The project is expected to produce 100 KL per day of fuel-grade cellulosic ethanol from agricultural waste and residues primarily rice straw and corn stover. The project will also assist in addressing growing environmental concerns and supporting the Indian government's Ethanol Blended Petrol programme.
Tata Projects provides turnkey solutions for the construction of roads, bridges, fully integrated rail & metro systems, commercial building and airports and setting up power generation plants, power transmission & distribution systems, chemical process plants, water and waste management and complete mining and metal purification systems, according to the company website. (Source: Tata Projects, Rural Marketing 24 Jan., 2024) Contact: Tata Projects, 00 9712 679 5565, email@example.com, www.tataprojects.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Tata, India Biofuel, Cellulosic Ethanol, Ethanol,
The team used corn stover-derived molecules as the starting point for a range of potential fuel candidates. From here, the researchers relied on predictive models to determine which molecules would be best to blend with and improve traditional diesel. With the goal of developing drop-in biofuels that work with existing infrastructure. The intention is to blend the 4-butoxyheptane molecule into diesel fuel at a mixture of 20 - 30 pct Initial results suggest the potential to improve ignition quality, reduce sooting and improve fuel economy of the base diesel at these blend levels.
NREL is working with Yale University, Argonne National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory as part of the US DOE Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines (Co-Optima) initiative which is funded by the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Bioenergy Technologies.
Performance-Advantaged Ether Diesel Bioblendstock Production by a Priori Design, the initiative's research paper was published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (Source: NREL,PR, Dec., 2019) Contact: NREL,
Derek Vardon, Senior Research Engineer, (303) 384-7763, Derek.Vardon@nrel.gov, www.nrel.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News National Renewable Energy Laboratory,
Shah received $1 million in USDA grant funding to test the effectiveness of a new method that harvests and transports corn plants intact, the ears together with the stalks, and will work with farm equipment companies to develop machinery that could be commercialized.
The system testing involves harvesting the corn plant so the ears and a portion of the stalks are not separated in the field but are transported as a single package to the biorefinery. Separating the corn kernels from the rest of the plant requires a combine, which is expensive and currently used in the field only a few months of the year.
If, instead, farmers collected and baled the cobs and stalks at the same time, they could be stored and a stationary machine that separates the grain from the rest of the plant could operate throughout the year, maximizing its use.
(Source: Ohio State Univ., AgCUE Online, 28 May, 2019) Contact: Ohio State Univ., College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences (CFAES),
Assistant Prof., Ajay Shah, (330) 263-3858,
firstname.lastname@example.org; CFAES, (614) 292-6125, https://cfaes.osu.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Corn Stover, Ethanol, Cellulosic Ethanol,
New Energy Blue is working through a firm in New York City to issue renewable bonds at the end of their development period. North Dakota has $300 million in tax-free renewable municipal bonds that could be used for projects that turn a "waste material," in this case residue, to a "special need renewable product," such as fuel and power, according to New Energy Blue. (Source: New Energy Blue LLC, AgWeek, 10 Dec., 2018) Contact: New Energy Blue LLC, Stephen Rogers, Pres., 717.626.0557, www.newenergyblue.com; Spiritwood,MidwestAgEnergy Group, www.midwestagenergygroup.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Spiritwood , Cellulosic Ethanol, ,
The DuPont plant produced ethanol from corn cobs, stalks and other crop residue before being shuttered in 2017.
As previously reported Michigan-based Verbio North America is purchasing the facility and plans to invest $35 million to convert the plant to produce renewable natural gas (RNG) from corn stover. (Source: DuPont, Des Moines Register, AP, 16 Nov., 2018))Contact: Verbio, +49 (0) 3493 747-40, www.verbio.de/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News DuPont, Verbio, Corn Stover, RNG, Cellulosic Ethanol,
Many biorefineries consume one, or sometimes two, feedstocks grown and harvested nearby. The feedstock contains lignocellulose. That chemical is processed and fermented into biofuels or bioproducts. Accepting a variety of feedstocks could improve the refinery's environmental footprint, economics, and logistics. The team's study showed that a lignocellulosic refinery could be relatively agnostic in terms of the feedstocks used.
