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AAPA Advocates Hydrogen as Alternative Marine Fuel (Ind. Report)
American Association of Port Authorities
Date: 2022-04-22
According to the Washington, DC-headquartered American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA), hydrogen is energy dense enough for use in large, ocean-going vessels and is a viable alternative marine fuel. But, due to temperature and volume requirements, hydrogen requires large, unique infrastructure investments to scale for industrial purposes.

The AAPA notes that when hydrogen is used in a fuel cell or a mono-fuel internal combustion engine, it is a zero-carbon fuel. Alternatively, when it is used in a dual-fuel combustion engine, carbon emissions are significantly reduced compared to pure fossil fuels.

Currently, hydrogen is more expensive than natural gas and will require technological advancements to accommodate its storage on ocean-going vessels. However, setting up infrastructure for brown and grey hydrogen (i.e. hydrogen processed using coal or natural gas) can be an effective way to transition to green hydrogen fuel (i.e. processed using renewable energy sources, like solar or wind) when it becomes more cost effective. Industry pilot projects have implemented hydrogen as a maritime fuel source on small vessels successfully, paving the way for the widespread use of hydrogen as a marine fuel, according to the AAPA.

To promote the use of hydrogen in the maritime industry, the Hydrogen for Ports Act of 2021 seeks to establish a competitive grant program to support the purchase, installation, construction, facilitation, maintenance, and/or operation of hydrogen or ammonia-fueled technology in the maritime shipping industry. (Source: American Association of Port Authorities, PR, 21 April, 2022) Contact: American Association of Port Authorities, 703.684.5700,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Hydrogen,  Marine Fuel,  Green Hydrogen,  Amonia,  Alternative Fuel,  

Green Ammonia/Hydrogen Fuel Terminal Planed for Rotterdam (Alternative Fuels, Int'l. Report)
Green Amonia, Hydrogen
Date: 2022-04-13
Energy infrastructure specialist Gasunie, HES International (HES) and international tank storage specialist Vopak report they are partnering to develop an import terminal in Rotterdam for green ammonia as a hydrogen carrier. The terminal will operate on the Maasvlakte under the name ACE Terminal and is expected to be operational from 2026.

Basic design work is expected to begin this quarter and the eventual investment decision will be taken based on elements including customer contracts and the availability of the necessary permits.

According to the developers, the demand for green hydrogen in the energy and transportation the energy sector in the Netherlands and Germany is growing and an import terminal for green ammonia will be a vital part of a hydrogen infrastructure designed to meet the emerging needs.

Ghlin, Belgium-based HES currently operates at a location in Maasvlakte with quayside capacity and direct access from the sea. Gasunie also has existing infrastructure of storage tanks and a system of pipelines. Vopak, with six ammonia terminals around the world, has extensive experience in the safe storage of ammonia. (Source: HES International, PR Website, April, 2022) HES International, +32 (0)65 400300,; Gasune,; Vopak,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Green Amonia,  Hydrogen,  

Summit Carbon Solutions, Northern Plains Nitrogen Partnering on Blue Ammonia Project (Ind. Report) Chain
Summit Carbon Solutions
Date: 2022-01-26
Ames, Iowa-based Summit Carbon Solutions reports it is partnering with fertilizer manufacturer Northern Plains Nitrogen (NPN) in its carbon capture and storage (CCS) project, which is focused on decarbonizing the agriculture and biofuels industries.

NPN is developing a world-scale blue ammonia plant near Grand Forks, North Dakota, which will supply a range of low carbon nitrogen-based fertilizer products to farmers in under-served markets in the northern U.S. and Canada. The project site and necessary permits have been acquired.

NPN will capture 500,000 tpy of carbon dioxide emissions, which Summit Carbon Solutions will transport and store permanently in central North Dakota. Last month, Summit Carbon Solutions announced significant milestones in development of its carbon storage facilities in North Dakota, having received state and local permits to collect 3D seismic data and begin drilling stratigraphic test wells, activities which are now underway.

Summit Carbon Solutions is developing the largest carbon capture and storage project in the world, which will have the capacity to capture and permanently store 12 million tons of carbon dioxide every year. (Source: Summit Carbon Solutions, Website PR, Contact: Summit Carbon Solutions, Jim Pirolli, CCO, Courtney Ryan, (515) 770-4823 ,,; Northern Plains Nitrogen Don Pottinger, CEO, 701.738.4895,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Summit Carbon Solutions,  CCS,   Amonia,  

Plug Power Tapped for Egyptian Green Ammonia Project (Int'l)
Plug Power
Date: 2021-11-26
Latham, New York-headquartered hydrogen fuel cell pioneer Plug Power Inc. reports it has been selected by Abu Dhabi-headquartered Fertiglobe as the technology provider for a 100 MW electrolyzer to produce green hydrogen as feedstock for the production of up to 90,000 tpy of green ammonia in Sokhna, Egypt.

