In addition to La Porte, Air Products has liquid hydrogen production plants in New Orleans, Louisiana; Sacramento, California; Sarnia, Ontario, Canada; and Rotterdam in The Netherlands.
Air Products recently announced its intent to begin the process of converting its global fleet of approximately 2,000 distribution vehicles to hydrogen fuel cell zero emission vehicles starting in 2022. (Source: Air Products, PR, 7 Oct., 2021) Contact: Air Products, Robert Tikovsky, VP Process Gases, www.airproducts.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Air Products, Blue Hydrogen, Liquid Hydrogen ,
Gray hydrogen is produced by reforming natural gas, a processing technique used to rearrange the molecular structure of hydrocarbons. In this process, methane is mixed with steam at a high temperature to yield hydrogen and CO2 through a catalytic chemical reaction.
Roughly 10 kg of CO2 is released into the atmosphere for every 1 kg of gray hydrogen produced, making it the least renewable form of hydrogen with an overall negative climate impact, much like drilling for oil or mining coal.
Gray hydrogen is viewed as a "bridging" energy alternative. It is relatively inexpensive and commonly used in the chemical industry to make fertilizer and for refining oil, but .
Blue Hydrogen uses the same chemical processing technique used to make gray hydrogen. The difference, however, is the management of CO2. With blue hydrogen, the CO2 is captured at the production facility and stored separately (CCS)
Blue hydrogen has a significantly lower CO2 impact on the environment than gray hydrogen, but the blue hydrogen process -- although ecologically friendly than gray hydrogen process -- does not eliminate carbon emissions into the atmosphere entirely.
The Green Hydrogen production process employs electrolysis -- the separation of hydrogen and oxygen molecules by applying electrical energy to water. Utilizing renewable energy sources to generate the electricity for this process is the key to making green hydrogen. This technique yields a closed loop of sustainable energy free of harmful emissions. (Source: JD Power, Sept., 2021)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Hydrogen, Green Hydrogen, Blue Hydrogen, Grey Hydrogen,
Under the MoU, Mitsubishi aims to build and start-up the low-carbon hydrogen facility near the Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Scottford in the latter half of this decade. Shell would provide CO2 storage via the proposed Polaris CCS project. The blue hydrogen would be produced via steam methane reforming technology and exported mainly to the Japanese market.
"Shell actually sees that the hydrogen market could grow close to 50 per cent of today's oil demand by 2050, so we see a huge opportunity to grow it, primarily looking at the harder-to-abate sectors." -- Susannah Pierce, Pres., Shell Canada . July, 21. 2021. (Source: Shell Canada, PR, Chem Eng. 8 Sept., 2021)
Contact: Mitsubishi Power, www.power.mhi.com; Shell Canada, www.shell.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Mitsubishi, Shell Canada, Blue Hydrogen,
A final investment decision will be subject to government support and approvals, market conditions, economic competitiveness and other considerations, Imperial noted. Subject to final investment decision, the facility could start production in 2024
(Source: Imperial Oil, PR, 25 Aug., 2021) Contact: Imperial Oil, Brad Corson, Pres., CEO, www.imperialoil.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Imperial Oil, Renewable Diesel,
"Blue hydrogen provides no benefit. We suggest that blue hydrogen is best viewed as a distraction, something than may delay needed action to truly decarbonize the global energy economy, in the same way that has been described for shale gas as a bridge fuel and for carbon capture and storage (CCS) in general."
"In the past, no effort was made to capture the carbon dioxide byproduct of gray hydrogen, and the greenhouse gas emissions have been huge. Now the industry promotes blue hydrogen as a solution, an approach that still uses the methane from natural gas, while attempting to capture the byproduct CO2", study co-author Robert Howarth noted.
The vast majority of hydrogen (96 pct) is generated from fossil fuels, particularly from steam methane reforming (SMR) of natural gas, but also from coal gasification. In SMR, heat, and pressure are used to convert the methane in natural gas to hydrogen and carbon dioxide. The hydrogen so produced is often referred to as "gray hydrogen" -- this type is responsible for 6 pct of all-natural gas consumption globally, the study notes.
Blue hydrogen is produced using the same reforming process that is used to create other types of hydrogen, but the CO2 that would ordinarily be released is captured and stored underground. As of 2021, there were only two blue-hydrogen facilities globally that used natural gas to produce hydrogen on a commercial scale, according to the study.
The full study is available HERE. (Source: Cornell University, PR, Aug., 2021)
Contact: Cornell University, Robert Howarth, Dept. of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, (607) 255-6175, email@example.com, www.eeb.cornell.edu/howarth
More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Hydrogen, Alternative Fuel. Climate Change,
Green hydrogen is derived from water electrolysis using renewable energy. Biomass-based "brown and grey" hydrogen production technologies also qualify under the green category but are produced through coal gasification and natural gas reforming, respectively generate a significant amount of carbon dioxide. Integration with appropriate carbon capture and utilisation technologies results in Blue hydrogen.
