Fuel ethanol operating margins and production rates are largely driven by fuel ethanol, corn, and natural gas prices. Estimated fuel ethanol margins fell to negative levels in February, when natural gas supplies were disrupted and natural gas spot prices approached near record-high levels. As a result, many fuel ethanol producers reduced production rates. Amid record-high natural gas prices, some fuel ethanol producers chose to sell natural gas supplies back into spot markets instead of producing fuel ethanol. U.S. weekly fuel ethanol production has since increased to an average of 922,000 b/d for the week ending March 19, but fuel ethanol inventories have yet to fully return to average levels after the supply disruption.
U.S. weekly inventories of fuel ethanol fell to 21.3 million barrels as of March 12, 2021, which marked the fourth consecutive weekly inventory withdrawal at a time when inventories typically build as we head into the summer driving season. The March 12 inventory level was 13 percent less than at the same time last year and the lowest inventory level since Nov. 27, 2020, when fuel ethanol production and inventories began increasing after reaching five-year lows, which occurred as a result of responses to COVID-19. Fuel ethanol prices and producer margins have since returned to average levels. Elevated prices for fuel ethanol renewable identification numbers (RINs) should also help drive higher fuel ethanol production rates and prompt fuel ethanol inventories to build closer to their normal seasonal averages in the coming weeks, as evidenced by the slight increase to 21.8 million barrels as of March 19, 2021.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, 31 Mar., 2021) Contact: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Weekly Petroleum Status Report, www.eia.gov/petroleum/supply/weekly
More Low-Carbon Energy News U.S. Energy Information Administration, thanol,
Changes to the Supply and Disposition summary data table include:
The composition of the monthly data for the Fuel Ethanol product category of the Supply and Disposition summary data table will continue to be consistent with that of the historical data before January 2021. EIA plans to publish revisions to the new monthly biofuels data for 2021 and petroleum and biofuel volumetric balances with the release of the Petroleum Supply Annual data tables in August 2022, according to the release.
(Source: U.S. Energy Information , 26 Mar., 2021) Contact: EIA, www.eia.gov/index.php
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Although the COVID-19 pandemic affected demand for all liquid fuels last year, the EIA notes that biofuel consumption has not decreased as much as petroleum-based fuels. AEO2021's reference case, which represents the EIA's best assessment of how energy markets will operate through 2050, predicts that biofuels consumption will return to 2019 levels in 2021, slightly faster than petroleum-based transportation fuels. As a result, biofuels will account for an increasing share of the domestic fuel mix.
The EIA attributes the quicker rebound in biofuels consumption primarily to regulatory support, such as the federal Renewable Fuel Standard and California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard.
In the AEO2021 reference case, the EIA projects that the percentage of biofuels blended into the U.S. transportation fuel pool will increase and slowly grow through 2050. In the event of high oil prices, the EIA expects the share of biofuels consumed in the U.S. would rise to a greater percentage as higher prices for gasoline and diesel would make biofuels more competitive.
Biodiesel production is expected to grow slightly in the reference case, maintaining a steady level of supply through 2050. Renewable diesel production is expected to grow at a higher rate. Ethanol consumption is expected to return to pre-COVID levels in later years of the projection period, steadily growing through 2050 because of higher ethanol blends making their way into the on-road transportation fuel, according to the EIA.
Domestic production of other biomass-derived liquids, including pyrolysis oils, biomass-derived Fischer-Tropsch liquids, biobutanol and renewable feedstocks used for the on-site production of diesel and gasoline, is expected to grow by 3.5 percent, reaching 90,000 bpd by 2050. The AEO2020 reference case predicted a 5.3 percent increase, which would equate to 110,000 bpd in 2050. (Source: EIA, 3 Feb., 2021)
Contact: EIA, www.eia.gov/outlooks/aeo
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A Successful Farming report notes the U.S. Midwest, which produces more ethanol than any other region in the country, saw its production drop to 868,000 bpd from day from 895,000 bpd from the previous week and the lowest output level since late September. The East Coast and Gulf Coast regions stayed at an average of 12,000 bpd while the Rocky Mountain and West Coast production levels were unchanged at 9,000 bpd, on average, according to the EIA. Stockpiles increased to 24.297 million barrels in the seven days ending on February 12.
In other ethanol industry news, the US EPA has announced all 16 "hardship waiver" exemption petitions under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) from 2020 are still pending. In total, 66 petitions that date back as far as 2011 are still pending.
