Co-processing involves taking a bio feedstock such as tallow -- which West Coast Reduction supplies -- and co-firing it in the system along with traditional crude oil to produce a blended, lower carbon fuel product.
Through its retail brand Redux, West Coast Reduction also collects food waste from other forms of food production, including collecting byproducts from the bakery industry, such as wasted dough or flour that is no longer consumable. Those products are then re-purposed into animal feed ingredients.
(Source: West Coast Reduction. Website, PR BIV 23 Nov., 2020) Contact:
West Coast Reduction, 866-337-3355, www.wcrl.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel, Biofuel Feedstock,
Through a three-year grant from the U.S. DOE EERE, the research team, led by Assistant Professor Jian Shi, will work to identify the reasons behind the sulfur variability in pine feedstocks by studying byproducts collected from across the nation. The research aims to better understand how sulfur accumulates in biofuel feedstocks, what happens to the sulfur during thermochemical conversion and how to remove sulfur and improve gasification.
With the DOE grant and cost-share dollars from universities and the industry, the project will total more than $2 million. Partners include researchers from UK's Center for Applied Energy Research, Kansas State University, Idaho National Laboratory, Mississippi State University and Red Rock Biofuels.
(Source: University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment
Contact: University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Jian Shi, Lead Researcher, 859-257-3468,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel, Biofuel Feedstock, Woody Biomass,
The test program monitored key plant agronomic and growth parameters including oil content, PHA content and/or other metrics to advance plant development and commercialization for biofuel and other applications. (Source: Yield10 Bioscience Inc., Website News, 2 Nov., 2020)
Contact: Yield10 Bioscience Inc., 617-583-1700, www.yield10bio.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Camelina, Biofuel,
Feedstock growers typically look at how many trees they can plant per acre rather than the quality and volume of fuel those trees will produce. To address the issue, the researchers analyzed 900 samples of black cottonwood trees -- a type of fast-growing poplar -- grown in Oregon to determine how variations in their size and composition affect feedstock quality and biorefinery economics.
The researh found the amount of fuel produced per-acre per-year and the minimum fuel selling price(MFSP) are most strongly connected to the size of a tree. Since a farmer would only plant the biggest and fastest growing trees, the researchers examined those and found that the size and sugar content in those trees were of nearly identical importance to the MFSP.
Download Economic Impact of Yield and Composition Variation in Bioenergy Crops: Populus trichocarpa report details HERE.
(Source: US DOE ORNL, Center for Bioenergy Innovation, 19 Oct., 2020) Contact: Center for Bioenergy Innovation, www. cbi.ornl.gov; ORNL,
Kimberly A Askey, (865) 576-2841, email@example.com, www.ornl.gvo
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Feedstock, Lignin, ORNL, NREL, Cellulosic,
BKRF will retool a portion of the refinery into a renewable diesel (RD) bio-refinery. The project will use GCE's camelina oil as well as traditional biofuel feedstocks such as waste fats, oils and greases to produce RD, liquid propane, naphtha and others. (Source: GCE, NatGas, Various Media, June, 2020)
Contact: Global Clean Energy Holdings, Richard Palmer, CEO ,
Orion Energy Partners, 212.292.0345, Info@OrionEnergyPartners.com, www.orionenergypartners.com; GMC Grosvenor, www.gcmgrosvenor.com; VOYA, www. investments.voya.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bakersfield Renewable Fuel, Orion Energy, Renewable Diesel , Camelina,
Sulzer notes it has participated in non-conventional biofuel production, plastics recycling and bio-based plastic commercial production projects. These include the Quantafuel (Norway) and Steelanol (Belgium) projects for the transformation of non-recyclable plastics and carbon rich waste gases into fuel. In addition, Sulzer's PLAnet venture offers turn-key production equipment and plants to obtain polylactic acid (PLA) from sugars or starches.
