According to the MSU report, if enough green algae could be produced to cover half the state of Maine, for example, it could supply enough "green oil" to replace all of the petroleum used in the United States right now. According to the US DOE, the U.S. has the capacity to produce 5 billion gallons of fuel from algae per year by the year 2030, at a cost of $2.50 per gasoline gallon equivalent. To that end, "algal biomass will need to be produced from large-scale farming operations, similar to agricultural crops," the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy said in a statement.
Cheng, a researcher with the Interdisciplinary Plant Group and director of Bioinformatic at MU, is adapting artificial intelligence to map the shapes and amino acids of proteins to help bioengineers change the structure of the algae and make it more less costly and more efficient for biofuel production.
Cheng's project Deep Learning Prediction of Protein Complex Structures was supported by $167,797 from the US DOE. (Source: University of Missouri, The Columbian, 23 Jan., 2020)
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algae, Algae Biofuel,
One project, led by Dr Jin Xuan, a Senior Lecturer in Low Carbon Processes, will examine the role of e-biofuel in reducing emissions and increasing the sustainability of the road transport sector while enhancing renewable energy security. The research will examine the feasibility of a novel electrochemical process to produce biofuels while reusing the captured CO2.
The project will develop a new concept of e-biofuel which combines the advantages of both e-fuel (produced from renewable electricity and CO2) and biofuel (produced from biomass) to intensively decarbonise the road transport sector. It also provides Loughborough researchers with a new link to the Supergen Bioenergy Hub and the Department of Transport.
A second project led by Dr Tanja Radu, a Lecturer in Water Engineering, will research algae-based biomethane fuel purification and carbon sequestration. The project aims to develop and assess an innovative process for the simultaneous production of high-purity biomethane as a potential natural gas vehicle fuel, together with the sequestration of remaining biomass and biogas carbon into algal co-product and biochar.
The Supergen Bioenergy Hub at Aston University aims to bring together industry, academia and other stakeholders to focus on the research and knowledge challenges associated with increasing the contribution of UK bioenergy to meet strategic environmental targets in a coherent, sustainable and cost-effective manner.
(Source: DfT, Loughborough University, East Midlands Business Link, 8 May, 2019) Contact: Loughborough University, www.lboro.ac.uk;
Supergen Bioenergy Hub, Professor Patricia Thornley, Dir., email@example.com, www.supergen-bioenergy.net
More Low-Carbon Energy News Bioenergy news, Biofuel news, CCS news, Biogas news,
The research team led by Dr. Naseem A. Gaur from the Yeast Biofuel Group at ICGEB , found the NGY10 strain can be metabolically engineered to ferment both hexose and pentose sugars leading to increased production of ethanol using lignocellulose. This will increase the quantity of ethanol produced from lignocellulose and reduce the cost of ethanol production.
DBT-ICGEB is an integrated centre for performing cutting-edge basic research and its translation into reality. It thrives upon ICGEB mandate to perform research in the field of molecular biology and biotechnology and will serve as platform for the synthetic biologists to work in diverese bioenergy areas such as microbial engineering, biochemical engineering, algal engineering and systems biology.
India has targeted 10 pct ethanol-gasoline blend (E10) for moter vehicle fuels by 2022.
(Source: International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Centre for Advanced Bioenergy Research, Delhi, The Hindu, April, 2019) Contact: DBT-ICGEB, Ajay Kumar Pandey, +91-11-2674-2357 extn:462, firstname.lastname@example.org, www. icgeb-bioenergy.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Yeast, Ethanol,
More Low-Carbon Energy News Yeast, Ethanol,
PNNL leads the Development of Integrated Screening, Cultivar Optimization and Verification (DISCOVR) project that employs the unique complementary capabilities of the four participating national laboratories -- Los Alamos National Laboratory, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratorie -- sand the outdoor testbed at the Arizona Center for Algal Technology and Innovation to identify and test high productivity microalgae strains for year-round outdoor cultivation. The goal is to provide a framework to accelerate meeting DOE's advanced biofuel goals with microalgae.