As previously noted, "hardship waivers" were intended for refineries producing 75,000 bpd or less and suffered "disproportionate economic hardship" from the costs of RFS compliance. The waiver frees the refineries from an obligation to provide the EPA with biofuels credits proving compliance. (Source: US EIA, Ag Central News, 20 Feb., 2021) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News US EIA, Ethanol, RFS, "Hardship" Waiver,
The survey notes that from the mid-1980s through 2010, coal was the leading source of U.S. fossil fuel production, but coal production has since been surpassed by dry natural gas (in 2011) and by crude oil (in 2015). In 2020, the U.S. produced twice as much energy from crude oil (24 quadrillion Btu) than coal (11 quadrillion Btu) and three times as much energy from natural gas (35 quadrillion Btu).
According to the EIA forecast U.S. coal production fell by an estimated 24 pct in 2020, but will increase by 12 pct in 2021 and another 4 pct in 2022 -- about 90 pct of which will be used for electric power production. The EIA also forecasts increases in natural gas prices will reduce natural gas consumption for electricity generation, which will result in an increased share for coal, and to a lesser extent, an increased share for renewables in the electricity generation mix.
EIA estimates that U.S. NGPL production increased by 7 pct in 2020. Newly commissioned, more efficient natural gas processing plants supported growth in NGPL production even though natural gas production declined. EIA expects domestic NGPL production to increase by 2 pct in 2021 and by 7 pct in 2022. (Source: US EIA, 15 Jan., 2021) Contact: US EIA January 2021 Short-Term Energy Outlook, www.eia.gov/outlooks/steo
More Low-Carbon Energy News U.S. EIA, Fossil Fuel, Coal, Natural Gas,
The York, Nebraska biorefinery will be further upgraded to Grain Neutral Spirits (GNS) by adding additional distillation and processing capabilities to serve other high-value markets, including the beverage alcohol market and will continue to produce USP during construction. The GNS upgrade is expected to be completed during the Q2 of 2021.
Fluid Quip Technologies is providing the engineering and construction services to complete the GNS project. Fluid Quip Technologies has commercialized multiple patented and patent-pending technologies to enhance the base corn-to-ethanol dry grind process, create new and novel alternative feed products, and supply the growing need for carbohydrate feed-stocks into the biochemical market.
(Source: Green Plains Inc., PR, 12 Jan., 2021)Contact: Green Plains Inc., Todd Becker, CEO, Phil Boggs, VP, 402.884.8700, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.gpreinc.com; Fluid Quip, 319-320-7709, www.fluidquiptechnologies.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Green Plains Inc., Fluid Quip,
Solar PV -- Developers and plant owners expect the addition of utility-scale solar capacity to set a new record by adding 15.4 GW of capacity to the grid in 2021. This new capacity will surpass 2020's nearly 12 GW increase, based on reported additions through October (6.0 GW) and scheduled additions for the last two months of 2020 (5.7 GW). More than half of the new utility-scale solar PV capacity is planned for four states -- Texas (28 pct), Nevada (9 pct), California (9 pct), and North Carolina (7 pct) and an additional 4.1 GW of small-scale solar PV capacity to enter service by the end of 2021.
Wind -- Another 12.2 GW of wind capacity is scheduled to come online in 2021. Last year, 21 GW of wind came online, based on reported additions through October (6.0 GW) and planned additions in November and December (14.9 GW). Texas and Oklahoma account for more than half of the 2021 wind capacity additions. The largest wind project coming online in 2021 will be the 999-MW Traverse wind farm in Oklahoma. The 12-MW Coastal Virginia Offshore Wind pilot project off the coast of Virginia Beach, is also scheduled to start commercial operation in early 2021.
Natural gas -- For 2021, planned natural gas capacity additions are reported at 6.6 GW. Combined-cycle generators account for 3.9 GW, and combustion-turbine generators account for 2.6 GW. More than 70 pct of these planned additions are in Texas, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.
Battery storage -- EIA expects the capacity of utility-scale battery storage to more than quadruple; 4.3 GW of battery power capacity additions are slated to come online by the end of 2021. The rapid growth of renewables is a major driver in the expansion of battery capacity because battery storage systems are increasingly paired with renewables. The world's largest solar-powered battery (409 MW) is under construction at Manatee Solar Energy Center in Florida; the battery is scheduled to be operational by late 2021. (Source: US EIA, 11 Jan., 2021)Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Information Administration, Renewable Energy,
In 2019, New York State generated 39.4 million MWh of renewable electricity for 30 pct of the state's total electric power generation. Hydroelectricity generated 31 million MWh (78 pct) of the state's power followed wind with 4.5 million MWh (11 pct) and solar solar energy at 2.4 million MWh of electricity.