(Source: Sulzer Chemtech, PR, BioMarkets, May, 2020) Contact: Sulzer Chemtech, Torsten Wintergerste, Division Pres., www.sulzer.com/en
More Low-Carbon Energy News Sulzer Chemtech, Biofuel, Biofuel Feedstock, Biochemical,
The W2B fund provides targeted funding for pilot, demonstration or commercially scalable biorefinery projects in Queensland that use conventional waste streams or biomass to produce bioenergy, biofuels and high-value bioproducts.
For this project, Gevo is evaluating the most likely 2G biomass to carbohydrate conversion process to use in conjunction with its proven carbohydrate to low carbon biofuel process.
(Source: GEVO Website, PR, 27 Feb.,2020) Contact: GEVO, Patrick Gruber, CEO, 303-858-8358, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.gevo.com;
Queensland Waste to Biofutures Fund, www.qtic.grantguru.com.au/grant/queensland-waste-to-biofutures-fund-w2b-fund-/
More Low-Carbon Energy News GEVO, Biobutanol, Biomass, Biofuel Feedstock,
Kogi State Government, the NNPC and private investors have also finalized agreement to an agreement to establish a 20,000 hectare sugarcane and cassava biofuel feedstock cultivation zone to supply the new biorefiney. (Source: Nigerian National Petroleum, PR, Feb., 2020) Contact: Nigerian National Petroleum, Danjuma Yakubu, email@example.com, www.nnpcgroup.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, Cassava, Biofuel,
The expansion of sustainable aviation fuel constitutes a strategic lever for reducing net CO2 emissions from air transport over a full lifecycle by up to 80 pct before blend, according to the release.
(Source: Safran Group, PR, NewsWire Today, 27 Jan., 2020)
Contact: Airbus, Matthieu Duvelleroy: +33 (0) 6 29 43 15 64 , firstname.lastname@example.org, www.airbus.com;
Air France, Morgane Le Gall, +33 (0) 6 14 30 44 52 , email@example.com;
Safran, Isabelle JAVARY, +33 (0) 1 40 60 82 20 , firstname.lastname@example.org, www.safrangroup.com;
SUEZ, Isabelle Herrier Naufle, +33 (0) 1 58 81 55 62 , email@example.com, www.suez.com;
Total, Media, +33 (0) 1 47 44 46 99 , firstname.lastname@example.org.
More Low-Carbon Energy News Aviation Biofuel,
EnviroFlight's proprietary technologies enable the rearing of non-pathogenic black soldier fly (BSF) larvae in a scalable manner. This innovative and responsible approach has considerable potential within the sizable global animal feed industry as it will provide an environmentally-friendly, toxin-free, sustainable source of high-value nutrients. Enviroflight opened the first commercial BSF facility in Maysville, Kentucky in late 2018. (Source: Darling Ingedients, PR, 2 Jan., 2019) Contact: EnviroFlight., Dr. Liz Koutsos, Pres., (606) 956–0269, www.enviroflight.net Darling Ingedients, Randal Stuewe CEO, Jim Stark, Investor Relations, (972) 281-4823, email@example.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Darling Ingredient, Biofuel Feedstock,
Eni S.p.A. is an Italian multinational oil and gas company headquartered in Rome with operations in 79 countries, and is currently world's 11th largest industrial company with a market capitalization of €68 billion euros, as of August 14, 2013, according to Wikipedia. (Source: Eni, Biofuels Int'l, Dec., 2019) Contact: SNDP,
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entreprise_Tunisienne_d%27Activites_Petroliere; Eni, www.eni.com/en_IT/home.page
More Low-Carbon Energy News Eni, Biofuel, Castor, Palm Oil,
In 2014, Nigerian academics reported better water hyacith biogas yields when the plant was mixed with sanitised chicken manure in anaerobic digestors. Kenyan scientists agree with the Nigerian claim that animal dung enhances the process of converting water hyacith into biogas. In India, scientists experimented with mixing water hyacinth with Cannabis sativa for better biogas yields.
