Praj also reports it is making inroads into the RCM industry through its newly launched Bio-PrismTM portfolio of bio-industrial products, including bio plastics , cellulose-lignin refinery products and specialty products with automotive, packaging, construction and various other applications. (Source: Praj Industries, India Times, 9 July, 2020) Contact: Praj Industries Ltd., +91 20 7180 2000 / 2294 1000, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.praj.net
More Low-Carbon Energy News Praj Industries, Advanced Biofuel, Biochemical, Bioplastic,
The pilot will use Vertoro's proprietary process that converts waste lignin to 'green oil' that can be used in the production of bioplastics, biochemicals and fuel. With a new installation, the company can scale up the production of lignin to 150 lpd as an essential intermediate step to large-scale production, the company says
Vertoro is a spin-out of a Knowledge institute InSciTe Iresearch founded in 2014 with support from Maastricht University, Maastricht UMC+, Eindhoven University of Technology, DSM and the Province of Limburg. (Source: Vertoro, Mirage News, 29 June, 2020)
Contact: Vertoro, Dr. Michael Boot, CEO, email@example.com, www.vertoro.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Lignin, Green Oil, Bioplastic, Biofuel,
CTS 2.0 can convert virtually any plant material -- grasses, wood, paper, farm waste, yard waste, forestry products, fruit casings, nut shells, and the cellulosic portion of municipal solid waste -- into sugars and subsequently into biofuels, and bioplastics, without the use of enzymes or liquid acids. CTS stands for Cellulose to Sugar. The cellulose is converted into sugar and lignin. The sugar is further converted into bio-ethanol and other biofuels; the lignin may be further converted into bioplastics. The company notes that biofuel originating from the CTS process will receive the generous D3 cellulosic Renewable Fuel Credits (RINs) which are currently $1.40/gallon of ethanol. (Source: Alliance Bioenergy, PR, 9 April, 2020) Contact: Alliance Bioenergy Plus, Inc., Ben Slager, CEO,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Cellulosic, Biomass, Alliance BioEnergy, Biomass, Biofuel,
As previously reported, UPM Biofuels is touting "Forest Film", a new product developed with UPM BioVerno naphtha, a 100 pct wood-based solution originating from sustainably managed forests.
The new product replaces traditional fossil-based virgin materials and offers an efficient way to reach sustainability goals without compromising on product performance, according to a release.
(Source: INEOS, PR, BioMarket Insight, 24 Feb., 2020)
Contact: INEOS, www.ineos.com; UPM Biofuels, Panu Routasalo, +358 45 265 1345, firstname.lastname@example.org,
Maiju Helin, Head of Sustainability and Market Development, +358 204 15 111, +358 204 15 110 - fax, www.upmbiofuels.com, www.upm.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News INEOS, UPM, Bioplastic, Biofuel,
Chrysalix Technologies BioFlex process uses waste wood and agricultural by-products as well as sustainably grown biomass to produce bioplastics, biofuels, biomaterials and greener chemicals.
The process separates the different naturally occurring chemical components of wood, which are lignin, cellulose, and hemicelluloses. Once isolated individually, these components can then be used for a variety of applications such as as bio-chemicals, precursors for plastics or as new materials themselves
, according to the company website.
(Source: Chrysalix Technologies, Imperial College London, PR, 12 Dec., 2019) Contact: Imperial College London, www.imperial.ac.uk; Chrysalix Technologies, Twitter: @ChrysalixTech, email@example.com, www.chrysalixtechnologies.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Imperial College London, , Biorefining,
According to the company,
the "fund will allow us to expand the reach of our low carbon businesses beyond our own borders."
(Source: Total, Various Media, renews.biz, 24 Oct., 2019) Contact: Total, +33 (0)1 47 44 45 46, www.total.com/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News TOTAL Oil & Gas, Carbon Neutrality, Carbon Emissions,
The joint project combined Neste's renewable feedstock and LyondellBasell's technical capabilities. LyondellBasell's cracker flexibility allowed it to introduce a new renewable feedstock at its Wesseling, Germany site, which was converted directly into bio-based polyethylene and bio-based polypropylene. (Source: LyondellBasell, PR, CISION, 18 June, 2019)
Contact: LyondellBasell , www.LyondellBasell.com; Neste, +358 10 458 4128, www.neste.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News LyondellBasell, Neste, Bioplastic ,
Avantium's YXY plant-to-plastics process catalytically converts plant-based sugars into a wide range of chemicals and plastics, such as bio-based PEF.