Refineries to convert biomass into fuels often rely on just one feedstock. If the refineries could accept more than one feedstock, it would greatly benefit refinery operation. Scientists investigated how five different feedstocks affected process and field-scale ethanol yields. Two annual crops (corn stover and energy sorghum) and three perennial crops (switchgrass, miscanthus, and restored prairie) were pretreated using ammonia fiber expansion, hydrolyzed, and fermented separately using yeast or bacteria.
Researchers found that both biomass quality and biomass yield affected the amount of ethanol each acre produces. However, the effect differed. Biomass quality was the main driver for the ethanol yields for high-yielding crops, such as switchgrass. Biomass yield was the main driver for the ethanol yields for low-productivity crops, such as corn stover. Therefore, to increase ethanol yield for high-yielding crops, focusing efforts on improving biomass quality or conversion efficiency may be prudent.
For low-yielding crops, focusing on increasing biomass yield may be the best strategy. When measuring the amount of ethanol produced during fermentation, most feedstocks fell within a similar range, especially when scientists used bacteria to ferment the biomass. In total, the results of this study suggest that a lignocellulosic refinery may use a variety of feedstocks with a range of quality without a major negative impact on field-scale ethanol yields. (Source: Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, US DOE, 12 Nov., 2018) Contact: Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Tim Donohue, Dir., John Greenler, Dir. Outreach, (608) 890-2444, www.glbrc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, US DOE, Biofuel Feedstock, ,
The research found biomass feedstock quality was the main driver for the ethanol yields for high-yielding crops such as switchgrass. Biomass yield was the main driver for ethanol yields from low productivity crops such as corn stover. The re[prt concluded that to increase ethanol yield from high-yielding crops, focusing efforts on improving biomass quality or conversion efficiency "may be prudent."
For low yielding crops, focusing on increasing biomass yield may be the best strategy. When measuring the amount of ethanol produced during fermentation, most feedstocks fell within a similar range, especially when scientists used bacteria to ferment the biomass.
In total, the study suggests that a lignocellulosic refinery can use a variety of feedstocks of varying qualities without a major negative impact on field-scale ethanol yields.
(Source: Great Lakes Bioenergy Science Center, US DOE, Nov., 2018)
Contact: Great Lakes Bioenergy Science Center, Tim Donohue, Dir., (608) 262-4663, email@example.com, www.glbrc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Great Lakes Bioenergy Science Center, Ethanol, Ethanol Feedstock, Switchgrass, Miscanthus, Cellulosic,
The cellulosic ethanol plant, which opened in 2015, uses corn cobs and stover as a feedstock. Verbio plans to install equipment to produce natural gas from corn stover and other cellulosic crop residue. (Source: Verbio, DowDuPont, PR 9 Nov., 2018)Contact: Verbio, +49 (0) 3493 747-40, www.verbio.de/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News Verbio, DowDuPont, Cellulosic Ethanol, Corn Stover,
GLBRC originally focused on corn stover ethanol production and developing perennial plants like switchgrass and miscanthus as biofuel feedstocks. Now, GLBRC goal is centered on designing advanced biofuels, such as isobutanol. These "drop-in" fuels could be used to replace gasoline without engine modification. By engineering bioenergy crops to enhance their environmental and economic value, and conducting research to generate multiple products from plant biomass, these advancements could optimize the bioenergy field-to-product pipeline.
GLBRC scientists and engineers are also improving the yield and processing traits of dedicated bioenergy crops for cultivation on marginal, or non-agricultural, land. With smart management, these crops have the potential to benefit the ecosystem, help mitigate climate change, and provide farmers with an additional source of revenue.
GLBRC is focused on enabling a new and different biorefinery, one that is both economically viable and environmentally sustainable. Realizing this goal will mean increasing the efficiency of biomass conversion and generating a mix of specialty biofuels and environmentally-friendly bioproducts, from as much of a plant's biomass as possible. One such discovery, breaks down lignin's six-carbon rings -- the "aromatics" -- into individual components. Traditionally sourced from petroleum, aromatics are used in a wide variety of products, including plastic soda bottles, Kevlar, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals, and are essential components of jet fuel.
