According to the report, emissions reductions "must be vital to the whole of government and to every level of government in the UK. Policies must be fully funded and implemented across all sectors of the economy to drive the necessary innovation, market development and consumer take-up of low-carbon technologies, and to positively influence societal change."
Download the CCC Net Zero-- The UK's Contribution to Stopping Global Warming report
HERE. (Source: The Committee on Climate Change, May, 2019) Contact: Committee on Climate Change, www.theccc.org.uk
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The 2050 net-zero target was recently recommended by the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), the UK's independent climate advisory body which estimated that reaching net zero would come in at £50 billion a year. The UK Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy puts the figure at £70 billion, according to the FT.
The Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of Her Majesty's Exchequer, commonly known as the Chancellor of the Exchequer, or simply the Chancellor, is a senior official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of Her Majesty's Treasury. The office is a British Cabinet-level position. (£1 = $1.27 US)
(Source: Financial Times, Carbon Brief, Various Media, June, 2019) Contact: The Rt Hon Philip Hammond MP - GOV.UK
www.gov.uk/government/people/philip-hammond; Committee on Climate Change, www.theccc.org.uk
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To that end, both cities have set targets exceeding the Scottish government's 2045 net-zero target and that set by the UK government's Committee on Climate Change of 2050.
Achieving net-zero status involves more than reducing emissions, it also involves offsetting greenhouse gases released with initiatives such as planting trees.
Glasgow City Council is working with Scottish Power, the energy provider in charge of the UK's largest onshore wind farm near Glasgow. Glasgow's energy sector is dominated by wind power and continued investment in the electricity grid has allowed the city to focus on other parts of the economy such as transport and heating.
Edinburgh's carbon emissions have fallen by about a third since 2005, and the city council aims to continue that momentum by boosting renewable energy, making the city centre a low-emissions zone and encouraging low-carbon design for construction projects.
The city also has schemes in place to reduce waste and increase recycling.
Additionally, cyclists, pedestrians and public transport will have better access to the city centre, which will be off-limits to most cars to help cut emissions. (Source: World Economic Forum May, 2019)
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According to the CCC, net-zero
by 2050 could be achieved within a budget of 1-2 pct of GDP. It would require new policies across various government departments: low-carbon electricity would need to quadruple and low-carbon heating will be required throughout Britain building stock.
All new cars and vans should be electric by 2035 or earlier, while novel technologies such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) will become a necessity.
Such reforms are especially urgent considering that the UK is currently set to miss its present legally-mandated target of an 80 percent cut in emissions by 2050.
(Source: Independent Committee on Climate Change, yahoo News, 30 April, 2019) Contact: Independent Committee on Climate Change, www.theccc.org.uk
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Environmental groups, including to Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), Biofuelwatch, the Dogwood Alliance, and the Southern Environmental Law Center, have noted that relying on woody biomass with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) to achieve climate targets is "misguided" and will prove overly expensive. Biomass power generation reached a record 35.6 TWh in 2018, up by 12 pct year-on-year, according to government statistics.
The environmental organizations say the UK should rely on genuinely zero-emission renewables like wind, wave, and solar power, energy efficiency and conservation, and smart resources like energy storage, rather than woody biomass power generation. (Source: Committee on Climate Change, Renewables,May, 2019) Contact: Committee on Climate Change, www.theccc.org.uk
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Since 1990, the UK has slashed its carbon emissions by more than 43 pct through a combination of cleaner power and lower overall demand for electricity. The country's electricity generation declined 1 pct in 2018, reaching its lowest levels since 1994.
Despite these trends the UK is still not on track to meet its legally binding carbon target during the 2023-2027 period, known as the fourth carbon budget, according to the Committee on Climate Change, the independent panel that advises the government on emissions policy. (Source: Carbon Brief, Financial Times, Jan., 2019)
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Although the membership and scope of the new panel has yet to be announced, it is not expected to have legal authority to demand documents under subpoena. Progressive democrats
have been calling for a "Green New Deal" that promotes renewable energy and a new climate panel as part of a "green agenda." (Source: Nancy Pelosi, Various Media, AP, Guardian Various Media, 30 Dec., 2018) Contact: Nancy Pelosi, https://twitter.com/search/Nancy+Pelosi
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According to the CCC report, "There is significant potential to increase domestic production of sustainable biomass to meet between 5 pct and 10 pct of energy demand from UK sources by 2050. The lower end of this range can be delivered by fully exploiting the UK's organic waste resource (after reduction, reuse and recycling) whilst maintaining today's level of agricultural and forest residue use." The report also recommends the government "not provide further policy support (beyond current commitments) to large-scale biomass power plants that are not deployed with CCS technology." It also called for the government to limit support for bioenergy use in buildings to biomethane produced from anaerobic digestion, thus creating a demand for UK sourced food and garden waste.
