The petition notes: "The Clean Air Act's Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program requires EPA to undertake annual notice-and-comment rule making to determine a 'renewable fuel obligation' for the nation's transportation fuel supply. The first of three annual 'required elements' is to determine the point of obligation -- i.e., to ensure that the obligation shall be applicable to refineries, blenders, and importers, as appropriate. EPA admits that it initially placed the point of obligation on refineries and importers, but not blenders, for reasons of administrative convenience. EPA has repeatedly refused to re-examine that placement in annual rule making, and it denied petitions for rule making seeking reconsideration out-side the statutorily-mandated annual assessment."
The petition specifically questions: whether the requirement that EPA "shall" make a "calendar year" determination of the "appropriate" point of obligation requires EPA to consider in each annual rule whether the point of obligation remains appropriate.The petition also questions whether EPA can evade the annual duty by partitioning the point of obligation into a one-time collateral proceeding that ignores key evidence,relies primarily on the agency's own convenience, and claims more deference from a reviewing court than an annual rule would receive. (Source: AFPM Website, Valero Energy, Ethanol Producer, 6 May, 2019) Contact: American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers, www.afpm.org; Valero Renewable Fuels, Joe Gorder, Pres., (800) 324-8464, www.valero.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers , RFS, Point of Obligation, Valero Energy ,
The coalition's brief noted,
"Even as the Trump Administration indicates it is taking steps to account for future small refinery exemptions, the coalition remains concerned that EPA's abuse of the small refinery exemption program diverges from the spirit and letter of the Clean Air Act. From a substantive and procedural perspective, this is not the way for a federal agency to make such a momentous decision."
(Source: Growth Energy, U.S. Grains Council, and Renewable Fuels Association , 23 Oct., 2019) Contact: Growth Energy, Emily Skor, CEO, Elizabeth Funderburk, (202) 545-4000, EFunderburk@GrowthEnergy.org, www.growthenergy.org; U.S. Grains Council, Tom Sleight, Pres., (202) 789-0789, (202) 898-0522, www.grains.org; Renewable Fuels Association, Geoff Cooper, (202) 289-3835, www.ethanolrfa.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News RFS, Growth Energy, U.S. Grains Council, Renewable Fuels Association,
"We strongly oppose giving the Secretary (Perdue) any role in the decision-making process over the petitions. We would view any decisions to further delay, reduce, or deny hardship relief to small refineries, or reallocate the obligations of small refineries to other refineries, as the result of the Secretary of Agriculture's impermissible interference. We are confident that others, including the federal courts, would do the same," the thirteen Senators wrote.
The small-refinery exemptions have reduced ethanol use by about 2.6 billion gallons, and 38 refiners are waiting for EPA to decide on new exemptions.
Senators writing the letter included Sen. John Barrasso (R-Wyo.) as well as senators representing Louisiana, Montana, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah and West Virginia.
As previously noted, "hardship waivers" were intended for refineries producing 75,000 bpd or less and suffered "disproportionate economic hardship" from the costs of RFS compliance. The waiver frees the refineries from an obligation to provide the EPA with biofuels credits proving compliance. In 2017, the number of small refineries filing for exemptions retroactively for 2016 jumped from 14 the previous year to 20. The rate in which EPA granted these petitions also increased dramatically from 53 pct to 95 pct (Source: Various Media, DTN, Progressive Farmer, July, 2019)
Contact: Office of Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue,(202) 720-2791,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Hardship Waiver, Ethanol, Ethanol Blend, RFA, Sonny Perdue,
"We request that you cease issuing any further small refinery exemptions, immediately reallocate the remaining gallons, and make public the information regarding any recipients of these exemptions
"We are extremely concerned about the EPA's recent actions to continue to improperly grant small refinery hardship waivers under the RFS. EPA's continued manipulation and misuse of the small refiner waiver authority is undermining the integrity of the RFS and disadvantaging farmers. Rather than follow congressional intent in the RFS and follow through on the promises made to rural America, the EPA and the (Trump) Administration are providing waivers, in secret, to help some of the largest oil companies and refiners evade their compliance obligations under the Clean Air Act.
The letter's signatories included Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Tammy Duckworth (D-IL), Senators Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), Michael Bennet (D-CO), Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Dick Durbin (D-IL), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Mazie Hirono (D-HI), Jeff Merkley (D-OR), Tina Smith (D-MN), Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), and Ron Wyden (D-OR).
