The report notes that global climate models, which scientists use to predict climate change and its impacts, rarely account for the carbon that peat and other soils absorb, store and release.
Their new study incorporates 4,139 radiocarbon measurements from 645 peatland sites in northern Europe, Asia, and North America. But the main innovation is in how the researchers calculated the carbon storage in peatlands.
The report notes researchershave calculated that northern peatlands hold 1.1 trillion tons of carbon rather than previous estimates of roughly 545 billion tons.
The report concludes
that peatlands are decaying faster and releasing more carbon as the planet's thermostat climbs. (Source: Columbia University, Earth Institute, 21 Oct., 2019) Contact: Columbia University Earth Institute,
Prof. Jonathan Nichols, 212-854-3830, www.earth.columbia.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Peatland, CO2, Carbon Sequestrartion, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Sequestration,
DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL)will manage the selected projects.
(Source: US DOE, 20 Sept., 2019) Contact: US DOE Office of Fossil Energy, www.energy.gov/fe; NETL, www.netl.doe.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News DOE Office of Fossil Energy, NETL, Coal, Clean Coal, US DOE,
These FOAs further the (Trump) Administration's commitment to strengthening coal while protecting the environment. Carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) is increasingly becoming widely accepted as a viable option for coal-fired energy sources or gas-fired power plants and other industrial sources to lower their CO2 emissions.
Under the first FOA award, Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) Studies for Carbon Capture Systems on Coal and Natural Gas Power Plants, DOE has selected nine projects to receive $55.4 million for cost-shared R&D. The selected projects will support FEED studies for commercial-scale carbon capture systems.
Under the second FOA award, Regional Initiative to Accelerate CCUS Deployment, DOE selected four projects to receive up to $20 million for cost-shared R&D. The projects also advance existing R&D by addressing key technical challenges; facilitating data collection, sharing, and analysis; evaluating regional infrastructure; and promoting regional technology transfer.
Under the new FOA, , DOE is announcing up to $35 million for cost-shared R&D projects that will accelerate wide-scale deployment of CCUS through assessing and verifying safe and cost-effective anthropogenic CO2 commercial-scale storage sites, and carbon capture and/or purification technologies. These types of projects have the potential to take advantage of the 45Q tax credit for each ton of CO2 sequestered or utilized. The credit was recently increased to $35/metric ton for enhanced oil recovery and $50/metric ton for geologic storage.
Projects selected under this new FOA shall perform the following key activities: complete a detailed site characterization of a commercial-scale CO2 storage site (50 million metric tons of captured CO2 within a 30 year period); apply and obtain an underground injection control class VI permit to construct an injection well; complete a CO2capture assessment; and perform all work required to obtain a National Environmental Policy Act determination for the site.
DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory NETL) will manage the selected projects.
(Source: US DOE, Office of Fossil Energy, PR, 13 Sept., 2019)Contact: US DOE Office of Fossil Energy. www.energy.gov/fe/foa-2058-front-end-engineering-design-feed-studies-carbon-capture-systems-coal-and-natural-gas, www.energy.gov/fe; NETL, www.netl.doe.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News NETL, CCS, US DOE, CCUS, CO2, Office of Fossil Energy,
The hub, which will be hosted by the Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre at the University of Western Australia, will be jointly funded by the federal government and CSIRO to the tune of $600,000 over three years. According to hub director Dr Mat Vanderklift, "Blue carbon ecosystems are highly effective at carbon storage and protecting coastal communities against storms. The Indian Ocean is disproportionately important in blue carbon globally. The hub will allow us to accelerate action and go beyond talking about it, to doing something about it."
Mangrove systems sequester "blue carbon" -- CO2 absorbed from the atmosphere and locked up in coastal wetlands such as mangroves.
(Source: The New Nation, Sept., 2019)
Contact: Indian Ocean Blu Carbon Hub, Dr Mat Vanderklift, Dir. Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre at the University of Western Australia, +61 8 6488 7270, www.uwa.edu.au › facilities › indian-ocean-marine-research-centre
More Low-Carbon Energy News Mangrove, Blue Carbon, Climate Change,
The Gorgon facility incorporates features aimed at maximizing energy efficiency and minimizing GHG emissions, and in steady-state operations, is anticipated to have the lowest GHG emissions intensity of any LNG project in Australia.
(Source: Chevron Australia, Mining Weekly, Creamer Media NZ, 8 Aug., 2019) Contact: Chevron Australia Pty Ltd, +61 8 9216 4000, www.chevron.com/about/contact
More Low-Carbon Energy News LNG, Chevron, Carbon Storage, CO2,
According to the report, "The United States federal government needs to continue with the (Obama) Clean Power Plan and not dismantle it, as the current (Trump) administration is attempting to do, to significantly reduce emissions from the power sector, which accounts for roughly 40 pct of the U.S. emissions footprint."
The UCS scientists are asking the federal government to not only wean the nation off of fossil fuels, but develop plans for people to adapt to extreme heat. "The clock is ticking to reduce emissions. If nothing is done, we may have to get ready for an unrecognizably hot future" the report says.