"A key cost driver for algae biofuels is productivity, which is directly tied to which algae strain is chosen and how it's cultivated," said Taraka Dale, a scientist at LANL. "By collaborating with industry and academia, we aim to bring together the best of the best strains and cultivation strategies to rapidly boost productivity and reduce costs."
"So far, we have tested more than 40 new microalgae strains and identified strains with up to 34 percent greater biomass productivity than benchmark strains," said Huesemann. "The success of the DISCOVR strain down selection and testing pipeline was demonstrated in 2018 by achieving more than 13 pct improvement in outdoor pond productivity relative to 2017, reducing the biomass selling price by about 10 pct."
The goal of the call for collaboration is to solicit algae strains, tools and techniques from the algae community to further boost algae productivity. This call gives industry and academia an opportunity to partner with the four national laboratories in DISCOVR, as well as AzCATI.
(Source: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, PR, Feb., 2019)
Contact: PNNL, Michael Huesemann, DISCOVR Consortium leader, email@example.com, https://discovr.labworks.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algae, Algae Biofuel, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ,
The center, which will be in addition to the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi; the Indian Institute of Technology-Guwahati; Transtech Green Power Limited, Jaipur; and the Oil and Natural Gas Energy Centre in the National Capital Region, will focus on
developing and commercializing bioenergy-biofuel technologies.
Approximately 100 scientists in India are presently working on algal biodiesel, cellulosic ethanol, bio butanol and bio hydrogen R&D projects according to the DBT.
Other than fuel, by-products envisaged at the TERI-DBT Centre include food, feed, nutrition supplements, bio-plastics and novelty speciality chemicals.
(Source: Indian Department of Biotechnology, The Hindu, 31 Oct., 2018) Contact: Indian Department of Biotechnology, Renu Swarup, Secretary, www.dbtindia.nic.in;
India Energy and Research Institute, +91 11 2468 2100,
More Low-Carbon Energy News India Energy and Research Institute,
After a 10-week study, the researchers compared the ability of the algae and the algal combinations to multitask and found that monoculture algae were able to perform very well in one or two tasks. However, the combined algae species were better at a range of tasks.
"Our findings suggest there is a fundamental trade-off when growing algal biofuel. You can grow single-species crops that produce large amounts of biomass but are unstable and produce less biocrude. Or, if you are willing to give up some yield, you can use mixtures of species to produce a biofuel system that is more stable through time, more resistant to pest species, and which yields more biocrude oil," according to the report. (Source: Univ. of Michigan, GinnersNow, 28 June, 2018) Contact: University of Michigan School for Environment and Sustainability, Casey Godwin, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, (734) 764-6453, firstname.lastname@example.org, seas.umich.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News University of Michigan, Algae, Algae Biofuel,
For the study, scientists grew various combinations of freshwater algal species in 80 artificial ponds in the first large-scale, controlled experiment to test the widely held idea that biodiversity can improve the performance of algal biofuel systems in the field. Overall, the researchers found that diverse mixes of algal species (polycultures) performed more key functions at higher levels than any single species -- they were better at multitasking. The researchers also found that polycultures did not produce more algal mass (biomass) than the most productive single species, or monoculture.
"The results are key for the design of sustainable biofuel systems because they show that while a monoculture may be the optimal choice for maximizing short-term algae production, polycultures offer a more stable crop over longer periods of time," said study lead author Casey Godwin, a postdoctoral research fellow at U-M's School for Environment and Sustainability.
Algae-derived biocrude oil is being studied as a potential renewable-energy alternative to fossil fuels. Because they grow quickly and can be converted to bio-oil, algae have the potential to generate more fuel from less surface area than crops like corn. But the technical challenges involved in growing vast amounts of these microscopic aquatic plants in large outdoor culture ponds have slowed progress toward commercial-scale cultivation.
In the study, research team found that while monocultures tended to be good at one or two jobs at a time, polycultures performed more of the jobs at higher levels than any of the monocultures. But at the same time, polycultures produced less biomass than the best-performing monoculture.