Access the full biomass report HERE.
(Source: The Committee on Climate Change, Nov., 2018) Contact: The Committee on Climate Change, www.theccc.org.uk
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Accordingly, the CCC recommends that the BEIS Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Department (BEIS) and Treasury create a value for removing CO2 from the atmosphere and storing it by extending carbon pricing. CCC also recommends that future biomass power plants receive government support only if they incorporate CCS technology.
(Source: Committee on Climate Change, Utility Weeks, 15 Nov., 2018) Contact: CCC, Chris Stark, CEO, +44 (0) 207 591 6080, firstname.lastname@example.org,
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According to the UN Committee on Climate Change, buildings account for 50 pct or more of a city's emissions. In London, Los Angeles and Paris, the figure is pegged at well over 70 pct. In 2012, GHG emissions from buildings made up more than a third of the UK's total emissions.
The C40 Cities group is a network of 96 urban centers committed to bold action on climate issues. In addition to committing signatories to ensuring new buildings are net zero carbon by 2030, C40 members pledge that all buildings in a city, old or new, will meet net zero carbon standards by 2050.
The C40 Cities pledge is part of the World Green Building Council's (WorldGBC) Net Zero Carbon Building Commitment for Businesses, Cities, States & Regions.
The government's 2017 Clean Growth Strategy challenged UK businesses to improve their energy efficiency -- productivity by 20 pct by 2030, and the report argues distributed energy technologies could help companies achieve around half of that target. The reports says the deployment of distributed energy technologies in just half of organizations across the three sectors could achieve savings of 9 megatonnes per year of carbon dioxide equivalent for a total of 137MtCO2e by 2030.
The government's independent Committee on Climate Change has warned the UK is currently off track to meet its binding emissions goals for the late 2020s and early 2030s.
(Source: Centrica, Business Green, Oct., 2018) Contact: Centrica, www.centrica.com
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Announcing the targets, Holyrood's climate change secretary, Roseanna Cunningham, Scotland will cut emissions by two-thirds without resorting to carbon offsetting to achieve our goal. (Source: Gov. of Scotland, Guardian International, 24 May, 2018) Contact: Scotland Climate Change Secretary, Roseanna Cunningham, www.gov.scot/Topics/Environment/climatechange
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The U.K. has legally-binding targets known as carbon budgets to set out a plan to gradually reduce pollution. The fourth carbon budget seeks to cut emissions by 51 pct by the middle of the next decade compared with 1990 levels. It's on track to meet its target for 2020.
As previously reported, Germany, Ireland and Belgium probably won't meet their 2020 goals and are likely to exceed their limits.
is allocating £100 million to research carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies.
(Source: Committee on Climate Change, Bloomberg, January 16, 2018)
Contact: Committee on Climate Change, +44 (0) 207 591 6080, www.theccc.org.uk
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Greenhouse gas emissions are about 42 pct lower than in 1990, about halfway to the 2050 commitment to reduce emissions by at least 80 pct below 1990 levels. However, progress is stalling with emissions mainly falling in the power sector since 2012 and rising in the transport and buildings sectors.
CCC calls for the government to continue reducing emissions across the economy and to address the gap between agreed upon emissions reduction targets and the impact of existing policies. The government should also find ways to bring forward additional low-carbon electricity generation through the 2020s and set out a strategy for deploying carbon capture and storage technology, CCC said.
The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) is an independent, statutory body established under the Climate Change Act 2008. The CCC's role is to advise the UK Government and Devolved Administrations on emissions targets and report to Parliament on progress made in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and preparing for climate change. (Source: Committee on Climate Change, BBC, 29 June, 2017) Contact: Committee on Climate Change, +44 (0) 207 591 6080, www.theccc.org.uk
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