Avantium also notes it has assumed full ownership of the Synvina bioplastics business from joint venture partner, the German chemicals giant BASF, and has rebranded the operation as Avantium Renewable Polymers.
Synvina was formed in 2016 to commercialise the YXY technology developed by Avantium to produce PEF-building block FDCA.
(Source: Avantium, BioMarket Insights, 13 June, 2019) Contact: Avantium, Tom van Aken , CEO, +31 (0)20 586 8080, www.avantium.com; Synvina, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.synvina.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News BASF, Synvina, Avantium , Bioplastic,
Attis plans to immediately begin the process of deploying its patented biorefinery technology to further diversify the biofuel and biobased product manufacturing at the campus. Attis will convert extracted locally sourced woody biomass pulp into cellulosic fuels and lignin into bioplastics, carbon fiber and advanced biofuels like renewable diesel and jet fuel.
Attis also aims to improve the quality and volume of co-products currently being produced at the Fulton ethanol plant by implementing its patented and licensed corn oil extraction technology that will almost double the current corn oil production yields at the plant and provide an augmented revenue stream. (Source: Attis Industries, DTN, June, 2019) Contact: Attis Ind., Jeff Cosman, CEO, 678-580-5661, www.attisind.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Attis Industries, Ethanol, Sunoco LP,
Bio-TCat technology produces a mixture of benzene, toluene and xylene (AnelloMate BTX), which are bio-based and chemically identical to petroleum-derived counterparts. Bio-TCat technology also produces AnelloMate Distillate, a heavier aromatics product that can be upgraded into a high-quality biofuels blendstock for jet or diesel transportation fuel using conventional refinery processing. Cellulosic ethanol or hydrogen can be made from Bio-TCat's carbon monoxide co-product by using third-party technology.
Anellotech is planning construction of its first commercial plant and is engaging in partnership and funding discussions with existing and new strategic partners.
The plant will be capable of processing 500 bone-dry tonnes/day of loblolly pine wood into 40,000 tpy of products including benzene, toluene, xylenes, and C9+ aromatics to use as fuels or for production of bio-based plastics for packaging and consumer products.
(Source: Anellotech, PR, GreenCar Congress, 7 May, 2019) Contact: Anellotech Inc., David Sudolsky, Pres., (845) 735-7700, DSudolsky@anellotech.com, www.anellotech.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Anellotech ,
Gen3Bio has been accepted into two accelerator programs focused on advancing new environmentally friendly technologies -- the BREW in Milwaukee and Carbontech Labs in San Francisco.
The BREW accelerator, sponsored by The Water Council, focuses on fresh water, wastewater treatment and water treatment technologies.The BREW accelerator offers selected companies $50,000 in funds, connections to office and research space, and access to mentors. At the end of the program in June, Gen3bio, along with the other participants, will pitch their technologies to a panel of investors.
Gen3Bio received assistance from the Purdue Foundry, a startup accelerator that works with any Indiana-based company. The technology is patented and exclusively licensed from the University of Toledo.
(Source: Gen3Bio, Purdue News Service, 4 April, 2019) Contact: Gen3Bio, Kelvin Okamoto, email@example.com; Purdue Research Foundation, Tom Coyne, (765) 588-1044, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.prf.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bio3Gen, Algae, Biofuel, Biochemical, Purdue University ,
The new council's membership includes businesses of varying sizes from across the United States that produce, distribute, or sell products or packaging from renewable biomass inputs as well as organizations that made related public sustainability commitments.
Members include Tate & Lyle, Georgia-Pacific, Archer Daniels Midland, and Cargill, Ingredion, WestRock-Multi Packaging Solutions, Stone Straw, Loliware, Visolis Biotechnology, Newtrient, Future iQ, Emerald Brands, Hemp Road Trip, Hemp Industries Association, and Tree Free Hemp.
The PBPC advisory board includes GreenBlue, Californians Against Waste, International Conservation Caucus Foundation, University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, and Professor Ramani Narayan, of Michigan State University's Department of Chemical Engineering & Materials Science.