(Source: University of Wisconsin Madison, GLBRC, PR, 18 Feb., 2018) Contact: Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Tim Donohue, Dir., John Greenler, Dir. Outreach, (608) 890-2444, www.glbrc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Biofuel, Biochemical, Ethanol, Bioplastics,
The plant incorporates six digesters using cattle slurry, corn stover and corn silage to produce 13.5 million Nm3 per year of raw biomethane to be used used as compressed natural gas (CNG) for transportation fuel.
(Source: EnviTec, Others, Bioenergy Int'l, 16 Dec., 2017)
Contact: EnviTec Biogas AG, +49 (0) 44 42 / 8016 - 8100, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.envitec-biogas.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News EnviTec Biogas , Biogas, Methane,
Merritt says by taking the cellulosic feedstock -- corn stover, cobs, leaves, husks -- and processing it so that enzymes and yeast can access the cellulosic sugars, it then ferments them into biofuel. The process benefits biofuel plants as well as farmers and the environment, according to Merritt. (Source: POET DSM, WNAX Radio, 6 Nov., 2017)Contact: POET LLC, Jeff Broin, CEO, Jeff Lautt, Pres., COO, (605) 965-2200, www.poet.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News POET DSM, Cellulosic, Ethanol, Corn stover,
The EPA predicted in 2007 that U.S. cellulosic ethanol production could hit 1 billion gpy by 2020, but output this year is expected to reach only 7 million gallons, according to the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA). (Source: DowDuPont, DesMoines Register, 2 Nov., 2017) Contact: DowDuPont,Dow Chemical, www.dow.com; DuPont Industrial Biosciences, William F. Feehery, Pres., www.biosciences.dupont.com; DowDuPont, (800) 422-8193, www.dow-dupont.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News DowDuPont , Cellulosic Etanol,
The studies reveal that with modest infrastructure investments, building even a single pellet facility can deliver economic benefits for power producers and across farm economies.
The studies, commissioned by Larksen LLC, Trestle Energy's affiliate for biomass supply, focus on Nebraska and Iowa, two leaders in U.S. ethanol production. Nebraska's ethanol industry produces roughly 8.32 million tpy of harvestable corn stover and Iowa's industry produces around 15.6 million tpy.
The economic impacts show that building a corn stover industry to complement ethanol production in Iowa could deliver over $1 billion in additional labor income and contribute $2 billion to Iowa's GDP by 2030. In neighboring Nebraska, the analysis shows the potential to generate $840 million in labor income and $1.5 billion in GDP over the same period. What is required is modest infrastructure investments to enable coal-fired power plants to blend biomass into their fuel mix. (Source: Trestle Energy LLC, PR, 21 Sept., 2017) Contact: Trestle Energy, James Rhodes, Pres., (858) 220-9529, email@example.com, www.trestleenergy.com; Larksen, LLC, http://larksen.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Trestle Energy , Ethanol, Corn Stover, Cellulosic,
Iowa hosts two large cellulosic ethanol plants (Emmetsburg and Nevada) that use corn stover -- stalks, husks and other corn crop residue -- as feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. The two plants are expected to produce approximately 25 million gallons of fuel in 2018. Yet the proposed level assumes only 17 million gallons of liquid cellulosic biofuel from the entire country.
Iowa and industry leaders also criticized the proposed biomass-biodiesel requirements that left the 2019 mandate at the 2018 level of 2.1 billion gpy.
(Source: Office of Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds, Wallaces Farmer, 7 Aug., 2017) Contact: Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds, www.reynoldsgregg.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Advanced Biofuel, Cellulosic, Ethanol, Renewable Fuel Standard, RFS, Ethanol Blend,
According to study senior author Shishir P. S. Chundawat, an assistant professor in the Rutgers Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering , "The bottom line is we can cut down the cost of converting biomass into biofuels." Typically, the enzymes tapped to help turn switchgrass, corn stover and poplar into biofuels account for 20 pct of production costs. Enzymes cost about 50 cents per gallon of ethanol, so recycling or using fewer enzymes would make biofuels more inexpensive.
