence Post, 26 Nov., 2018) Contact: American Farmland Trust, John Piotti, Pres., CEO, Jennifer Moore-Kucera, Carbon Initiate Dir., (202) 331-7300, www.farmland.org; US Climate Alliance, www.usclimatealliance.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News COP15, US Climate Alliance, American Farmland Trust, Climate Change, Carbon Emissions,
The Solheimajokull glacier, which flows from the active, ice-covered volcano Katla, has shrunk by about 2,050 feet between 2007 and 2015 and released enough methane to significantly accelerate climate change, according to the study.
Dr. Hugh Tuffen, a volcanologist at Lancaster University and study co-author says "The heat from Katla volcano may greatly accelerate the generation of microbial methane, so in fact you could see Katla as a giant microbial incubator." (Source: Lancaster University, 14U News, 24 Nov., 2018)Contact: Lancaster University,
Dr. Hugh Tuffen, Volcanologist, +44 (0)1524 594713, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.lancaster.ac.uk/lec/about-us/people/hugh-tuffen, www.lancaster.ac.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane Emissions, GHGs, Greenhouse Gas, Climate Change,
The increase in CO2 from 2016 to 2017 was smaller than from 2015 to 2016 and practically equal to the average growth rate over the last decade.
The influence of the El Nino event that peaked in 2015 and 2016 and contributed to the increased growth rate during that period sharply declined in 2017. For CH4, the increase from 2016 to 2017 was lower than that observed from 2015 to 2016 but practically equal to the average over the last decade. For N2O, the increase from 2016 to 2017 was higher than that observed from 2015 to 2016 and practically equal to the average growth rate over the past 10 years.
Download the WMO State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere report
HERE. (Source: World Meteorological Organization Greenhouse Gas Bulletin Bulletin -- No. 14, Nov., 2018) Contact: WMO, +41 (0) 22 730 81 11,
+41 (0) 22 730 81 81 - Fax,
email@example.com, www.wmo.int, https://public.wmo.int
More Low-Carbon Energy News Greenhouse Gas.Climate Change, WMO, GHGs, World Meteorological Organization,
Sunseap previously worked on the world's largest floating PV test-bed in Singapore at Tengeh Reservoir.
(Source: Channel News Asia, Sunseap, 9 Nov., 2018) Contact: Sunseap Group,Frank Phuan, Co-founder, CEO, +65 68 16 1000, www.sunseap.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Sunseap, Solar, Floating Solar,
MacCracken was commenting on the Trump administration's freezing Obama era federal fuel efficiency standards for cars and light trucks manufactured after 2020. MacCraken served as a senior scientist at the US Global Change Research Program between 1993 and 2002. (Source: NY Post, 1 Oct., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Vehicle Emissions, GHGs.CO2,
A panel of experts will discuss how municipalities, agri-industries and other sectors can utilize organic, commercial, agricultural and forest waste to produce clean and sustainable energy. What is the magnitude of CO2 emissions reduction that can be achieved by using waste for energy? What are the innovative technologies in BC and beyond that may reduce the cost of bioenergy? How big a role does bioenergy play in British Columbia's future energy demand? and other issues and questions will be addressed.
Bioenergy: Opportunities and Challenges of Harnessing Waste to Reduce GHGs event details page HERE.
(Source: Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions, PR 25 Sept., 2018) Contact: Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions, 250-853-3595
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bioenergy, Carbon Emissions, Climate Change, Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions,
Taken together, these measures are expected to provide enough wind and solar power to power 19.5 million homes.
According to the Labour shadow business secretary Rebecca Long Bailey, man-made climate change represents an "existential threat" and the
the UK must do better than the present Conservative government's target of cutting emissions by 80 pct by 2050.
(Source: UK Labour Party, Press Association, Westmoreland Gazette, 24 Sep, 2018) Contact: UK Labour Party, https://labour.org.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Climate Change,
The study noted that diesel cars in the EU emit considerably more nitrogen oxide (NOx) on the road than the regulatory limits. NOx emissions are known to contribute to ozone formation and various health problems.