According to the council's website,
plant-based products are derived from sustainable biomass found on six continents. Feedstocks include agricultural residues, algae, bamboo, cassava, dent corn, palm leaf, rice husk, soybeans, sugar beet, sugarcane and wood. (Source: PBPC, Feb., 2019) Contact: PBPC, www.pbpc.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biomass, Bioplastic,
The company is working with the University of Guelph's Bioproducts Discovery and Development Centre (BDDC) in Ontario.
According to the release, the global bioplastics and biocomposites sector is entering the plastics market at an annual growth rate of 30 pct. (Source: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, PR, 23 Nov., 2018)
Contact: Competitive Green Technologies, Mike Tiessen, Pres., (519) 329-2525, www.competitivegreentechnologies.com;
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, (855)773-0241,
(613) 773-1081, email@example.com, www.agr.gc.ca/eng/home/?id=1395690825741; University of Guelph's Bioproducts Discovery and Development Centre, Dr. Amar Mohanty, (519) 824.4120 X 56664,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biowate, Bioplastics,
The transcript of the video states in part: "Our [processing] outputs include pulp and a unique form of high purity lignin. While the pulp can be used in traditional pulp and paper markets or to produce cellulosic ethanol, it's this high purity form of lignin that allows Attis to substantially increase the value and products made from biomass. For every 1.0 pound of cellulosic ethanol produced, Attis is able to recover about 1.3 pounds of high purity lignin. This is an alarming amount of highly concentrated carbon, captured from carbon dioxide and stored by photsyntheisis in plants, that has been overlooked for decades. Attis plans to convert its lignin into transportation fuels such as gasoline, diesel and/or jet fuel which could double the fuel output of biomass, or to convert the lignin into various materials such as plastics, adhesives or carbon fiber."
Link to video HERE.
(Source: Attis Industries, Inc. PR, 5 Nov., 2018) Contact: Attis Ind., Jeff Cosman, CEO, 678-580-5661, www.attisind.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biomass, Attis Industries , Bioplastic, Biofuel, Bio Technologies,
Anellotech's patented Bio-TCat thermal-catalytic technology produces a mixture of benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) which can be used in the production of polymers such as polyester, polycarbonate, and nylon, or high-octane gasoline blendstock. The company notes that co-product gas streams from Bio-TCat can be used to make significant amounts of renewable electricity, hydrogen or cellulosic ethanol using third party technologies.
(Source: Anellotech, Public Release, Green Car Congress, 17 Oct., 2018)Contact: Anellotech Inc. David Sudolsky, Pres., (845) 735-7700, DSudolsky@anellotech.com, www.anellotech.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Anellotech,
Third-party verified Biobased Product Label is administered through the USDA BioPreferred Program, which aims to increase the development, purchase, and use of biobased products.
According to the USDA, biobased products contributed $393 billion to the U.S. economy in 2014, directly and indirectly supported 4.2 million jobs, and displaced up to 6.8 million barrels of oil.
The BioPreferred Program spans a diverse range of applications including lubricants, cleaning products, chemicals, and bioplastics. More than 3,000 products have earned the USDA Certified Biobased Product label, (Source: Kesussler Inc., PR, 12 June, 2018)
Contact: Kreussler Inc.
Richard Fitzpatrick, VP,
(603) 721-9478, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.kreussler.com;
USDA BioPreferred® Program,
Vernell Thompson, 202.720.4145, Vernell.Thompson@dm.usda.gov;
visit www.kreussler.com, SOURCE Kreussler Inc.
USDA Certified Biobased Product Label, www.biopreferred.gov, http://twitter.com/BioPreferred.
More Low-Carbon Energy News USDA Certified Biobased Product, Biochemical,
The LBNet report identifies the top ten green alternatives to petroleum-based chemicals and urges the UK government to invest in specific plant-based chemicals to replace environmentally harmful plastics and petroleum products.
The LBNet is one of 13 collaborative Networks in Industrial Biotechnology and Bioenergy set up by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC NIBB) to boost interaction between academia and industry, and promote the translation of that research into benefits for the UK.