Download the EPA report details HERE.
(Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Electric Power Monthly, Nov., 2020) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News US Energy Information Administration, EIA, Renewable Energy,
The IEA report predicts global transport biofuel production will be at 144 billion liters (38.04 billion gallons) in 2020, down 11.6 pct from the record set last year and the first reduction in annual production in two decades. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, the IEA predicted a 3 pct growth in biofuel production for 2020.
gGlobal ethanol production is expected to be at 98 billion liters this year, down 14.5 pct from 115 billion liters in 2019. Global biodiesel production is expected to reach 46 billion liters this year, down 5 pct from 2019.
IEA also predicts global production of transportation biofuels could rebound to the 2019 level of production in 2021, at approximately 162 billion liters. Production is expected to jump an additional 4 pct in 2022 to 169 billion liters.
US electric power sector emissions accounted for roughly one-third of US energy-related CO2 emissions in 2019 -- emissions from coal fell by 15 pct in 2019, and emissions from natural gas increased by 7 pct. CO2 emissions from the industrial sector rose 1.1 pct and transportation sector emissions dropped by 0.2 pct.
More information on changes in energy-related CO2 emissions in 2019, as well as trends in emissions since 1990, is available in EIA's US Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2019 report HERE.
(Source: US EIA. Nov., 2020) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
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Production in August came from 88 biodiesel plants totaling 2.5 billion gpy capacity. Approximately 73 pct of August's production was from plants located in the Midwest. 73 million gallons of August's production was sold as B100 and 96 million gallons was blended with petroleum diesel.
Approximately 1.239 billion pounds of feedstock was used to produce biodiesel in August, including 745 million pounds of soybean oil, 148 million pounds of corn oil, 44 million pounds of tallow, 55 million bounds of white grease, 80 million pounds of yellow grease, and 26 million pounds of other recycled feedstocks.
Ending stocks of B100 were at 46 million gallons in August, down from 53 million gallons in July. Ending stocks of B100 were at 45 million gallons in August 2019, according to the EIA report.
(Source: US EIA, Website Report, 30 Oct., 2020) Contact: US EIA, www,eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News US EIA, Biodiesel,
In the electric power sector, biomass expected to be used to generate 27.9 billion kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity this year, including 15.6 billion kWh from waste biomass and 12.3 billion kWh from wood biomass. Generation from biomass reached 28.8 billion kWh in 2019, including 15.7 billion kWh from waste biomass and 13 billion kWh from wood biomass. In 2021, generation from biomass is expected to increase to 31.2 billion kWh, including 16.4 kWh from waste biomass and 14.9 billion kWh from wood biomass. The electric power sector is expected to consume 0.233 quadrillion Btu (quad) of waste biomass this year, down from 0.236 quad in 2019, but increasing to 0.244 quad in 2021. The sector consumed 0.211 quad of wood biomass in 2019, with consumption expected to fall to 0.2 quad in 2020, and increase to 0.241 quad in 2021.
In the electric power sector, biomass generating capacity was at 6,672 MW in 2019, including 3,945 MW of waste biomass capacity and 2,727 MW of wood biomass capacity. Capacity by the end of 2020 is expected to fall to 6,628 MW, including 3,902 MW of waste biomass capacity and 2,727 MW of wood biomass capacity. Biomass capacity is expected to reach 6,638 MW by the end of 2021, including 3,912 MW of waste biomass capacity and 2,727 MW of wood biomass capacity.
According to the U.S. Energy Information Association (EIA) buildings account for roughly 40 pct of national CO2 emissions. LEED-certified buildings have 34 pct lower CO2 emissions, consume 25 pct less energy and 11 pct less water, and have diverted more than 80 million tons of waste from landfills, according to the USGBC.
(Source: Michelin North America, Inc., PR, Oct., 2020)
Contact: Michelin North America, www.michelinman.com; US Green Building Council, Mahesh Ramanujam, Pres., CEO, (202) 552-1500, www.usgbc.org
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According to the report, total nameplate capacity for 2020 has inched up 2.8 pct from 16.908 billion gallons to 17.378 billion gpy in 2019. That equates to 1.135 million barrels per day in 2020, up from 1.103 million barrels per day in 2019.
Nameplate capacity of operable ethanol plants increased by 2 pct -- more than 300 million gpy -- between January 2018 and January 2019 after increasing by more than 700 million gallons in the previous year.