To make the needed deep emissions cuts, the reports recommends the U.S. implement a suite of federal and state policies, including: an economy wide price on carbon; policies to cut transportation sector emissions, including increasing fuel economy and heat-trapping emissions standards for vehicles; increased investment in low-carbon public transportation; policies to cut buildings and industrial sector emissions; policies to increase carbon storage in vegetation and soils, including through climate-friendly agricultural and forest management practices; increased investment in emissions and climate change related R&D; measures to cut methane, nitrus oxide, and other major non-CO2 heat-trapping emissions; and policies to help a rapid transition to low-carbon economies.
Download the Killer Heat in the United States -Climate Choices and the Future of Dangerously Hot Days report HERE
(Source: Union of Concerned Scientists, wusf Public Media, 18 July, 2019) Contact: Union of Concerned Scientists, Ken Kimmell, Pres., (617) 547-5552,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Union of Concerned Scientists, Climate Change,
Current U.N. guidelines only allow countries to count the carbon stored in wood products created from domestic timber harvests, not the timber grown locally and shipped internationally, nor products produced from imported lumber. These regulations create a gap between the actual amount of carbon stored in the world's wood products and what is officially counted.
The researchers asked the question, can we continue to consume wood products and have climate change benefits associated with that consumption?" To address that question, the researchers developed a consistent, international analysis of the carbon storage potential of these products, which countries must now account for under the global Paris Agreement to reduce carbon emissions.
They used data on lumber harvests and wood product production from 1961 to 2015, the most recent year available, from the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. The researchers modeled future carbon sequestration in wood products using five broad models of possible economic and population growth, the two factors that most affect demand for these products. In 2015, that gap amounted to 71 million tons of CO2, equivalent to the emissions from 15 million cars. If those guidelines remain unchanged, by 2065 another 50 million tons of CO2 may go unaccounted for due to this gap. But this additional, uncounted carbon does not significantly increase the proportion of global emissions offset by wood products, according to the study.
Craig Johnston, a professor of forest economics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and Volker Radeloff, a UW-Madison professor of forest and wildlife ecology, published their findings July 1 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
(Source: WU-Madison, PR, July, 2019) Contact: WU-Madison, Craig Johnston, (608) 890-3609, email@example.com, www.wisc.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2, Carbon Emissions, Woody Biomass, Carbon Storage,
Forests can store large amounts of carbon and so monitoring photosynthesis is an accurate way to track global carbon levels and measure how much CO2 is being stored. For evergreen trees which remain green all year round, it’s challenging to measure photosynthesis and carbon uptake. In the new study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers found a way to use solar-induced fluorescence (SIF) emitted by evergreen trees to monitor seasonal changes in photosynthesis and GPP. SIF occurs when chlorophyll levels return from a dormant state, and a photon is emitted which produces a faint “glow” not visible to the naked eye. Satellites can now detect SIF glow, and the researchers used scanning spectrometers to measure SIF in an evergreen forest in Colorado. The team found that fluorescence was a reliable indicator of seasonal chlorophyll changes matching the same patterns found in deciduous forests. Having a way to monitor GPP in both evergreen and deciduous forests will help researchers understand how climate change is impacting forests over a large scale.
“Ultimately, measuring the small fluorescent glow from plants will allow us to see exactly timing and magnitude of carbon uptake from the terrestrial biosphere. This will help us understand how forests are responding to climate change and suggest how they might respond to future climate change,” said Troy Magney, research scientist of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory and a lead author of the study. (Source: University of Utah, earth.com, May, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2 Storage, Carbon Storage, Carbon Emissions,
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2 Storage, Carbon Storage, Carbon Emissions,
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2 Storage, Carbon Storage, Carbon Emissions,
"Regionally, the effect of climate on soil carbon storage is dependent on interactions with soil properties, mineralogy and topography. In some regions, climate does not play a role. This shows the need for localized assessments of soil carbon dynamics and a more effective approach to carbon management at local scales."
"To slow the accumulation of greenhouse gases and help mitigate global warming, a better understanding of the factors controlling soil organic carbon storage, its composition and its vulnerability to loss is needed," lead researcher Professor Raphael Viscarra Rossel said. (Source: Curtin University, Xinhua, 4 June, 2019) Contact: Curtin University, Professor Raphael Viscarra Rossel, +61 8 9266 9266,
Fax: +61 8 9266 3131, www.curtin.edu.au
More Low-Carbon Energy News Climate Change,
The project is subject to US EPA approval.
(Source: News & Tribune, 8 May, 2019)
Contact: Wabash Valley Resources LLC, (929) 400-5230, www.wvresc.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News CCS, Carbon Storage, CO2,
"The underlying principle of carbon farming is straightforward -- to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, where it drives climate change, and put it back into plants and the pedosphere, the Earth's living soil layer. One way farmers do this is by fertilizing their lands with nutrient-rich compost.
"As plants grow, they store carbon in their leaves and roots and bank it in organic matter, such as decomposing plant pieces in the soil. Soil microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi, also store carbon. This prevents the carbon from escaping into the atmosphere and joining oxygen to form carbon dioxide.
"Carbon farming has taken hold in California, which is increasingly stepping up as a pioneer of progressive climate policy in the U.S., even as the Trump administration denies the reality of climate change.
"Today, more than 80 ranchers and farmers in the state are implementing the practice. And the number is likely to increase, since the 2018 Farm Bill includes provisions for a pilot program that gives farmers an incentive to farm carbon.