While Indian Oil has been working on various hydrogen production pathways, the current project at Mathura Refinery will be pioneering the introduction of green hydrogen in the Indian oil and gas sector, according to the IOCL release. (Source: IOCL, PR, 25 July, 2021)
Contact: Indian Oil Corp., Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., www.iocl.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Indian Oil Corporation , Hydrogen, Green Hydrogen, Blur Hydrogen,
TotalEnergies, the world's second largest privately owned LNG player, also produces biofuels, natural gas, green gases, renewables and electricity.
Technip Energies is a leading Engineering & Technology company with leadership positions in LNG, green and blue hydrogen, sustainable chemistry and CO2 management, according to the company website. (Source: TotalEnergies, Website PR, 21 July, 2021) Contact:
TotalEnergies , Investor Relations: +44 (0)207 719 7962, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.totalenergies.com;
Technip Energie, Phil Lindsay, Vice-President Investor Relations, +44 203 429 3929,
More Low-Carbon Energy News CCUS, TotalEnergies, Technip Energies, LNG,
The new facility, which is expected to come online in 2024, will capture over 95 pct of the produced CO2, which will then be stored underground. Hydrogen-fueled electricity will power the plant and offset the remaining 5 pct of emissions at the site. The complex will also produce liquid hydrogen for merchant sales and use as a clean transportation fuel.
The Edmonton hydrogen complex is part of Air Products' aim to produce over 1,500 tpd of hydrogen and capture more than 3 million tpy of CO2 in Alberta alone. Canada's clean energy diversification strategy has tagged hydrogen as a key enabler for Canada to achieve its goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, the release notes.
(Source: Topsoe, PR, Website, 22 July, 2021)
Contact: Haldor Topsoe, Amy Hebert, CCO, Ulrik Frohlke, Media , +45 27 77 99 68, email@example.com, www.topsoe.com;
Air Products, Robert Tikovsky, VP Process Gases, www.airproducts.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News Haldor Topsoe, Hydrogen, Air Products,
The facility will use the steam methane reforming method to break natural gas into hydrogen and carbon dioxide which will be captured and stored permanently. Notably, hydrogen is considered clean when produced from natural gas.
The facility, which is expected to become a major supplier of alternative fuels for the marine shipping industry, fits with the Norwegian government's strategy to develop hydrogen and create long-term value from the country's energy resources.
"Hydrogen will play a vital role to accelerate decarbonisation. It has the potential to close as much as 50 percent of the gap in CO2 emissions required to achieve the 2-degree scenario, by replacing fossil feed-stock and fuel through clean hydrogen and ammonia production and thus reducing the carbon footprint of industrial companies and in the shipping sector", according to the Aker Clean Hysdrogen website.
Shell aims to become a net-zero emission business by 2050. (Source: Aker Clean Hydeogen, PR, Website, July, 2021) Contact: Royal Dutch Shell,
Aker Clean Hydrogen, firstname.lastname@example.org,www.akercleanhydrogen.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Shell, Aker Clean Hydrogen, Blue Hydrogen, Hydrogen,
The company plans to produce 600,000 tpy of clean hydrogen by 2030. Based on the by-product hydrogen being produced, 160,000 tons of blue hydrogen will be produced by 2025 using carbon capture technology.
By completing the green hydrogen value chain in 2030, Lotte Chemical plans to produce 600,000 tons of clean hydrogen that is a mixture of blue hydrogen (160,000 tons) and green hydrogen (440,000 tons), the company release notes. (Source: Lotte Chemical, PR, ICIS, July, 2021)
Contact: Lotte Chemical, www.lottechem.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Lotte Chemical, Hydrogen, Green Hydrogen,
Pertamina's 10GW target is comprised of gas-to-power, renewable energy -- including geothermal -- and other new initiatives, such as an electric vehicle (EV) ecosystem and hydrogen pilot projects.
The gas-to-power business segment is projected to contribute 6GW to the 10GW target. Existing gas-to-power projects include the 1.8GW gas and geothermal power plant Java 1 in West Java.
The renewable energy business is expected to contribute 3GW.
Solar power, biogas-fuelled power plants, smart grids and other new and renewable energy power plants are projected to contribute 1.9GW while the EV ecosystem, as well as green and blue hydrogen, are expected to produce 1GW by 2026. (Source: Pertamina, PR, Jakarta Post, 4 July, 2021)Contact: Pertamina, email@example.com, www.petramina.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Pertamina, Renewable Energy,
If passed into law, the regulation would have enabled ARENA to support:
energy efficiency projects, carbon capture technologies, blue hydrogen from gas using CCS, energy storage technologies to back up renewable energy and technologies that reduce emissions from aluminium and steel, and soil carbon.