In 2015, diesel cars accounted for 41.3 pct of the total passenger car fleet in Europe. Diesel cars were originally promoted as producing less CO2 emissions compared to petrol engines. An increased awareness of the detrimental of NOx emissions on human health has led to changes in the EU standards on diesel exhausts in an effort to reduce these emissions. (Source: European Scientist, 22 Sept., 2018) Contact: MIT, Prof.
Steven Barrett, Professor of Aeronautics and Astronautics, (617) 253-2727, firstname.lastname@example.org, http://barrett.mit.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Vehicle Emissions, NOx, CO2, GHGs,
Coal demand increased by 3 pct in the first half of 2018 with renewable energy sources unable to keep up with the spiraling demand for power over the period.
As the world's major GHG producer, China has vowed to bring total emissions to a peak by "around 2030" as part of its commitments to the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. Some studies have suggested that China's total carbon emissions might already have peaked at a record 9.53 gigatonnes in 2013, with the economy now shifting to less-carbon-intensive high-technology sectors.
China has been trying to ease its dependence on fossil fuels, and vowed in its latest energy five-year plan to cut the share of coal in its total energy mix from 64 pct in 2015 to 58 pct by the end of the decade. The figure stood at 60.4 pct in 2017. (Source: Economic Times Shanghai, Greenpeace, Reuters, 21 Sept., 2018
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs news, Climate Change news, Carbon Emissions news, China Emissions news,
The application protocol is intended to serve as a means of submitting verified data and automatically issuing certified carbon credits.
The aim is to streamline and accelerate the data verification processes for GHG inventory management and carbon credit origination. The application protocol has the potential to reduce MRV costs by up to 10x in comparison to current practices and to allow real-time tracking of GHG inventories and issuance of carbon credits. (Source: South Pole Group, Crypto Land, Sept., 2018)
Contact: Gold Standard, Marion Verles, CEO, +41 22 788 7080, www.goldstandard.org; IXO Foundation, Dr. Shaun Conway, Pres., www.ixo.foundation; South Pole,
Sophie Smithers Renat Heuberger, CEO and Co-Founder, +41 43 501 35 50, www.southpole.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Credit, GHGs, Greenhouse Gas, Gold Standard,
The Trump EPA is proposing Energy companies be afforded twice as much time to monitor and repair leakages of the harmful greenhouse gas from oil and gas wells -- a move the EPA says would make it easier for companies to comply with regulations. The Interior Department is also expected to release a rule that would end "flaring" methane at drilling sites.
The new proposal weakens a 2016 Obama administration rule requiring energy companies to conduct leak inspections on their drilling equipment as regularly as every six months. Under the proposed new regulation, companies would perform a leak inspection at least once a year on most facilities, and every two years for low-producing oil and gas wells. Under the old rule, companies would have 30 days to repair methane leaks. The proposed new rule allows 60 days for repairs.(Source: EPA, Various Media, OZY, Presidential Daily Briefing 11 Sept., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, EPA, GHGs.Greenhouse Gas,
The report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences noted that
N2O rises when rice fields are allowed to dry before being "wetted" -- intermittent flooding -- for planting.
In India alone, where the study took place across five intermittently flooded rice fields, N2O emissions "could be 30-45 times higher than reported under continuous flooding" researchers estimated.
Overall, researchers calculated that N2O per hectare (2.5 acres) was three times higher than ever reported by research on intermittently flooded farms before.
(Source: Environmental Defence Fund, South China Morning News, 11 Sept., 2018) Contact: Environmental Defence Fund, www.edf.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News N20, Environmental Defense Fund, GHGs,
"Agriculture and forestry are a major source of greenhouse gases, contributing 20 -- 24 pct of all emissions. Livestock, fertilizers and burning biomass all produce greenhouse gases such as methane, nitrous oxide or carbon dioxide, or a combination of these and other gases. Deforestation and forest degradation are also major sources. However, agriculture and forestry can also act as carbon sinks -- plants take up carbon dioxide as they grow and store carbon in the soils. Land use is therefore part of the solution," according to the report.