"Grassland soils naturally absorb and store carbon in soil organic matter, but common agricultural practices, like plowing and tilling, diminish this ability by breaking apart the soil and releasing its stored carbon into the atmosphere. The good news is that carbon can be reabsorbed by the very same soil. Dozens of farming methods, including composting, managed grazing, no-till agriculture and cover crops, are thought to achieve this feat. Many of them mirror age-old, organic farming techniques.
"The potential for land-based carbon sequestration in California is significant. Rangelands cover about 56 million acres, half the state's overall land area. According to The New York Times, if 5 pct of that soil is treated with compost, the carbon sequestered would offset about 80 pct of the state's agricultural emissions, the equivalent of removing nearly 6 million cars from the road. If scaled to 41 pct, it would render the state's agricultural sector -- now accounting for 8 pct of the state's overall emissions -- carbon neutral for years. This amount is anything but negligible: California is the most populous state in the U.S. and the country's second-largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Overall, it's responsible for 1 pct of global greenhouse emissions.
"Ultimately, carbon farming may only pull a limited amount of carbon from the atmosphere. But in California, grasslands appear to be a less vulnerable carbon storage option than fire-prone forests. With global greenhouse gas emissions on the rise, we need to commit to using carbon farming." (Source: NPR, High Country News, May, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Carbon Sequestration, Carbon Farming, CO2, Carbon Emissions,
The requested subsidy is reportedly less than the roughly £40 million previously granted for renewable energy technologies, according to the Sunday Times. (Source: Talk Finance, Sunday Times, 23 April, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Royal Dutch Shell , CCS, Carbon Storage, CO2,
The R&D projects for coal-fueled power plants and technologies include the following separate funding opportunities:
DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) will manage all of the selected projects.
Download details HERE.
( Source: US DOE, April, 2019) Contact: US DOE, Sec. of Fossil Energy, Steven Winberg, Assist. Sec., www.energy.gov/fe/office-fossil-energy
More Low-Carbon Energy News US DOE, Coal, Clean Coal,
The original proposal would have allowed companies to store CO2 underground as long as they got consent from owners of about half the land. This current bill creates a pilot program that allows one company to take ownership of the land through eminent domain, subject to the Indiana Department of Natural Resources approval.
Subject to the bills passage and final approval, Wabash Valley Resources LLC plans to construct an ammonia production facility in Terre Haute and store its CO2 emissions underground to reduce its carbon footprint. (Source: Indiana Department of Natural Resources, wfiu. NPR, 26 Mar., 2019) Contact: Indiana Department of Natural Resources, (317) 232-4200 www.in.gov/dnr;
Wabash Valley Resources, Todd Culwell, VP Corp. Affairs, www.wvresc.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Wabash Valley Resources, CCS, CO2, Carbon Storage,
The Flemish government is interested in CCU, an example of which is a pilot project launched in Ghent last week between steel producer Arcelor Mittal and chemicals manufacturer Dow, to split the carbon monoxide and CO₂ from steel production and use the CO₂ to produce bio-ethanol, a renewable energy source.
In another example, energy provider Engie has joined with waste incinerator Indeval to use CO2 capture to produce ethanol in Antwerp.
(Source: Various Media, Brussels Times, Apr, 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Arcelor Mittal, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Storage, CCS,
A potential benefit of perennial grasses is tied to their deep root systems. According to researchers, deeper root systems -- as opposed to those seen in annual crops like corn -- are able to store large amounts of carbon below ground that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere. However, because perennial grasses on marginal lands can have low yields due to less fertile soil, researchers examined ways to maximize growth of the grasses without negative effects on the environment.
In the 10-year study published in Nature Sustainability, researchers utilized 36 plots at an abandoned agricultural site in the Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve to plant 32 species of prairie and savanna plants that are native to Minnesota. In 2007, researchers divided the plots into several groups and assigned them a combination of two treatments: water addition (i.e., irrigated or non-irrigated) and nitrogen fertilization (i.e., 0 g/m2, 7 g/m2, 14 g/m2). Over the next decade, researchers found that:
Compared with corn ethanol, researchers found biomass yield from the best performing native prairie grasses was moderately lower -- six tons per hectare versus the average corn yield of eight tons per hectare in the U.S.. However, researchers found that because of lower nitrogen use and larger amounts of soil carbon storage, the native prairies would result in higher overall greenhouse gas savings when converted to bioenergy.
The research was funded by the National Science Foundation's Long-Term Ecological Research program and the Global Climate and Energy Project.
(Source: University of Minnesota College of Biological Sciences, PR, 28 Jan., 2019) Contact: College of Biological Sciences at the University of Minnesota, Prof. David Tilman, Prof. Clarence Lehman, Lead Researcher, 612-625-5734 Fax: 612-624-6777, firstname.lastname@example.org,
Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve, www.cedarcreek.umn.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Feedstock,
VLS Decarb is now securing long term carbon storage contracts from industrial, institutional and governmental clients seeking to mitigate CO2 emissions associated with their operations.
VLS Decarb's proprietary technologies have the potential to permanently sequester approximately 35 years of global electric power CO2 emissions associated with the energy consumed in simultaneously sequestering all global CO2 emissions from all sources during the same time.
(Source: VLS Decarbonization Partners, LLC, PR, Jan., 2019) Contact: VLS Decarbonization Partners, John Francis Thrash MD, email@example.com,
U.K. Energy and Clean Growth Minister, www.gov.uk/government/ministers/minister-of-state-minister-for-energy
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Sequestration, CCS, Carbon Storage, CO2,
Equinor is currently performing front-end engineering and design (FEED) studies on storage with project partners Shell and Total.