(Source: ARENA, The Conversation, 22 June, 2021) Contact: ARENA, Darren Miller, CEO, +61 2 6243 7773, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.arena.gov.au
More Low-Carbon Energy News CCS, ARENA, Blue Hydrogen,
One study will look at the feasibility of creating salt caverns for hydrocarbon storage which is going to be important for attracting the petrochemical industry, as well as for storing hydrogen and other liquid fuels. The study will cost $9.5 million. The other $500,000 study looks at hydrogen energy development in North Dakota. Two companies recently announced a plan to produce "blue hydrogen" at the Great Plains Synfuels Plant.
"Blue hydrogen is what we create using a fossil fuel source. We then capture the carbon, and store it underground. It's perfect for a state like North Dakota. Minnesota, Iowa, places like that cannot, because they don't have suitable geology," the release noted.
The state's Oil and Gas Research Council will still have to complete a technical review before the studies can move forward, the release noted. (Source: UNDEERC, Website PR, June, 2021)Contact: UNDEERC, Niki Massmann, Communications, 701.777.5000, email@example.com, www.undeerc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News UNDEERC, Hydrogen,
Under the MOU, to two groups will develop a joint pilot project to produce blue hydrogen from natural gas and use technologies for carbon capture and storage (CCS). The partners also intend to develop jointly technical requirements, standards and engineering solutions for the manufacturing and supply of hydrogen transport pipelines, turbines, hydrogen storage systems and hydrogen transport tanks.
The partners have also agreed to
cooperate in the production and supply of hydrogen, development of technological solutions for the use of fuel types based on hydrogen and its carriers, specifically ammonia. (Source: NOVATEK, Website PR, 4 June, 2021)
Contact: Severstal, www.severstal.com; NOVATEK, +7 (495) 730-6013
More Low-Carbon Energy News NOVATEK, GHG, Blue Hydrogen, Hydrogen, CCS, Carbon Capture & Storage, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Carbon Emissions,
To that end, Doosan is constructing a hydrogen liquefaction facility at its Changwon plant, which will produce "blue" hydrogen for future supply and utilization.
"Blue" hydrogen is a low carbon-emitting hydrogen produced by capturing and storing the carbon emissions generated during the production of hydrogen from fossil fuels. Doosan will apply high-efficiency CCUS (carbon capture, utilization and storage) technology to produce blue hydrogen. The production of "green" hydrogen using zero-carbon emission wind power is also well underway on Jeju island. The option of applying small modular reactors (SMRs) to produce clean hydrogen is also being reviewed.
Doosan has been developing a 100 pct hydrogen-fueled gas turbine combustor for a 5-MW hydrogen gas turbine model with its own technology. The company is also partnering with the Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials (KIMM) to develop a hydrogen dual-fuel combustor for a 300-MW hydrogen gas turbine.
Doosan has also developed and is preparing to launch a hydrogen storage tank to be used for hydrogen refueling. (Source: Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction, PR, 7 May, 2021)
Contact: Doosan Heavy Industries & Construction, www.doosanheavy.com/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News Doosan Heavy Industries, Hydrogen,
This project comes after Newpoint's 2019 announcement it was working to develop a technology that would separate hydrogen, water and carbon from natural gas. If successful, the project will be the first of its kind and pave the way for future hydrogen infrastructure, according to Newpoint. The project will also have carbon capture and storage (CCS) capability.
According to the company website, "Newpoint has taken unprecedented action to develop and integrate processes to produce clean water, electricity and a hydrogen energy source from zero-emissions natural gas technologies. Newpoint's process converts methane and other gaseous hydrocarbons into blue hydrogen. The carbon dioxide produced in the process is sequestered and/or used in manufacturing." (Source: Newpoint Companies, PR, Apr., 2021)
Contact: Newpoint Companies, Wiley Rhodes, CEO , firstname.lastname@example.org, www.newpointgas.com; Brooks Energy Company, Robert Price, CEO, 860-585-1515, www.brooksenergycompany.com;
Escalante H2 Power, www.linkedin.com/pulse/escalante-h2-power-mark-schott; TriState Generation, Duane Highley, CEO, 303-452-6111, www.tristategt.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Newpoint Gas, Hydrogen, Escalante , TriState,
Blue hydrogen is produced by converting natural gas into hydrogen and storing the CO2 emissions from its production. The Teeside project could
capture up to 98 pct of carbon emissions from the hydrogen production process. (Source: BP, PR, Economic Times, Mar, 2021); Contact: BP PLC, Sean Reavis, Senior VP, Low Carbon and Trading, www.bp.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News BP, Blue Hydrogen, CCS,
With the latest investment, total proceeds raised under Svante's Series D financing equate to $100 million -- the largest single private investment into point source carbon capture technology globally to date, according to Suncor.