Daily ethanol production fell to an average of 926,000 for the week ending 11 Sept. In the Midwest, output dropped to 879,000 bpd on average, from 892,000 barrels a week earlier. West Coast production was down from 10,000 to 8,000 bpd while East Coast output increased was up from 12,000 to 13,000 bpd in the prior seven-day period and Gulf Coast production rose from 16,000 to 17,000 bpd. (Source: US EIA, 17 Sept., 2020) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Ethanol, US EIA,
Together with hydropower, biomass, and geothermal, renewables provided 22.3 pct of total electrical output -- a 19.9 pct increase over the previous year. Renewables produced close to one-third more electricity than coal through June 2020.
Total electrical generation by all renewable energy sources combined rose by 16.3 pct, driven primarily by a 31.4 pct expansion by wind and an 18.1 pct increase in solar generation while biomass fell by 10 pct and geothermal power dipped by 1.5 pct. (Source: US EIA, Aug., 2020)
Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov/electricity/monthly/epm_table_grapher.php?t=epmt_es1a
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Aemetis also notes
the COVID-19 pandemic has delayed project financing for a planned 12-million gpy cellulosic ethanol facility in Riverbank, California, construction of which is anticipated to take roughly 18 months to complete. (Source: Aemetis, OPIS, 21 Aug., 2020)Contact: Aemetis, Eric McAfee, CEO , Todd Waltz, (408) 213-0940, email@example.com, www.aemetis.com
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For the same period, East Coast stocks rose 24,000 bpd, Gulf Coast stocks dropped 171,000 bpd and West Coast inventories fell 88,000 bpd.
Gasoline demand fell and the four-week rolling average of the refiner and blender net ethanol input dipped 1,000 bpd to 839,000 bpd for the same period while the weekly average declined 9,000 bpd to 844,000 bpd.
The four-week rolling average of the ethanol blending rate rose slightly from 9.66 to 9.69 pct. (Source: US Energy Information Administration, S&P, 5 Aug., 2020) Contact: Energy Information Administration, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News EIA, Ethanol,
U.S. fuel ethanol production reached averaged 841,000 bpd the week ending June 12, up from an average of 837,000 bpd the previous week. Production was down 240,000 bpd when compared to the same week of 2019 and down 238,000 bpd when compared to the final week of February, before U.S. fuel markets started to be impacted by COVID-19.
Weekly ending stocks fell to 21.346 million barrels the week ending June 12, down from 21.802 million barrels the previous week. Weekly ending stocks were down 267,000 barrels when compared to the same week of 2019.
(Source: US EIA, 17 June, 2020)
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Nationwide, roughly 20 pct of all ethanol plants are still idle, according to the Renewable Fuels Association.
U.S. ethanol production rose to 765,000 bpd for the week ending May 29, up from a historic low of 537,000 bpd for the week ending April 24, according to data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). (Source: MSN, Star Tribune, 4 June, 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Ethanol news, Guardian Energy news, Gevo news, Granite Falls news,
U.S. coal consumption, primarily for electric power generation, fell 15 pct in 2019 to the lowest level since 1964, while the use of energy from sources like wind and solar notched slightly higher, according to the EIA .
Total renewable energy consumption in the U.S. grew for the fourth year to a record-high 11.5 quadrillion Btu in 2019. Since 2015, the growth in U.S. renewable energy is almost entirely attributable to the use of wind and solar in the electric power sector. In 2019, electricity generation from wind surpassed hydro for the first time and is now the most-used source of renewable energy for electricity generation in the United States on an annual basis. (Source: BIC, US EIA, May, 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Information Administration news,
Ethanol production for the week ending May 15 was up nearly 8 p ct while weekly ethanol ending stocks fell by more than 2 pct, EIA data shows.
The data shows U.S. ethanol U.S. ethanol production averaged 663,000 bpd the week ending May 15, up from an average of 617,000 barrels per day the previous week. Production was down 409,000 bpd when compared to the same week of last year, and down 416,000 bpd when compared to the volume of ethanol produced during the final week in February, before COVID-19 began to impact U.S. fuel markets. (Source: US Energy Information Administration, 20 May, 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Ethanol news, U.S. Energy Information Administration news,
According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) the states currently under the COVID-19 pandemic "stay at home orders" account for 95 pct of US fuel demand. Meanwhile, ethanol market producers and players say that it is a "convenient reason for them (oil refiners) to escape a US law", and that doing so would further harm ethanol demand.