The 2016-2019 project funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and implemented by UN Environment was designed to help land management projects to evaluate their 'carbon benefits'. These can accrue in different land-use scenarios and ecosystems across the globe.
Download Learning to Use the Land so it Produces Fewer Greenhouse Gases report details
HERE. (Source: UN Environment, 3 Sept., 2018) Contact: UN Environment, www.unenvironment.org; GEF, www.thegef.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Carbon Sink, Greenhouse Gas, GHGs, Global Environment Facility ,
The Global CO2 Initiative combines the assets of the San Francisco nonprofit CO2 Sciences with what was previously the Beyond Carbon Neutral initiative at the U-M Energy Institute. While both endeavors aimed to accelerate the rate at which carbon dioxide is removed from the air, CO2 Sciences worked to find uses for that extracted greenhouse gas. The board of CO2 Sciences elected to donate its assets to U-M in order to leverage its resources and ecosystem.
The initiative aims to drive the development of technologies that can capture and convert CO2 into a commodity -- providing commercial incentives to lower the concentration in the atmosphere.
As a first step, the initiative will deploy, for free download, a first-of-its-kind toolkit that establishes a common model for assessing the climate and economic impacts of different technologies in the carbon conversion industry, as well as of CO2-based products themselves. The Life Cycle Analysis and Techno-Economic Analysis Toolkit (LCA/TEA) was developed in collaboration with institutions from around the world and to evaluate technologies for a global market.
It is designed to help researchers and industry evaluate which carbon removal approaches or carbon-based products are most promising.
The toolkit's initial partners include: the Technical University of Berlin, the University of Sheffield, RWTH Aachen and the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies in Potsdam. U-M is continuing to expand funding commitments and research partners for this initiative.
The $2.5 million in seed funding from Michigan Engineering is part of its new Blue Sky Initiative designed to encourage daring research with high potential for societal impact.
(Source: University of Michigan, Michigan News, 8 Aug., 2018) Contact: University of Michigan, Volker Sick, Global CO2 Initiative Lead, www.globalco2initiative.org;
CO2 Sciences, www.co2science.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Negative, Carbon Neutral,
The electric utilities sector spent over $500 million followed closely by the fossil fuel sector at $370 million and the transportation sector at around $250 million.
(Source: Climatic Change Journal, Independent UK, 19 July, 2018) Contact: Drexel University, Dr. Robert Brulle, drexel.edu/now/experts/Overview/brulle-robert
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs.Carbon Emissions,
The Ministry's revised greenhouse gas emissions roadmap promised to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 37 pct from its business-as-usual levels by 2030 following signing of the Paris Climate Agreement the previous year. To that end, Korea should reduce 315 million tons of emissions, while it is expected to emit 851 million tons for 2030 without any reduction efforts.
Under the previous roadmap, industries were supposed to cut emissions by 11.7 pct compared with 2030 BAU of 481 million tons, but the revision raised their target to 20.5 pct. They will have to cut 98.6 million tons of emissions, up from the previous 56.4 million tons.
(Source: South Korean Ministry of Environment, Korea Times, 2 July, 2018) Contact: South Korean Ministry of Environment, http://eng.me.go.kr/eng/web/index.do?menuId=50
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions,
Only Seoul, with a population of 21 million, surpasses Guangzhou with an output of 276.1 metric tpy of GHGs. New York City, with 13.6 million people, holds third place at 233.5 metric tpy.
Of the 13,000 cities included in the Norwegian University of Science and Technology study, 100 cities were found to be responsible for 18 pct of the world's total carbon emissions.
Download research findings, including an interactive map and data tables HERE. (Source: Norwegian University of Science and Technology, That's China, 26 June, 2018)Contact: Norwegian University of Science and Technology,
Daniel Moran, Study Lead Author, +47 73 59 50 00, www.ntnu.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News limate Change, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Footprint,
Gevan Behnke, research specialist and doctoral candidate in University of Illinois' Department of Crop Sciences, compared greenhouse gas emissions from fields that had been maintained as continuous single crop planting, rotated corn-soybean or rotated corn-soybean-wheat planting and no-till management, for 20 years.