The Nairobi-based Biogas International company, the pharmaceutical firm AstraZeneca and the University of Cambridge's Institute for Sustainability are collaborating on a project
to test whether water hyacinth biogas can provide an effective alternative to firewood and charcoal for cooking and other uses in rural Kenyan communities.
(Source: Biogas International, Bhekisisa Centre for Health Journalism, Guardain, Aug., 2019) Contact:
Biogas International, Dominic Kahumbu Wanjihia, CEO, +254 722 700530, www.biogas.co.ke
More Low-Carbon Energy News water hyacinth, Biofuel,
Font Hill has been used by the PCJ for research over the years, including experimentation on various biofuel crops -- including castor and jatropha -- between 2010 and 2017.
Each of the 2,200 acre Font Hill plots to be available are conservatively expected to produce approximately 600,000 litres of oil annually for total revenue of $81 million, based on current ex-refinery diesel prices of $135 per litre. (Source: PCJ, Jamaica Gleaner, June, 2019) Contact: PCJ, Dr Peter Ruddock, Manager of Special Projects, www.pcj.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica, Biofuel Crop, Castor, Jatropha,
According to the release, "Malaysia has argued that the law discriminates against biofuels and bioliquids produced from palm oil and other oil crops. There is also significant lack of scientific data and reliable information used in the Delegated Regulation which classifies palm oil production as a high Indirect Land Use Change risk biofuel feedstock."
"Malaysia urges the European Union to provide equitable treatment across all oil crop biofuels and bioliquids in line with the World Trade Organization non-discriminative principles. Malaysia will continue to overcome disruptive and discriminatory practices on suppressing the palm oil trade," the release added. (Source: Council of Palm Oil Producing Countries, Bernama, Sun Daily, 6 April, 2019) Contact: Council of Palm Oil Producing Countries, www.cpopc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel, Biochemical, Palm Oil, Council of Palm Oil Producing Countries ,
BioFuelNet Canada is a network that brings together the Canadian biofuels research community to aggressively address the challenges impeding the growth of an advanced biofuels industry, while focusing on non-food biomass as biofuel feedstocks. BioFuelNet includes renowned, multi-disciplinary experts from academia, government, industry and investment working together in a concerted and synergistic way. This group is working to develop and apply novel and innovative science, engineering and socio-economic strategies that will enhance environmental sustainability for future generations. (Source:BioFuelNet Canada Website, , McGill University, Montreal Gazette, 19 Feb., 2019) Contact: McGill University, 514.398.4455, www.mcgill.ca; BioFuelNet Canada, Dr. Donald L. Smith, CEO, (514) 398-7861, www.biofuelnet.ca
More Low-Carbon Energy News BioFuelNet Canada, Biomass,
A potential benefit of perennial grasses is tied to their deep root systems. According to researchers, deeper root systems -- as opposed to those seen in annual crops like corn -- are able to store large amounts of carbon below ground that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere. However, because perennial grasses on marginal lands can have low yields due to less fertile soil, researchers examined ways to maximize growth of the grasses without negative effects on the environment.
In the 10-year study published in Nature Sustainability, researchers utilized 36 plots at an abandoned agricultural site in the Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve to plant 32 species of prairie and savanna plants that are native to Minnesota. In 2007, researchers divided the plots into several groups and assigned them a combination of two treatments: water addition (i.e., irrigated or non-irrigated) and nitrogen fertilization (i.e., 0 g/m2, 7 g/m2, 14 g/m2). Over the next decade, researchers found that:
Compared with corn ethanol, researchers found biomass yield from the best performing native prairie grasses was moderately lower -- six tons per hectare versus the average corn yield of eight tons per hectare in the U.S.. However, researchers found that because of lower nitrogen use and larger amounts of soil carbon storage, the native prairies would result in higher overall greenhouse gas savings when converted to bioenergy.
The research was funded by the National Science Foundation's Long-Term Ecological Research program and the Global Climate and Energy Project.