"The challenge is breaking down cellulose (plant) material, using enzymes, into sugars that can be fermented into ethanol. So any advances on making the enzyme processing step cheaper will make the cost of biofuel cheaper. This is a fairly intractable problem that requires you to attack it from various perspectives, so it does take time," according to Chundawat.
(Source: Rutgers Univ., AAAS, EurekAlert, Public Release, 5 July, 2017)
Contact: Rutgers Univ., Prof. Shishir Chundawat http://www.rutgers.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Cellulosic, Biomass, Biofuel, Enzymes, Corn Stover,
The test involved continuous injection of MinFree woody biomass feedstock and production of BTX and other valuable chemical by-products.
Anellotech is developing the Bio-TCat process to produce cost-competitive renewable aromatic chemicals such as benzene, toluene and xylenes (BTX) from non-food biomass for use in the production of polyester, nylon, polycarbonate, polystyrene, or for renewable transportation fuels. Bio-TCat co-products, C9+ aromatics and carbon monoxide, can be used to make cellulosic jet and ethanol bio-fuels respectively, using third-party technology.
The Bio-TCat reactor outlet hydrocarbon product requires only mild hydrotreating to remove trace impurities using existing oil refining technology. By using renewable and readily available non-food materials, such as sustainably harvested wood, corn stover and bagasse, the process is less expensive compared to processes relying on sugar as a feedstock.
(Source: Anellotech, PR, Industrial Equipment News, June, 2017)
Contact: Axens, www.axens.net; Anellotech, David Sudolsky, (845) 735-7700, DSudolsky@anellotech.com, www.anellotech.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Anellotech, Biochemical, Biofuel, Bioplastic,
ANL has demonstrated success using biochar from gasification of both corn stover and woody sources. Anaerobic digestion usually creates biogas that is mainly a combination of CO2 and methane, and extra steps are required to upgrade the biogas to renewable natural gas by removing the CO2 and other contaminants. Adding biochar directly to the anaerobic digester sequesters the CO2 and creates a biogas stream that is more than 90 pct methane and less than 5 ppb hydrogen sulfide, thus reducing the need for upgrading steps.
ANL is preparing to scale up the technology with Roeslein Alternative Energy, a company experienced at operating large-scale digester facilities to produce renewable natural gas ecologically and economically. The company plans to perform field demonstrations during 2017 and drive the commercialization of the technology.
The project received $1.5 million funding from the U.S. DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) which supports the development of sustainable, cost-competitive biofuels and bioproducts from cellulosic biomass. (Source: Argonne National Laboratory, U.S. Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, March 01, 2017)
Contact: US DOE BETO, www.energy.gov/eere/bioenergy/bioenergy-technologies-office; Roeslein Alternative Energy, Rudi Roeslein, Pres., Chris Roach, Proj. Dev., (314) 729-0055, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.roesleinalternativeenergy.com; Argonne National Laboratory, (630) 252-2000, www.anl.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Argonne National Laboratory, Roeslein Alternative Energy, Renewable Natural Gas, Methane, anaerobic digestion,
The equity financing was led by PM Equity Parnership, the corporate venture and private equity investment arm of Philip Morris International. Bioindustrial Innovation Canada (BIC), a government-funded non-profit agency that helps companies develop renewable and bio-based technologies, and Sofinnova Partners also participated. The terms of the financing were not disclosed.
Design and engineering work is underway for a planned commissioning in 2018. The plant is expected to produce 60 million ppy of dextrose sugar.
(Source: Comet Biorefining, Sarnia Observer, Mar., 2017) Contact: Comet Biorefining, Rich Troyer, CEO, (519) 494-7514, email@example.com, www.cometbiorefining.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Comet Biorefining, Corn Stover, Cellulosic ,