As previously noted, "hardship waivers" were intended for refineries producing 75,000 bpd or less and suffered "disproportionate economic hardship" from the costs of RFS compliance. The waiver frees the refineries from an obligation to provide the EPA with biofuels credits proving compliance. Under the now vanquished administrator Greg Pruitt's direction, the EPA handed out 54 exemptions over two years and not a single request for an exemption was denied.Under the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard, the nation's oil refineries are required to blend billions of gallons of biofuels such as ethanol into the fuel or buy credits from those that do. But the EPA can waive their obligations if they prove compliance would cause them financial distress.(Source: Various Trade Media, ICIS, 17 April, 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News RFS, Hardship Waiver, Biofuel Blend,
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), fuel ethanol production is now at 563,000 bpd, the lowest level of production since the EIA began reporting ethanol production statistics in 2010.
(Source: Archer Daniels Midland, ICIS, 23 April, 2020)
Contact: ADM, Juan Luciano, Pres., CEO, (312) 634-8100, www.adm.com
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Production was 15 pct lower than the 672,000 bpd reported a week earlier, at the time the lowest average daily output on record.
(Source: U.S. EIA, Various Media, AG Insider, 15 April, 2020) Contact: Energy Information Administration, www.eia.gov
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Additional reductions are expected in upcoming weeks as several plants are switching a portion of their production to sanitizers and/or slowing or idling production due primarily to the falling demand for fuel caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the EIA report says.
(Source: US EIA, 1 April, 2020)
Contact: Energy Information Administration, www.eia.gov
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The legislation requires the state to create a task force to study solar end-of-life and related issues and use this information to suggest revisions to the state's existing solar energy program.
(Source: SEIA, Various Media, Solar Ind., 11 Mar. 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Solar, Renewable Energy,
In the U.S. Midwest, by far the biggest-producing region, output of the biofuel jumped to 1.007 million barrels on average, from 977,000 a week earlier. Gulf Coast production increased to 24,000 bpd, on average, from 22,000 bpd seven days earlier. Rocky Mountain output was unchanged at an average of 14,000 bpd. West Coast production declined to 14,000 bpd from 15,000 bpd, and East Coast output fell to an average of 19,000 bpd from 26,000 bpd the previous week.
Stockpiles in the seven days that ended on Feb. 28 came in at 24.964 million barrels, up from 24.718 million a week earlier, according to EIA.
(Source: EIA March 8, 2020)Contact: EIA, www.eia.gov
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The EIA report notes
emissions from the power sector dropped to level last seen in the late 1980s, when the IEA estimates that electricity demand was one-third lower than today.
(Source: IEA, Feb., 2020)Contact: International Energy Agency, Dr. Fatih Birol, Exec. Dir., +33 1 40 57 65 00, www.iea.org
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The SPI portfolio includes closed projects in Yamhill, Polk, Marion and Clakamas counties . SPI Energy also announced the agreed acquisition of up to eight projects with a combined capacity of 21 MW in Oregon in July. All projects have 20-year PPAs with Portland General Electric.
SPI Energy Co., Ltd. provides photovoltaic solutions for business, residential, government, and utility customers and investors. It offers engineering, procurement, and construction services to independent power developers and producers, and commercial and industrial companies. The company also develops, owns, and operates solar projects that sell electricity to power companies and other electricity off-takers. As of April 30, 2019, it owned and operated 15.706 MW of solar projects. The company operates in Greece, the United States, Italy, Japan, the U.K., Australia, and Germany.
(Source: SPI Energy Ltd, Renewables, Feb., 2020)
Contact: SPI Energy Ltd., www.spigroups.com; Oregon Community Solar Programme, www.oseia.org › communitysolar
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In its annual energy outlook report, the EIA notes renewables are now growing faster as a source of power generation through 2050 as lower costs make them economically more competitive.
(Source: Energy Information Administration, Feb., 2020)
Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
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California, New Mexico and New Jersey are among the top states, where at least 10 pct of schools have have solar power installations.
Wisconsin is ranked ninth on the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) list of states with school solar installations. SEIA notes more than 5,000 U.S. schools use solar power and have doubled their solar capacity in the past five years.