(Source: University of Minnesota College of Biological Sciences, PR, 28 Jan., 2019) Contact: College of Biological Sciences at the University of Minnesota, Prof. David Tilman, Prof. Clarence Lehman, Lead Researcher, 612-625-5734 Fax: 612-624-6777, firstname.lastname@example.org,
Cedar Creek Ecosystem Science Reserve, www.cedarcreek.umn.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Feedstock,
The SAF initiative is part of JAL's Medium Term Management Plan to actively contribute and tackle Global Sustainable Development Goals, including the reduction of CO2 emissions.
(Source: Japan Airlines, PR, 8 Jan., 2019)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Aviation Biofuel news, Jet Biofuel news, Sustainable Aviation Fuel news,
Norwegian palm oil consumption reached an all-time high in 2017 when fully 10 pct of the country's diesel consumption was based out of palm oil.
(Source: Good News Network, 12 Dec., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Palm Oil, Biodiesel, Biofuel,
Forest Concepts, a manufacturer of precision woody and herbaceous feedstocks for bioenergy and bioproduct applications, leveraged NREL's capabilities in biomass conversion modeling to help quantify the impact of their feedstock characteristics based on various particle shapes and sizes. The NREL team is part of the Consortium for Computational Physics and Chemistry (CCPC), which uses high-performance computing to support the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO).
Prior to the development of the NREL models, Forest Concepts provided feedstock pricing based on volume and size of the biomass particle. Using the NREL models, Forest Concepts can now provide information to their customers such as standardized performance, required conversion conditions, and expected yields based on the size and shape of feedstock particles.
BETO recognized early on the value of developing detailed biomass feedstock particle models to understand how the properties of each particle impact the yield and composition products from the conversion process. Moving forward, these capabilities will be leveraged by the newly established Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium (FCIC) whose mission is to quantify, understand, and manage variability in biomass from field through downstream conversion and to understand how biomass composition, structure, and behavior impact system performance.
FCIC is an integrated and collaborative network of eight national laboratories dedicated to addressing technical risks and understanding how biomass properties influence collection, storage, handling, preprocessing and conversion technologies with the goal of improving the overall operational reliability of integrated pioneer biorefineries. (Source: NREL, PR, 10 Dec., 2018)
Contact: NREL, Peter Ciesielski, Scientist, www.nrel.gov;
US DOE BETO, energy.gov/eere/bioenergy/bioenergy-technologies-office; Forest Concepts, James H. Dooley, CTO, (253) 333-9663, www.forestconcepts.com;
Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium, https://fcic.inl.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News NREL, Forest Concepts, Bioenergy, Biofuel, Biomass, BETO ,
Many biorefineries consume one, or sometimes two, feedstocks grown and harvested nearby. The feedstock contains lignocellulose. That chemical is processed and fermented into biofuels or bioproducts. Accepting a variety of feedstocks could improve the refinery's environmental footprint, economics, and logistics. The team's study showed that a lignocellulosic refinery could be relatively agnostic in terms of the feedstocks used.
Refineries to convert biomass into fuels often rely on just one feedstock. If the refineries could accept more than one feedstock, it would greatly benefit refinery operation. Scientists investigated how five different feedstocks affected process and field-scale ethanol yields. Two annual crops (corn stover and energy sorghum) and three perennial crops (switchgrass, miscanthus, and restored prairie) were pretreated using ammonia fiber expansion, hydrolyzed, and fermented separately using yeast or bacteria.
Researchers found that both biomass quality and biomass yield affected the amount of ethanol each acre produces. However, the effect differed. Biomass quality was the main driver for the ethanol yields for high-yielding crops, such as switchgrass. Biomass yield was the main driver for the ethanol yields for low-productivity crops, such as corn stover. Therefore, to increase ethanol yield for high-yielding crops, focusing efforts on improving biomass quality or conversion efficiency may be prudent.