As previously noted, "hardship waivers" were intended for refineries producing 75,000 bpd or less and suffered "disproportionate economic hardship" from the costs of RFS compliance. The waiver frees the refineries from an obligation to provide the EPA with biofuels credits proving compliance. In 2017, the number of small refineries filing for exemptions retroactively for 2016 jumped from 14 the previous year to 20. The rate in which EPA granted these petitions also increased dramatically from 53 pct to 95 pct. (Source: Farm Journal, Various Media, AgPro, 11 June, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Blend, RFS, "Hardship Waivers" , Andrew Wheeler,
The change removes a barrier to wider sales of E15 and is expected to expand the market for ethanol -- although immediate effects on the market are expected to be minimal since only about 1,000 to 1,500 of more than 150,000 U.S. gas stations currently sell the higher-ethanol blend, according to the EPA Office of Air and Radiation. (Source: EPA, PBS New, 31 May, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News E15 news, Ethanol Blend news,
Under the federal Clean Air Act, the SCAQMD service region must meet the 1-hour ozone, 8-hour ozone, 24-hour PM2.5, and annual PM2.5 National Ambient Air Quality Standards within the next 12 years.
Established in 1976, the Diamond Bar-based SCAQMD is responsible for regulating stationary sources of air pollution in the South Coast Air Basin, in Southern California.
(Source: SCAQMD, Sentinel News Service, 4 Jan., 2019) Contact: SCAQMD, Wayne Nastri, CEO, (909)396-2000, www.aqmd.gov/home/rules-compliance/rules
More Low-Carbon Energy News Clean Fuel, Air Quality, Clean Air, SCAQMD, South Coast Air Quality Management District,
E15 sales are currently blocked from the beginning of June through the middle of September because the fuel blend does not meet ozone standards spelled out in the Clean Air Act.
It is even more widely speculated that Trump's move is focused on stroking his biofuels and farm belt base before for the November mid-term elections.
(Source: CNBC, Various Media, 8 Oct., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News E15, Trump, RFS, Biofuel,
The ACE rule would replace the 2015 (Obama administration) Clean Power Plan (CPP) which EPA has proposed to repeal because it "exceeded EPA's authority." The CPP was stayed by the U.S. Supreme Court and has never gone into effect.
The ACE rule has several components: a determination of the best system of emission reduction (BSER) for GHG emissions from coal-fired power plants, a list of "candidate technologies" states can use when developing their plans, a new preliminary applicability test for determining whether a physical or operational change made to a power plant may be a "major modification" triggering New Source Review, and new implementation regulations for emission guidelines under Clean Air Act section 111(d). The EPA notes that with CO2 emissions steadily declining:
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), the U.S. leads the world in reducing CO2 emissions with U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions falling by 14 pct between 2005 to 2017, with coal-related CO2 emissions down 39 pct over that period. During that time, global energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 21 pct.
More information and additional fact sheets along with copies of the proposed rule and accompanying Regulatory
Impact Analysis are available
(Source: US EPA, EIA, 27 Aug., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Trump.Carbon Emissions, Clean Power Plan ,
The new EPA proposal, which is projected to release 12 times the amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere compared with Obama's Clean Power Plan, flies in the face of the 2015 Clean Power Plan requiring states to meet specific carbon emission reduction standards based on their individual energy production and consumption.
Obama's plan was challenged as "unconstitutional" and outside the federal government's power to regulate. (Source: Various Media, WSJ, Various Media, 21 Aug., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Obama Clean Power Plan,
"For 48 years -- since one of my heroes, then-Gov. Ronald Reagan, requested it -- California has had a waiver from the federal government to clean our own air. If the President (Trump) thinks he can win this fight, he's out of his mind." -- Arnold Schwarzenegger, 2003-211 California Governor (D) , commenting on Trump's proposed withdrawal of California's Clean Air Act pre-emption waiver. California and about a dozen states follow its rules account for about a third of all the passenger vehicles sold in the U.S. August 1, 2018
"(If the Trump administration revokes California's Clean Air Act waiver) there is no question that California will immediately sue.
I suspect that California has had a draft suit in its back pocket since the Trump administration began signaling that it might travel this route a few months ago. The lawsuit would further put automakers in regulatory limbo, possibly for years, while the Trump administration battles California in court." --
Belynda Reck, a Reed Smith environmental and products liability law. Contact: Reed Smith, www.reedsmith.com. (Source: Recorder, Various Other Media, 23 July, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News GHG Emissions,
During the Obama administration, California aligned its standards with wider federal standards in a bid to ease compliance requirements for automakers.