Download highlights from the
HERE. (Source: LBNet, May, 2018) Contact: LBNet,, Veronica Ongaro,
+44 (0) 1904 328 761, email@example.com, https://lb-net.net;
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, https://bbsrc.ukri.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bioplastic, Biochemical, Biofuel, Lignocellulosic,
Stora Enso's bio-composites, which can be reused as a material up to seven times or recycled along with other plastic materials, can be used to make a wide range of goods, from car parts to kitchen utensils and bottle caps.
In 2018, Stora Enso invested €12 in bio-based material production, and claims it will be able to produce 15,000 tpy of DuraSense material at its Hylte Mill in Sweden. (Source: Stora Enso, Business Green, May, 2018) Contact: Stora Enso, Patricia Oddshammar, Head of bio-composites, Juan Carlos Bueno, EVP, +55 11 3065 5223, www.storaenso.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Stora Enso, Bioplastic,
DuPont's proprietary Bio-PDO*trade; (1,3-propanediol). PTF is a 100 pct renewable polymer that, in bottling applications, can be used to create plastic bottles that are lighter-weight, more sustainable and better performing.
(Source: ADM, DuPont, PR, World Grains, 1 May, 2018)
Contact: DuPont Industrial Biosciences, www.biosciences.dupont.com;
ADM, Juan Luciano, Pres., CEO, (312) 634-8100, Jackie Anderson, ADM Media, (217) 424-5413, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.adm.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News DuPont, Archer Daniels Midland, DuPont , FDME, Bioplastic, Biochemical,
The Anellotech Bio-TCat Process's cost-competitive renewable aromatic chemicals are "drop in" replacements for their identical petroleum-derived counterparts, and can be used in manufacturing plastics renewable transportation fuels.
The alliance with Suntory, one of Anellotech's principal strategic investment partners, began in 2012 with the goal of enabling the development and commercialization of cost-competitive 100 pct bio-based plastics for use in beverage bottles. Suntory currently uses 30 pct plant-derived materials for its Mineral Water Suntory Tennensui brands and is pursuing the development of a 100 pct bio-based PET bottle through this alliance, as part of its commitment to sustainable business practices.
(Source: Anellotech Inc., PR, 28 Mar., 2018) Contact: Anellotech Inc.
David Sudolsky, Pres., (845) 735-7700, DSudolsky@anellotech.com,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Suntory news, Anellotech news, Biochemical news, Bioplastic news, Renewable Fuel news, PET Plastic news,
The plant produces approximately 31,000 tpy of rPET and generates a volume of emissions that would take a forest the size of 6,231 football fields to absorb -- the same amount of CO2 emissions the company says it is saving each year compared to the production of new PET material.
The GHG emissions for recycled material from Wollersdorf are only a tenth as high as a new material, also known as virgin PET, has a CO2 equivalent of 2.15 kg per kilogram.(Source: PET Recycling Team Gmbh, PR, 22 Mar., 2018) Contact: PET Recycling Team Gmbh, Gunther Lehner, CEO, +43 2622 433330, www.petrecyclingteam.com/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News CO2, CO2 Emissions, PET Plastic, Bioplastic,
The project, which is receiving grant funding from the Research Council, is converting pre-treated waste papers and other municipal solid wastes into fermentable sugars by enzymatic hydrolysis.
The sugars were successfully converted into bioplastic, bioethanol and biodiesel using appropriate microorganisms. (Source: Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat Daily, 13 Mar., 2018) Contact: Department of Biology, Sultan Qaboos University,
Dr. Sivakumar Nallusamy, +968 2414 2229, www.squ.edu.om/science/Departments/Biology
More Low-Carbon Energy News MSW, Cellulosic, Biofuel, Bioplastic, Bioehanol, Biodiesel,
The release adds that Norwegian packaging manufacturer Elopak, which supplies 15 billion cartons per year worldwide, has joined forces with UPM Biofuels and Dow to offer 100 pct recyclable and responsibly sourced
100 pct wood-based cartons. (Source: UPM Biofuels,Lesprom,
15 Mar., 2018)
Contact: UPM Biofuels, Liisa Ranta, Manager Sustainability, +358 40 582 9338, www.upm.com, www.upmbiofuels.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News UPM Biofuels, Bioplastic,
GLBRC originally focused on corn stover ethanol production and developing perennial plants like switchgrass and miscanthus as biofuel feedstocks. Now, GLBRC goal is centered on designing advanced biofuels, such as isobutanol. These "drop-in" fuels could be used to replace gasoline without engine modification. By engineering bioenergy crops to enhance their environmental and economic value, and conducting research to generate multiple products from plant biomass, these advancements could optimize the bioenergy field-to-product pipeline.