For low-yielding crops, focusing on increasing biomass yield may be the best strategy. When measuring the amount of ethanol produced during fermentation, most feedstocks fell within a similar range, especially when scientists used bacteria to ferment the biomass. In total, the results of this study suggest that a lignocellulosic refinery may use a variety of feedstocks with a range of quality without a major negative impact on field-scale ethanol yields. (Source: Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, US DOE, 12 Nov., 2018) Contact: Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Tim Donohue, Dir., John Greenler, Dir. Outreach, (608) 890-2444, www.glbrc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, US DOE, Biofuel Feedstock, ,
The petitioners contend that rather than follow the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act, which only allows land cultivated before 2007 to grow corn and soybeans for biofuels, the EPA, at Trump's instruction, has been adhering to a change in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) which allows new land to be farmed as long as the total amount of U.S. farmland dedicated to biofuel feedstock production doesn't exceed 402 million acres.
The EPA estimates cropland in the U.S. has increased somewhere between 4 million and 7.8 million acres since 2007, but is uncertain how much of that is cultivated for biofuel feed stock production.
The petitioning conservation groups say recent mandates to increase the use of corn and soybeans in gasoline have led to more habitat destruction, water pollution, and greenhouse gases. (Source: wfiy, National Public Radio, Oct., 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Feedstock, E-15, RFS,
According to University of Michigan Biology professor Bradley Cardinale, researchers are "one of the first teams in the world to go all the way from designing sustainable biofuel feedstocks in outdoor ponds, to refining fuel." Algae-based biofuels are seen as an environmentally friendly alternative to traditional diesel fuels, which produce high levels of greenhouse gases when they burn. (Source: Univ. of Michigan, AP, witf, 7 Oct., 2018)
Contact: University of Michigan, University of Michigan, Biology Prof. Bradley Cardinale, (734) 764-9689, email@example.com, http://seas.umich.edu/research/faculty/brad_cardinale
More Low-Carbon Energy News University of Michigan, Algae Biofuels, Algae,
AZOLLA is an aquatic plant that produces a substantial biomass quickly when planted in contaminated waters which improves by consuming chemicals in the contaminated waters. AZOLLA can "potentially produce up to 20.2 tons per hectare per year of bio-oil, and up to 48 tons per hectare per year of bio-char" while doubling in mass within 2-5 days.
According to Gonzalez Dellan, AZOLLA would be especially effective in a Latin American context "by moving the production of bio-ethanol from arable land to wastewater, the reclaimed land can then be used for the development of further sustainable crops while continuing the production of bioethanol."
(Source: Leonardo Gonzalez Dellan, NewsAnyway, 2 July, 2018) Contact: Leonardo Gonzalez Dellan, www.gonzalezdellan.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Feedstock,
The study, which examines how to grow dedicated bioenergy crops without converting land already under perennial cover, identifies areas within fields suitable for conversion from corn/soybean to switchgrass as indicated by publicly available agronomic, management and economic information.
Under the assumptions that land is fully owned by farmers, and switchgrass sells for $55 per short ton, the study showed that 4.3 pct of the corn/soybean area in Iowa could break even when converted to switchgrass yielding up to 4 tons per acre. In some counties, converting corn/soybean areas to switchgrass could add up to millions of dollars in total annualized producer benefits. With a future bioenergy crop market for switchgrass, the researchers conclude their approach could be used beyond Iowa and could be applied to other intensively farmed regions globally with similar data availability.
The study is available HERE. (Source: Iowa State University, High Plains AG Journal, May, 2018) Contact: Iowa State University, Alejandro Plastina, assistant Professor of Economics, www.econ.iastate.edu/people/alejandro-plastina
More Low-Carbon Energy News Switchgrass, Biofuel Feedstock, Iowa State University,
Qualifying projects include those that develop highly efficient conversion processes for improving the affordability of fuels and products from biomass and waste streams.
Funding is also being offered for research and development related to the production of affordable and sustainable non-food dedicated energy crops -- including algae, energy crops and various waste streams that can be efficiently and effectively converted into affordable biofuels, biopower and bioproducts. (Source: US DOE, Energy Live, May, 2018)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Feedstock, Biofuel R&D,
The Duckweed Project features Greenbelt's ECOsystem model, which will convert the duckweed into bioethanol and a protein concentrate targeted as a nutritional supplement.