According to Bloomberg, the Trump administration plans to dilute future emissions standards proposed by Obama by capping federal fuel economy requirements at the 2020 level of at least 35-mile-per-gallon for manufacturers' fleet average, rather than letting them rise to around 50 mpg by 2025 as currently planned.
The 2009 Clean Air Act waiver allows California to set its own standards for greenhouse emissions and builds on a long-standing right the state enjoyed to set its own vehicle emissions standards in response to the smog that afflicted some areas of the state in the 1970s and 80s.
(Source: Business Green, Bloomberg, Others, July, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Vehicle Emissions, Carbon Emissions, Clean Air Act, Transportation Emissions,
The complaints are asking the court to issue a mandatory injunction compelling the EPA to implement and enforce the emissions guidelines without further delay.
The guidelines for existing landfills and the jointly issued New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) were revised primarily to control methane emissions that contribute to climate change.
The EPA estimated that the two rules will reduce methane emissions by approximately 330,000 metric tons -- with a global warming potential equivalent to 8.2 million metric tpy of CO2 by 2025. That is roughly equivalent to the annual emissions of 1.8 million cars on the road.
(Source: Various Media, EPA, EHS Daily Advisor, 12 June, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, GHGs, Emissions, EPA, Landfill Gas,
The legal challenge includes New York State, California, Illinois, Pennsylvania, New Mexico, Vermont and Iowa, as well as the District of Columbia and the city of Chicago. (Source: Guam Daily Post, Reuters, Others, 6 April, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Methane Emissions, EPA, Pruitt,
"NCGA claims the settlement would undermine the RFS and allow the refiner 'to walk away' from more than half of its outstanding RFS obligations and allow its parent companies to avoid liability." According to NCGA President Kevin Skunes, the proposal "would have negative policy implications for the RFS and future compliance with the Clean Air Act, as the settlement does not hold all parties liable for violations of the Clean Air Act."
(Source: NCGA, Neb. Rural Radio, Others, 29 Mar., 2018) Contact: NCGA, Kevin Skunes, Pres., (202) 326-0644, www.ncga.com; Philadelphia Energy Solutions, www.pes-companies.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News National Corn Growers Association, RFS, Philadelphia Energy Solutions,
Highlights of APCC communication include: " Climate change has emerged as the greatest environmental threat facing our (Cape Cod) region's natural resources, economy and human population. Cape Cod communities are already experiencing worsening impacts from sea level rise, coastal erosion and an increase in frequency and severity of coastal storms associated with a changing climate.
"Electrical power plants fired by fossil fuels are responsible for 31 percent of the greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. -- the single largest source of greenhouse gas pollution in the nation. Any effort to effectively reduce the greenhouse gasses that cause climate change must include a substantial reduction in power plant emissions levels. The Clean Power Plan would achieve that objective.
"Issuance of the Clean Power Plan by the EPA in 2015, with its requirement for significant reductions in CO2 pollution emissions from power plants, has been the most important step to date taken by the U.S. to address climate change. Implementation of the CPP would set our nation on the right track toward mitigating climate change and its impacts, and it would secure the U.S.'s position as a responsible global partner in the effort to control CO2 emissions.
"The EPA has a legal requirement under the Clean Air Act -- requirement that was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court -- to regulate CO2 as a pollutant that endangers human health. Repeal of the CPP would be in direct conflict with the EPA's charge to protect the nation's environment and the health of its citizens, a responsibility entrusted to the agency since its establishment in 1970." (Source: Association to Preserve Cape Cod, CapeCodToday, 10 Jan., 2018) Contact: Association to Preserve Cape Cod, Andrew Gottlieb, Exec. Dir., (508) 619-3185, www.apcc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Obama Clean Power Plan, EPA, Clean Power Plan, Pruitt,
"The cost of compliance to this regulation puts at risk these energy-sector jobs in our region. In addition, these high costs also contribute to the cost of gasoline for residents and consumers," the legislators claim.
The legislators note the EPA has legal authority under the Clean Air Act to waive the renewable obligations “should they present a harm to a state or regional economy."
(Source: NJ Spotlight, Various Media, 17 Nov., 2017)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Renewable Fuel Standard, Ethanol Blend, RINs, Ethanol,
"As you are aware, obligated parties such as oil refiners are required to submit RIN credits to the EPA to demonstrate compliance with the RFS. However, the merchant refiners of the Northeast are not able to acquire enough RIN credits to meet their RFS obligations because they have limited blending capacity. Therefore, they must purchase RINs on the secondary market, where prices have increased significantly,," Wolf's letter read.