(Source: Midwest Renewable Energy Association, WXPR, Public Radio, 23 Jan., 2020) Contact: Midwest Renewable Energy Association, Amanda Schienebeck, Solar Program Coordinator, 715-592-6595, www.midwestrenew.org; SEIA, www.seia.org
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Each renewable resource set record high generation outputs sometime during 2018. Wind power generated 30.2 million MWh in April, a new monthly high, while a combination of utility-scale solar photovoltaics and solar thermal made history in June with 7.8 million MWh, the EIA report shows. (Source: US EIA, Power Eng., Jan., 2020) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
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"I'm disappointed the EPA chose to ignore the concerns voiced by renewable fuels producers, farmers and consumers. The flawed formula used to account for waived gallons creates unnecessary uncertainty in our markets, detrimental to so many across rural America. We must continue to work together to hold the EPA accountable for ensuring the 15 billion gallons mandated by the RFS are met. We must also continue to invest in infrastructure that builds demand and increases the availability of higher blends of biodiesel and ethanol across the state of Iowa."-- Mike Naig, Iowa Secretary of Agriculture, Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship
The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship administers the Iowa Renewable Fuel Infrastructure program, which offers cost-share grants to help fuel retailers install infrastructure to increase the availability of ethanol and biodiesel. To date, the program has distributed or obligated over $33 million with $200 million added in private economic activity. (Source: Iowa Department of Agriculture, High Plains Journal, 29 Dec. 2019) Contact: Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, Mike Naig, Sec., 515-281-5321, www.iowaagriculture.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News ANdrew Wheeler, Renewable Volume Obligations, RVO, RFS, "Hardship" Waiver, Ethanol.Ethanol Blend, EIA,
The inventory notes that as of Q3, 2019, 41 states had at least one installed wind turbine. Texas had the most capacity installed, at 26.9 GW, followed by Iowa at 8.9 GW, Oklahoma at 8.1 GW, and Kansas at 6.2 GW.
The agency projects
another 14.3 GW of wind capacity will come online in 2020, bringing U.S. capacity to 122 GW. (Source: US EIA, Dec., 2019) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News US EIA, Wind, Onshore Wind,
In the short term, energy-related CO2 emissions are influenced by the weather, fuel prices and disruptions in electricity generation. In the long term, CO2 emissions are influenced by public policy, reduced costs and improved efficiencies of new technology, demand-side efficiency gains and economic trends, according to the report.
A major factor in recent reductions in the carbon intensity of electric generation in the U.S. is the reduced generation of electricity using coal while increasingly using natural gas. Natural gas emits less CO2 for the same amount of electricity generated, and non-carbon generation (including renewables), which do not emit the gas.
Between 2005 and 2018, EIA has calculated that cumulative U.S. C02 emissions reductions attributable specifically to shifts from coal to natural gas and to non-carbon generation totaled 4,621 million metric tons (MMmt). Of this total, 2,823 MMmt resulted from decreased use of coal and increased use of natural gas; 1,799 MMmt resulted from decreased use of coal and increased use of non-carbon generation sources.
Between 2005 and 2017, total U.S. electricity generation increased by almost 4 pct while related C02 emissions fell by 27 pct. During the same period, fossil fuel electricity generation declined by roughly 9 pct, and non-carbon electricity generation increased by 35 pct.
Download the U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2018 Report HERE. (Source: US Energy Information Administration, 14 Nov., 2019) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2, CO2 Emissions, Natural Gas Emissions, Climate Change,
"The federal ITC has been a critical innovation policy creating hundreds of thousands of jobs, lowering electricity prices for families and businesses, reducing carbon emissions, and maintaining America's competitive edge in emerging energy technologies. With the ITC set to begin ramping down in 2020, now is the time to continue this important policy."
According to the Energy Information Administration (EIA), only 6 pct of the Palmetto State's energy comes from renewable sources, but none of that is wind which is now cheaper than gas, coal, and nuclear energy. The International Energy Agency reports lower costs of offshore wind could totally eliminate the need for using fossil fuels.
BOEM plans to establish wind energy areas off the sc coast this year. More information on offshore wind leasing is HERE.
(Source: BOEM, PR, 26 Oct., 2019) Contact: BOEM, (202) 208-6474, www.boem.gov
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The IEA report notes: energy efficiency gains could "allow the world to extract twice as much economic value from the energy it uses today"; efficiency would cut consumer energy bills by more than US$500 billion annually and, by 2040, provide 40 pct of the GHG reductions the world needs to meet Paris Agreement commitments.
Month-over-month, official government data tells a very different story. According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the ethanol blend rate has remained within normal statistical variation, despite the flood of "hardship" waivers. EIA data shows:
These blend rates have been stable for the past few years, underscoring the truth that ethanol demand is premised partially on the RFS, partially on demand for clean octane and partially on other factors -- not SREs.
Similarly, when it comes to mid-level ethanol blends like E15, there is no data indicating that SREs are reducing demand. E15 and other mid-level ethanol blend sales have been growing all year and, in the case of E15, sales are higher at this point than they were last year, according to the Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association.