Greenbelt's ECOsystem technology represents about $5.0 million of the total $14.0 project budget.
Common duckweed is a very small light green free-floating, seed bearing plant. Duckweed has 1 to 3 leaves, or fronds, of 1/16 to 1/8 inch in length. A single root (or root-hair) protrudes from each frond. Duckweeds tend to grow in dense colonies in quiet, undisturbed water.
(Source: Greenbelt Resources Corp., Nasdaq, 29 Mar., 2018) Contact: Greenbelt, Darren Eng, CEO,
(888) 995- 4726 x 101, [stratlink]firstname.lastname@example.org[endlink],
More Low-Carbon Energy News Greenbelt Resources, Biofuel Fe target=_blank>www.greenbeltresources.com[endlink]; Andrew J. Young Foundation, (404) 685-2786
More Low-Carbon Energy News Greenbelt Resources, Biofuel Fep;
The researchers used modelling to simulate various growing scenarios, and found a climate footprint ranging from -11 to 10 grams of carbon dioxide per megajoule -- the standard way of measuring greenhouse gas emissions. By way of comparison, the impact of using gasoline results in 94 grams of carbon dioxide per megajoule. According to John Field, research scientist at the Natural Resource Ecology Lab at CSU, "What we saw with switchgrass is that you're actually storing carbon in the soil ... you're building up organic matter and sequestering carbon." "They (switchgrass) don't require a lot of fertilizer or irrigation. Farmers don't have to plow up the field every year to plant new crops, and they're good for a decade or longer," Field added.
The study was published online Feb. 19 in Nature Energy. (Source: Colorado State University, Manitoba Co-operator, 12 Mar., 2018) Contact: Colorado State University Natural Resource Ecology Lab, John Field, (970) 491-1604, www.ecology.colostate.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Cellulosic, Swithgrass, Biofuel, Biofuel Feedstock,
Vertimass believes their technology of converting sustainable ethanol into fungible gasoline, diesel, jet fuel blend stocks and the chemical building blocks benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) can substantially increase corn demand in the US. This innovative technology eliminates the ethanol blend wall that currently limits ethanol use and allows for further expansion of renewable fuels and chemicals while maintaining a low greenhouse gas footprint.
According to Vertimass, "This innovative technology will be fully applicable to conversion of ethanol from cellulosic biomass such as agricultural residues and dedicated energy crops and sugars into BTEX and hydrocarbon fuels as it is to corn ethanol."
(Source: Vertimass LLC, PR, 5 Mar., 2018)
Contact: Vertimass, Charles Wyman, CEO, John Hannon, COO, (949) 417-4307, www.vertimass.com; : NCGA, (202) 326-0644, www.ncga.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News NCGA, Vertimass, Corn, Ethanol, Biofuel Feedstock,
According to IATA, SAF powered flights could reduce the life-cycle carbon emissions of that flight by up to 80 pct.
The aviation industry has also vowed to use non-food, sustainable biofuel feedstocks.
To that end, the IATA sees government incentives, grants, loan guarantees, support for SAF demonstration plants and supply chain R&D for the production of aviation biofuels as a key to getting the aviation biofuels industry off the ground.
(Source: IATA, PR, 27 Feb., 2018) Contact: IATA, +41 22 770 2967, www.iata.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News IATA, Jet Biofuel, Aviation Biofuel,
GLBRC originally focused on corn stover ethanol production and developing perennial plants like switchgrass and miscanthus as biofuel feedstocks. Now, GLBRC goal is centered on designing advanced biofuels, such as isobutanol. These "drop-in" fuels could be used to replace gasoline without engine modification. By engineering bioenergy crops to enhance their environmental and economic value, and conducting research to generate multiple products from plant biomass, these advancements could optimize the bioenergy field-to-product pipeline.