Wolf's letter asked for a waiver "until or unless the market prices deflate. Absent this waiver, the Northeast and specifically Pennsylvania will experience significant economic impacts."
The Clean Air Act allows a waiver if the EPA administrator determines the implementation of RFS requirements would severely harm the economy of a state, a region or the country as a whole.
(Source: Feedstuffs, Various Media, Progressive Farmer, 24 Oct., 2017) Contact: Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf, www.governor.pa.gov/contact
More Low-Carbon Energy News RINs, RFS,
According to the Sierra Club complaint, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt is not submitting the required reports on the environmental and resource conservation impacts of the Energy Independence and Security Act's Renewable Fuel Standard program and has failed to complete the required "anti-backsliding" study to determine whether vehicle and engine air pollutant emissions changes, resulting from the Program's renewable fuel volumes, adversely impact air quality". the complaint says.
The Sierra Club says it sent a letter to Pruitt on February 23, informing him that he wasn't performing his duty in regard to the RFS program.
The Sierra Club seeks a declaration that Pruitt and the EPA have violated federal law, and an order compelling them to file the overdue reports.
(Source: Sierra Club, 20 Oct., 2017) Contact: Sierra Club, Devorah Ancel, Oakland, California Office, www.sierraclub.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News RFS, Biofuel Blend, Scott Pruitt, Sierra Club, ,
For instance, in 2016, the Big Brown coal plant east of Waco, emitted 42,000 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2) , 4,500 tons of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and about 7.5 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). Under the old rule, the plant was required to cut SO2 by 97 pct, bringing its yearly emissions down to 1,380 tons. The reduction would have either required the plant to install expensive scrubbers. Under the new rule, the plant can continue to emit 42,000 tons of SO2.
According to Rice University civil and environmental engineering professor Dan Cohan,"The new proposal is a sham. It does nothing. It sets a cap that's higher than what those plants have been emitting for the past few years. Texas is allowing more power plants to keep burning coal un-scrubbed than anywhere else in the country.
Rather than do nothing, which would get [the EPA] sued for violating the Clean Air Act, the strategy appears to be to issue a rule that is so weak that it accomplishes nothing. But by having the rule there, they can claim that they're doing something. It's a very cynical approach to environmental protections." (Source: Texas Observer, 9 Oct., 2017) Contact: Rice University, Prof. Dan Cohan, https://cohan.rice.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Coal, Carbon Emissions, Obama Clean Energy Plan,
Under federal legislation, mine operators are permitted to vent mine methane without penalty. GCS' proposal qualifies under California's cap-and-trade system.
GCS will pay a 12.5-cent royalty per million btu flared, plus $5,000 per year per mine in rent. Carbon offsets are currently selling for $5.80 per ton of carbon dioxide equivalent.
According to the EPA, coal mines represent 12 pct of all human-caused methane emissions and are the nation's second largest source of greenhouse gas emissions after CO2. Even so, methane emissions from mines are exempted from regulation under the Clean Air Act because the gas has to be vented from underground coal deposits to prevent lethal explosions.
To calculate the carbon offsets the methane destruction is worth, GCS is relying on Salt Lake City-based consulting firm Bluesource, which will register the offsets with the Climate Action Reserve. They could then be issued California Air Resources Board (CARB) which has
authorized 7 mines to join the offset program. (Source: GCS, CARB, Salt Lake Tribune, Sept., 2017)
Contact: Global Carbon Strategies, C. Kennedy, VP,
1885 Denver West Court, Lakewood, Colorado, 80401, -- phone and email not presently available; Utah School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration, (801) 538-5100, https://trustlands.utah.gov; CARB, (800) 242-4450, email@example.com, www.arb.ca.gov; Bluesource, www.bluesource.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bluesource, California ARB, , Global Carbon Strategies, Methane, Carbon Credit ,
The EPA fuel waiver will make it easier for gasoline and diesel supplies to be distributed by relaxing Clean Air Act regulations that require special blends be made available to meet state-specific emission requirements.
Current EPA emission rules don't allow for E15 to be blended in the summer because of its high fuel volatility and pressure rating. The new waiver relaxes those requirements for reformulated gasoline and low volatility gasoline through Sept. 15, opening up an opportunity to sell more E15 from the Gulf Coast to the Mid-Atlantic.