Green ammonia is an ideal carrier fuel to store and transport hydrogen, and can help decarbonize numerous sectors which represent around 80 pct of current global Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, including as an important alternative fuel in the power sector in Japan and other countries.

Fertiglobe -- a Netherlands-based OCI NV, Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), Scatec ASA and Orascom Construction (ORAS) partnership -- produces 6.7 million tpy of urea and merchant ammonia at subsidiaries in the UAE, Egypt and Algeria, making it the largest producer of nitrogen fertilizers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). (Source: Plug Power, Website PR, 24 Nov., 2021) Contact: Plug Power, Andy Marsh, CEO,; Fertiglobe, Ahmed El-Hoshy, CEO,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Plug Power,  Green Hydrogen,  Amonia,  

Carbon-Neutral Petrochemical Plant Planned for Grand Prairie (Ind. Report)
Northern Petrochemical Corporation
Date: 2021-11-12
On the Canadian Prairies, Calgary-based Northern Petrochemical Corporation report it plans to invest $2.5 billion in a carbon-neutral ammonia and methanol production facility in the Greenview Industrial Gateway, in Grand Prairie, Alberta. The plant will be a first of its kind in Canada.

The Greenview Industrial Gateway offers carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS), rail transportation and access to significant natural gas feedstocks. (Source: CBC, Northern Petrochemical Corporation, PR, 10 Nov., 2021) Contact: Geoff Bury, President and CEO, (403) 993-4450,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News CCUS news,  Methano news,  Amonia news,  Carbon-Neutral Fuel news,  

E.ON Touts H2.Ruhr Green Hydrogen Project (Int'l. Report)
E.ON, Enel, Iberdrola, ABB
Date: 2021-10-27
Essen, Germany-headquartered E.ON SE reports it is cooperating with Enel, Iberdrola, ABB and SAP on "H2.Ruhr" and to build an industrial-scale green hydrogen value chain as to serve the European market. The firms will leverage their competitive advantage in renewable production to supply green hydrogen and green ammonia to industrial hubs in central and northern Europe -- with a special focus on the German Ruhr region.

H2.Ruhr includes the construction of a regional hydrogen pipeline infrastructure including direct connection to a broad spectrum of consumers in the Ruhr area and the development of a terminal to receive, store and distribute roughly 80,000 tpy green ammonia and green hydrogen. H2.Ruhr will also test new innovative technologies at a large-scale, such as the ammonia cracking technology, electrolysis, emission-free transport (via hydrogen or ammonia powered vessels or trucks), as well as the long-distance transport of electricity dedicated for hydrogen production. (Source: E.ON, Website Release, Oct., 2021) Contact: E.ON, +49 2 01 18400,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Green Amonia,  E.ON,  Enel,  Iberdrola,  ABB,  Green Hydrogen,  

NextChem, MET Development Plan Bioethanol, Green Ammonia Projects (Ind. Report)
NextChem, GranBio,Maire Tecnimont
Date: 2021-07-02
NextChem and MET Development have reached an agreement with FerSam Uruguay (a private holding company) to develop projects for the production of green ammonia and bioethanol in Latin America.

Under the agreement, Maire Tecnimont Group's subsidiaries and FerSam will undertake feasibility studies for jointly producing green ammonia and developing a second-generation bioethanol project based on Sao Paulo, Brazil-based GranBio's 2G Ethanol technology to which NextChem acquired exclusive worldwide rights in 2020.

Maire Tecnimont Group will contribute technological and know-how in terms of project development, design and engineering and execution to the partnership. (Source: Maire Tecmimont Group, Website PR, 30 June, 2021) Contact: Maire Tecmimont Group,; NextChem, +39 327 0663447,,; FerSam Uruguay,; Branbio,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Granbio,  Green Amonia,  Bioethanol,  Maire Tecnimont ,  NextChem,  Renewable Diesel,  

Haldor Topsoe, Aquamarine Plan German Green Ammonia Plant (Int'l.)
Haldor Topsoe
Date: 2021-03-19
Danish clean fuels provider Haldor Topsoe and private equity firm Aquamarine have entered into a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to build a green ammonia facility in northern Germany close to existing offshore wind farms.