The FEED-studies will provide more accurate cost estimates necessary for an investment decision.
Equinor will next prepare a Plan for Development and Operations (PDO) scheduled for delivery in 2019. An investment decision for the Norwegian full-scale CCS project is expected in 2020/2021.
(Source: Equinor, Gas World, 14 Jan., 2019) Contact: Equinor, www.equinor.com/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News Equinor, CCS, Seabed Carbon Storage,
The planned storage will be located near Norway's largest oil and gas field, Troll, and aims to be able to receive CO2 from onshore power, cement plants and sources. About 1.5 million tpy of CO2 could be stored beneath the seabed during the first phase of the project, according to Equinor.
If approved, the storage operation is expected to begin operations operations in 2023 or 2024. (Source: Equinor, Gassnova, Reuters, 11 Jan., 2019) Contact: Equinor, www.equinor.com/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News Equinor, Carbon Sequestration, CO2, Carbon Storage,
The Institute notes that earlier assessments of the size of the country's forest carbon sink had been underestimated and did not take the faster growth rate of forests under the influence of global warming and a warmer climate. The Institute added that even though the Finnish carbon sink will shrink because of wood usage, it would not be reduced to a critical level any time before 2050. The current level of forest use is roughly 70 million cubic meters annually. The government has aimed at an increase up to 80 million.
The Institute study was in compliance with EU land usage decree requirements that members inform the EC by the end of 2018 about estimated carbon sink levels of their forests in 2021-2025. They will then be analyzed by experts from the EU and members. The EU Commission will define the final values in 2020. (Source: Finnish Natural Resources Institute , Xinhua, 12 Dec., 2018) Contact: Finnish Natural Resources Institute, +358 29 532 6000, www.luke.fi/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Sink, CO2, Carbon Dioxide, Carbon Emissions, Forest Carbon,
The new data showed minimal amounts of carbon are stored in the sediments of deserts and dry forests, but roughly six feet beneath the surfaces of wet forests, scientists found an abundance of carbon bound to reactive minerals. The persistence of water and decaying organic matter on the forest floor helps leach carbon from above and transport to minerals buried below.
According to the new research, global warming won't impact the carbon that is already stored beneath the surface of wet forest floors, but it will alter the pathway by which new carbon gets stored. Temperature increases are likely to minimize the amount of water running through forest soil, even if precipitation levels remain stable.
The results of the survey were published in the journal Nature Climate Change HERE. (Source: Washington State University, Vancouver, UPI, 2 Nov., 2018) Contact: Washington State University, Vancouver, Assoc. Prof. Marc Kramer, Environmental Chemistry, firstname.lastname@example.org, https://labs.wsu.edu/kramerlab/marc-g-kramer
More Low-Carbon Energy News Washington State University, Carbon Storage,
The UK aims to slash its greenhouse gas emissions by 80 pct compared with 1990 levels by 2050.
(Source: DRAX, Investing.com, 26 Nov., 2018))Contact: DRAX Power, Andy Koss, CEO, +44 0 1757 618381, www.draxpower.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News DRAX, CCS, Carbon Storage, CO2, Woody Biomass,
The research, led by Dr. Kristen Dybala, found that the average amount of carbon stored in mature streamside forest rivals the highest estimates for tropical or boreal forests. The average values for mature streamside forests range from 168 to 390 tons of carbon per acre in the trees alone.
Researchers also found that, on average, soil carbon can be expected to more than triple when converting from an un-forested site to a mature stream-side forest. With trees, it can take 40-90 years for these changes to come into full effect, and more than 115 years for soil carbon.
The report notes new tools and funding sources are emerging to help plan for and implement effective stream-side forest restorations. Countries around the world have pledged to restore degraded forests under the Bonn Challenge, a global commitment to restore forests as a climate mitigation strategy.
"Point Blue advances conservation of birds, other wildlife, and ecosystems through science, partnerships, and outreach. Our highest priority is to reduce the impacts of habitat loss, climate change, and other environmental threats while promoting nature-based solutions for wildlife and people, on land and at sea," according the the Point Blue website. (Source: Point Blue Conservation Science, Public Release, Nov., 2018) Contact: Point Blue Conservation Science, email@example.com, www.pointblue.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Storage, Climate Change, CO2 Emissions, Point Blue Conservation Science,
According to the report, NETs , which remove CO2 directly from ambient air or enhance natural carbon sinks, could be scaled up to capture and store a significant amount of global carbon emissions, but not enough to prevent a global temperature increase of more than 2 degrees C. More research is needed to understand how to overcome existing constraints on the technologies, such as high costs and energy requirements, according to the report.
The report highlights two NETs -- direct air capture (DAR) and mineralization using chemicals and reforestation, changing agricultural practices to enhance soil carbon storage, using biomass produce electricity with CCS and enhancing the amount of carbon stored in coastal ecosystems.
In addition to mitigating climate change, NETs could open an untapped market, the report notes.
(Source: National Academies of Science, Engineering, Engineering News Record, Nov., 2018)Contact: National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, 202-334-2000, www.nationalacademies.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2, Carbon Capture, Carbon Dioxide,
The recently released long-term study offers a better understanding of how mangrove deforestation contributes to the greenhouse gas effect, one of the leading causes of global warming.