(Source: RFA, Washington Examiner, 30 Aug., 2017)
Contact: RFA, Geoff Cooper, Snr. VP, (202) 289-3835, www.ethanolrfa.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News E15, Ethanol Blend, RFA, Fuel Emissions , EPA, Scott Pruitt,
Grundy County will use its grant funds for efficiency upgrades, LED lighting and on/off energy sensors. Marion County will upgrade lighting to LEDs, install a new closed-circuit cooler and new Energy Star rated windows. Rhea County will get upgraded lighting and install new synthetic, reflective roofing, while
Sequatchie County will upgrade to LED lighting in the Sequatchie County Justice Center, county courthouse and health department to save an estimated $42,645 a year. (Source: Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation,
Times Free Press, 21 Aug., 2017) Contact: Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation, www.tennessee.gov/environment
More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency news,
The suit claims the Trump administration ignored requirements under the federal Administrative Procedure Act when it suspended the transportation greenhouse gas standard which was intended to curb transportation sector climate-changing emissions. The suit asks the court to invalidate the suspension, meaning that the standard would go into immediate effect and thus help slow climate change and reduce ground-level ozone and other harmful pollutants .
(Source: U.S. PIRG, PR, 31 July, 2017) Contact:
NRDC, Jake Thompson, 202-289-2387, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.nrdc.org;
SELC and Clean Air Carolina, Claudine McElwain , 434-977-4090, email@example.com, www.selcva.org;
U.S. PIRG, Matthew Casale, 617-747-4314, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.pirg.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Federal Highway Administration, Clean Air Act, NRDC,
According to EEC, "These projects represent innovative initiatives that provide long-term benefits to the citizens of Kentucky. Some projects build upon existing programs that have already demonstrated the value of investments in energy efficiency while other projects integrate new technologies and practices in areas that support infrastructure in local communities."
The grant funds are provided under a 2011 settlement agreement for Clean Air Act violations. The settlement required the permittee to invest in new and upgraded state-of-the-art pollution controls that will reduce pollution, save energy and protect public health and the environment. Kentucky received $11.2 million to implement environmental mitigation projects.
(Source: Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet, Northern Kentucky Tribune, 25 July, 2017)
Contact: Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet, (502) 564-3350, www.eec.ky.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Energy Efficiency,
EPA administrator Pruitt, a noted climate change skeptic, had imposed a 90-day moratorium, which he later extended to two years, on enforcement of parts of the Obama era methane regulation and argued that his action was not subject to court review. But the appeals court disagreed and ruled that the EPA's decision was "unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious." The court ruled that the agency lacked authority under the Clean Air Act to block the methane rule but did have authority to reverse the methane regulations. The court also ruled that the agency would have to undertake a new rule-making process to undo the Obama regulation.
(Source: Various Media, NY Times, 3 July, 2017)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Methane Rule, EPA,
The coalition's notice to the EPA cited the agency's failure to fulfill its obligation under the Clean Air Act to control methane emissions from existing oil and natural gas sources and for "unreasonably delaying" the issuance of such controls. It also argues that EPA's failure to act since September 2015 to issue controls on methane emissions from existing sources in the oil and gas industry violates the EPA's non-discretionary duty under the Clean Air Act and is an unreasonable delay in setting such controls.
Last week, a coalition of 14 states filed a motion to intervene in a lawsuit against EPA's actions halting regulation of methane emissions from new sources in the oil and gas industry. In February, a coalition of seven attorneys general and two environmental agencies urged U.S. Senate leadership to oppose a Congressional Review Act resolution to repeal a rule regulating methane emissions from oil and gas operations on public lands.
Illinois AG Madigan has also condemned federal executive's attempt to eliminate the Clean Power Plan and opposed the drastic budget cuts proposed for the EPA. (Source: Office of Illinois Attorney General, 29 June, 2017) Contact: Office of Illinois Attorney General, Lisa Madigan, (312) 814-3400, www.illinoisattorneygeneral.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Methane, Clean Power Plan,
"Today, in most parts of the country, retailers are now allowed to sell E-15 in the summer months. That's because EPA has refused to update a regulation regarding evaporative emissions for fuel. E-15 is the cleanest fuel approved for most cars on the road today. We all know we're sitting on surplus stocks of corn today and low corn prices. So at the end of the day, this is about increasing demand for corn and providing a valuable market for farmers," says ACE.
Brian Jennings, Executive VP of the coalition, says the top priority for his group is having the EPA revise emissions standards to allow E-15 and higher ethanol blends to be sold year round. Jennings says the EPA should also update the life cycle analysis of corn ethanol, reevaluate the EPA's interpretation of the Clean Air Act and streamline the approval process for higher octane fuel blends.