"Our findings suggest there is a fundamental tradeoff when growing algal biofuel. You can grow single-species crops that produce large amounts of biomass but are unstable and produce less biocrude. Or, if you are willing to give up some yield, you can use mixtures of species to produce a biofuel system that is more stable through time, more resistant to pest species, and which yields more biocrude oil," according to the researchers. The team's findings are scheduled for publication June 18 in the journal Global Change Biology-Bioenergy.
(Source: University of Michigan, Public Release, 18 June, 2018) Contact: University of Michigan School for Environment and Sustainability, Casey Godwin, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, (734) 764-6453, email@example.com, seas.umich.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News University of Michigan, Algae, Algal Biofuel,
The just released United States Algae Oil Market Report 2017 from HTF Market Reports provides a complete assessment of the market and contains future trend, current growth factors, historical data, and statistically supported and industry validated market data.
The study is segmented by products type, application/end-users and provides estimates for United States Algae Oil Forecast till 2023, as well as a forward looking perspective on the various factors driving or restraining market growth. The study also provides a 5-year market forecast and a pin point analysis of changing competition dynamics.
The research covers the current and future market size of the United States Algae Oil market and its growth rates based on 5 year history data. It also identifies industry leaders, recent developments, strategies adopted by the market leaders to ensure growth, sustainability, financial overview and recent developments. Key companies include: Cellana, Algae Floating Systems, TerraVia Holdings, Henry Lamotte OILS, Algaecytes, Goerlich Pharma, Polaris, Archer Daniels Midland Company & Renewable Algal Energy (RAE).
Request Sample of United States Algae Oil Market Report 2017 and other details HERE
(Source: HTF Market Intelligence Consulting Private Limited, April, 2018) Contact: HTF Market Intelligence, Craig Francis, PR, Marketing,
(206) 317 1218, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, www.htfmarketreport.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algae Oil, Biofuel,
In 2017, ExxonMobil and Synthetic Genomics announced breakthrough research published in Nature Biotechnology that resulted in a modified algae strain that more than doubled oil content without significantly inhibiting growth, a key challenge along the path to commercial scalability.
(Source: ExxonMobil, PR, 6 Mar., 2018)
Contact: Synthetic Genomics,
Oliver Fetzer, CEO, www.syntheticgenomics.com;
ExxonMobil, Vijay Swarup, VP, R&D, (972) 444-1107, www.exxonmobil.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algae, Algal Fuels, Biofuel, ExxonMobil, Synthetic Genomics ,
"The progress we are making in the lab toward engineering highly efficient algae strains that convert sunlight and CO2 into renewable high energy density biofuel is exciting and warrants continued research about how our technology will scale. Our (California) outdoor algal facility creates a perfect stepping stone from our labs to the greenhouse and to the outdoors to lay the foundation for a large scale commercial deployment of our technology in the future," Synthetic Genomics CEO Oliver Fetzer notes. (Source: ExxonMobil, Synthetic Genomics, innovators, 6 Mar., 2018)
Contact: ExxonMobil, http://corporate.exxonmobil.com; Synthetic Genomica, Oliver Fetzer, CEO, (858) 754-2900, www.syntheticgenomics.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News ExxonMobil, Synthetic Genomics , Algae, Algae Biofuel,
The project is being funded by Funded by the DOE Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). BETO works with industry, academia and national laboratory partners on a balanced portfolio of research in algal biofuels technologies. (Source: US DOE, LLNL. Feb., 2018) Contact: LLNL, Xavier Mayali, (925) 423-3892, firstname.lastname@example.org; Ty Samo, (925) 423-5837, email@example.com, www.llnl.gov; BETO, www.energy.gov/eere/bioenergy/bioenergy-technologies-office; US DOE EERE, http://energy.gov/eere; General Automation Lab Technologies, (917) 332-7230, www.galt-inc.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News DOE EERE, DOE BETO, General Automation Lab Technologies, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Algae, Algae Biofuel, Biofuel ,
In addition to Boyle's work, the team will collect data on a large scale to gain insight into genetic elements that control metabolic shifts responsible for lipid accumulation. This information will then be used to develop synthetic biology tools to enable fast and efficient engineering of the algae's cells. Boyle notes there are two main challenges in developing high-yielding algae strains. "First, our understanding of genetic regulation and cellular physiology lags behind other model organisms like E. coli and yeast." "Second, we don't have sophisticated genetic tools to introduce the desired changes."