The Brazilian mangrove forest fringes the entirety of the Atlantic Coast at the mouth of the Amazon, the largest river in the world with the largest mangrove forest. Mangroves -- aka Blue Carbon -- represent 0.6 pct of all the world's tropical forests but their deforestation accounts for as much as 12 pct of GHG emissions from all tropical deforestation.
Partial funding for the study was provided by the U.S. Agency for International Development, Sustainable Wetlands Adaptation and Mitigation Program. (Source: Oregon State University, KTVZ.COM, 24 Sept., 2018) Contact: Oregon State University, J. Boone Kauffman, Research Leader, www.researchgate.net/profile/John_Kauffman3
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Blue Carbon, Carbon Sequestration, Mangrove,
The two projects will be managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The University of Illinois will focus on reservoirs and residual oil zones in the Illinois Basin in three states. The university received $3.4 million in federal funds and will provide $917,881 in matching funds.
The University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center (UNDEERC) will establish the Williston Basin CO2 Field Laboratory in the South Central Cut Bank oilfield in Montana. The NDEERC received $3.4 million in federal funds and will provide $873,926 in matching funds.
Since 1997, DOE's Carbon Storage program portfolio includes industry cost-shared technology development projects, university research grants, collaborative work with other national laboratories, and research conducted in-house through the NETL Research & Innovation Center. The Carbon Storage program incorporates: Core Storage Research and Development; Storage Infrastructure; and Strategic Program Support to address significant technical challenges in order to meet program goals that support the scale-up and widespread deployment of CCS.
Download details on the US DOE Carbon Storage Program HERE. (Source: DOE Office of Fossil Energy, Kallanish Energy, Others, 30 Aug., 2018)
Contact: DOE Office of Fossil Energy, 202-586-6660, www.energy.gov/fe/office-fossil-energy; University of Illinois, (217) 333-1000, https://illinois.edu; NETL, www.netl.doe.gov; UNDEERC, (701) 777-5000, www.undeerc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News UNDEERC, Office of Fossil Energy , Carbon Storage, NETL,
The Norwegian demonstration scale project, which is expected to be online by 2020, will capture emissions from a Heidelberg Cement cplant in Brevik and a waste incineration facility in Oslo. These sites all delivered their concept studies for CO2 capture in the fall of 2017. Each plant plans to capture roughly 400,000 tpy.
Norway began in carbon storage with the Sleipner Project which has stored 1 million tpy CO2 since startup about 20 years ago. It was the first facility dedicated to CO2 storage and was installed as a means of avoiding the Norwegian carbon tax and reducing the CO2 content of natural gas produced in the area, which exceeded the specified European Union limit in CO2 concentration of 2.5 pct. (Source: Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Design News, Aug., 2018)
Contact: Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, +47 22 24 90 90, firstname.lastname@example.org,
More Low-Carbon Energy News CCS, Carbon Capture, CO2, Carbon Dioxide,
In 2017, research by low-carbon power experts Summit Power forecast a £160 boost to the UK economy if CCUS technology was deployed on a large scale along the east coast. Summit Power proposed linking industrial areas in the South East, Teesside, Humber and Scotland to offshore carbon storage under the North Sea. The firm said the operating costs would be £34 billion annually, and the benefits to the national economy £164 billion
This past March, the UK's first CCUS demonstration plant opened in Cheshire. The Runcorn facility, owned by Econic Technologies and supported by the EU, converts C02 into polyols which are used to make foam-like materials. (Source: Business Week, 9 April, 2018) Minister of Energy and Clean Growth, the Hon. Claire Perry, www.gov.uk/government/people/claire-perry; Summit Power, https://summitpower.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News CCS, Carbon Capture, CO2,
Researchers, scientists and experts from both sides will develop and implement a joint research project which will be funded by a third party. There will also be joint scientific publications, research participation from academic staff in seminars and conferences, among other collaborations.
Developing BECCS is significant for Indonesia since it is considered as one of the world's forest centres. The aim of this will also contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions regionally and globally. (Source: Institut Teknologi Bandung, Open Gov Asia, 27 July, 2018)
Contact: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Prof. Dr Pavel Kaba, CEO, www.itb.ac.id;
Institut Teknologi Bandung, +62-22-2580935, www.itb.ac.id
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bioenergy, CCS,
Trees store much of their carbon within their leave and woody biomass, while grass stores most of its carbon underground. This means that when a tree catches fire, it releases its stores of carbon back into the atmosphere. But when a fire burns through grasslands, the carbon fixed underground tends to stay in the roots and soil.
The study suggests that grasslands and range lands should be given opportunities in California's cap-and-trade market, which was designed to reduce the state's greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030. Their findings could also influence other carbon offset efforts around the world, especially those in semi-arid environments.
This study states that, from a cap-and-trade and carbon-offset perspective, conserving grasslands and promoting rangeland practices that lead to reliable rates of carbon sequestration may help meet California's emission-reduction goals.
(Source: UC Davis, earth.com, July, 2018) Contact: UC Davis, John Muir Institute of the Environment , Benjamin Houlton, Dir., (530) 752-7627, johnmuir.ucdavis.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Storage, Carbon Sink, Climate Change, Carbon Storage,
The test injected over 13,000 tons of CO2 into stacked unmineable coal seams at depths of 900 to 2,000 feet with the goal of storing CO2 while simultaneously enhancing natural gas recovery. The verification, made using WellDog's proprietary Reservoir Raman System, reveals that carbon dioxide injected over the last two years flowed into all of the targeted coal seams in Buchanan County, Virginia.