Read the complete ACE comments
HERE. (Source: American Coalition for Ethanol, April 12, 2017) Contact: ACE, Brian Jennings, Exec. VP, (605) 334-3381, https://ethanol.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News American Coalition for Ethanol , Ethanol,
"Second, dismantling the CPP would put the U.S. on a higher pollution and less ambitious emissions track in the medium term. The CPP targeted a roughly 32 percent decrease in CO2 emissions from the power sector by 2030, primarily from accelerating the long-term shift away from coal-fired electricity generation. In addition to having impacts on the U.S. economy and health, removing the CPP would imply a costly delay in implementing what in the long run will be necessary reductions in our overall greenhouse gas emissions over time. In addition, the approach in the CPP was developed over many years of consultation with industry, health advocates, states, and other stakeholders. While it would impact coal, it did provide a reasonable approach to reducing the most harmful emissions and steering the economy toward a sounder energy system for the future.
"In addition, while Trump argues that the CPP rollback will benefit jobs, he is referring to a relatively small set of interests. While it is important to be mindful of the need to blunt the potential economic hardship that people working in dying industries face, even insiders acknowledge that the coal sector is not going to recover even with these rules rolled back, not least because of mechanization. Recent Department of Energy statistics show that the coal mining industry employed roughly 66,000 miners in 2015, compared to an estimated 3 million jobs supported by clean energy. Therefore, the likely impact of the order on the coal industry will be fairly weak in the near term and, at best, mediocre in the long term. While reversing the moratorium on new coal mining leases will open new sources of supply, it will not in itself reverse the trends in energy markets that have increasingly favored gas. In addition, other regulations to control air pollution will continue to restrict the burning of coal for electricity.
"Dismantling the CPP would have an effect on the overall U.S. climate strategy and will make it harder and more expensive to achieve the necessary levels of greenhouse gas emissions in the longer term. But it is also important to remember that the CPP, in targeting roughly one-third of overall U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, is only one part of the overall strategy to drive down U.S. emissions. Electricity currently makes up about 39 percent of U.S. energy use and is responsible for about 30 percent of overall U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. While many of the most inexpensive and economically efficient opportunities for emissions reductions exist in the power sector, a number of other areas that will continue to see efficiency gains, such as in appliance and equipment standards and the first round of auto fuel economy standards implemented under Obama. As one example, existing appliance and equipment efficiency standards are expected to reduce U.S. CO2 emissions by 3 billion tons by 2030 -- fully half of the estimated reductions from the CPP." (Source: The Brookings Institution, Nathan Hultman, March 28, 2017)
Note:The prestigious Brookings Institution is a century-old, Washington, DC-headquartered nonprofit public policy think tank that conducts in-depth research that leads to new ideas for solving problems facing society at the local, national and global level. -- Brookings www.brookings.edu
"On behalf of Americans for Tax Reform (ATR) I write to express ATR's strong support for using the Congressional Review Act to repeal the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) Waste Production, Production Subject to Royalties, and Resource Conservation Rule – commonly referred to as the BLM Methane Rule.
"The BLM Methane Rule is a product of federal regulatory overreach, released in the eleventh hour by the Obama Administration, serving only to preserve the former President's legacy at the expense of responsible U.S. energy production. BLM not only lacks the statutory authority to enact the Methane Rule, but the rule is also duplicative and wholly unnecessary.
"Under the Clean Air Act the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in conjunction with the states, is vested with the sole authority to regulate air quality. By releasing the Methane Rule, BLM is attempting to regulate air quality and has thus exceeded its statutorily granted authority. It is also the case that EPA last year finalized rules to regulate methane emissions on top of existing state regulations. Thus the BLM's rule is wholly duplicative and adds to an already substantial regulatory burden on American energy production.
"Furthermore, the Methane Rule is a regulation in search of a problem. Since 1990 natural gas production has increased by almost 50 percent while methane emissions from oil and gas development have declined by over 20 percent, thanks to advances in technology.
"I urge you and your colleagues in Congress to use the authority granted under the Congressional Review Act to repeal the BLM's Methane Rule."
(signed) Grover G. Norquist,
Americans for Tax Reform (Source: Americans for Tax Reform, 30 Jan., 2017) Contact: Americans for Tax Reform, Grover Nordquist, Pres., (202) 785-0266, www.atr.org; Bureau of Land Management, www.blm.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Americans for Tax Reform, BLM Methane Emissions ,