GLBRC scientists and engineers are also improving the yield and processing traits of dedicated bioenergy crops for cultivation on marginal, or non-agricultural, land. With smart management, these crops have the potential to benefit the ecosystem, help mitigate climate change, and provide farmers with an additional source of revenue.
GLBRC is focused on enabling a new and different biorefinery, one that is both economically viable and environmentally sustainable. Realizing this goal will mean increasing the efficiency of biomass conversion and generating a mix of specialty biofuels and environmentally-friendly bioproducts, from as much of a plant's biomass as possible. One such discovery, breaks down lignin's six-carbon rings -- the "aromatics" -- into individual components. Traditionally sourced from petroleum, aromatics are used in a wide variety of products, including plastic soda bottles, Kevlar, pesticides, and pharmaceuticals, and are essential components of jet fuel.
(Source: University of Wisconsin Madison, GLBRC, PR, 18 Feb., 2018) Contact: Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, Tim Donohue, Dir., John Greenler, Dir. Outreach, (608) 890-2444, www.glbrc.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, University of Wisconsin Madison, Biofuel, Biochemical, Ethanol, Bioplastics,
Corn currently serves as the leading feedstock for ethanol production in the U.S. For sweet sorghum to compete with corn for ethanol production, it must be more lucrative than corn for farmers to produce,and more economical than corn for ethanol plants to process. Considering factors such as yield and the cost of processing, researchers estimate that the current sorghum to ethanol pathway is a barely break-even prospect in western Nebraska, according to the study.
Currently, the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) mandates consumption of specific levels of renewable fuels made from various categories of feedstocks. Under the markets created by the RFS, ethanol plants would be almost certain to obtain a premium for sweet sorghum ethanol compared to corn ethanol. The current level of that premium makes the pathway much more economical. However, according to the researchers the volatility of this market premium and the contentious political opposition to the RFS make this benefit risky, the report says.
Another consideration which could increase the potential of the sweet sorghum ethanol pathway, is an increase in yields. A separate $13.5 million multi-institutional research project led by Nebraska may provide the necessary yield increases. That effort aims to improve sorghum as a sustainable source for biofuel production.
"If the research efforts raise biomass yields by 20-30 percent, or shows that yields are actually 20-30 percent higher than our estimate, the benefits to both the producer and the ethanol plant would be sufficient to make adoption of sweet sorghum for ethanol a sustainable possibility," Prof. Richard Perrin, Jim Roberts
Department of Agricultural Economics, said.
(Source: University of Nebraska - Lincoln, 24 Jan., 2018) Contact: University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Prof. Richard Perrin, Jim Roberts
Department of Agricultural Economics, (402) 472-9818, email@example.com, www.unl.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Sorghum, Biofuel Feedstock,
Analysis of up to seven years of production data suggests an estimated billon-tpy could be available annually by 2030.
Field trial results and yield projections for herbaceous crops, including switchgrass, energycane, mixed perennial grasses on Conservation Reserve Program land, giant miscanthus and sorghum, as well as the woody feedstocks poplar and shrub willow, are available online in the January issue of GCB Bioenergy.
The raw data from the field trials will be available for public use and can be accessed at Knowledge Discovery Framework at the U.S. DOE website. Among the herbaceous energy crops, field-scale trials using traditional agricultural equipment were conducted for switchgrass and mixed perennial grasses suitable for use on CRP land, while smaller individual plots were utilized for energycane and giant miscanthus due to a lack of vegetative planting materials for these species.
South Dakota State University was the lead institution for the more than $20 million project which was funded by the U.S. DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) and involved researchers from the U.S. DOE and USDA, 35 land-grant universities, Heidelberg University, INL, ORNL, ANL and several industry partners.
Report details are HERE
(Source: South Dakota State University, Jan., 2018)
Contact: South Dakota State Univ. North Central Regional Sun Grant Center, Vance Owens, Dir., (605) 688-5476, www.sdstate.edu/north-central-regional-sun-grant-center
More Low-Carbon Energy News Biofuel Feedstock,