Svante CEO Claude Letourneau noted, "Svante has generated a pipeline of potential new project opportunities capturing over 40 million tonnes of CO2 per year before 2030 from natural gas industrial boilers, cement and lime, and blue hydrogen industrial facilities, mainly in North America and spurred by both US and Canada federal CO2 tax credits and prices on CO2 emissions." (Source: Suncor, PR, GasWorld, 18 Mar., 2021) Contact: Suncor, Mark Little, Pres. & CEO, www.suncor.com; Svante Inc., Claude Letourneau, , Pres., CEO, Julia McKenna , Inv. Relations, 604.456.0504, email@example.com, www.svanteinc.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Suncor Energy , Svante, CCS,
Industries in Teesside account for over 5 pct of the UK's industrial emissions and the region is home to five of the country's top 25 emitters, according to BP.
With large-scale, low-cost production of clean hydrogen, H2Teesside could support the conversion of surrounding industries to use hydrogen in place of natural gas, playing an important role in decarbonizing a cluster of industries in Teesside, BP said. (Source: BP, PR, Website, OE, 18 Mar., 2021)
More Low-Carbon Energy News BP, Hydrogen, Teeside, CCS,
SK would build a plant capable of producing 30,000 tpy of liquefied hydrogen from 2023. SK E&S, which imports more than three million tons of liquefied natural gas per year, will also produce 250,000 tpy of blue hydrogen derived from natural gas with carbon capture technology from 2025.
Plug Power is the leading provider of comprehensive hydrogen fuel cell turnkey solutions and operates a hydrogen highway across North America. "SK Group has an established strategy for building out the hydrogen economy in South Korea and beyond," according to Plug Power CEO Andy Marsh.(Source: SK Group, PR, Jan., 2020) Contact: Plug Power, Andy Marsh, CEO, 518-782-7700, www.plugpower.com; SK Group, www.skgroupinc.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Hydrogen, Plug Power, Fuel Cell,
If approved, the spending would focus on projects across Britain between 2021 and 2026, under the RIIO-2 price control. The gas networks claim that spending could help the UK use "blue hydrogen" developed from carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects, and "green hydrogen" from renewable electricity -- with the latter becoming cost-competitive by 2030.
Under the plan, £446 million would be spent on a new network infrastructure for the industrial use of hydrogen, including £391 million for carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS) projects in the north-west of England, Aberdeenshire and the Isle of Grain. A further £264 million would be spent on projects to expand the capacity of local gas networks by connecting hydrogen and bio-methane generation projects and transport refueling stations. £150 million would be used to run large-scale trials for domestic use of hydrogen heating, cooking and transportation and how these are connected to the gas grid. £43 million would be spent to research blending more zero-carbon hydrogen with the natural gas currently used in the UK's gas networks.
According to the Energy Networks Association (ENA), £182 billion could be invested to make hydrogen cost-competitive with the current natural gas-based system and would reduce energy system costs to the UK public by £189 billion by 2050. (Source: ENA, edie, 28 May. 2020)
Contact: Energy Networks Association, www.energynetworks.org; OFGEM, Chris Lock, +44 0207 901 7225, www.ofgem.gov.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News Blue Carbon, Ofgem, Net-Zero Emissions,
In a first phase, Humber Zero would capture 8 million metric tonnes per annum of CO2 emissions, with the potential to target 30 million mt CO2 emissions from the wider Humber Cluster to the west of Immingham.
The Humber Zero decarbonization project would then seek to develop of a hydrogen hub producing both green and blue hydrogen .
Wood Group, Imperial College of London and the University of Sheffield are also involved in the project, which is part of Innovate UK's Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund competition to deliver 2050 Net Zero objectives. (Source: Phillips 66, Platts, 19 May, 2020)
Contact: Humber Zero, Jonathan Briggs , Project Director, Vitolwww.humberzero.co.uk
More Low-Carbon Energy News Phillips 66, Vitol, CO2, Carbon Emissions,
The Feasibility study will assess options for Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS), alongside blue hydrogen production relating to oil and gas fields in South East Asia, a region where JX Nippon continues to expand on its global track record of CCS/CCUS projects.
Under the agreement, KBR's Singapore hub will provide technical consultancy services in relation to developing concepts and technology recommendations for the capture of CO2, reinjection, and production of blue (i.e. carbon free) hydrogen.
KBR will also evaluate the feasibility of conversion and transport of hydrogen in other forms for sale into the market, including liquified cryogenic hydrogen, liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC), ammonia, and methanol (utilizing CO2).
(Source: KBR, PR, 13 May, 2020) Contact: JX Nippon Oil & Gas Exploration, www.nex.jx-group.co.jp › english; KBR,
Jay Ibrahim, Pres., Energy Solutions, www.kbr.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Carbon Capture,