As previously noted, "hardship waivers" were intended for refineries producing 75,000 bpd or less and suffered "disproportionate economic hardship" from the costs of RFS compliance. The waiver frees the refineries from an obligation to provide the EPA with biofuels credits proving compliance. Under the now vanquished administrator Greg Pruitt's direction, the EPA handed out 54 exemptions over two years and not a single request for an exemption was denied.
(Source: American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM), EIA, Business & Industry Connection, 3 Oct., 2019) Contact: AFPM, Derrick Morgan, Snr, VP, (202) 586-8800, www.afpm.org; EIA, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News RFS, "Hardship" Waiver, Ethanol.Ethanol Blend, EIA,
The world spent about $2.6 trillion on renewable energy projects during the decade, over three times the amount spent from 2000 to 2009. Solar PV investments totaled around $1.3 trillion, and onshore and offshore wind investment totaled around $1 trillion. Globally, solar energy capacity increased by 638 GW between 2009 and 2019, while coal-fired capacity increased by 529 GW, wind capacity increased 487 GW, and natural gas capacity increased 436 GW. In 2018, $41 billion was invested in coal worldwide.
China's spending on renewable electricity was the highest in the world at $758 billion from 2000 to the first half of 2019. The US was second with $356 billion, followed by Japan at $202 billion. The European nations spent around $698 billion on wind, solar, and other renewable energy sources, with Germany and the UK spending the most. It is expected that 330 GW of new wind power capacity will come online over the next five years, driven primarily by onshore wind power projects in the US and China. Investments in renewable power capacity in 2018, however, dropped 38 pct in China and by 6 pct in the US, while rising 45 pct in Europe.
The report predicts that electric power demand for coal will fall to 17 pct of total generation by 2050. Moody's Investors Service predicts coal will represent 11 pct of total U.S. power generation by 2030 -- down from 27 pct in 2018. The over 50 pct drop in coal demand from utilities by 2030 implies that coal demand would decline by about 7 pct per year on average over the next 10 years.
Download the US EIA Annual Energy Outlook 2019 -- Projections to 2050 report
HERE. (Source: US EIA, Sept., 2019) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
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To meet increasing customer demand for solar energy, DOER proposes adding 800 MW to the SMART incentive program, bringing the total to 2.4 gigawatts. The Solar Energy Industry Association (SEIA) supports this expansion but, in comments to regulators, is calling for even more capacity to be added to the program. To that end, DOER has proposed the dollowing regulatory clarifications and fixes:
According to SEIA, the most troubling aspects of DOER's plans involve the treatment of community solar projects, including a proposed five-fold increase in penalties for larger scale solar projects on certain lands. DOER calls for the new penalties to apply to a broader swath of community solar projects and for changes to apply to projects already in development.
These proposals would have a negative impact on the community solar market. Increased penalties will halt solar development, with penalties ranging from a few hundred thousand dollars to many millions, according to SEIA.
(Source: Mass. DOER, Solar Energy Industries Assoc., 16 Sept., 2019)Contact: Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources, (617) 626-7300, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.mass.gov/doer; SEIA, Abigail Ross-Hopper, CEO, (202) 682-0556, email@example.com, www.seia.org
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According to TEIAS, Turkey's total installed power capacity was 90.39 GW as of Sept. 15. Wind power installed capacity was 7.27 GW in the same period.
Turkey has announced plans to boost its wind and solar capacity by 10,000 MW) each in the coming decade through renewable energy resources zone (YEKA) tenders. (Source: Electricity Transmission Corporation, Daily Sabah, 16 Sept., 2019) Contact: Electricity Transmission Corporation, www.teias.gov.tr
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The 2019 U.S. Biodiesel Plant Production Capacity Report shows 102 operating biodiesel plants with 2.6 billion gpy in biodiesel production capacity, or 167,000 bpd. More than half of the nation's biodiesel production capacity is in the Midwest region, led by Iowa, Missouri, and Illinois. Of the top 15 biodiesel-producing states, 9 are located in the Midwest.
U.S.biodiesel production topped 1.8 billion gallons (119,000 bpd) in 2018, implying a 72 pct utilization rate based on the nameplate capacity level recorded at the beginning of 2018.
In its latest Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), EIA forecasts that U.S. production of biodiesel will reach about 2.0 billion gallons (128,000 bpd) in 2019, resulting in 77 pct utilization of reported nameplate capacity as of January 1, 2019.