The project, Systems analysis and engineering of biofuel production in Chromochloris zofingiensis, an emerging model green alga, is led the University of California, Berkeley,in cooperation with Brookhaven National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, UCLA, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
The grant is administered by the Genomic Science Program in the Energy Department's Office of Biological and Environmental Research. (Source: Colorado School of Mines, PR, 3 Jan., 2018) Contact: Colorado School of Mines,
Mark Ramirez, Communications and Marketing, (303) 273-3088, firstname.lastname@example.org, Prof. Nanette Boyle, (303) 273-3720,
(303) 273-3730 - fax, email@example.com, www.mines.edu
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algae, Algal, Alae Biofuel,
According to MKU, Toivo Kallas, a Distinguished Professor of Microbial Genetics and Biotechnology at UWO and the CEO of Agoma, whose research include photosynthetic energy conversion reactions and environmental responses of cyanobacteria and micro-algae, took interest in the research work led by P. Varalakshmi, an Assistant Professor with Department of Molecular Biology in MKU. Varalakshmi and her research team identified various micro-algae strains which have shown potential as feedstock for the production of biofuel.
Algoma is seeking a collaboration on the possibility of using genetic engineering and other techniques to improve the efficiency of energy conversion by the strains of micro-algae identified by MKU researchers and to advance commercialized production of bio-fuel from micro-algae. (Source: Madurai Kamaraj University, PR, 29 Oct., 2017) Contact: MKU, +91 452 245 8471, www.mkuniversity.org; Algoma Algal Biotechnology, www.algomaalgal.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algoma Algal Biotechnology, Micro-Algae, Algal Biofuel,
Using available data from nine North Korean facilities, 38 North estimates the country presently could produce 2,851 tpy of algae biomass containing approximately 1,425.5 tons of nutritional mass convertible to the equivalent of 4,075.6 barrels of oil.
(Source: CNBC Asia-Pacific, 38 North 20 Oct., 2017) Contact: 38 North, www.38north.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algae, Algal, Algae Biofuel,
Building on prior synthetic biology and diatom research, methodologies will be developed and optimized for introducing and transplanting new biological functions into diatoms, which are a globally abundant class of algae. Initial modeling exercises will guide targeted genetic manipulations, associated systems biology experiments, and result in iterative network and genome-scale cellular modeling.
Based on the photosynthetic efficiency and growth potential of microalgae, it is estimated that annual oil production of greater than 30,000 liters, or about 200 barrels of microalgal oil per hectare of land may be achievable in mass culture of oil-rich algae. This is 100-fold greater than that of soybeans, a major feedstock currently used for biodiesel.
(Source: J. Craig Venter Institute, PR, 3 Oct., 2017) Contact: J. Craig Venter Institute, Andrew Allen, Ph.D. , (858) 200-1800, www.JCVI.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News AlgaeVenter Institute, Biofuel, Bioplastic,
Strategies to be used by the team to meet this goal include increasing algal cultivation productivity, optimizing biomass composition, and extracting and separating different types of algal lipids to reduce the cost of upgrading them to renewable diesel.The study will be led by scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado.
The researchers will use an algae species called Desmodesmus armatus, and will focus on fundamental processes of efficiently channeling carbon dioxide into useful fuel intermediates. The project will work to ferment carbohydrates in the algal cells into chemicals of interest, including ethanol, as well as a fuel precursor called 2,3 butanediol.
Other partners on the project will work on the algae-to-bioproduct life cycle, including modification of growing pond conditions, and separating algal solids from water to remove lipids.