The $15.5 million project is funded by the US DOE, Virginia Tech, and private industry.
The project research partners included Virginia Center for Coal and Energy Research, Virginia Tech; Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy; DOE's National Energy Technology Laboratory; Marshall Miller & Associates; Southern States Energy Board; CONSOL Energy; Geological Survey of Alabama; Sandia Technologies; Det Norske Veritas; WellDog; and Carbon GeoCycle. (Source: WellDog, PR, 27 June, 2018)
Contact: WellDog, John M. Pope, CEO, email@example.com, www.welldog.com; Carbon GeoCycle, www.carbongeocycle.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Sequestration, Carbon Storage, CO2,
In total, the researchers estimated Victoria's inland wetlands had a soil carbon stock of 68 million tons, worth about $6 billion under Australia's most recent carbon price.
According to lead researcher Dr Paul Carnell, "While a lot more is known about how trees suck up and store carbon, freshwater wetlands can actually sequester 20 to 40 times more carbon than forests on dry land."
The study was funded by the Victoria Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning.
The study, published in the journal Global Change Biology.
(Source: Deakin University, PR, 26 June 2018) Contact: Deakin University, Dr Paul Carnell, Lead Researcher, +61 3 924 43902, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.deakin.edu.au: Blue Carbon, http://bluecarbonlab.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Storage, Blue Carbon, Carbon Emissions,
According to Treeconomics the services provided by urban trees in Greater London are estimated to be worth £133 million per annum. The carbon storage capacity of urban trees alone is valued to be worth £4.8 million per annum in Greater London, or £17.80 per tree.
The research study was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council, in part through the National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO). (Source: University College London, earth.com, 25 June, 2018) Contact: University College London, Natasha Downes, +44 (0)20 3108 3844, n.downes @ucl.ac.uk, www.ucl.ac.uk said lead author on the study, Dr Phil Wilkes (UCL Geography). UCL Geography LiDAR research group.
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Storage, Carbon Emissions, Climate Change,
For the project, UW, Basin Electric Power Cooperative, Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC), and other partners aim to demonstrate that over 50 million metric tons of CO2 could be stored underground near Basin Electric's 385-mw Dry Fork Station near Gillette.
The grant for the project comes from the DOE's Carbon Storage Assurance Facility Enterprise (CarbonSAFE) initiative, which seeks to help mitigate CO2 emissions from consumption of fossil fuels.
(Source: University of Wyoming, 25 May, 2018) Contact: University of Wyoming, Carbon Management Institute , Scott Quillinan, Project Manager,
(307) 766-1121, www.uwyo.edu; Basin Electric Power, Paul Sukut, CEO, Matt Greek, Snr. VP Technology R&D, (701) 223-0441, www.basinelectric.com;
DOE Carbon Storage Assurance Facility Enterprise , www.instrumentl.com/grants/carbon-storage-assurance-facility-enterprise-carbonsafe-storage-complex-facility
DOE CarbonSAFE details, www.ieaghg.org/docs/General_Docs/Publications/Information_Papers/2017-IP47.pdf
More Low-Carbon Energy News Basin Electric, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Storage, CarbonSAFE, CCS, Basin Electric,
The selected projects are intended to promote sustainable efforts among fossil resources and cut down on the cost of advanced fossil energy technologies -- permanent geologic storage for carbon dioxide to coincide with the predicted use of transformative carbon capture technologies beginning around 2025.
This marks the second phase of an effort which has already seen approximately $15.4 million distributed among 13 projects. The latest round will be managed by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and include projects run by the Battelle Memorial Institute, the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois and the University of Wyoming. (Source: US DOE, Energy Insider, 29 May, 2018)
Contact: Carbon Storage Assurance Facility Enterprise, www.researchfunding.duke.edu/carbon-storage-assurance-facility-enterprise-carbonsafe-storage-complex-facility; DOE Office of Fossil Energy, www.energy.gov/fe/office-fossil-energy
More Low-Carbon Energy News CCS, Carbon Storage, DOE Office of Fossil Energy,
On land, forests capture carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. Forests release their carbon every few hundred years, due to fire, tree mortality or human harvesting. By comparison, coastal marshes maintain their carbon for thousands of years. Coastal ecosystems do the same -- but they're much better at it, according to McGill University "Blue Carbon" authority Assoc. Prof. Gail Chmurain. Coastal ecosystems can hold three to five times more carbon than the equivalent area of forest, according to a federal government report.
The financial value of blue carbon comes from its potential for carbon emission credits which the Canadian federal government is introducing.
According to government documents, "carbon stored in tidal salt marshes in the Bay of Fundy could have an estimated value of $202 million." That would equal $1 billion in 2022.
In terms of Canada's national carbon emissions strategy, blue carbon could be used as an offset to meet international targets and
coastal communities could protect or rehabilitate wetlands to generate carbon credits.
(Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada, CBC, 22 May, 2018) Contact: Environment and Climate Change Canada, (800) 668-6767, www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change.htm;
McGill University, Assoc. Prof. Gail Chmurain, (514) 926-6854, email@example.com, www.mcgill.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Storage,
According to the restoration project leader Morag Angus, of South West Water, "The peatlands of South West England are very important for water quality, carbon storage, biodiversity, cultural history, recreation and farming but they are the most vulnerable in the UK to the impacts of climate change, due to their southerly position. For this reason, they need to be prioritized nationally and restored for the benefit of all and future generations."
Peatlands store vast amounts of carbon in their soils -- about 60-times the amount of carbon that is released annually from fossil fuel burning. One-third of all the soil carbon in the world is in peatland ecosystems even though they cover only 3 pct of the terrestrial land surface, according to a 2015 joint study from Chapman University in California, University of Oregon and Purdue University .
(Source: DEFRA, Cornish Times, 20 May, 2018)Contact: DEFRA, www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-environment-food-rural-affairs
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With XL Catlin's support, TNC will develop a system of credits assigning a market value to the resilience services provided by these historically under valueded cosystems. The hope behind this initiative is that, for the first time, insurance firms and other businesses will be able to offset their carbon footprint while simultaneously better underdstanding the contribution they are making to reducing coastal hazards in the world's most vulnerable coastal areas.
Coastal wetlands -- salt marshes, seagrass meadows and mangroves -- sequester billions of tonnes of "blue carbon" from the atmosphere at concentrations up to five times greater than terrestrial forests. As an increasing number of companies are purchasing carbon credits to offset their footprints, this credit will enable a valuation of the carbon sequestration and coastal resilience benefits that wetlands provide both businesses and communities.
Unlike other climate mitigation solutions coastal wetlands not only sequester carbon, they also protect coastlines by absorbing incoming wave energy and providing storm protection. Additionally, a recent study found that wetlands prevented $625 million in direct flood damages from Hurricane Sandy in the United States. As such, coastal wetlands provide both carbon sequestration and resilience services- a powerful combination in a world of changing climate.
TNC will explore different options to value the resilience services provided by coastal wetlands and to develop a credit product to support ongoing wetland conservation. One of these options could include a numeric ranking system assigning a dollar value to wetlands based on factors such as their potential for storm impact reduction, location relative to vulnerable communities, local economic activities and assets, and potential benefits from habitat restoration. The figures generated by the rankings, combined with the carbon storage capacity of a given wetland, would generate Blue Carbon Resilience Credits. These credits would then offer organizations the capacity to manage their carbon footprints whilst acting as the funding mechanism for wetland conservation, increasing coastal resilience for communities.
(Source: The Nature Conservancy, 10 May, 2018) Contact: The Nature Conservancy, Maria Damanki, Global Managing Director for the Ocean, www.nature.org: XL Catlin, Paul Jardine, CEO, www.xlcatlin.com
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In January, 2018, the company set aside 450 hectares of land to develop carbon-guzzling forests in line with its other low-carbon targets, including increased reliance on renewable energy, green building practices and increased energy efficiency. Ayala Land Inc. generates produces about 68,000 tpy of CO2, according to the company. tons of carbon dioxide a year.
The Center for Conservation Innovations Inc. will study five sites in different parts of the Philippines to determine a baseline carbon stock in the carbon-forest sites, three of which are within or adjacent to existing Alaya Land development projects.
(Source: Alaya Land Inc., Business Mirror, 18 Mar., 2018)Contact:
Center for Conservation Innovations, www.conservation-innovations.org; Ayala Land Inc., Anna Maria Gonzales, Sustainability Manager, www.ayalaland.com.ph
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The joint effort, which aims to develop the river basin's suitability as a site for carbon storage, is focused on three depleted oil fields in the Huizhou area, and could provide decades of secure CO2 storage offshore for projects such as the Haifeng full-chain offshore CCSU project at a coal-fired power station.
The joint research is supported by the Scottish Funding Council, EPSRC and NERC in partnership with Scottish Carbon Capture and Storage (SCCS), which includes British Geological Survey, Heriot-Watt University and the universities of Aberdeen, Edinburgh and Strathclyde.
China is the world's largest emitter of CO2 due to its ongoing dependence on coal as a source of energy.
Carbon capture and storage could play a crucial role in reducing the country's greenhouse gas emissions and helping it meet its commitment to the Paris Agreement.
(Source: Edinburgh University, The National, 16 Mar., 2018) Contact: Edinburgh University, www.ed.ac.uk; British Geological Survey, www.bgs.ac.uk; Scottish Funding Council, www.sfc.ac.uk
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SFI advances North American forest conservation through carefully targeted research, direct leadership of critical conservation initiatives and partnerships that contribute to soil productivity, carbon storage, and a better understanding of the benefits of working forests relative to climate change.
SFI participants have invested more than $1.6 billion in forest-research activities. In 2016 alone, SFI program participants engaged with over 500 organizations on 420 different conservation and research projects and invested $59 million in forest research. (Source: Sustainable Forestry Initiative Inc., PR, 6 Mar., 2018) Contact: Sustainable Forestry Initiative Inc. (2020 596-3452, www. sfiprogram.org, www.sfiprogram.org/conservation/conservation-at-sfi
More Low-Carbon Energy News Sustainable Forestry Initiative ,
Working with local industry partners Sasol UK and Ingenza Ltd, the University researchers developed a process that enables the E. coli bacterium to act as a very efficient carbon capture device. When the bacteria containing the FHL enzyme are placed under pressurized CO2 and hydrogen gas mixtures -- up to 10 atmospheres of pressure -- a 100 pct conversion of the CO2 to formic acid is observed. The reaction happens over a few hours and at ambient temperatures. The "microbial cell factory" could be used to mop up CO2 from many types of industry.