Respondents report the biodiesel production capacity data to EIA on Form EIA-22M, Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey, and EIA publishes the data in the Monthly Biodiesel Production Report. All entities that produce biodiesel that meets ASTM D 6751-07B specifications and is used for commercial purposes within the United States submit Form EIA-22M. Additional data collected on Form EIA-22M include production, sales, stock changes, and feed stock inputs to production. (Source: US EIA Release, Sept., 2019) Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov/petroleum/ethanolcapacity
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Both wind farms are currently under construction with a total of 32 wind turbines that will be connected to the Argentine Interconnection System (SADI) from Q2, 2020.
Genneia will be the operating company and will provide construction management services.(Source: Pan American Energy, reve, 23 July, 2019)Contact: Pan American Energy, www.pan-energy.com; Genneia, +54 11 6090-3200, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.genneia.com.ar/en
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For the remainder of 2019, EIA expects relatively mild forecast temperatures will keep energy demand and resulting energy-related CO2 emissions below 2018 levels. Accordingly, the agency forecasts CO2 emissions from coal will decrease by 169 million metric tonnes (MmMmt) in 2019, the largest decrease in CO2 emissions from coal since 2015.
On the other hand, natural gas CO2 emissions are projected to rise by 53 Mmmt, largely due to forecast changes in the electric power generation mix as natural gas continues to grow as the most prevalent electricity generation fuel. Power generation consumes nearly 92 pct of the coal used in the U.S..
EIA also projects CO2 emissions from petroleum consumption, which have risen every year for past six years, will be virtually flat in 2019. Petroleum accounted for 45 pct of energy-related CO2 emissions in 2018. (Source: Energy Information Administration, Kallanish Energy, 15 July, 2019) Contact: Energy Information Administration, www.eia.gov
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According to the Burberry release, goals have been approved by the Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) and are consistent to the reductions required to limit global warming to 1.5C.
Burberry has already achieved carbon neutral status across the Americas region, EMEIA retail stores and its UK operations and has reduced its market-based emissions compared to the 2016/17 year, having recorded a 43 pct over a two-year period.
(Source: Burberry, edie, 25 June 2019)Contact: Burberry, www.burberryplc.com/en/contacts.html
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Non-hydropower renewables provided 10 pct of electricity generation in 2018. Of that total, woody biomass is expected to generate 113,000 MWh per day of electricity this year, increasing to 115,000 MWh per day in 2020. Waste biomass is expected to be used to generate 57,000 MWh per day of electricity in both 2019 and 2020.
In the electric power sector, waste biomass is expected to be used to generate 48,000 MWh per day in both 2019 and 2020. Generation from wood biomass is expected to reach 37,000 MWh per day this year, increasing to 39,000 MWh per day in 2020. Across other sectors, waste biomass is expected to be used to generate 76,000 MWh per day in both 2019 and 2020, with wood biomass used to generate 9,000 MWh per day in both years.
The electric power sector is expected to consume 0.269 quadrillion Btu (quad) of waste biomass this year, increasing to 0.27 quad next year. The sector is also expected to consume 0.221 quad of wood biomass in 2019, increasing to 0.232 quad in 2020. The industrial sector is expected to consume 0.169 quad of waste biomass in both 2019 and 2020, along with 1.439 quad of wood biomass in 2019 and 1.401 quad of wood biomass in 2020. The commercial sector is expected to consume 0.044 quad of waste biomass and 0.084 quad of wood biomass in both 2019 and 2020, while the residential sector is expected to consume 0.492 quad of wood biomass this year, falling to 0.488 quad next year.
Across all sectors, waste biomass consumption is expected to reach 0.482 quad in 2019 and remain at that level into 2020. The consumption of wood biomass is expected to reach 2.238 quad this year, falling to 2.205 quad next year.
Biomass capacity in the electric power sector is expected to reach 7,071 MW by the end of this year, including 4,141 MW of waste biomass capacity and 2,930 MW of wood biomass capacity, falling to 7,052 MW by the end of 2020, including 4,080 MW of waste biomass capacity and 2,972 MW of wood biomass capacity.
Biomass capacity across other sectors is expected to reach 6,657 MW by the end of 2019, including 866 MW of waste biomass capacity and 5,791 MW of wood biomass capacity. Capacity is expected to fall slightly to 6,649 MW by the end of 2020, including 866 MW of waste biomass capacity and 5,784 MW of wood biomass capacity. (Source: US EIA, June, 2019)Contact: US EIA, www.eia.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News US EIA, Biomass, Woody Biomass,