The multidisciplinary team includes CSU's Ken Reardon, professor of chemical and biological engineering; Graham Peers, associate professor of biology; and Jason Quinn, assistant professor of mechanical engineering; along with partners at National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Colorado School of Mines, Arizona State University, Utah State University, and representatives from industry. San Diego-based Sapphire Energy is a project partner and has pioneered the use of D. armatus for biofuels. (Source: Colorado State University, PR, 2 Oct., 2017) Contact: Colorado State University, Prof. Ken Reardon, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.colostate.edu; US DOE BETO, energy.gov/eere/bioenergy/bioenergy-technologies-office
More Low-Carbon Energy News Colorado State University, Sapphire Energy, Algae, Algal Biofuel, BETO,
In the new technology, a single algal cell is captured in a droplet of water encapsulated by oil then millions of algal droplets squeeze onto a chip about the size of a quarter. Each droplet is a "micro-bioreactor", a highly controlled environment in which algal cells can grow and replicate for several days, forming a genetically homogenous colony that goes through its typical biological reactions, including the production of lipids.
The researchers first validated the chip system with algae known to grow faster or slower, or produce more or less lipid. They then screened 200,000 chemically mutated cells, identifying six mutants with both faster growth and higher lipid content. The screening, done on-chip, uses fluorescence detection of chlorophyll, representing total cell mass, and BODIPY, a fluorescent molecule that binds to lipids. All mutants with potential for improved growth or lipid production were recovered and verified off-chip.
The tools for improving throughput are already in development, including larger chips that can screen millions of droplets in one experiment.
With the discovery and development of much more efficient algal strains, commercial-scale production of biofuel from algae may finally be a realistic promise.
The research was supported by the National Science Foundation. (Source: Cornell University, PR, Plant Direct, 28 Sept., 2017) Contact: Cornell Univ., George Lowery, (607) 255-2171, email@example.com, www.cornell.edu; Texas A&M, Arum Han , (979) 845-9686;
Boyce Thompson Institute, (607) 254-1234, https://btiscience.org
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algal, Algae, Algae Biofuel,
The organizations selected include:
Yin specializes in bioinformatics, a blending of biology and computer science for analysis of highly complex biological data. He specifically seeks to shed light on enzymes known as carbohydrate active enzymes, or CAZymes, which are responsible for the synthesis, degradation, modification and recognition of all carbohydrates. Microbes use CAZymes to break down plant carbohydrates into simple sugars, which can be further converted into biofuels and other biomaterials.
Yin's research team will develop computer tools to better identify CAZymes from newly sequenced microbial genomes, sequence the genome of a green alga (Zygnma circumcarinatum) and peer into the evolutionary processes within early plants.
Yin will collaborate with Scott Grayburn, director of biology's Molecular Core Lab, on the algal genome sequencing work.
(Source: NIU News, 5 Sept., 2017) Contact: NIU, Professor Yanbin Yin, Prof. Scott Grayburn, (815) 753-0638, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.niu.edu; National Science Foundation, www.nsf.gov
More Low-Carbon Energy News National Science Foundation, Algae, Biofuel,
The DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy accelerates research and development of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies and innovative solutions that strengthen U.S. energy security and economic vitality, while preserving our natural resources. The Bioenergy Technologies Office contributes to EERE's mission by working with industry, academia, and national laboratory partners on a balanced portfolio of research in algal biofuels technologies. (Source: US DOE, 11 July, 2017) Contact: DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, https://energy.gov/eere/office-energy-efficiency-renewable-energy; Bioenergy Technologies Office , https://energy.gov/eere/bioenergy/bioenergy-technologies-office;
Lumen Bioscience Inc., www.lumenbioscience.com; Sapphire Energy Inc., www.sapphireenergy.com; Global Algae Innovations, www.globalgae.com
More Low-Carbon Energy News Algal Biofuels, Algae, Biofuel, Sapphire Energy, Lumen Bioscience ,