Not only capturing CO2 but storing or recycling it is a major issue. There are millions of tonnes of CO2 being pumped into the atmosphere every year. For the UK alone, the net emission of C02 in 2015 was 404 million tonnes. There is a significant question of where can we put it all even if we capture it, with current suggestions including pumping it underground in to empty oil and gas fields, according to the researchers release.
(Source: University of Dundee, Public PR, 8 Jan., 2018)
Contact: University of Dundee, Professor Frank Sargent, www.lifesci.dundee.ac.uk/people/frank-sargent; Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, www.bbsrc.ac.uk
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Tropical deforestation and ecological degradation account for roughly 10 pct of the planet's annual carbon emissions. Meanwhile, Borneo is home to one of the most efficient carbon recycling and storage systems on the planet. The latest research efforts show, some 40 percent of the island's carbon stocks are without maximum protections and could suffer deforestation and degradation if the land is converted into agriculture or cleared for development.
Using the latest data collected by the Carnegie Airborne Observatory, the researchers found the island could double its carbon stocks by allowing previously felled forests to regenerate.
(Source: Carnegie Institution for Science, Carnegie Airborne Observatory, Newsline, UPI, 4 Dec., 2017)
Carnegie Airborne Observatory, https://cao.carnegiescience.edu; Carnegie Institution for Science, (202) 387-6400, https://carnegiescience.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon, Deforestation, Carbon Storage,
The four-year program's goal is to foster the safe capture, transportation and long-term sequestration of CO2. The partnership includes researchers from the University of Texas Institute for Geophysics (UTIG) and the Cockrell School of Engineering Hildebrand Department of Petroleum Geosystems and Engineering. The bureau and UTIG are units of the UT Jackson School of Geosciences. Other partners include the U.S. Geological Survey, Louisiana Geological Survey, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Lamar University and Trimeric Corporation.
The partnership will focus on: offshore storage resources geologic characterization; risk assessment, simulation and modeling; monitoring, verification, accounting; Infrastructure, operations and permitting assessment; and knowledge dissemination.
(Source: University of Texas, Austin, PR, 4 Dec., 2017)Contact: ontact: Anton Caputo, University of Texas Jackson School of Geosciences, (512)232-9623, www.jsg.utexas.edu
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If successful, the pilot project would be repeated on a larger scale in the seabed somewhere between Durban and Richards Bay. The commercial-scale facility would enable ESKOM, the country's dominant utility, and other large industrial operations to continue burning coal and other fossil fuels for decades.
(Source: South Africa Department of Energy and South African Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage.Business Day, 2 Nov., 2017) Contact: Department of Energy and South African Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage, www.sacccs.org.za
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The planned facility would store 35 million tpy of carbon emitted by a waste treatment plant, a cement works and a fertilizer plant. The carbon will be stored in a saline aquifer at a water depth of 1,400 meters.
The project will be scaled to accommodate up to 1.5 million tpy of carbon -- equivalent to the annual emissions of over 300,000 vehicles. in the event that other industrial operators choose to sign on. It will also help lower the cost of the technologies used, a major issue if the CCUS market is to grow.
Climate experts reportedly estimate that several hundred billion dollars per year will have to be invested between now and 2050 to grow the carbon capture and storage (CCS) industry enough to achieve carbon neutrality and meet the Paris Agreement target of holding the average global temperature rise below 2 degrees C by 2100.
(Source: TOTAL, PR, 1 Nov., 2017)Contact: TOTAL, Laetitia Maccioni: + 33 6 24 60 57 65 l, firstname.lastname@example.org, Investor Relations, +44 (0)207 719 7962 l, www.total.com; Statoil, www.statoil.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Statoil, Total, Carbon Emissions, CCS, CCUS,
The global Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and World Bank have committed to pay Viet Nam $60 million for the absorption of 10.3 million tonnes of CO2 from 2018 to 2024.
This project is the first regional-level project implemented by the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) programme in Viet Nam. Cities discharge 70 pct of Vietnam's CO2.
(Source: Vietnam Bridge Vietnam Net, Others, Oct., 2017)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Emissions, Climate Change, Deforestation, Reforestation,
The study bolsters a growing consensus that tropical forests are drying out or being cleared, burned and logged so fast that they now emit more carbon than they sequester. Whereas earlier estimates based on measurements of atmospheric carbon flows suggested that tropical forests might be carbon neutral or even a net sink, more-recent studies -- including ones based on data from NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 satellite -- agree broadly with this recent paper, according to David Schimel, an ecologist at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California. Schimel suspects that human activities such as starting fires and natural factors including droughts have severly hindered tropical forests' carbon storage capability.
The study estimates that the world's tropical forests release approximately 425 million tpy of carbon -- equivalent to roughly 5 pct of the globe's annual fossil-fuel emissions and about five times more than estimated in 2011.
(Source: NASA JPL, Nature, 29 Sept., 2017) Contact: NASA JPL, David Schimel, (818) 354-4321, www.jpl.nasa.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News NASA JPL, Carbon Emissions, Carbon Sink,