Comparing the corn phase of a corn-soybean rotation to continuous corn showed an increased yield and a cumulative reduction in nitrous oxide emissions of approximately 35 pct.
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is an extremely potent greenhouse gas, with a global warming potential almost 300 times higher than carbon dioxide.
Tillage did not impact greenhouse gas emissions.
(Source: University of Illinois, Farm & Field, 22 June, 2018)
Contact: University of Illinois - Urbana, University of Illinois' Department of Crop Sciences, Gevan Behnke, (217) 333-3420, https://cropsciences.illinois.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2, Nitrous Oxide , GHGs, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, University of Illinois,
In 1988, then Director of NASA Goddard Institute of Space Studies, he famously announced in televised testimony before the US Congress that "global warming is here," as the observed temperature record exhibited an anomalous rise above the statistical noise of natural fluctuations. Dr. Hansen's testimony "was an important turning point in the history of global climate change."
In 1975, Indian-born Professor Veerabhadran Ramanathan, Victor C. Alderson Professor in Applied Ocean Sciences, UC San Diego, noted the significant greenhouse effects of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and halocarbons, particularly chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used as refridgerants and in manufacturing. This was a significant indication that showed how gases not only CO2 but such as CFCs that deplete the ozone layer could have ramifications for climate. This finding was also at the core of future negotiations for the Montreal Protocol on Substances that deplete the ozone layer that followed in 1987. The Montreal Protocol benefits both the ozone layer and the climate system. Its effectiveness is much greater than the first phase of the Kyoto Protocol.
The Tang Prize, founded in 2012 by Dr. Samuel Yin, chairman of Ruentex Group, seeks to be an inspiring force for people working in all corners of the world. (Source: Source: Tang Prize Foundation, PR, 17 June, 2018) Contact:
Tang Prize Foundation,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change, GHGs, Montral Accord, Paris Climate Agreement,
The complaints are asking the court to issue a mandatory injunction compelling the EPA to implement and enforce the emissions guidelines without further delay.
The guidelines for existing landfills and the jointly issued New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) were revised primarily to control methane emissions that contribute to climate change.
The EPA estimated that the two rules will reduce methane emissions by approximately 330,000 metric tons -- with a global warming potential equivalent to 8.2 million metric tpy of CO2 by 2025. That is roughly equivalent to the annual emissions of 1.8 million cars on the road.
(Source: Various Media, EPA, EHS Daily Advisor, 12 June, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, GHGs, Emissions, EPA, Landfill Gas,
UNL electric power consumption has dropped from 240,000 Btu in 1997 to 146,000 Btu last year, even as square footage was added to campus, student enrollment grew, and more faculty conducted research.
Much of the energy reduction is the result of investments in higher-efficiency heating and cooling units, lighting and heating room occupancy sensors, the shuttering of the school's coal fired coal-fired power and central heating plant, a push for greater use of renewable energy and other improvements and initiatives. (Source: UNL, Journal Star, 5 June, 2018) Contact: UNL,
Lalit Agarwal, Director Utility and Energy Management, (402)472-4375, email@example.com, www.unl.edu
Sustainability, Tracking, Assessment & Rating System, https://stars.aashe.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Carbon Emissions, Energy Efficiency,
From 1990 to 2016, the EU has reduced its net greenhouse gas emissions by 22.4 pct , surpassing its 20 pct reduction target by 2020. These figures include emissions from international aviation, which are covered by EU targets but not accounted in national totals under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Emissions in the residential and commercial sector also increased because the winter of 2016 was slightly colder than the winter of 2015.
EU greenhouse gas emissions have decreased since 1990 as a combined result of policies, economic factors and, on average, milder winters, the EEA analysis shows. The largest emission cuts have been made in the energy sector, due to energy efficiency improvements, an increased use of renewables and a less carbon intensive mix of fossil fuels -- more gas, less coal and oil.