GLBRC scientists and engineers are also improving the yield and processing traits of dedicated bioenergy crops for cultivation on marginal, or non-agricultural, land. With smart management, these crops have the potential to benefit the ecosystem, help mitigate climate change, and provide farmers with an additional source of revenue.
GLBRC is focused on enabling a new and different biorefinery, one that is both economically viable and environmentally sustainable. Realizing this goal will mean increasing the efficiency of biomass conversion and generating a mix of specialty biofuels and environmentally-friendly bioproducts, from as much of a plant's biomass as possible. One such discovery, breaks down lignin's six-carbon rings -- the "aromatics" -- into individual components. Traditionally sourced from petroleum, aromatics are used in a wide variety of products, including plastic soda bottles, Kevlar, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals, and are essential components of jet fuel.
(Source: University of Wisconsin Madison, GLBRC, PR, 18 Feb., 2018) Contact: Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Tim Donohue, Dir., John Greenler, Dir. Outreach, (608) 890-2444, www.glbrc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Biofuel, Biochemical, Ethanol, Bioplastics,
According to Meridian, the US corn ethanol industry produces about 50 million tpy of distillers dried grains(DDGs) which Genarex's technology converts into a polymerized material branded as Bylox. This material is claimed to have a high value as a functional filler in numerous plastic formulations.
Attis Innovations, a wholly owned subsidiary of Meridian Waste Solutions Inc., recovers lignin from the byproduct stream of biomass processing industries, such as pulp and paper and cellulosic ethanol. The recovered lignin is said to be unique in that it is a melt flowing biomaterial that is low cost and acts as a polymerized biofiller in applications such as plastics, adhesives and transportation fuels.
.(Source: Meridian, WMW, 10 Feb., 2018) Contact: Meridian Waste Solutions, Jeff Cosman, CEO, (917) 658-7878, www.amsnt.comwww.MWSinc.com; Attis, www.attisinnovations.com; Genarex LLC, (470) 253-1616, email@example.com, https://ca.linkedin.com/company/genarex-inc, www.generex.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Genarex, Meridian Waste Solutions, Bioplastic, Ethanol, Attis Innovations,
The grant funding will enable construction to begin on the biorefinery prototype, which could be operational within 24 months. The prototype will utilize a patented hot water extraction process to separate chemical byproducts from regionally sourced low-grade wood, biomass crops and agricultural residuals. In addition to acting as a training center, the BDCC will focus on forest conservation, industrial development and environmental preservation.
Almost one-quarter of the facility's end product contains marketable sugars and chemicals that can be used as animal feed or turned into ethanol, methanol or acetic acid. The remaining thee-quarters is chipped wood with a superior cellulose quality that can be turned into high-end pellets for home heating, composite lumber, or other products such as biodegradable plastic, cellulosic nano materials, platform bio-chemicals, food additives, advanced technology biomaterials, biofuels and acetic acid.
(Source: SUNY Alfred, Oleans Time Herald, 12 Jan., 2018) Contact: Alfred State Univ.,
SUNY Alfred Biorefinery Development and Commercialization Center , (800)425-3733, www.alfredstate.edu; Appalachian Regional Commission, (202) 884-7700, www.arc.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News Woody Biomass, Wood Pellet, Alfred State College, SUNY, Biorefining, Biofuel, Bioplastic, Bioproducts,
According to Brussels-headquartered BIC, Europe's bio-industries -- chemicals, plastics, pharmaceuticals, paper, textile, biofuels and bioenergy -- employ approximately 3.3 million people and have annual turnover of € 674 billion. (Source: Bio-based Industries Consortium, Bioplastics, 3 Jan., 2018)
Contact: Bio-based Industries Consortium, www.bioconsortium.eu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bioplastic, Ethanol, Bioethanol,
The Neste report discusses key changes taking place in the energy, transport and chemicals markets. As global commitment to tackle climate change requires major efforts to reduce emissions, the use of fossil raw materials will inevitably need to decline in all of these sectors.