The facility is planned to include a 100 MW solid oxide electrolyzer cell (SOEC) electrolysis unit to produce green hydrogen to be converted into green ammonia for use as a green marine fuel or fertilizer. The plant is expected to be operational by 2024. (Source: Haldor Topsoe, PR, Splash247, 18 Mar., 2021) Contact: Haldor Topsoe, Roeland Baan, CEO, Ulrik Frohlke, Media, +45 27 77 99 68,,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Haldor Topsoe,  Green Amonia,  Alternative Fuel,  

IHI Touts Amonia-Natural Gas Green Fuel Blend (Int'l. Report)
NEDO, IHI Corporation
Date: 2021-01-06
Tokyo-headquartered IHI Corporation, f.k.a. Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.,reports it has developed technology for the co-firing of natural gas and ammonia for thermal power generation. Ammonia does not emit carbon dioxide when burnt and could potentially slash CO2 emissions by more than half.

According to Japan's New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), which commissioned IHI to develop the technology, the development marks the first time a 60 pct ammonia fuel has been used in a large power-generating facility.

As previously reported, the Japanese government is aiming for carbon neutrality by 2050 and considers ammonia as a fuel to help achieve that goal. (Source: IHI, NHK World News, 28 Dec., 2020) Contact: IHI, +81-3-6204-7800,; NEDOO,

More Low-Carbon Energy News NEDO,  CO2 Emissions,  Amonia,  Alternative Fuel,  Green Fuel,  

Yara, Orsted Planning Dutch Green Ammonia Production (Int'l. Report)
Date: 2020-10-05
Danish utility Orsted and Norwegian fertiliser firm Yara have joined forces in developing a project aiming at replacing fossil hydrogen with renewable hydrogen in the production of "green" ammonia at Yara's plant in the Dutch province of Zeeland. The renewable hydrogen would generate around 75,000 tpy of green ammonia.

Subject to public co-funding and regulatory approvals, the project could be operational in 2024/2025. Green ammonia is emerging as a promising decarbonised maritime shipping fuel, according to a release. (Source: Orsted, Yara, Splash 247, 5 Oct., 2020) Contact: Orsted,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Green Amonia,  Orsted,  Alternative Fuel,  

Ammonia as Marine Fuel R&D Underway (Ind. Report)
Date: 2020-08-12
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) reports it is investigating and comparing the use of ammonia as an effective and environment friendly marine fuel to other carbon-neutral alternatives. Ammonia is a carbon neutral fuel with a high probability of being commercialized. To that end, NYK Line, Japan Marine United Corporation, and Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (ClassNK) this month signed a joint R&D agreement for the commercialization of an ammonia-fueled ammonia gas carrier that would use ammonia as the main fuel.

Because CO2 is not emitted when ammonia is burned, ammonia is expected to be used as an alternative fuel for vessels. The IMO aims to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 40 percent by 2030, and 70 percent by 2050. (Source: IMO, SeaNews, 12 Aug., 2020) Contact: International Maritime Organization (IMO), Stefan Micallef, Director of Marine Environment Division, +44 (0) 20 7735 7611,

More Low-Carbon Energy News IMO,  Amonia,  Marine Fuel,  Maritime Fuel,  Maritime Emissions,  

Ammonia Considered as Alternative Marine Fuel (Ind. Report)
C-Job, Marine Fuel,Alternative Fuel
Date: 2019-06-14
According to research from the Netherlands-based ship design and engineering firm C-Job Naval Architects, ammonia can be used as an alternative marine fuel to reduce harmful maritime ship emissions. The research is based on a new concept design of an ammonia carrier powered by the gas as its own cargo.

In 2017, C-Job Naval Architects established a consortium with Proton Ventures and Enviu to investigate ammonia as marine fuel. It further joined Ammonia Energy Association in 2018 to study the topic. With the completion of this theoretical research, C-Job Naval Architects is now moving towards the next phases, which includes laboratory testing, pilot and evaluation.

C-Jobs Naval Architects noted that with the IMO aiming to reduce total annual greenhouse gas emissions by at least 50 pct by 2050 compared to 2008 and eventually fully eliminate harmful emissions, the global maritime industry will need to seriously look into renewable fuels like hydrogen, ammonia and methanol. (Source: C-Job Naval Architects, Seatrade, 13 June, 2019) Contact: C-Job Naval Architects, Niels de Vries, +31 (0)88 02 43 700,,; Proton Ventures, +31 10 426 7275,; Ammonia Energy Association,

More Low-Carbon Energy News Alternative Fuel,  Amonia,  Marine Fuel,  Maritime Fuel,  Amonia,  

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