(Source: European Environment Agency, May, 2018)
Contact: European Environment Agency, www.eea.europa.eu
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The Dutch government's appeal of the 2015 court ruling, challenges the "extent of judges' control over the future policies of the state". A ruling in the case is expected in the coming months.
In related news, the Dutch government has announced it intended to close two of its oldest coal-fire plants by 2025.
Three remaining coal plants will also be closed no later then by 2030. The Netherlands is committed to cut its CO2 emissions by 49 pct by 2030. (Source: Various Media, Space Daily, 28 May, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Paris Climate Agreement, GHGs, Carbon Emissionst, Climate Change, Carbon Emissions,
While much of the emission reductions will occur in Exxon Mobil's onshore shale operations in the U.S., the most dramatic declines will be in West Africa, the company claims.
The energy sector -- including oil and coal -- is the largest source of U.S. methane emissions, which are a major contributor to the planet's greenhouse gas emissions, according to the U.S. DOE.
(Source: ExxonMobil, Houston Chronicle, Others, 23 May, 2018) Contact: Exxon Mobil, William M. Colton, VP Strategic Planning, www.exxonmobil.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Exxon Mobil , Methane, GHGs, Greenhouse Gas, Climate Change,
BECCS is important to the climate change fight because the technology will remove the greenhouse gases (GHGs) from the atmosphere at the same time as electricity is produced and not contribute to climate change.
A 2016 report by the Energy Technology Institute (ETI) suggests that by the 2050s BECCS could deliver roughly 55 million tpy of net negative emissions in the UK -- almost half the nation's emissions target.
(Source: DRAX Power, The Business Desk, 21 May, 2018) Contact: DRAX Group, Will Gardiner, CEO, +44 (0)1757 618381, www.draxpower.com; C-Capture, Chris Rayner, founder of C-Capture and Professor of Organic Chemistry at the University of Leeds, www.c-capture.co.uk
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Cadent claims the pipeline project will help cut the carbon emission by 1 million tpy, roughly equivalent of taking 600,000 vehicles off the road.
Reports reveal that at the Cheshire-based new plant, hydrogen will be produced from natural gas using steam methane reformation methods with carbon capture and storage (CCS).
(Source: Cadent Gas, AlgosOnline, 13 May, 2018) Contact: Cadent Gas, https://cadentgas.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Cadent, Hydrogen, CCS, GHGs, Carbon Emissions ,
The EU ETS is expected to contribute about 65 pct of the reductions necessary to meet the EU's target of cutting emissions by 20 pct from 1990 levels.
UE ETS caps the emissions of around 12,000 power plants, factories, and airlines, forcing them to surrender one carbon permit for every tonne of CO2 emitted annually by the end of April of the following year.
(Source: European Union Newsroom, Devdiscourse, 3 April, 2018) Contact: EU Newsroom, https://europa.eu/newsroom/home_en
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The city says it decreased its municipal emissions by 25 pct from 5,899 tons in 1995 to 4,423 tons in 2015, while community-wide emissions decreased by only 2.8 pct from 284,511 tons in 1995 to 276,512 tons in 2015.
Nearly half (46 pct) of the city and the community's greenhouse gas emissions are generated by the transportation sector followed by the residential sector at 28 pct and the commercial and industrial sector at 23 pct.
The emissions decrease can be partially credited to the city decreasing its use of fuel oil, including switching the heating operations of buildings from fuel oil to propane, installing energy efficient lighting, a switch to biodiesel and other low-carbon fuels,
the installation of a solar PV system on the roof of City Hall, hydroelectric turbines at the water treatment plant, geothermal heating, and upgraded HVAC systems.
(Source: City of Keene, Keene Sentinal, 18 Mar., 2018) Contact: City of Keene, Mari Brunner, Planner, 352-5474, https://ci.keene.nh.us
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHGs, Carbon Emissions,