Neste estimates approximately 10 pct of the global car fleet will be electric cars by 2013 and that renewable diesel will remain a competitive solution for reducing transport emissions. By 2021, renewable diesel demand is expected to have doubled in North America, the Nordic countries and Europe. The company also believes that the problem of emissions from diesel vehicles can be solved, and that diesel technology will remain competitive for a long time to come.
Neste is also developing new business operations from bioplastics, a market that is expected to grow by more than 40 pct by 2021. About 80 pct of this growth is expected to come from durable biobased plastics, such as Neste's bioplastics solution, the demand for which is growing faster than for biodegradable plastics. Neste also expects 20 pct of its renewable business sales volume to come from from renewable jet fuel, renewable chemicals and bio-based plastics, according to a company release.
Download Neste's Taking Action on Climate Change report HERE.
(Source: Neste Corporation, PR, 5 Oct., 2017) Contact: Neste Corp., Sam Holmberg, VP Marketing & Services,
Director, Corporate Communications, +358 50 458 4078, www.neste.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Neste, Biofuel, Bioplastic, Climate Change, Renewable Diesel,
Building on prior synthetic biology and diatom research, methodologies will be developed and optimized for introducing and transplanting new biological functions into diatoms, which are a globally abundant class of algae. Initial modeling exercises will guide targeted genetic manipulations, associated systems biology experiments, and result in iterative network and genome-scale cellular modeling.
Based on the photosynthetic efficiency and growth potential of microalgae, it is estimated that annual oil production of greater than 30,000 liters, or about 200 barrels of microalgal oil per hectare of land may be achievable in mass culture of oil-rich algae. This is 100-fold greater than that of soybeans, a major feedstock currently used for biodiesel.
(Source: J. Craig Venter Institute, PR, 3 Oct., 2017) Contact: J. Craig Venter Institute, Andrew Allen, Ph.D. , (858) 200-1800, www.JCVI.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News AlgaeVenter Institute, Biofuel, Bioplastic,
This is possible because carbon atoms occur in heavy and light forms, or isotopes, and measuring the relative amounts of each can reveal the source of the carbon. The new instrument, developed by NIST chemists Adam Fleisher and David Long and based on a technology called cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS), promises to dramatically reduce the cost of those measurements "Measuring carbon isotopes is an extremely useful technique, but until now, it has found limited use because of the cost," said Long. "Lowering the cost will open the way for new applications, especially ones that require testing a large number of samples."
The key to these measurements is carbon-14, a radioactive (yet harmless) isotope of carbon that is formed in the upper atmosphere. That carbon-14 finds its way into all living things. Unlike regular carbon, carbon-14 is unstable, with a half-life of 5,730 years. When living things die, they stop incorporating carbon into their bodies, and their carbon-14 starts to decay away.
Fossil fuels also are the remains of living things, mainly plants that died hundreds of millions of years ago. Virtually all their carbon-14 decayed away eons ago, so anything derived from them is marked by the absence of measurable amounts of carbon-14, which is extremely rare.
CRDS instruments analyze gases by detecting the wavelengths of light they absorb. For instance, CO2 that contains carbon-14 -- heavy CO2 -- absorbs a slightly different wavelength than regular CO2.
To test biofuels and bioplastics, you would first burn those materials, then collect the resulting CO2 for analysis. This would allow you to test a fuel mixture to determine what fraction of it is biofuel. In the airline industry, for example, this would be useful because some countries require that aviation fuels include a specific biofuel percentage. Such tests could also be used to verify that bioplastics, which sell for a premium, do not contain petroleum-derived compounds. To estimate fossil fuel emissions in a geographic area, you would collect many air samples across that area and analyze the atmospheric CO2 in those samples. Areas with high fossil fuel emissions, such as cities and industrial zones, will have below-normal concentrations of heavy CO2.
A report from the National Academy of Sciences estimated that 10,000 samples a year, collected at carefully chosen locations around the United States, would be enough to estimate national fossil fuel emissions to within 10 percent of the actual value. Such a system of measurements can increase the reliability of national emissions estimates. This would be especially useful in parts of the world where high-quality emissions data are not readily available.
(Source: NIST, PR, 12 Sept., 2017) Contact: NIST, Adam Fleisher, David Long, (301) 975-2758, (303) 497-4044, www.nist.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News National Institute of Standards and Technology, Carbon, Carbon Emissions,